Revised 1/8/01



WorldNetDaily 2/22/99 Jon Dougherty "...China wants the U.S. out of Asia, and will continue to upgrade and enhance its military capability to accomplish that goal, according to a senior congressional policy analyst. Al Santoli, a foreign policy adviser to U.S. Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-CA, and an analyst at the American Foreign Policy Council, believes current administration policies toward China of so-called "constructive engagement" are "worse than appeasement," and will further jeopardize U.S. national security in the long run. Santoli made his remarks in a telephone interview with WorldNetDaily, and was adamant that all indications point to the Chinese continuing their decade-long effort to obtain more sensitive U.S. technology before their "window of opportunity closes" at the end of the Clinton administration....Santoli told WorldNetDaily that while he believes the issue of Taiwan is currently the most contentious between the U.S. and China, he also indicated that a threat is emerging in the South China Sea because of China's claim of sovereignty over a small collection of islands. For years China has continued a military buildup in the Spratly Islands, adding a three-story structure and completing work on multiple helicopter pads and communications facilities all within the past 60 days. Critics have denounced the opinions of Rohrabacher and Santoli as alarmist, but both men say their concerns are based on first-hand observations. Santoli is an expert in the area of Asian foreign policy and the California congressman has personally visited the Spratly Islands twice in the past several weeks. Not only are new structures complete on portions of the island chain, but they added that more projects are already underway that will be completed over the next several months. The additional capabilities will put China in the best position to make good on their claim over the islands -- reportedly rich in natural gas and oil -- which will result in a likely foreign policy nightmare for the United States... Santoli also questioned China's budding new relationship with Russia, calling it "a danger for us, but one that will end up being a mistake for Russia." He predicted that "they (the Chinese) will turn on Russia after they get what they want from them and after they deal with us," and he dismissed recent attempts by Russia to include India in any future coalition with China as unworkable. "India just doesn't trust the Chinese, and they aren't enemies of ours -- nor do they want to be." ...Finally, Santoli said he was not "quite as worried about Chinese aggression" during the final years of the Clinton administration as he is in the years immediately following the expiration of Clinton's term. He believes the Chinese know the window of opportunity to access U.S. technology will close soon, but he believes "they'll have already perfected several new weapons systems and will be much more enhanced strategically by then," he said. ..."





Current Status

AP 2/2/99 John Diamond ".``I can hardly overstate my concern about North Korea,'' CIA Director George Tenet told the Senate Armed Services Committee. ``In nearly all respects, the situation there has become more volatile and unpredictable.'' Wretched living conditions deteriorate further, food shortages are acute, and few heavy industrial plants make anything, according to U.S. intelligence. Crime and a lack of discipline, even in military ranks, are more common and citizens are more likely to blame North Korea's leader, Kim Jong Il, for systemic problems. .Pyongyang is also developing a longer-range missile, the Taepo Dong 2, that could carry heavy payloads to Hawaii and Alaska and lighter-weight weapons to parts of the rest of the United States, Tenet said.."

Toronto Sun 2/7/99 Eric Margolis ".This column has steadily warned for the last five years of the growing threat from North Korea. In mid-January, I reported North Korea was fast acquiring capability to deliver nuclear warheads to North America by means of a new, long-range, three-stage missile. Two weeks later, on Feb. 2, CIA Director George Tenet testified before Congress that North Korea was on the verge of producing long-range missiles that could "deliver large payloads to the continental United States." Tenet said, "I can hardly overstate my concern about North Korea," adding, "the situation there is more volatile and unpredictable." Amen. This column does not have the CIA's $26 billion annual intelligence budget, but it came to the same conclusion, only five years before Langley. Other U.S. intelligence sources confirm North Korea has resumed secret production of nuclear weapons, adding to the two or three devices it already has. It is also improving and expanding delivery systems for its extensive arsenal of chemical and biological weapons..Tenet's dramatic testimony confirms the total failure of President Bill Clinton's Korea policy. When confronted in 1994 by incontrovertible evidence North Korea was building nuclear weapons and delivery systems, Clinton chose to bribe rather confront Pyongyang. He dragooned South Korea and Japan into joining Washington to offer North Korea an amazing US$4.6 billion in oil, food and light-water nuclear reactors in exchange for its promise to halt building nuclear weapons and producing plutonium. By contrast, Clinton chose to repeatedly bomb Iraq, which offered almost no threat to anyone, while bribing extremely dangerous North Korea. Of course, there was no domestic lobby in the U.S. demanding the destruction of North Korea, as there was for Iraq. ."



Assurances that North Korea has given up its nuclear weapons program

According the 6/98 reports from Ken Bacon at the Pentagon, North Korea's No Dong missile is operational and has a range of about 1,000 kilometers. Pakistan and the DPRK had ballistic missile contracts, engineers and advisors from both countries worked on Iranian missile programs.

Hong Kong Standard 7/11/98 "North Korea yesterday blasted the United States for saying its troops should remain in South Korea and demanded the immediate withdrawal of its forces. .."

StratFor Intelligence Briefing 7/28/98 "South Korea's Yonhap News Agency reported on Saturday, July 25, that the South Korean military is currently attempting to uncover at least two of seven identified North Korean infiltration tunnels. The agency cited military investigators as saying that North Korea was digging 21 tunnels along the Military Demarcation Line, and that the army has roughly located seven tunnels with the assistance of a defected North Korean soldier, aerial reconnaissance photographs, and examination of explosions recorded along the border. The more than two-meter wide tunnels can reportedly handle the passage of 15,000 soldiers per hour. Yonhap reported that South Korean forces are drilling test holes in the areas of the seven suspected tunnels, and military authorities allegedly expect to confirm two of the tunnels by the end of the year."

7/31/98 The Washington Times Ralph Hallow "The Rumsfeld Commission report found that North Korea, Iran and other countries are hiding their ballistic missile development programs from U.S. satellites. It said these countries are using huge underground laboratories and factories to make and test missiles. Mr. Nicholson, who has been touting a missile shield on radio and in signed opinion columns in newspapers, said Democrats are filibustering a bill that would begin development of such a shield.

NY Times David Sanger 8/17/98 "U.S. Intelligence agencies have detected a huge secret underground complex in North Korea that they believe is the centerpiece of an effort to revive the country's frozen nuclear weapons program, according to officials who have been briefed on the intelligence information. The finding has alarmed officials at the White House and the Pentagon, who fear that the complex may represent an effort to break out of a 4-year-old agreement in which North Korea pledged to give up its nuclear weapons program in exchange for billions of dollars in Western aid. The finding also follows a string of provocations by the North, including missile sales to Pakistan and the incursion of a small North Korean submarine carrying nine commandos off the South Korean coast this year.."

Washington Post 8/20/98 Jim Hoagland "Count among Bill Clinton's victims this week his secretary of state, his national security adviser and his foreign policy at large. President Clinton has undermined his people and his policies with a recklessness and a disregard for America's standing in the world that is monumental and unpardonable.. But Clinton's tardy and grudging admission of wrongdoing in the Oval Office and of his mendacity converts weakness in foreign policy into potential disaster. Clinton has erased the large margin of error he has assigned himself in dealing with threats and challenges abroad. His plight will encourage rogue regimes in Baghdad, Belgrade, Pyongyang and elsewhere to test his attention to their depredations and his resolve in deterring or punishing those acts. It will encourage allies to resist even more strongly U.S. pressure to do things they do not see as in their interest. On the day Clinton spent four hours dueling with prosecutors over the salacious details of his relationship with Monica Lewinsky, it was disclosed that the Looney Tunes government of North Korea has been cheating on its 1994 accord with Washington to stop working on nuclear bombs. It was a telling coincidence, pointing up the misallocation of presidential and national attention and energies the Lewinsky affair has spawned. In determining their attitude toward Clinton's fate, the Republican majority in Congress must factor into their actions an increasingly uncertain international "Center for Security Policy 9/3/98 The Clinton Administration is reportedly poised to unveil its first substantive response to Sunday's demonstration by North Korea of its ability to attack U.S. forces and bases and allied population centers through out much of Northeast Asia: It is considering canceling the Army's most mature, ground-based theater missile defense program, the Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system Were this response not so inappropriate, so ill-advised and so likely to translate into both the loss of American lives and increased costs to the taxpayer, this absurd proposal would be hysterical.."

8/31/98 Reuters/MSNBC/AP "Catching military analysts off guard, North Korea test fired a new ballistic missile into open seas between Russia and northwestern Japan on Monday. Japan's Defense Agency, quoting unidentified U.S. military officials, said the missile was fired around noon (midnight ET Sunday). `The Defense Department feels it is a serious development and will be evaluating the situation.' - JIM KOUT spokesman, U.S. Defense Department THE MISSILE was "confirmed to be a brand-new `Daepodong I' with a range of 2,000 kilometers (1,240 miles)," the South Korean Defense Ministry said in a statement. That range is twice as long as the North's previous staple "Rodong" series missiles.It was believed to have landed in waters about 190 miles southeast of Vladivostok, Russia.."

Washington Times 9/1/98 William Bennet, Jack Kemp, Jeane Kirkpatrick ". Several countries will be capable of producing a nuclear missile within five years. A little more that a a month ago, reflecting a clear intelligence breakdown, Iran tested a missile capable of traveling 800 miles - far enough to reach Israel. And during the last two weeks, we've learned of possible nuclear weapons advances in North Korea. "

Reuters 9/1/98 "Amid all the questions swirling around North Korea's shock missile test flight, one of the knottiest appears to be whether the missile actually entered Japanese sovereign territory or not. One part of the two-stage ballistic missile apparently landed in the Pacific Ocean off northern Japan, traveling more than 1,300 km (780 miles) from North Korea. But on Tuesday, Japan's government was still wrestling with the dilemma of whether this was, in legal terms, a violation of Japanese territory or merely a flyover."

AP Yuri Kageyama 9/1/98 "Tokyo issued a formal protest today against North Korea for firing a missile over Japan and sent military ships to the spot in the Pacific Ocean where it was believed to have landed..Numata (Government Spokesman) also said Japan has frozen the $1 billion it had committed to a project with the United States, South Korea and Europe to supply North Korea with two nuclear energy reactors. And sending food aid to the reclusive communist state was now more difficult, he acknowledged.."

STRATFOR Systems Inc. 9/9/98 Bob Evans "North Korea's successful launch, on August 31, of a two-stage "Taepodong" missile, which overflew the northern end of the Japanese island of Honshu, has given the Japanese grounds for reconsidering the constitutional limitations on their military. Japan's constitution, drawn up in the aftermath of World War Two, declares that the Japanese "renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation, and the threat or use of force as a means of settling international disputes."."

Washington Times William Taylor Jr. 9/14/98 "Despite the Clinton administration's strong defense of the 1994 nuclear Agreed Framework with the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK) over the past four years, the document is worse than worthless. It represents both naivete about the North Korean threat and complacency in dealing with the world's last total, Stalinist dictatorship. Former U.S. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. William Shalikashvili got it just right last year when he said "First and most threatening is the unpredictable regime in Pyongyang which poses a major threat on the Korean Peninsula and in the surrounding area." That multifaceted threat to South Korea and Japan and roughly 163,000 Americans in both countries was underlined by North Korea's recent test-firing of a long-range missile, one part of which flew through Japan's sovereign airspace. North Korean missiles can be armed with high explosive, chemical, biological and, eventually, nuclear warheads. There are no missile defenses of Seoul and Tokyo; they are naked, and it is naive to think a paper agreement changes the threat.."

Washington Times Bill Gertz 9/14/98 "North Korea delivered several shipments of weapons material to Pakistan this summer, including warhead canisters for the new Ghauri medium-range missile, The Washington Times has learned. Pakistan's premier nuclear weapons development center, Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) in Kahuta, received the shipments in mid-June, according to U.S. officials familiar with secret intelligence reports circulated to senior Clinton administration officials last month. The reports highlight the close cooperation between North Korea and Pakistan on missiles and raise new worries among U.S. officials that Pakistan is developing nuclear warheads for the Ghauri missile. Other reports indicate Pakistan is moving ahead rapidly with plans to develop weapons-grade fuel for nuclear weapons from several facilities.The KRL facility is in charge of the Ghauri missile program, which conducted the first flight test of the 900-mile-range missile April 6. Two weeks later, the State Department quietly announced it was imposing sanctions on KRL and a North Korean missile manufacturer for violating U.S. export laws related to the Missile Technology Control Regime, an international export control accord.Former CIA Nonproliferation Center chief Gordon Oehler told a Senate hearing June 11 that Pakistan since 1992 has shifted from buying missile systems to producing its own. Mr. Oehler testified that the Clinton administration covered up evidence indicating China had sold M-11 short-range missiles to Pakistan to avoid having to impose sanctions under U.S. export laws. State Department and Pentagon spokesmen denied at the time that any M-11s were in Pakistan, noting that the U.S. government had not determined yet whether the missiles were present."

Daily Yomiuri 9/15/98 "The missile fired by North Korea on Aug. 31 was likely a three-stage rocket carrying a very small satellite, not a two-stage ballistic missile as originally suspected, the government learned from an unofficial U.S. source on Monday..However, both Japan and the United States are concerned that if the rocket was the three-stage type, they have seriously underestimated North Korea's missile technology. .A Foreign Ministry official said the United States would demand Pyongyang limit its missile development program because "the technology used to produce three-stage rockets can also apply to the technology for intercontinental ballistic missiles."."

AP 9/16/98 Tokyo "North Korea has accused Japan of trying to use the North's recent rocket launch as an excuse to build up its military and said Tokyo harbors a plan to ultimately invade the North. In a statement issued by its Foreign Ministry, North Korea said Japan was using the launch to deflect attention from its domestic economic crisis."

AP 9/25/98 "Accusing the United States of slander, North Korea threatened today to use its new rocket system for military use. The reclusive communist country fired a rocket over Japan on Aug. 31, claiming to have put its first scientific satellite into orbit. The United States considered the launch a bold demonstration of North Korea's growing missile technology, which posed threats to two key Asian allies, Japan and South Korea, and U.S. military bases there. Today, a commentary in Rodong Sinmun, an organ of North Korea's ruling Workers' Party, accused the United States of slandering the North. ``For the U.S. to talk about `threats' by the Democratic People's Republic of (North) Korea is the height of impudence,'' said the commentary, carried by the North's official Korean Central News Agency. ``Whether the DPRK's launch of artificial satellite is used for military purposes or not entirely depends on the attitude of the U.S. and other hostile forces,'' it added.."

Marshfield Mail 10/7/98 Jack Anderson and Jan Moller ".Intelligence reports focusing on a huge nuclear site about 25 miles northeast of Yongbyon find that most of the activity is taking place underground-and that more than 15,000 North Koreans have been deployed to keep carving out the ground so prying, spying silicon eyes can't see it from above. "You can't miss the deployment aspect of this," a North Korean defector confided to us. "(North Korean President) Kim Jong ll knows it's a good way to keep his military busy-construction. His father once told him that the real reason for the pyramids in Egypt was so the Pharoahs had something for idle, restless slave hands to do, other than revolt."."Extensive construction of huge underground aircraft support facilities as well as hardened hangarettes and revetments has taken place," says one Defense Intelligence Agency estimate, classified "Secret." It adds: "Virtually all major air bases have hardened or underground facilities, or both. The North Korean navy is equally well protected. At most of its "principal naval installations, according to another classified DIA report, the North Koreans have "constructed underground naval facilities," including "underground (or sheltered) berthing" for the country's fleet.."

South China Morning Post 11/26/98 ".The tiny Christian community has sent a letter to the country's 950 million people, voicing its "deep sense of pain and anguish" at attacks by Hindu zealots. Christian groups accused police and politicians in the letter of complicity in some of the rising number of attacks on its members. The Catholic archbishop of New Delhi said Christian education institutions across India would shut in protest on December 4 and Christians would march on Parliament to highlight what he called rising intolerance against minorities.."

11/20/98 Robert Windrem - NBC News ".The North Korean military could test a missile capable of hitting "mainland Alaska and Hawaiian Islands" before Jan. 1, and deploy the missile within a few years, the Central Intelligence Agency believes. MOREOVER, the United States believes the North Koreans will market the missile, called the "Taepo-Dong-2," to other nations like Iran. "As North Korea proceeds with its Taepo Dong developments, we need to assume that they will follow their current path and market them; at a minimum, aspiring recipients will try to buy them," he said. Both assessments were made two months ago and the imminent test of such a missile appears to be driving comments made Friday by Secretary of State Madeline Albright.."

Reuters 11/22/98 ". President Clinton, troubled by a string of potentially hostile acts by North Korea, Sunday visited U.S. soldiers in South Korea arrayed along the world's last Cold War frontier. The review of the troops - a staple for U.S. presidents in South Korea - took on added significance following North Korea's August 31 missile test over Japan and its refusal to grant access to a suspected underground nuclear site.. Tensions still run high on the divided land, where the two Koreas are technically still at war following the armistice that ended the 1950-53 conflict. South Korea's defense ministry accused the North of violating the armistice after the South Korean navy Friday chased a suspected North Korean spy ship out of their waters, the latest in a series of incursions. Washington has been particularly uneased North Korea's development of an underground site near Yongbyon, where a Soviet-era nuclear power plant has been mothballed under a 1994 agreement between the United States and North Korea. Under that deal, Washington agreed to provide North Korea with two advanced nuclear power reactors and alternative energy supplies in return for Pyongyang freezing its nuclear program. A U.S. official visited North Korea this week but failed to persuade Pyongyang to allow an inspection of the site. U.S. officials said they had rejected a North Korean demand for $300 million in "reparations'' to visit the development.."

Rueters 12-3-98 ".North Korea said Thursday that morale was high among its 1.2 million-strong army and they were bracing for a fight against the United States. In what could be a fresh round of brinkmanship, North Korea's Vice Defense Minister Jong Chang-yol said its army threatened to ``blow up'' the United States in the event of a war. ``Under the prevailing touch-and-go situation, the Korean People's Army (KPA) is now bracing itself for a fight against the U.S. imperialist aggressors,'' Jong said.."

AP/KCNA 12/4/98 ".More than 100,000 North Korean soldiers, workers and students demonstrated Friday, vowing an "all-out'' war against the United States, an official North Korean report said. The Stalinist government tightly controls North Korean society, and Friday's outburst of animosity was believed to have been staged by the government, South Korean officials said. In the past three days, North Korea's news media have brimmed with statements claiming the country was "on full alert for war'' in case a dispute with Washington over nuclear inspections in the North intensifies.."

AP 12/8/98 ".North Korea has started building three underground facilities capable of launching ballistic missiles, Japan's public broadcasting network reported today. U.S. spy satellites have confirmed what appear to be three missile bases under construction in the northern part of North Korea, NHK television quoted Japanese Defense Agency sources as saying. Hosei Norota, Director General of Japan's Defense Agency, told reporters today that he has ``yet to receive such information'' and that he has not confirmed the report, according to an agency spokesman. The report was sure to intensify concerns in Japan, already unnerved by North Korea's firing of a missile Aug. 31. U.S. and South Korean officials say North Korea test fired a Taepo Dong-1 missile, which traveled over the Japanese mainland and landed in the Pacific Ocean, proving the communist country could strike at any part of Japan. North Korea's three new facilities reportedly are being built at depths ranging from 165 feet to 330 feet. A fuel storage facility will be completed in one or two years at one of the underground sites, NHK reported.." 12/14/98 ".Two South Korean soldiers presumed dead for over 45 years returned home after escaping from North Korea, South Korean intelligence officials announced on Monday. The men, Kim Bok-ki, 67, and Park Dong-il, 71, flew in from a "third country" where they had been living in hiding since escaping North Korea early this year, the officials said. MORE THAN 20,000 South Koreans and 8,100 American soldiers are still listed as missing from the 1950-53 war. Kim and Park are only the fourth and fifth POWs to escape from the North since the end of the war. Officials said the two soldiers were captured during the Korean War by Chinese troops during a battle at Keumhwa at the northeastern region near the border now separating the two Koreas. The two were initially detained in a POW camp near the North's capital, Pyongyang, but were later sent to a coal mine in northern North Korea where they had been forced to work until they escaped the country, the officials said. Both Kim and Park spent decades in slave labor at coal mines in before escaping, the statement said. Kim and Park were being held for questioning, an NSP official said. Beyond the fact that they entered South Korea through a "third country," details of their escape were not immediately released.."

The Washington Post 12/17/98 Andra Brack ".South Korean navy ships fought a gunbattle with a suspected North Korean submarine Friday, sinking it off the southern coast, military officials said. The body of one North Korean crewman was recovered after the 10-ton sub was sunk about 60 miles off the tip of the Korean Peninsula, the office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said. The sub was first spotted shortly before midnight Thursday as it approached the shore near Yosu, a port city 200 miles south of Seoul, the military said.."

North Korean News 12/18/98 ".Former U.S. Secretary of Defense Perry, in the capacity of a coordinator for "North Korea" policy, reportedly debated on a "proposal of cooperation" with somebody and is about to arrange it in detail with reference to the DPRK's "underground nuclear facility" and launch of a satellite, says Rodong Sinmun in a commentary today. Criticising the U.S. imperialist hawks' outcry for "cooperation" and "proposal of cooperation," insisting on "inspection of underground nuclear facility" and countermeasure against "missile threat" as a military provocation against the DPRK and a far-fetched manner aimed at unleashing a war against the DPRK, the news analyst continues: The Korean people will never tolerate any attempt to tarnish the dignity of the DPRK and encroach upon its sovereignty. If the U.S. hawkish elements continue to screw up the tension under such unjustifiable pretext, war will be inevitable on the Korean peninsula.."

Boston Globe 1/8/99 Associated Press ".North Korea has begun construction on at least five underground ballistic missile launch sites near its borders with China and South Korea, a major Japanese newspaper reported today. The reported work threatens to aggravate tensions between North Korea and Japan, which has expressed growing concern over North Korea's missile development program. The suspected launch sites are deeper than 150 feet and capable of multiple firings, possibly of a long-range missile known as the Taepo Dong, said the Yomiuri newspaper, citing unnamed sources in the United States and Japan.."

Toronto Sun 1/17/99 Eric Margolis ".Intense efforts by the United States to prevent the spread of medium and long-range missiles around the globe have failed. In the past two months, a number of Third World nations have broken out of America's control regime, and are rapidly deploying missiles capable of carrying nuclear, chemical, or biological warheads over long distances - potentially even to North America. According to U.S. intelligence, North Korea, which is supposed to be starving, is preparing to test a second, multi-stage, medium range ballistic missile (MRBM) of the Taepo-dong series. North Korea first tested this new system last fall, sending a missile soaring over Japan.."

AP 1/18/99 ".A mid-ranking North Korean diplomat in Germany has defected and sought asylum in the United States, South Korean news reports said Monday. The diplomat, identified as Kim Kyong Pil, 54, and his wife, Kim Kum Sun, 52, defected about a week ago while on a trip to Frankfurt, the national Yonhap news agency reported.."

NewsMax Reuters 1/19/99 Freeper Walkin Man ".A Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) report monitored in Tokyo denounced Cohen for his discussions with the military and political leaders of the two nations, saying: ``His junket showed that the U.S. moves to isolate and stifle the DPRK (North Korea) militarily are getting more reckless from the beginning of the year, assuming a new dangerous aspect.''.``The U.S. hawks should know that if they think they can survive a nuclear war in the Korean peninsula kindled by them, it would be a serious mistake,'' it added. There are nearly 37,000 U.S. troops in South Korea and tensions have risen steadily in recent months over Pyongyang's test launch of a three-stage Taepodong ballistic missile in August and intelligence indications that the North might be breaking an agreement to end its nuclear arms ambitions.."

New York Times Website 2/1/99 The Associated Press ".North Korean state-run media on Monday accused Japan of bringing the two nations to the brink of war by pressing ahead with plans to build spy satellites and a missile defense system. The militant tone of the North Korean statement was similar to the rhetoric it has used repeatedly in references to Japan, South Korea and the United States. ``North Korean-Japanese relations have deteriorated, and if this leads to a military confrontation, Japan itself will be the one destroyed,'' the government's Korean Asia-Pacific Peace Committee was quoted as saying on North Korean Central Radio, monitored by Japan's Radio Press in Tokyo.."

AP 2/16/99 ".Japan's Defense Agency said Tuesday that North Korea has the technology to launch a long-range ballistic missile capable of reaching parts of the United States, according to Japanese news reports. The North has made significant progress in developing its Taepodong-2 liquid-fuel missiles, Japan's semi-government television network NHK quoted unidentified Japanese defense sources as saying. Taepodong 2 is believed to be capable of carrying heavy payloads to Hawaii and Alaska and lighter-weight weapons to parts of the U.S. mainland.

CBN 2/19/99 Dale Hurd ".CBN News has uncovered more satellite evidence that North Korea is working to perfect a rocket capable of hitting the United States mainland-something that has been confirmed by Japan's defense agency this week. Despite a continuing famine, this week North Korea pledged to build up its military even further. Now, a report by the Congressional Research Service explains where the North Koreans are getting some of the money for their military. Starvation has killed as much as ten percent of North Korea's population in the past three years, yet North Korea continues to advance its nuclear missile program, and threatens to annihilate the United States. How does the North Korean regime manage not only to survive, but add to its military power? The answer is crime. North Korea is raising huge sums of cash by selling home grown opium and methamphetamines around the world, and by passing millions in counterfeit U-S currency-even as it scares the west into giving it food and cash. "The North Koreans know how to play brinkmanship. It's always to get concessions. They know how to play Washington, D.C., the Clinton Administration, and they continuously get concessions," says Dr. William Taylor, one of America's foremost experts on North Korea..."

National Defense University Number 159, 3/99 Richard L. Armitage "…But China is also pursuing its own agenda. Beijing is sustaining North Korea with aid, despite Pyongyang’s apparent unwillingness to heed its advice. China has resisted active cooperation—with the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organi-zation, with the World Food Program, and on missiles. Its independent actions pose a challenge to any successful U.S. policy. No approach to North Korea is likely to succeed absent some modicum of active cooperation from—and clear understanding with—China. Beijing must understand that it will either bear a burden for failure or benefit from cooperation…."

Reuters 3/2/99 "…"To convince the North to modify its posture, we need a larger conceptual framework, with greater incentives and corresponding disincentives,'' the group, made up largely of top national security aides to former Republican Presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush, said in a six-page paper released late Monday.

The group criticized President Clinton's current approach to North Korea as "muddling through'' such challenges as North Korea's long-range missile program and Pyongyang's suspected drive to develop nuclear arms. The United States has called communist-ruled North Korea the biggest threat to regional stability. "Current policy is fragmented,'' the group said. "This has allowed North Korea to obtain economic benefits while maintaining its military threat.'' The group, headed by Richard Armitage, a former assistant secretary of defense for international security affairs, said the United States must put forward a comprehensive offer to meet Pyongyang's "legitimate economic, security and political concerns.'' …"

Washington Times 2/26/99 Glenn Baek "…According to U.S. intelligence sources, there is "compelling evidence" to indicate Pyongyang is secretly building nuclear bombs in the basement. Despite U.S. attempts to verify Pyongyang's true nuclear intentions, North Korea has repeatedly denied Washington's requests unless given cash compensation or other economic benefits. Appearing weak after conceding to North Korean brinkmanship in the past, chances are low the United States will pay $300 million for a one-time peek or lift economic sanctions, as Pyongyang demands . This ongoing nuclear impasse is all the more worrisome because of the tension already heightened on the Korean Peninsula in the aftermath of North Korea's missile launch over Japan last summer…."

AP 3/3/99 "…North Korea accused the United States of making 160 spy flights over the Communist country in February, calling the missions a ``villainous threat'' to peace on the Korean Peninsula. State-run Korean Central Radio, monitored by Japan's Radiopress in Tokyo on Wednesday, said the flights endangered efforts toward the reunification of North and South Korea…."

KCNA 3/2/99 "…The U.S. warmongers are now engaged in frantic war moves against the DPRK, tightening the triangular military alliance with the South Korean authorities and the Japanese reactionaries. They are heading for a war of aggression according to "operation plan 5027," a second Korean war scenario, crying over "missile threats from the DPRK" and its "suspected underground nuclear facility." That being a hard fact, it is quite ridiculous for Clinton to clamor about "deterring aggression" and "efforts for peace." The United States would be well advised to refrain at once from behaving like a thief crying "stop the thief " and stop running indiscreetly. If the U.S. finally imposes war, we will unhesitatingly counter it and annihilate all the aggressors with merciless blows…."

South China Morning Post 3/4/99 "…"To convince the North to modify its posture, we need a larger conceptual framework, with greater incentives and corresponding disincentives," the group, made up largely of top national security aides to former Republican presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush, said in a paper released at a conference in Hawaii this week. It criticised Mr Clinton's approach to the North as "muddling through" such challenges as its long-range missile programme and Pyongyang's suspected drive to develop nuclear arms. The United States has called North Korea the biggest threat to regional stability. "Current policy is fragmented," the group said. "This has allowed North Korea to obtain economic benefits while maintaining its military threat." The group, headed by Richard Armitage, a former assistant secretary of defence for international security affairs, said the US must put forward a comprehensive offer to meet Pyongyang's "legitimate economic, security and political concerns". Besides seizing the diplomatic initiative, this would strengthen the ability to build and sustain a regional coalition if North Korea failed to co-operate and continued its current brinkmanship, the group said…."

AFP 3-5-99 "…South Korea has ruled out its participation in a US plan to create a regional missile shield to protect its Asian allies, Seoul's Defence Minister Chun Yong-Taek said Friday. In a move which deals a fresh blow to the Theater Missile Defence (TMD) scheme, Chun dismissed any possibility of South Korea joining the programme which the United States and Japan have advocated. Reacting to press reports from Japan, the minister also said Seoul was opposed to any pre-emptive attack on North Korea by Japan in the case of war. "Pursuing the TMD is not an effective countermeasure against North Korean missiles, he said at a press conference here. "It can also arouse concern from neighbouring countries," he said, stressing the need to secure transparency in pursuing the TMD project…."

The Washington Weekly 3/06/99 Marvin Lee Freepmaster Jim Robinson "… The Washington Weekly will report in its March 8 issue that the CIA has concluded in a classified analysis that North Korea's missile capabilities are much more advanced than previously acknowledged. An informed Washington source will reveal on the record alarming new conclusions about the threat to the United States and what it might mean for U.S. national security. -Marvin …"

Remarks by the President at US Coast Guard Academy commencement 5/22/96 Freeper ohmlaw98 "…But there is more to be done for America to keep moving forward and to pass on an even safer and more prosperous world to our children as we enter this new century and a new millennium. First, we must continue to seize the extraordinary opportunity to reduce the threat of weapons of mass destruction. We have set the most far-reaching arms control and nonproliferation agenda in history, and I am determined to pursue it and complete it. ......Our diplomacy backed with force persuaded North Korea to freeze its nuclear program. We have now secured the indefinite and unconditional extension of the nuclear nonproliferation treaty. (Applause.) Sometimes I wonder if people know what that is. Now I know you do. (Laughter.) I wish I could give you a citation. (Laughter.)…The possibility of a long-range missile attack on American soil by a rogue state is more than a decade away. To prevent it, we are committed to developing by the year 2000 and defensive system that couldbe deployed by 2003, well before the threat becomes real. I know that there are those who disagree with this policy.They have a plan that Congress will take up this week that would force us to choose now a costly missile defense system that could be obsolete tomorrow…."

Washington Weekly 3/8/99 Robert Stowe England "…Pennsylvania Republican Representative Curt Weldon claims that the Central Intelligence Agency has determined that North Korea already has the capacity to launch from its homeland a low-weight warhead that could reach any part of the entire mainland United States -- from California eastward to Maine and southward to the Florida keys. Weldon says the CIA finding is based, among others things, on its analysis of data generated by the August 31 launch by North Korea of the Taepo Dong 1 missile. The three-stage rocket was fired north of Japan. Its final stage failed to successfully launch a tiny satellite into orbit. "The projections which the CIA have done, which are classified . . . actually show that when you project out the distance, that this particular North Korean rocket, with a light payload . . . could hit the mainland of the United States," Weldon says. The Taepo Dong 1 could deliver "a chemical, biological or a small nuclear device," Weldon says, giving North Korea a cataclysmic new tool in its arsenal of terrorist weapons. The missile is not very accurate, Weldon says, but this should give the U.S. little comfort…."

AP 3/8/99 "…Five Republican House leaders appealed to former Defense Secretary William Perry, the Clinton administration's point man on North Korea, to recommend a tougher U.S. policy toward North Korea. "North Korea's nuclear ambitions, chemical-biological capability and its burgeoning missile capability present a clear and present danger to the security of the United States,'' the lawmakers wrote to Perry in a letter released on Monday. Signing the letter were House International Committee Chairman Benjamin Gilman, R-N.Y., Judiciary Committee Chairman Henry Hyde, R-Ill.; House Majority Leader Dick Armey, R-Texas; Rep. Christopher Cox, R-Calif., chairman of the House Policy Committee; and Rep. Joe Knollenberg, R-Mich., a member of the House Appropriations Committee. They urged an overhaul in policy "from the ground floor up.'' …"

AP 3/9/99 Sang-Hun Choe "…U.S. officials will adopt South Korea's policy of greater engagement with North Korea and expand current talks beyond just weapons issues, Washington's point man on North Korea said Tuesday. William Perry, a former defense secretary, agreed to the new approach after meeting with President Kim Dae-jung and other top officials to discuss policy recommendations for President Clinton.

"Both sides agreed that a comprehensive approach was needed to address those problems caused by North Korea's nuclear and missile programs,'' Perry and Foreign Minister Hong Soon-young said in a statement. "Such an approach would build upon (South Korea's) policy of engagement with North Korea.'' …"

AP 3/9/99 "…North Korea's autumn harvest will be used up by April and after that the famine-stricken country will have to rely primarily on international food aid, the World Food Program said Tuesday. During the lean period until the next harvest in October, North Koreans will be forced to eat more wild mushrooms, tree bark, seaweed and cakes made of grass, said WFP spokeswoman Abby Spring. ``These can placate hunger but they are not nutritious and can cause illness,'' she said. In the autumn harvest, there was a severe shortage of rice in the communist state because only 10 percent of rice fields were cultivated due to a lack of fuel and spare parts for machinery, Spring said. Food shortages and famine-related illnesses have killed up to 2 million of North Korea's 23 million people during the past three years, according to U.S. congressional estimates. Two-thirds of all children under age 7 are malnourished, and lack of food has stunted the growth of millions more…."

AP 3/9/99 Edith Lederer "…North Korea responded to U.S. claims Tuesday that it possesses biological and chemical weapons by accusing the United States of using the same weapons during the Korean War. North Korea's U.N. Ambassador Li Hyong Chol made the accusations in a letter to the U.N. Security Council president as U.S.-North Korea talks continued over Washington's concerns that Pyongyang may be hiding a nuclear weapons project.

The ambassador made no reference to the talks at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations, where Washington is pressing for access to the Kumchang-ni underground site. It believes North Korea may be using it to develop nuclear weapons in violation of a 1994 U.S.-North Korean agreement. Instead, Li urged the Security Council to "make an issue of the United States' use of biological and chemical weapons and large-scale massacres and abuse of the U.N. name (during the Korean War) in order to prevent their recurrence."…"

Washington Times 3/11/99 Bill Gertz "…North Korea is working on uranium enrichment techniques and will be able to produce fuel for nuclear weapons in six years or less, according to a U.S. intelligence report. The program involves a North Korean trading company that recently sought to buy enrichment technology from a Japanese manufacturer, and connections between North Korea and Pakistan, according to a Department of Energy intelligence report made available to The Washington Times. According to the report, the technology sought by Pyongyang is a clear sign that North Korea, known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), "is in the early stages of a uranium enrichment capability." "On the basis of Pakistan's progress with a similar technology, we estimate that the DPRK is at least six years from the production of [highly enriched uranium], even if it has a viable centrifuge design," the report said. "On the other hand, with significant technical support from other countries, such as Pakistan, the time frame would be decreased by several years." The report is a further sign the communist regime in Pyongyang has abandoned the freeze imposed on its nuclear weapons program by a 1994 agreement with the United States. Underground construction spotted by U.S. intelligence agencies last year at Kumchangni, North Korea, is believed to be a new facility for nuclear weapons production in violation of the agreement…Pakistan purchased uranium enrichment technology from China in 1996 when it bought 5,000 special ring magnets used as bearings in gas centrifuges. The sale violated China's international commitment not to sell weapons technology to non-nuclear weapons states. It was dismissed by the Clinton administration after an investigation determined senior Chinese leaders were unaware of the technology transfer…."

AP 3/16/99 Barry Schweid "…North Korea said today it would give U.N. inspectors access to a suspect nuclear weapons site. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright approved the deal, which was disclosed by a senior U.S. official…."

Richard Lessner 3/24/99 "…Even as Bill Clinton is prepared to bomb Serbia -- which poses no threat to the United States -- he was buying off the Communist thugs in North Korea, who do pose a threat to this country. It will be recalled that in 1994 the Clinton administration entered into an agreement with North Korea. Pyongyang agreed to freeze its work on atomic weapons. In exchange, the U.S. agreed to build a nuclear power plant in North Korea and provide Pyongyang millions of gallons of oil. Few believed that this effort to buy off North Korea would succeed. North Korea is a military dictatorship that for decades has pursued the Holy Grail of nuclear weapons. Sure enough, the ink on the agreement had scarcely dried when North Korea began work on a massive underground complex that many experts suspected was devoted to weapons research… Bill Clinton, when he is not busy meddling in the Balkans, appears perfectly content knuckling under to North Korean blackmail. As with his abject kowtowing to Red China, Mr. Clinton's policy toward North Korea appears to be little more than appeasement. Haggling over how much blackmail we are willing to pay to secure the temporary good behavior of these thugs is degrading and demeaning. And, in the long term, it is dangerous…."

Reuters 3/23/99 "….Japanese patrol boats chased and fired warning shots at two suspected North Korean ships Tuesday, the country's first naval engagement since 1953. Maritime officials said nine patrol boats, three aircraft and three destroyers were pursuing the ships in international waters late Tuesday, about 300 km (190 miles) northwest of Tokyo…."

Reuters 3/20/99 Teruaki Ueno "… South Korea and Japan issued a stern warning to North Korea on Saturday, calling for a joint defence structure with the United States to deal with military threats from the Stalinist state. ``We must tell the North that it would be the North which would suffer massive damage if it launched provocation,'' South Korean President Kim Dae-jung told a news conference after talks with visiting Japanese Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi. ``We must not let the North use nuclear weapons and missiles.'' …"

Wall Street Journal 3/23/99 Nicholas Eberstadt "…The latest sorry twist in the Clinton administration's policy toward North Korea has brought us to an extraordinary pass--one where the North Koreans are describing the deliberations between the two states more honestly than the Americans are. This remarkable threshold was crossed last week, when a State Department spokesman denied that food aid is being given to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in return for permission to inspect a facility suspected of being built to develop nuclear weapons. A North Korean counterpart expressed a different view: "There was sufficient debate on and agreement on the payment of the 'inspection fee.' The U.S., though belatedly . . . decided to adopt politico-economic measures as demanded by the D.P.R.K." The South Korean government, which was kept closely abreast of the negotiations, confirmed the North Korean line…So why the obfuscation? The answer, quite simply, is that the Clinton administration cannot bear to acknowledge that its approach to Pyongyang is, in fact, a policy of appeasement…. Like the 1994 Agreed Framework, which was supposed to freeze the North Korean nuclear weapons program, the Kumchang-ri deal implicitly presumes that it is possible to bribe a troublesome power into permanently desisting from a particular unpleasant behavior through a fixed, predetermined compensation….. Former Secretary of Defense William Perry has indicated that he will present Congress with his report on North Korea policy next month…"

The Nando Times 3/18/99 Dale McFeatters "…The Clinton administration denies that it has paid North Korea to allow the United States to inspect a suspected nuclear weapons site, but a food deal sure makes it look that way. In 1994, North Korea signed a deal: In return for its halting production of weapons-grade nuclear material, the United States would provide 500,000 tons of heating oil annually and the Japanese would build a light-water nuclear power plant. Soon after, spy satellites detected work on a huge underground facility. The North Koreans denied that it was a nuclear weapons facility but wouldn't say what it was. Further, the North Koreans demanded $300 million in return for allowing the United States to inspect the site. With an irritated U.S. Congress on the verge of pulling the plug on the oil deal in May, the North Koreans this week relented, and the United States will be allowed to inspect the site - by now surely sanitized…."

Chicago Tribune 3/28/99 Freeper Stand Watch Listen "…North Korea has completed 10 missile launch sites and is churning out 100 Soviet-type Scud missiles a year in four factories, a South Korean newspaper has reported. ...About 10,000 workers are building missile launch engines in an underground facility in Kaechon, 50 miles north of Pyongyang, the North Korean capital, said the Korea Herald, published in Seoul, capital of the South…."

The Weekly Post 3/28/99 "…In chasing two unidentified ships camouflaged as fishing boats, the Japanese Self Defense Agency (SDA) used three escort vessels and five P3C submarine tracking airplanes. Also, the Maritime Safety Agency (MSA) sent 15 armed patrol vessels. This large-scale fleet was chasing two unidentified ships for two days. Another incident occurred where an SDA Air Force patrol plane identified two unidentified Mig jetfighters coming from the direction of North Korea. The SDA was about to send F16 jetfighters to counter attack. All these events led the Japanese to believe that war on the Japan Sea had started. There is some evidence that the SDA and MSA had prepared themselves for the unidentified boats and possible war on the Japan Sea. The Hokkaido Newspaper dated March 23 reported that the SDA were prepared to issue orders for taking action under SDA Act 82 when submarines and armed spy vessels invade Japan. Also, the SDA and MSA had decided to work together in such cases….. On March 21, two days before the real invasion, Japan's Prime Minister Obuchi was visiting South Korea to discuss issues in relation to North Korea. The Japanese government had expected that North Korea would take some kind of covert action and they had strengthened their watch. The two boats were trapped in this special surveillance of the Japanese government. On March 22, an SDA patrol plane and MSA patrol boat picked up an unidentified signal from the Japan Sea. The next day, an SDA patrol plane found the two boats and a full-fledged operation was taken. …It has been reported that there are 2,500 North Korean spies in Japan. Their missions include causing confusion and unrest in Japan when war breaks out on the Korean Peninsula. The possibility of such a war and activities of North Korean spies are major reasons why the US government can not take a strong stance in their negotiations with North Korea on inspections of nuclear weapon development…..On December 18 last year, the South Korean government force sank a small North Korean submarine when it invaded the South Korean sea. …."

Reuters 3/29/99 "… South Korea's armed forces on Monday began a week of military exercises which North Korea warned was ``bringing the dark clouds of nuclear war'' to the divided peninsula. Elements of the South Korean army, navy and air force gathered on Hwasong Beach on the west coast for the ``Ho-gook (Protect Motherland) '99'' military exercise aimed at dealing with an enemy infiltration. ``The aim of this training exercise is to repel a possible enemy attack with the combined effort by the army, navy and air force,'' Colonel Kim Bu-young told reporters in Hwasong. …"

Nando Times/AP 3/27/99 "…North Korea has completed 10 missile launch sites and is churning out 100 Soviet-type Scud missiles a year in four factories, it was reported Friday. The English-language Korea Herald quoted an unidentified government source as saying at least four other missile factories are suspected to exist. Concern over North Korea's missile capabilities increased after the country launched a rocket that flew over Japan and crashed into the Pacific last summer…… Some 10,000 workers are building missile launch engines in an underground facility in Kaechon, 50 miles north of Pyongyang, the North Korean capital, the Korea Herald said…."

AP 4/1/99 "...North Korea is relocating 2 million people from its capital and other cities to the countryside in an apparent attempt to add workers to its battered farm industry, South Korea's main spy agency said today. The forced migration, which began last year under a five-year program, will eventually affect more than 8 percent of the isolated communist state's population, said Lee Jong-chan, head of the National Intelligence Service. Lee made the remarks in a parliamentary hearing held behind closed doors. The remarks were later distributed in a news release from the spy agency. Half of those to be relocated are residents of Pyongyang, the capital, which has a population of 3.6 million, Lee said. Another 1 million will be moved from provincial cities, he said...."

Washington Times 4/15/99 Bill Gertz "...China is continuing secret transfers of missile and weapons technology to the Middle East and South Asia despite promises to curb such transfers, according to a Pentagon intelligence report. A separate intelligence report found that China has provided North Korea with special steel used in building missile frames, according to Clinton administration officials. "Some steel must have been transferred," said a State Department official. General details about the transfer were presented to the Chinese government in November in a diplomatic protest note. Chinese officials responded by saying their investigation had failed to pinpoint the transfer, a U.S. official said..... "

Reuters 4/9/99 "...North Korea said Friday it would continue exporting its missiles unless it received compensation from the United States. The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), monitored in Tokyo, said the stance was taken in response to U.S. refusals to compensate North Korea for financial losses it would suffer by suspending its missile exports. "The U.S. insists that it cannot make any compensation in cash. Missile exports will not be suspended if the U.S. refuses to pay cash to compensate for the DPRK's (North Korea's) losses,'' KCNA said....."

Washington Post 4/9/99 Mary Jordan "...North Korean officials are rejoicing in the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia because they believe it distracts Washington from focusing on their repressive regime and illustrates the pitfalls awaiting any potential U.S. military action against Pyongyang. North Korean leader Kim Jong Il is suspected of pursuing expensive nuclear weapons and missile-development programs while millions of his people are suffering from hunger.... Russian analysts who interviewed North Korean officials for a just-released report from the Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, Calif., said the NATO bombing has had a major impact on the North Korean government, and might lead it to further upgrade its missile and military capability. "The bombing has 'completely and irreversibly' convinced Pyongyang that it is dealing with a 'new Hitler' who is determined to conquer the entire world through intimidation, pressure and aggression," the report said, referring to President Clinton. The Russian analysts also said North Koreans view the bombing in Yugoslavia as "broadening opportunities" for North Korea. While it is preoccupied in Europe, the United States, in the North Koreans' view, will be more "flexible in other parts of the world, including Korea," the report concluded....Pyon noted that when a top North Korean official, Hwang Jang Yop, defected two years ago, he said that North Korea would take military action when the Americans became "occupied with another international conflict." "That makes me nervous," Pyon said...."

EWTN 4/25/99 Freeper marshmallow "...Half the families in North Korea are starving; they roam helplessly in search of something to eat. Ever since state distribution of food rations ceased in 1996, people live off edible herbs and roots found in fields and forests. "Their daily soup is made of herbs, flour and water," 'Fides' reports. The army fares slightly better: rice rations for six months are distributed; for the remaining six months, hunger and stealing are the order of the day..."

Washington Post 4/25/99 Page A21 John Pomfret "...The run-up to the 87th anniversary of the birth of Kim Il Sung, North Korea's late "Great Leader," was a busy time for North Korean operatives around Macau. Intelligence reports say North Korean diplomats ferried $620,000 in counterfeit U.S. currency through this tiny Portuguese enclave from late December to March. "They needed money for the festivities back home," a Western intelligence official said. "They moved counterfeit currency through Macau and it helped them pay for a party in Pyongyang." ...While the focus of Western intelligence agencies remains North Korea's on-again, off-again program to build a nuclear weapon, what Western and Asian intelligence officials call the criminalization of North Korea's government is also raising concerns....Since January 1998, North Korean diplomats have been caught trafficking in 77 pounds of cocaine from Mexico to Russia, attempting to sell an unspecified amount of North Korean-made heroin in Germany, passing $30,000 of counterfeit U.S. currency in Vladivostok, Russia, and trying to smuggle 500,000 tabs of the stimulant methamphetamine into Egypt, according to published reports....North Korean production of inexpensive methamphetamine has contributed to a three-fold drop in the price of the drug in South Korea, police there say. On April 13, Japanese police discovered 220 pounds of it on a Chinese cargo ship that had just arrived from Hungnam, North Korea..."

Far Eastern Economic Review 4/29/99 Shim Jae Hoon "...Since the collapse of the Soviet bloc deprived North Korea of its economic lifeline, Pyongyang has resorted to strong-arm tactics, using the threat of missile and nuclear-weapons proliferation to wring aid from the international community. But too little aid is reaching ordinary citizens. As a result, they are taking matters into their own hands. Driven by hunger, growing numbers of North Koreans are crossing into China--breaching the wall of isolation and ignorance that has allowed their Stalinist system to survive. They see the success of China's market reforms, and are helped by Christian aid workers. When they go home, they carry food, money--and dangerous new ideas...Most North Koreans only spend a few days in China, a team from South Korea's Yongnam University concluded after conducting interviews last year along the border. The migrants beg or steal food or are helped by relatives among the region's large ethnic-Korean community. Only about 100,000 have stayed on as illegal refugees, says the Christian Council, which sends food aid through underground networks such as Ri's. South Korean charities and churches have quietly taken the lead in helping the Northerners. China allows outside aid groups to visit the border region and purchase foodstuffs for shipment to North Korea. But helping illegal migrants on Chinese soil is banned, so the groups' members use various pretexts to carry out their work. Some come on short-term tourist visas; others take jobs with South Korean businesses in the border cities and carry out their aid work by night...."

China Times 5/7/99 AFP "... North Korea's official media warned Thursday of an impending showdown with Japan, blasting its decision to strengthen military ties with the United States..... The report warned that "the Korean people and People's Army will wipe out all the Japanese reactionaries if they stage a comeback to Korea with arms in their hands. Then, the 'unsinkable aircraft carrier' will no longer exist." Japan, which hosts 47,000 US troops and was referred to by a former Japanese premier as an unsinkable aircraft carrier because of its strategic military importance, occupied Korea from 1910 to 1945...."

Bangkok Post 5/13/99 "...Seven months after Thailand reluctantly returned tonnes of a banned drug-making chemical to Pyongyang, North Korea has begun smuggling amphetamines and illegal narcotics back into Asia. Anti-drug agents said they cannot prove that the 2.5 tonnes of ephedrine handed over to the North Korean embassy last August were used in drugs seized in Japan and South Korea. However, the timing makes it likely that North Korea lied to Thai officials and intended all along to use the chemical to make illegal drugs. ..."

FoxNews 5/13/99 Fox News reported that classified intelligence data about a North Korean nuclear reactor may have been ignored by the Clinton administration in 1998. According to sources familiar with the situation, the administration pushed forward funding for a new, cleaner reactor for North Korea, even though there was evidence that the North Koreans were using the old reactor's plutonium fuel rods for weapons development instead of sending the material to the new facility for energy development. Sources said there was a fierce debate over withholding funds for the reactor project, but the White House insisted on going ahead anyway, despite the evidence of North Korea's misuse of the fuel rods.

Special to World 5/14/99 "…North Korea continues to strengthen its military and has deployed most of its troops near the border to prepare for a war against South Korea, the U.S. military chief of staff says. In a statement to the Senate Appropriations subcommittee on defense on Tuesday, General Henry Shelton, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said Pyongyang has deployed the majority of its more than 1 million North Korean soldiers near the demilitarized zone and Seoul. He said the tensions from this deployment has been exacerbated by Pyongyang's nuclear and missile program. "Despite its collapsed economy and struggle to feed its own population," Shelton said, "the North Korean government continues to pour resources into its military and to pursue a policy of confrontation with South Korea and its neighbors in the region."More than one million North Korean soldiers serve on active duty, the vast majority deployed within hours of the DMZ and South Korea's capital city, Seoul."…"

***Media Research Center CyberAlert*** 5/13/99 Vol Four No 82 "..." 3) Only FNC cared that a top Democrat criticized Justice for turning down the FBI's warrant request for Wen Ho Lee. FNC's Carl Cameron exclusively revealed how the Clinton team ignored evidence about misuse of plutonium by North Korea. 4) No Chung on Wednesday's morning shows, but they had time for a story about a beach party for a furniture store's staff and a discussion about Star Wars toys. CNS picked up how Chung's sentencing judge said if the DNC didn't know then they were dumb. .... Cameron began his May 12 story over video of a nuclear plant in North Korea: "Classified intelligence data about this North Korean nuclear energy reactor, Fox News has learned, was ignored by the Clinton administration just last year. The administration pushed forward with funding for a new cleaner reactor for North Korea even though there was evidence that the North Koreans were using the old reactor's plutonium fuel rods for weapons development instead of sending the material to the new facility for energy production. Sources say there was a huge debate about withholding funds for the new project, but the White House insisted on going ahead anyway." Jumping to Chinese espionage, Cameron showed how at a Senate hearing ignored by the other networks Energy official Mary Ann Sullivan said her department followed proper procedure in deferring the espionage investigation to the FBI. Cameron picked up: "But the FBI says it was denied wiretaps and search warrants by Justice Department brass. That had Attorney General Janet Reno called on the congressional carpet and blasted by members of both parties." .....Cameron concluded with this intriguing development: "Senators were supposed to receive a top secret briefing from House lawmakers who conducted an in depth investigation of China's nuclear espionage, but at the last minute sources say Democratic Senators urged House Democrats not to show up to brief them and the meeting was canceled."...."

Fox News ( 5/14/99 Carl Cameron "...Meanwhile, Fox News reported that classified intelligence data about a North Korean nuclear reactor may have been ignored by the Clinton administration in 1998. According to sources familiar with the situation, the administration pushed forward funding for a new, cleaner reactor for North Korea, even though there was evidence that the North Koreans were using the old reactor's plutonium fuel rods for weapons development instead of sending the material to the new facility for energy development. Sources said there was a fierce debate over withholding funds for the reactor project, but the White House insisted on going ahead anyway, despite the evidence of North Korea's misuse of the fuel rods...."

Washington Times 5/17/99 Bill Gertz Excerpts from Betrayal "...North Korea fired its first Taepo Dong missile Aug. 31 from a remote facility. The missile, accelerating quickly, traveled over northern Japan. Despite monitoring by U.S. and Japanese ships, surveillance aircraft and space sensors, initial reaction from the Clinton administration was that the missile was a two-stage rocket, nothing more....."They have gone some way down toward developing a missile with a much longer-range capability," Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon told reporters two weeks later, on Sept. 15. "We're talking something that could be approaching intercontinental ballistic missile range." In short, North Korea had taken a quantum leap in its relatively primitive missile program, which had been based on 1950s Scud missile technology. Mr. Bacon called it "worrisome." Inside the Pentagon, the news was explosive. Though the satellite failed, U.S. intelligence agencies analyzing the trajectory of debris concluded that the Taepo Dong missile's range was roughly between 2,500 miles and 3,700 miles. At the high end, a North Korean missile could hit almost all of Alaska and reach the northernmost Hawaiian islands, according to a Pentagon chart....The Communist regime in Pyongyang had achieved a major breakthrough. With a huge arsenal of chemical weapons and a secret nuclear program, could a warhead containing a weapon of mass destruction be far behind? Many analysts feared that a Taepo Dong missile with a third stage perhaps could lob chemical or biological weapons not just on Alaska and Hawaii, but on some of the western United States. Other Pentagon officials confessed to this reporter that with just one more test, the North Koreans could achieve something few other nations had done: develop an ICBM -- an intercontinental ballistic missile. The White House added its own spin. North Korea still had to "master the unique and fairly daunting challenges of returning a re-entry vehicle back to land, re-entering the Earth's atmosphere to hit a target without burning up," White House Press Secretary Michael McCurry said..... "

WorldNetDaily 5/17/99 J R Nyquist "... According to General Henry Shelton, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, North Korea has deployed most of its one million troops near the South Korean border to prepare for war. "Despite its collapsed economy and struggle to feed its own population," explained Shelton, "the North Korean government continues to pour resources into its military and to pursue a policy of confrontation with South Korea and its neighbors in the region." Shelton further said that the threat from North Korea is serious. In recent months the North Koreans, who are close allies of Moscow and Beijing, have declared, "The United States will [soon] be reduced to ashes and will no longer exist. ..." North Korean headlines from the first week of 1999 proclaimed that: "U.S. Imperialist Aggressors Will Be Unable to Avoid Annihilating Strikes." Another North Korean newspaper stated that the Americans would be wiped "from this planet for good." In the New Year's message of the North Korean government, the Communists called on their citizens to "love rifles, earnestly learn military affairs and turn the whole country into an impregnable fortress." ..."

Stratfor 3/22/99 "...Recent agreements with the United States and summits in Seoul have focused on Pyongyang's possession and use of weapons of mass destruction. This is a victory of North Korean foreign policy, which has shifted the agenda from the question of North Korean survival to North Korean aggression. North Korea has no intention of using its weapons. It is much more interested in emerging from isolation into closer relations with Moscow and Beijing. Washington, Seoul and Tokyo are all missing the meaning of North Korean behavior...."

Koenig's International News 5/19/99 Charles Smith "... The transfer in late 1994, known as the Hua Mei project, involved advanced telecommunications technology -- with a variety of battlefield and civilian applications -- from AT&T via SC&M Brooks in St. Louis to Galaxy New Technology in China. The fiber-optic technology sold to Galaxy New Technology is not a weapon itself, but it greatly enhances the command and control system linking the Chinese army, navy and air force. The Chinese may have repackaged the same system and resold it to Iraq, where it would be able to threaten the lives of U.S. pilots flying reconnaissance missions. According to Aviation Week & Space Technology, Iraq's air-defense system -- code- named "Tiger-Song" by NATO commanders -- is an advanced internet for surface-to-air missile batteries using secure fiber-optic communications. One of the advantages of Tiger-Song is that it allows the Iraqi radar installations not associated with Iraqi missile batteries to lock in on U.S. aircraft and transfer the information to the missile operators through the secure fiber-optic network. Perry faced a firestorm of criticism in early 1996 following reports that he overruled objections from the Pentagon's technology directorate, as well as from critics in the National Security Agency, who wanted to block the transfer in 1994...."

Koenig's International News 5/19/99 Charles Smith "...Newly released documents from the Commerce Department reveal that Perry and other officials met with several leading generals of the PLA at an unannounced closed-door meeting at Commerce on Nov. 17, 1994. The documents show the level of contact between the Chinese army and the Clinton Commerce Department to be far deeper than previously admitted. On the U.S. side, Perry was assisted by his friend and colleague at Stan ford University, John Lewis, who was a business partner of Galaxy New Technology and a member of the Defense Policy Board of the Pentagon, as well as a civilian consultant to the Secretary of Defense, according to Pentagon documents. In 1994 Lewis was executive director of Chicago-based SCM (which later became SC&M and merged with St. Louis-based Brooks Telecom.) According to the Far Eastern Economic Review, Lewis was a member of the SCM board until January, 1995, although Lewis told the Review that he left SCM at the time he was appointed to the Defense Policy Board in August, 1994. SC&M Brooks was acting as a conduit for AT&T fiber-optic technology wanted by the Chinese generals. SC&M/Brooks was financed on the U.S. side by Perry's investment-banking firm, Hambrecht and Quist, according to one of the bank's advertisements in 1995. Perry in 1985 helped found Hambrecht and Quist, which also is the financial backer of the liberal-leaning Salon magazine...The Chinese delegation was led by PLA Gen. Ding Henggao -- the head of the Chinese Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, or COSTIND -- who brought with him some of the highest-ranking PLA officers to travel outside of China. Dine brought his aide and second in Command at COSTIND, Lt. Gen. Huai Guomo, as well as Maj. Gen. Fu Jiaping and Maj. Gen. Chen Kaizeng. Ding even brought one of the spymasters of the Chinese army, Major Gen. Hou Gang, deputy director of the Intelligence Department of the PLA. The military affiliation of the company officials meeting with Perry should have raised serious doubt as to the supposed civilian application of the fiber-optic system being traded, as required by Commerce Department licensing regulations. The cochairmen of the Hua Mei joint venture in 1994, according to Pentagon documents, were former senator Adlai E. Stevenson III and Madam Nie Li, wife of Ding. Lie holds her own military rank -- Madam General Nie of the People's Liberation Army. Lewis is listed in the same document as one of five directors under Stevenson's chairmanship...."

LA Times 5/21/99 Bob Drogin "....The United States will send the highest-level delegation in nearly half a century to North Korea next week, in hopes of charting a new relationship with one of the world's most isolated and authoritarian regimes, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said Thursday. Former U.S. Defense Secretary William J. Perry, a special White House envoy, will carry a letter from President Clinton when he leads a seven-member team to North Korea's capital, Pyongyang, for a four-day visit beginning Tuesday. Perry met Thursday with Clinton for a final briefing..... Perry's mission represents a dramatic attempt to reach out to Pyongyang's enigmatic leadership. But it also reflects mounting White House and congressional frustration in dealing with an unpredictable regime that is heavily armed and that directly threatens South Korea and Japan, as well as U.S. troops in northeast Asia...."

5/25/99 BBC News "...The US Government says a team of American experts has completed its inspection of an underground site in North Korea, which it suspects could be part of a nuclear weapons programme. A State Department spokesman said the experts received "good cooperation" from North Korean officials but no details would be released until the team has returned to Washington and the inspection fully assessed. US officials are also hoping for the first meeting between a US official and North Korea's secretive leader Kim Jong-il. President Clinton's special envoy, William Perry has flown to North Korea as part of a wide review of American policy on the Korean peninsula. The former defence secretary was made special coordinator for North Korea last year....Mr Perry is expected to put pressure on the North Korean leadership to abandon its nuclear weapons and missile development programmes in exchange for lifting economic sanctions and normalising diplomatic relations. On Monday Mr Perry held talks with South Korean and Japanese officials, at which the three countries agreed the wording of a joint statement to be presented in Pyongyang....."

Reuters 5/29/99 Bill Tarrant "...The United States could offer a major expansion in ties with North Korea if the secretive communist state abandoned its nuclear and missile programs, U.S. presidential envoy William Perry said Saturday. During a four-day visit to North Korea this week, Perry said he had explored with Pyongyang ``my thinking about the possibility of a major expansion in our relations and cooperation as part of a process in which the U.S. and allied concerns about missile and nuclear programs are addressed.'' Perry declined to give details about what was on offer, saying the ideas about an expanded relationship had been developed over the past six months, after he was appointed by President Clinton to comprehensively review North Korean policy. ``For that reason, it is not surprising that I do not have for you at this time anything that I might characterize as a definitive DPRK (North Korea) response to this idea,'' Perry said, adding he had not been in Pyongyang to negotiate....."

China Times AFP "...Warning that aid has failed to defuse the North Korean threat, US lawmakers on Wednesday pushed for further curbs to drive Pyongyang to abandon its nuclear energy programs. "Clearly, we should be getting more for our money," said Republican Representative Benjamin Gilman, chairman of the House International Relations Committee, who introduced the bill..... The measure would limit the White House's ability to disburse funds under a five-year-old program under which North Korea agreed to freeze its nuclear energy program in exchange for US fuel for conventional power plants and Washington's pledge of "safer" light-water reactors...... Gilman's measure would mean food aid shipments to the Stalinist regime would continue only under assurances they were "not diverted to the North Korean military and that North Korea is taking steps to regain self-sufficiency in food production." Gilman's bill would also disburse 10 million dollars to create a joint early warning system in the Asia-Pacific region to share data on ballistic missile launches among participating governments...."

LA Times 5/21/99 Bob Drogin "....The United States will send the highest-level delegation in nearly half a century to North Korea next week, in hopes of charting a new relationship with one of the world's most isolated and authoritarian regimes, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said Thursday. Former U.S. Defense Secretary William J. Perry, a special White House envoy, will carry a letter from President Clinton when he leads a seven-member team to North Korea's capital, Pyongyang, for a four-day visit beginning Tuesday. Perry met Thursday with Clinton for a final briefing..... Perry's mission represents a dramatic attempt to reach out to Pyongyang's enigmatic leadership. But it also reflects mounting White House and congressional frustration in dealing with an unpredictable regime that is heavily armed and that directly threatens South Korea and Japan, as well as U.S. troops in northeast Asia...."

5/25/99 BBC News "...The US Government says a team of American experts has completed its inspection of an underground site in North Korea, which it suspects could be part of a nuclear weapons programme. A State Department spokesman said the experts received "good cooperation" from North Korean officials but no details would be released until the team has returned to Washington and the inspection fully assessed. US officials are also hoping for the first meeting between a US official and North Korea's secretive leader Kim Jong-il. President Clinton's special envoy, William Perry has flown to North Korea as part of a wide review of American policy on the Korean peninsula. The former defence secretary was made special coordinator for North Korea last year....Mr Perry is expected to put pressure on the North Korean leadership to abandon its nuclear weapons and missile development programmes in exchange for lifting economic sanctions and normalising diplomatic relations. On Monday Mr Perry held talks with South Korean and Japanese officials, at which the three countries agreed the wording of a joint statement to be presented in Pyongyang....."

5/28/99 Reuters Freeper Thanatos "...North Korea denied U.S. presidential adviser William Perry an audience with leader Kim Jong-il Friday, the State Department said. A separate team of U.S. experts which visited an underground building site in North Korea this month has no reason to believe at this stage that the construction violated a 1994 agreement between Washington and Pyongyang, it added. Perry, who arrived in Pyongyang Tuesday and left Friday, is the highest-ranking U.S. official to visit North Korea since the Korean War of 1950-53. He had hoped to see Kim, who rarely receives foreign visitors...."

5/28/99 BBC News Freeper Thanatos "...US experts investigating a suspected nuclear weapon site in North Korea have found only a large, empty tunnel. The inspection took four days, much shorter than expected, said the US State department. Further analysis was needed before they could reach any conclusions, a spokesman added. The site at Kumchang-ri, 40km (25 miles) north-east of the country's main nuclear complex at Yongbyon, was suspected to be part of a secret nuclear weapons project after the excavation was spotted by US spy satellites...."

5/28/99 AP "...U.S. inspection of a large tunnel complex in North Korea yielded no evidence that North Korea is in violation of a 5-year-old nuclear agreement, a State Department spokesman said today. The spokesman, James P. Rubin, also said that while special envoy William Perry did not meet with North Korean President Kim Jong Il, his delegation was ``well received'' in Pyongyang and met with a number of top officials during a visit that ended earlier in the day...."

Nando AP 6/8/99 "...Hours after a tense armed standoff with South Korean navy ships, five North Korean patrol boats returned to southern waters Wednesday, according to the Defense Ministry. One North Korean patrol boat was spotted crossing the western sea border after daybreak Wednesday and, within an hour, four more joined it deep inside South Korean waters, the ministry said. "The same situation as yesterday is going on," said Capt. Lim Won-kyu, spokesman for South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff. On Tuesday, six North Korean navy ships penetrated South Korean waters in the same general area, creating an 11-hour armed standoff with South Korean navy boats....."

Associated Press 6/9/99 George Gedda "...House International Relations Committee chairman Benjamin Gilman said Wednesday he is concerned that the Clinton administration is forging a new policy toward North Korea without adequate consultation with Congress. Gilman, R-N.Y., outlined his criticism in a statement after former Defense Secretary William Perry gave Gilman and other members of Congress an update on the North Korea policy review he initiated eight months ago at the request of President Clinton. Gilman said he was concerned that the administration has "actually completed its review and is moving forward with quiet diplomatic initiatives with North Korea'' without close consultation with the Congress...... As part of his review, Perry visited North Korea two weeks ago. He said immediately after the visit that he explored with North Korean officials the possibility of a "major expansion'' in U.S. relations with North Korea if U.S. and allied concerns about North Korea's missile and nuclear programs were addressed. Of particular concern is North Korea's development of long-range ballistic missiles. Perry said he traveled to Pyongyang as a presidential envoy and not as a negotiator. "It will take some time for the DPRK (North Korea) to further reflect on the views I expressed and for us to reflect on our visit,'' he said at the time....."

6/9/99 KCNA Freeper Thanatos "...The spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea today answered the question put by the KCNA over the groundless rumours afloat before the announcement of an official stand on the result of the U.S. delegation's visit to the Kumchang-ri project in the DPRK as follows: In line with the DPRK-U.S. agreement reached in New York in last March, the U.S. delegation visited the project in Kumchang-ri over May 20-22 at the invitation of the DPRK. At a time when the United States raised the issue of "suspected underground nuclear facility" of the DPRK, we held that we might allow a one-time visit to the Kumchang-ri project as an exception if the United States gives the DPRK either 300 million U.S. dollars in cash or other economic benefit of an appropriate form equivalent to that amount in compensation for its slandering and insulting the DPRK....."

6/11/99 AP "...The United States has invited North Korean leaders to Washington, the U.S. Embassy said Friday. The invitation to top North Korean officials was extended during a recent trip by U.S. envoy William Perry to continue "dialogue," but no visit has been set, an embassy spokesman said on customary condition of anonymity. If they accept the invitation, it would be the first such visit..... Perry did not receive a definitive North Korean response to a Western proposal that North Korea abandon its weapons programs in exchange for expanded economic and diplomatic benefits...."

Reuters 6/11/99 "....Communist North Korea Saturday demanded South Korea stop what it called provocation in the waters off the west coast and threatened to strike at South Korean forces there. "The South Korean authorities must know that if they continue reckless provocations despite our repeated warnings, they will meet with our strong self-defensive strikes. There is a limit to patience,'' the (North) Korean Central News Agency reported...."

6/11/99 Reuters "...North Korea threatened Saturday to carry out strikes in self-defense if South Korean forces did not halt ''reckless provocations'' in a standoff along their maritime boundary in the Yellow Sea. ``The South Korean authorities must know that if they continue reckless provocations despite our repeated warnings, they will meet with our strong self-defensive strikes. There is a limit to patience,'' said a North Korean statement out of the Korean War truce village of Panmunjom. Officials at South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said North Korean boats had retreated by midnight and were now some six km north of the boundary dividing the bitter rivals' waters. The two countries have engaged in a tense cat-and-mouse game off the western coast of the Korean Peninsula for the past week. South Korea says Northern naval vessels have crossed into southern waters daily, apparently to protect a fleet of crab-catching vessels, before returning to the North in the evening...."

Reuters 6/11/99 "...South Korean navy vessels on Friday drove four North Korean patrol ships out of the South's territorial waters in an escalation of a five-day standoff in the Yellow Sea. ``We adopted a bump and push tactic between 11:40 a.m. and 12:10 p.m. (0240 GMT and 0310 GMT) which pushed three North Korean patrol boats back into their territory,'' said Col. Hwang Dong-kyu, spokesman for the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS). Neither side opened fire during the confrontation, he told reporters. Four South Korean high-speed patrol boats suffered light damage in the operation. Four North Korean ships were also damaged, including one which was partially submerged, a JCS official said. ``South Korea decided to take this tactic after four North Korean ships crossed over into Southern waters at 4:00 a.m. and two more followed at 10:48 a.m., continuing their intrusion,'' Col. Hwang said...."

6/11/99 SCMP Freeper Thanatos "...As the effect of North Korea's repeated incursions into South Korean waters rippled beyond the Korean Peninsula yesterday, explanations appeared increasingly elusive. Tuesday's 11-hour stand-off, followed by Wednesday's 18-hour, tense showdown involving a collision and then the return of North Korean naval and fishing boats yesterday morning, may suggest an improvised series of events or part of a long-term strategy, analysts said...."

6/13/99 Nando Media/AP "....U.S. government officials say Russia, Iraq and North Korea are probably concealing the deadly smallpox virus for military use, The New York Times reported Sunday. A secret federal intelligence assessment was completed late last year. It was based on evidence that includes disclosures by a senior Soviet defector, blood samples from the North Korean soldiers that show smallpox vaccinations and the fairly recent manufacture of smallpox vaccine by Iraq, according to the report. Officials told the Times that the assessment was an important factor in President Clinton's recent decision to reverse course and forgo destruction of American stockpiles of the virus...."

AP TampaBayOnline 6/12/99 "...Communist North Korea sent patrol boats across a disputed sea border Saturday after threatening to attack South Korean warships in contested waters of the Yellow Sea. The American-led U.N. Command, which oversees the fragile truce between the two bitter rivals, urged North Korea Saturday - for a third time this week - to hold a border military meeting to end the standoff.....The armed standoff in the Cold War's last flashpoint entered its fifth day Saturday, with the two Koreas hardening their stances after their ships nearly opened fire Friday. North Korea warned South Korea that it must withdraw its warships from the area, a rich fishing ground, or face military strikes. South Korea canceled weekend leaves for soldiers and massed more destroyers, frigates and even landing ships near the area and put its 650,000 military on heightened alert....."

Reuters 6/13/99 "...A tense cat-and-mouse standoff between the rival Koreas' in the Yellow Sea entered its eighth day Monday as North Korean patrol ships crossed again into South Korean waters, a defense ministry spokesman said. ''All seven ships had retreated to northern waters Sunday but two crossed the border again at around 6:00 a.m. Monday. The two have remained in our waters since then,'' the spokesman said. Another defense ministry official said the two North Korean vessels were about two miles inside the Northern Limit Line (NLL), which forms part of a buffer zone. He said South Korea had deployed seven navy boats against the North Korean ships. North Korea agreed Sunday to meet United Nations Command officers to discuss the confrontation...."

6/14/99 AP Paul Shin "...South Korea accused North Korea of intensifying their standoff at sea by sending warships back Monday to a disputed fishing zone. North Korea has agreed to meet with U.N. observers on Tuesday to discuss its incursions in a rich crab fishing grounds in the Yellow Sea. For the past week, North Korean warships have been sailing in and out of the disputed waters, apparently to guard the north's fishing boats in the area. On Friday, South Korean navy patrol boats rammed and briefly repelled North Korean warships, but there has been no exchange of fire...."

6/14/99 Paul Shin AP "...South and North Korean warships exchanged gunfire Tuesday in contested waters of the Yellow Sea only minutes before talks began to end the standoff, Seoul's Defense Ministry said. Col. Hwang Dong-kyu, spokesman for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said three North Korean ships shot first and their fire was returned by at least some of the eight South Korean ships patrolling the area. ``One North Korean ship was hit and is staying (in the area), but the other two returned to North Korean waters,'' Hwang said...."

6/15/99 Reuters Bill Tarrant "...South Korea said Tuesday it sank one North Korean gunboat and heavily damaged several others in their first naval clash in the Yellow Sea since the 1950-1953 Korean War. Four North Korean patrol boats and three torpedo boats intruded into South Korean waters early Tuesday and several began firing on a Southern patrol boat at 9:25 am, South Korea's defense ministry said. South Korean warships returned fire, sinking one North Korean patrol boat and heavily damaging several others. Three of the heavily damaged boats retreated to Northern waters along with two others which returned without damage during the exchange of fire, the spokesman said. One North Korean torpedo boat was reported wallowing in South Korean waters....South Korea said it had put its military on ``Defcon three'' readiness, which it defined as ``a serious situation...that could lead to deployment of North Korean military forces.'' ..."

6/15/99 AP Newsday "...North Korea is planning to launch a ballistic missile within two months, almost a year after the communist country fired a similar rocket that flew over Japan, a news report said Wednesday. U.S. satellite images and South Korean intelligence reports show that the North has gone into preparations for a test launch of its Taepodong ballistic missile, the Nihon Keizai newspaper said. Japanese government officials declined to comment on the report. The report comes a day after military boats from North and South Korea exchanged fire in the Yellow sea, drastically escalating tensions between the two rival states. In August, last year, a North Korean ballistic missile flew over Japan and landed in the Pacific Ocean...."

6/15/99 AFP "...North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il has told Beijing he wants to visit China, and officials are now working out the details of the trip, a Chinese official said in a report here Tuesday. "China has requested a visit by Kim Jong-Il, and he has expressed his intention to accept China's invitation," said Li Shuzheng, former head of the Chinese Communist Party's international liaison department. The timing of the trip "is being negotiated through diplomatic channels," the Nihon Keizai Shimbun quoted Li saying as he held talks here Monday with Tsutomu Hata, the secretary-general of the opposition Democratic Party. The visit would mark a major event in the leadership of the mysterious Kim, the beneficiary in the world's first communist dynastic succession, who rarely meets foreigners at home and is averse to travelling abroad....."

New York Times 6/16/99 "…An early morning firefight Tuesday in disputed waters in the Yellow Sea receded into a verbal clash, as North Korea demanded an apology after South Korea sank one of its warships. Each side said the other fired first. All 17 aboard the North Korean warship were killed, said the South Korean state-owned Yonhap news agency. A U.S. defense official said as many as 30 North Koreans were killed. A South Korean army helicoptor with injured sailors on board lifts off headed to Seoul's military hospital following a confrontation with North Korean navy. Five North Korean patrol boats also were damaged. One South Korean boat sustained mild damage, and seven sailors were injured, none seriously…."

AP 6/16/99 "…Hoping to avoid further incidents in the Yellow Sea, the Clinton administration is urging North Korea to refrain from sending its vessels south of a line that has helped avert military tensions between the two Koreas for 46 years. An incident along that line Tuesday led to the sinking of a North Korean warship and the deaths of an estimated 30 sailors. The Pentagon said the vessel sank after a South Korean vessel bumped it while attempting to nudge it a northerly direction. North Korea said the incident put the two countries at the brink of war but U.S. officials said other North Korea vessels in the area appeared to be heading away from the area, thus easing tensions. However, new North Korean ships appeared in the area today. The Pentagon dispatched additional aircraft Tuesday to patrol the Yellow Sea. Additional U.S. ships or other resources also may be sent to the region…."

UPI Spotlight 6/16/99 "..U.S. officials tell UPI (Wednesday) the Pentagon is dispatching an aircraft carrier to waters near the Korean peninsula and bolstering its air forces in South Korea. The officials say the aircraft carrier, which was based in the region prior to duty in the Balkan conflict, will return to the Yellow Sea as a show of force during South Korea's naval conflict with North Korea…."

InsideChina 6/16/99 AFP "…Hong Kong's chief secretary said Tuesday she had defended the territory's export controls to the author of a US report alleging that China uses Hong Kong as an illicit transshipment point for high-tech US goods. Anson Chan said that she told Republican Representative Christopher Cox during a Monday meeting that "our control system is one of the world's best, (and) that we are determined to keep it that way (maintaining) close cooperation with trading partners like the United States." "I said that if he has any evidence of diversion occurring in Hong Kong, we would be ready to investigate without fear or favor," she said in a statement. Cox said "he believed Hong Kong has a sturdy control system, and he would not wish to undermine Hong Kong's autonomy," Chan said. Chan had specifically taken issue Monday with charges that Chinese army (PLA) vehicles pass uninspected through Hong Kong and that its personnel enjoy unrestricted access to Hong Kong computers. As to that concern, Chan said she told Cox that "his report's reference to unmonitored PLA vehicle movement across the border was unfounded. The vehicles were checked and any suspicions would be thoroughly investigated."…"

North Korean Embassy 6/11/99 "…The US-led NATO's indiscriminate air strike against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in defiance of recognized international law is an act of wanton aggression on a sovereign state, which gives rise to deep concern of the international community at present. In 1950s, the United States abused the name of the United Nations in the aggressive Korean war forcing the Security Council to adopt "resolutions" legalizing its aggression. This time of post-cold war, the U.S. bypassed the United Nations in launching the air strike against Yugoslavia. This shows that the arrogance of the United States abusing or bypassing the UN for its own interests has reached its culmination. What we take it still dangerous is the fact that the United States has been speeding up the preparations for a second aggressive Korean war while carrying on bombing of Yugoslavia. Some time ago, the United States newly revised the "Operation Plan 5027-98." This is the most belligerent and dangerous war scenario of aggressive nature to stifle our Republic and realize domination over the whole Korea by employing preemptive air strike as in Yugoslavia…… "

6/17/99 AFP/Agencies "...North Korea said yesterday it was severing contacts with South Korea "for the time being" following Tuesday's naval firefight in a disputed area of the Yellow Sea. A spokesman for the Committee for Peaceful Reunification of Fatherland, which is in charge of contacts with the South, accused Seoul of "bringing the situation to the brink of war". ,,,,:

Associated Press 6/16/99 George Gedda "...The Clinton administration is hoping to avoid further incidents it the Yellow Sea by sending two warships to the area. It is also urging North Korea not to send its vessels south of a line that has helped ease military tensions between the two Koreas for 46 years. Two U.S. Navy ships based in Japan will soon begin sailing off the Korean coast to monitor the situation, and a small number of additional American EA-6B electronic warfare jets will be added to existing air patrols, Pentagon spokesman Capt. Mike Doubleday said at a briefing for reporters in Washington...."

Rueters 6/17/99 "…A Pentagon spokesman, U.S. Navy Captain Mike Doubleday, told reporters in Washington the cruiser Vincennes, now off Japan, would move off Korea with another ship he did not identify. A number of EA-6B surveillance and electronic warfare planes were also heading to the area to monitor events, although Doubleday stressed that tension had eased since an exchange of fire Tuesday in which a North Korean torpedo boat was sunk….. Washington, which has 37,000 troops in the South to deter an attack but is considering a thaw in its relations with the North, has been in direct contact with both sides to try to defuse the situation….. But North Korea abruptly said late Wednesday it would limit or temporarily halt contacts with South Korea because of heightened tensions over Tuesday's incident….."

The Associated Press 6/19/99 "….Three North Koreans have escaped their hunger-stricken homeland and arrived in South Korea to seek asylum, government officials said today. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade identified them as Kim Woo Suk, 38, his wife, Song Ki Sun, 25, and unrelated Kim Suk Hoon, 29. It said Kim Woo Suk served as a government official in charge of earning foreign currency until he and his wife left the North in March. Kim Suk Hoon was a school teacher until he left the communist country in March, 1997…." 6/18/99 Robert Whymant "…NORTH KOREA is developing a new ballistic missile capable of hitting the western United States, it was reported here yesterday. Japan's Jiji news agency quoted US and South Korean government sources as saying that Pyongyang was working to complete a Taepodong 3 missile with a range of more than 8,000 kilometres (5,000 miles). And the Kyodo News Agency, also quoting government sources, said that the reclusive communist country is almost ready to launch a Taepodong 2 missile, with a range of up to 6,000 kilometres (3,750 miles), The launchpad for the missile has been enlarged and fuel has been transported to storehouses for a test in July or August, the sources told Kyodo, citing information obtained through US spy satellites. They said a launch was not imminent, because the missile had not been fuelled or placed on the pad. The news is worrying for Tokyo, which was unnerved last August by a North Korean rocket that flew over northern Japan and landed in the Pacific. North Korea insisted it was a vehicle to put a satellite in orbit, but Japan said it was a test of the Taepodong 1, which has a range of about 1,300 kilometres (785 miles). US and Japanese military officials believe North Korea has deployed more than ten of these missiles, which could hit most areas of Japan…."

Drudge Report/A.P. 6/18/99 "…"North Korea accuses U.S. of trying to unleash new Korean War UNITED NATIONS (AP) - North Korea accused the United States on Friday of trying to unleash a new war on the Korean peninsula by deploying advanced weapons and provoking South Korea to fire on North Korean naval ships this week. ``The touch-and-go situation is now created in the Korean peninsula where a war may break out any time,'' North Korea's U.N. Ambassador Li Hyong Chol warned in a letter to the Security Council. The latest tensions involve rich crab fishing territory claimed by both Koreas off the peninsula's western ..." …"

Unclassified Statement for the Record by Special Assistant to the DCI for Nonproliferation John A. Lauder on the Worldwide WMD Threat to the Commission to Assess the Organization of the Federal Government to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction As Prepared for Delivery on 29 April 1999 … There is little positive that can be said about North Korea, the third major global proliferator, whose incentive to engage in such behavior increases as its economy continues to decline. Successes in the control of missile technology--for example, through the Missile Technology Control Regime--have created a market for countries like North Korea to exploit illicit avenues for conducting sales activities in this area. Missiles, and related technology and know-how, are North Korean products for which there is a real market. North Korea's sales of such products over the years have dramatically heightened the missile capabilities of countries such as Iran and Pakistan. North Korea's sales are the most striking example of what we call "secondary proliferation." Countries such as India, Pakistan, and Iran--traditionally seen as technology customers--have also now developed capabilities that they could export to others….With regard to North Korea, the "Agreed Framework" has frozen Pyongyang's ability to produce additional plutonium at Yongbyon, but we are deeply concerned that North Korea has a covert program. A key target for us to watch is the underground construction project at Kumchang-ni, which may be large enough to house a plutonium production reactor and perhaps a reprocessing plant as well….More disturbing is that foreign missiles of increased range and military potential are under development. North Korea's Taepo-Dong 1, launched last August, demonstrated the use of three stages and technology that, particularly with the resolution of some important technical issues, would give North Korea the ability to deliver a very small payload to intercontinental ranges--including parts of the United States--although not very accurately. The North Koreans are also working on another missile--the Taepo Dong-2. With two stages, the Taepo Dong-2, which has not yet been flight-tested, would be able to deliver significantly larger payloads to mainland Alaska and the Hawaiian Islands, and smaller payloads to other parts of the United States. In other words, the lighter the payload, the greater the range. With a third stage like the one demonstrated last August on the Taepo Dong-1, this missile would be able to deliver payloads to the rest of the United States…."

The Associated Press 6/21/99 Robert Burns "...Now that NATO's air campaign against Yugoslavia is over, the Pentagon intends to return an aircraft carrier to the western Pacific in a move made more urgent by renewed tensions on the Korean Peninsula. The Navy has been without an aircraft carrier in the Pacific since early April, when the USS Kitty Hawk carrier battle group went to the Persian Gulf to cover for the USS Theodore Roosevelt. The Theodore Roosevelt diverted to the Adriatic Sea to bolster allied aircraft striking at Yugoslavia. With NATO having officially declared its air campaign ended, the Theodore Roosevelt is expected to head to the Gulf, freeing the Kitty Hawk to return to its normal station at Yokosuka, Japan. The Pentagon also is expected to reduce the number of Air Force and Marine Corps aircraft in the Balkans in coming weeks, although the timing is uncertain...."

The Associated Press 6/20/99 "...North Korea says South Korean warships have been intruding into its territorial waters since last week's bloody naval clash and is threatening to retaliate. The North Korean accusations and warning came on the eve of talks between the two Koreas in Beijing on Monday, the first government contact between the two rival Korean states in 14 months. ``The enemies must know that there is a limit to our patience,'' the North's navy said in a statement Sunday night. ``They must stop acting rashly, mindful that every movement of theirs is within the gunsights of our sailors thirsting for revenge.'' ..."

BBC 6/24/99 "...The United States and North Korea are holding talks in the Chinese capital Beijing, a day after a meeting between the two Koreas broke down. There are fears that the latest discussions could be threatened by the same maritime border dispute between the North and the South that stalled Tuesday's talks. Arriving for the US-North Korea talks at a Beijing hotel, US representative Charles Kartman told reporters he expected to have a good meeting with his North Korean counterparts. Mr Kartman is in Beijing to discuss the results of last month's US inspection of a suspected nuclear weapons facility in North Korea, as well as arrangements for four-party peace talks with China and South Korea, due to start in August....."

World Tribune 6/24/99 "...North Korea shelved talks with its southern neighbor on Wednesday and held all-day, closed-door talks with U.S. officials. The meetings, thought to focus on plans for a missile test and the North's nuclear program, were to continue today. U.S. special envoy Charles Kartman began talks with North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Kim Gye Gwan. The U.S. side presented the preliminary findings of a U.S. inspection last month of a suspected North Korean nuclear weapons complex. Officials said Kartman was also prepared to discuss a potential groundbreaking review of Washington's policy toward Pyongyang that could lead to an end to sanctions, possible U.S. investment and even diplomatic relations, U.S. officials said..... Last week, Washington warned North Korea of "serious consequences" if Pyongyang were to follow through on suspected plans to test-launch a long-range missile...."

Reuters 6/25/99 "...South Korean President Kim Dae-jung said on Friday the United States, Japan and South Korea's top priority was to prevent North Korea from testing another missile, which he said would seriously damage relations. ``The top priority of the three nations is to firmly persuade and pressure North Korea to stop a missile launch,'' Kim told local reporters at a monthly news conference. ``We are making the hardest efforts. But if missile is launched, I believe the relations between North Korea and the three countries would be seriously damaged,'' he said. North Korea test-fired a long-range rocket that soared over Japan and into the Pacific last August. Kim was responding to questions over concerns that North Korea may soon test an even longer-range missile...."

Worldtribune 6/28/99 "...The United States and North Korea appeared headed for a collision regarding Pyongyang's plans to launch an intercontinental ballistic missile that can strike parts of the United States. Japanese officials said Pyongyang has completed preparations for the launch. They said the missile could be fired as early as within the next two weeks. Pyongyang has responded harshly to efforts to stop the missile test. North Korean newspapers have denounced the United States for raising the issue of the missile threat...."

Washington Post (AP) 6/30/99 "...Japan's foreign minister has warned lawmakers that North Korea has deployed over 10 Rodong ballistic missiles with a range of up to 800 miles, a newspaper reported today. Masahiko Komura told a parliamentary committee Tuesday that the communist nation has prepared at least 10 of the weapons for launch, the Nihon Keizai business daily reported. The report comes nearly a year after North Korea surprised the world by firing a rocket that flew over Japan and landed in the Pacific Ocean. North Korea claimed it had launched a satellite, but Western officials believe it was a test of a Taepodong missile with a range long enough to strike any part of the Japanese archipelago...... As tensions in the region mount, the U.S. military dispatched a ship to Japan's southern coast earlier this month. U.S. officials said the move was to monitor ``foreign missile launches.'' The U.S. Navy has also sent two guided missile cruisers, a nuclear submarine and a full battle group to Korean waters where warships of both Koreas exchanged fire in a disputed area of the Yellow Sea earlier this month...."

AFP 7/2/99"... Indian customs have detained a North Korean ship in the western port of Kandla on suspicion of carrying arms for arch-rival Pakistan, officials said Friday.Officials at the Kandla Port Trust told AFP the ship, Ku Wol Sun, was detained on Wednesday and was currently being searched by teams from the Customs and the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence."A team of defence experts are also expected today to search the ship," the official said...."

Reuters 7/2/99 "...North Korea warned the United Nations Command Friday that ``more serious bloodshed will be inevitable'' unless South Korean warships withdrew from disputed waters on their Cold War frontier. ``More serious bloodshed will be inevitable unless (South Korean) army battleships' intrusion into our side's territorial waters is checked,'' North Korean Lt.-General Ri Chan Bok said at a meeting with generals from the U.S.-led United Nations Command in the U.N. truce village of Panmunjom. In the first naval clash on the Yellow Sea since the 1950-53 Korean War, South Korea said it sank a North Korean torpedo vessel during an exchange of gunfire on June 15, while the North insists it sank more than 10 South Korean vessels....."

New York Times 7/1/99 David Sanger Eric Schmitt "...The Clinton administration is increasingly worried that South Korea may be pushing ahead with several missile projects that could further fuel an arms race on the Korean peninsula, just as North Korea appears to be preparing another launch of a long-range missile. Administration officials say they will raise their concerns that a South Korean missile program could destabilize an already dangerous situation when South Korean President Kim Dae-jung visits Washington on Friday. Two weeks ago, the South sank a North Korean vessel in a firefight along their coastal border that resulted in more than 20 deaths. While Presidents Clinton and Kim will publicly declare that they have agreed on a common strategy for dealing with the North, one senior administration official said that the South Koreans feel "unduly constrained" by a two-decade-old agreement that sharply limits their ability to deploy a powerful fleet of missiles to deter Pyongyang. The political pressure in Seoul to deploy such missiles is bound to grow if the North fires a Taepo Dong 2 missile over the Sea of Japan in coming weeks. Kurt Campbell, deputy assistant secretary of defense for Asian and Pacific affairs, on Wednesday became the first administration official to acknowledge publicly that U.S. intelligence had detected "some preparations" for a launch in coming weeks or months. "We'd view any potential launch of either a satellite or a missile as a very serious act with very real consequences for U.S. foreign policy toward North Korea," Campbell said...."

International Herald Tribune 7/2/99 Michael O'Hanlon "...What is going on these days in North Korea? After welcoming former Defense Secretary William Perry to Pyongyang in May and agreeing to let the United States inspect a suspected nuclear site on its territory in exchange for more food aid, the world's last true Stalinist regime promptly provoked a naval clash with South Korea. Now come intelligence reports that it is preparing to test a multistage ballistic missile, the Taepo Dong-2, with the potential to hit targets in the United States. Such a test would be calamitous for the security situation in Northeast Asia. In Washington, some Republicans are already challenging the U.S. administration's policy of giving North Korea large amounts of food aid. They are certain to intensify their resistance if the missile test occurs..... By contrast, North Korea sees its missile programs as a cash cow. Although its total arms exports have dropped to only about $50 million a year, it may hope to restore them to earlier levels, 10 times as high, by offering countries such as Iran a long-range missile. Some North Koreans have also suggested, with a straight face, that long-range missiles like the Taepo Dong class could be useful as space launch vehicles - and that if Seoul, Tokyo and Washington wished to buy out the program, they would have to compensate Pyongyang not only for the missile's arms export potential but also for its purported commercial value...."

WASHINGTON TIMES 7/1/99 Bill Gertz "...A senior Pentagon official yesterday confirmed that North Korea is preparing to test fire a new long-range missile that if carried out would have serious consequences for stability in northeast Asia. "We've seen some indications of a potential launch in the future," said Kurt Campbell, deputy assistant defense secretary for Asian and Pacific affairs. Mr. Campbell, the Pentagon's top Asia specialist, said the United States is trying "intensive diplomacy . . . to try to dissuade North Korea from taking an action which will have very real consequences for our ability and our desire to engage North Korea."..."

Washington Post Foreign Service 7/4/99 John Pomfret "...A last-minute attempt to restart stalled talks between North and South Korea collapsed in recriminations today as each government's negotiators assailed the other's as intransigent and then headed home...."

NY Times AP 7/2/99 "...With tensions rising on the Korean Peninsula, South Korean President Kim Dae-jung met today with President Clinton and said he hopes continued close cooperation between Washington and Seoul ``sends a clear message to North Korea.'' Just hours before Kim's arrival, South Korea suspended talks with North Korea in Beijing on reuniting families separated by division of the two countries. The impasse resulted from a demand by North Korea for fertilizer shipments from the South..."

UPI vny.vom 7/2/99 Paul Basken "...President Clinton hosted South Korean President Kim Dae Jung for their third summit in 16 months, offering more U.S. warnings against renewed North Korean military threats but avoiding a commitment on Kim's bid to boost the South Korean arsenal. Kim nevertheless took comfort in the symbolism of the meeting, declaring alongside Clinton in the Oval Office, "I do hope that this close cooperation sends a clear message to North Korea."..."

Reuters 7/8/99 "…" North Korea is building what appears to be an underground missile-launching base within miles of the Chinese border, a South Korean presidential spokesman told the Washington Post in an interview published Thursday. ``Something is being built in that location, and the South Korean and American military are very concerned about it,'' Chung Eun Sung, press secretary to President Kim Dae Jung, told the newspaper. Chung said that based on intelligence reports, South Korea has a ``well-grounded assumption'' that the site under construction in the mountainous area of Yeongjeo-dong about 12 miles (19 km) from China is a launching platform ..." 7/12/99 Jonathan Broder "…On Monday, Sen. Robert Torricelli, D-N.J., after meeting in Beijing with North Korean Vice Foreign Minister Kim Gye Gwan, said North Korea is poised to test-fire the longer range Taepodong-2 within the next two months. Western intelligence sources believe the new missile might be able to reach the West Coast of the United States. The United States has tried to convince North Korea to curtail its ballistic missile program because it would destabilize East Asia. After the launch last August, the United States and Japan began funding the development of an anti-missile defense system, which in turn angered China. … Clinton administration officials insist that despite the current chill in U.S.-China relations, both countries are still meeting to discuss ways to decrease tensions over Korea. "It’s not in China’s interest to have things blow up on its border," said an administration official. But others are far more skeptical of the Chinese, convinced Beijing sometimes colludes with North Korea to test-fire its missiles to keep the United States off balance in the region…"

Pacific Stars And Stripes 7/13/99 AP "…Given how isolated and secretive North Korea is, it’s never really possible to know what motivates its communist government, especially when it plays brinkmanship. But whatever North Korea hoped to achieve by stepping up its missile program, it has put China, its main ally, in a difficult diplomatic position and motivated East Asia and the United States to step up their military readiness. It all began last August, when North Korea surprised everyone by suddenly test-firing a new class of ballistic missile that flew over Japan and landed in the Pacific Ocean….. In Washington, U.S. legislators quickly began using charts showing that Alaska and Hawaii could fall within range of North Korea’s Taepodong-1 missile. And that information helped them build the support they needed to pass legislation approving the development of a new American missile defense system. Japan and the United States also agreed to fund a joint research project on a proposed Theater Missile Defense system in the Pacific. Taiwan said it would be interested in either buying or getting protection from such a missile defense shield. The whole plan has drawn bitter criticism from China…… But since then, North Korea has indicated it may be about to test-fire a more advanced Taepodong-2 missile, which might be able to reach as far as the west coast of the United States. On July 2, South Korean President Kim Dae-jung visited Washington to meet with President Clinton to discuss this and other issues. The two warned North Korea that any further missile tests on its part would pose "a serious obstacle to peace." In late June, the Group of Eight issued a similar statement, expressing concern about North Korea’s missile proliferation. The G-8 leaders did so at the request of Japanese Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi, the only Asian country that belongs to the group of industrial powers. North Korea replied by saying once again that testing ballistic missiles is its "sovereign right" and criticized the United States for suggesting that another launch would threaten its bilateral agreements with Pyongyang….. In addition to prompting countries such as South Korea and Taiwan to call for improvements in their militaries, North Korea’s behavior has put China in a difficult position. China is North Korea’s only remaining ally in Asia, even though Beijing long ago dropped many of the closed-market, hard-line communist policies that Pyongyang still clings to….."

Indian Express 7/11/99 Chianand Rajghata "…According to informed accounts in non-proliferation circles, North Korea has been selling Pakistan weapons and blue prints for hard cash and food, following a deal struck during then Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto 1993 visit to that country. Analysts both in the west and in India say Pakistan's Ghauri missile is a thinly disguised version of the North Korean No-Dong medium range missile. According to intelligence sources, North Korea has a long and sustained history of ballistic missile development going back to the 1960s and linked to its own geostrategic perceptions vis-a-vis South Korea, Japan and the United States. The principle design outfit in North Korea is called the January 18th Machine Factory located in Kagamari in the southern province of Pyonghahn. This underground facility, which employs up to 10,000 people, has mastered missile technology by reverse engineering many Russian and Chinese missiles. The missiles are then manufactured at specific missile factories like the 125 Factory, also known as the Pyongyong Pig Factory, the Number 26 Factory, and the 118 Factory.Military delegations from buyer countries like Egypt, Iran and Pakistan are believed to have visited the rocket assembly lines in these factories. The technology transactions are believed to have been routed through companies like the Yongak-san Trading Company and the Changkwang Trading Company under the 2nd Economic Committee, the 15th Bureau (the General Bureau of Technology) in the Armed Forces Ministry….."

FoxNews REUTERS 7/6/99 "…North Korea Wednesday reiterated its stance that testing ballistic missiles is a "sovereign right'' and criticized the United States for suggesting a launch would threaten agreements with Pyongyang….. "We warn once again that we will punish any provocateurs encroaching upon our national sovereignty, whoever they may be.'' ….A new version of its Taepodong missile now being developed is believed to be capable of reaching the West Coast of the United States…."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 7/16/99 Bill Gertz "…The Pentagon's newest spy ship, code named Cobra Gemini, was sent last month to waters near Korea to monitor the anticipated flight test of North Korea's new Taepo Dong-2 missile. The USNS Invincible is an ocean surveillance vessel outfitted with a new intelligence-gathering system developed specifically to monitor the electronic signals from short-, medium- and intermediate-range ballistic test missiles. It uses special eavesdropping equipment that is mounted on top of the ship that also can be placed on trucks. U.S. intelligence say the Taepo Dong-2 has enough range to reach the entire United States with a third stage and could be flight-tested some time this month. The missile was recently transported to a launch site on North Korea's east coast, according to a June 28 Defense Intelligence Agency report. A second spy ship, the USNS Observation Island, is also on missile-detection duty in the western Pacific. The ship, code named Cobra Judy, is watching central China for the expected flight test of a new DF-31 intercontinental ballistic missile…."

The Times of India 7/15/99 "…The discovery of missile components in a North Korean ship docked at Kandla should alert the West to the danger the Hermit Kingdom's northern half poses to not just East Asia but other parts of the world as well. The missile components were described in the ship's manifest as water purification equipment but inspection by DRDO experts has revealed their true purpose. The destination was listed as Malta but Indian intelligence sources are convinced the ship's deadly cargo was to have been unloaded in Karachi. It is well known that North Korea is a mercurial, unstable and highly unpredictable state. What makes it worse is that it is indigent as well. So indigent, in fact, that it compounded its sin of a clandestine missile sale to Pakistan with the folly of stopping in Bangkok to pick up a consignment of sugar for India…."

AP 7/17/99 "…Authorities have arrested the senior officers of a North Korean ship that was detained last month for allegedly carrying equipment to manufacture missiles, a newspaper reported Saturday. India suspects the shipment was headed for Pakistan…."

Wall St. Journal 7/14/99 "…Was South Korean Foreign Minister Hong Soon-young drawing a line in the sand Monday, when he said that if North Korea test-fires another ballistic missile, Seoul, Washington and Japan will cut off virtually all aid to the North? Mr. Hong's talk of cutoffs sure sounded tough. He also sounded confident that Pyongyang will back down. "If this aid is cut off," the Seoul newspaper Munhwa Ilbo quoted him as saying, "North Korea's survival can be threatened, and its diplomacy of brinkmanship will no longer work." We wish we were so sure. Already the U.S., South Korea and Japan have ruled out cutting off any aspects of the 1994 deal in which Pyongyang was promised a couple of nuclear power reactors and other help in return for promising to freeze its nuclear weapons program. Then there's the estimated $600 million in food, fertilizer and other aid North Korea received in the first half of this year. But much of that was for famine relief, and nobody is talking about stopping basic humanitarian aid…."

7/20/99 Bill Gertz THE WASHINGTON TIMES "....The transfers were uncovered several weeks ago by U.S. intelligence agencies, including the CIA, the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and National Security Agency, and outlined in sensitive reports sent to senior Clinton administration officials late last month.... According to Pentagon intelligence officials, a DIA report said the Chinese technology sold to the North Korean missile program includes accelerometers, gyroscopes and special high-technology machinery. Accelerometers and gyroscopes are key missile-guidance components; the machinery was described by the officials as precision grinding equipment useful for building missiles, said officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity... One official said the DIA report also identified the origin of the missile technology as coming from China, Russia and the United States. "This could be guidance technology obtained from U.S. companies," the official said....Under U.S. export restrictions, American high-technology with weapons applications cannot be re-exported without U.S. government approval....According to a well-informed U.S. official, one recent Chinese sale to North Korea involved the transfer of specialty steel with applications for North Korea's missile program. Pentagon and White House officials said earlier this year that other intelligence reports showed that China was sharing space technology with North Korea that could boost Pyongyang's missile programs...."

Jane's Defense Weekley 7/20/99 "…North Korea's mystery ship ITS REPUTATION for selling ballistic missiles in return for hard currency and no questions asked is well known and one of its biggest customers in recent years has been Pakistan, the world's newest declared nuclear state. After Pakistan tested its Ghauri missile last year, the experts joked that the only difference between it and North Korea's No-dong missile was that it had a different flag painted on the side…." 7/20/99 "…South Korea’s Yonhap News Agency published a report on July 20 quoting anonymous military sources who said, "The first-stage propelling rocket in the Taepodong-2 looks similar to that of China’s CSS-3 missile." The report also indicates that the booster stage of the rocket will use a liquid hydrogen-nitrogen mixed fuel identical to what is used by the CSS-3. On the same day, the Washington Times released a report alleging that Chinese state-controlled companies have been supplying critical missile technology to North Korea, particularly since the U.S. bombed China’s embassy in Belgrade….. The reports, taken together, suggest heavy Chinese involvement in North Korea’s missile program, with the Taepodong missile effectively a CSS-3 booster rocket with a North Korean Rodong-1 missile used for the second stage….."

AP Breaking 7/22/99 "...North Korea threw its support behind its ally China on Thursday in the current flare-up of tensions over Taiwan, accusing the island government of following a separatist policy. North Korea's ruling communist party compared Taiwan with its own bitter rival, South Korea, saying both talk about unification while pursuing a policy that increases the divide. The ``separatist policy'' of Taiwan ``cuts right across the Chinese people's desire for reunification and the reunification principles,'' said Rodong Sinmun, an organ of the ruling Workers' Party...."

New York Times 7/22/99 "...Despite warnings from the United States, Japan and South Korea, North Korea is proceeding with plans to test-fire a long-range ballistic missile this summer, diplomatic and security officials say....The long-range missile that North Korea intends to test is a Taepodong-2, which has a range of as much as 3,750 miles, making it capable, theoretically, of reaching Alaska or Hawaii, the officials said. The new rocket is an advanced version of the Taepodong-1, which North Korea fired over Japan and into the Pacific Ocean in August, raising fears across the region. That rocket has a range of 1,250 miles.<P. tolerated."....North Korean officials have said the Taepodong missiles are used to ferry communications satellites into space, but U.S. security experts disagree. They believe North Korea hopes one day to use the missiles to transport weapons of mass destruction. North Korea is also a supplier of missiles to the Middle East. ..."

AFP 7/22/99 "...American Secretary of State Madeleine Albright is worried about a report that Chinese companies had transferred missile components to North Korea. "Obviously we are concerned that North Korea may be seeking from China materials such as speciality steel for its missile programme," Ms Albright said in Washington. She was reacting to a story in the Washington Times claiming that Chinese companies had exported missile technology, including some with US origins, to North Korea last month...."

The Indian Express 7/26/99 "…Secretary of state Madeleine Albright today assured members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) regional forum on security that solidities with China were a top priority for Washington, reports AFP. In remarks prepared for distribution at the opening meeting of the ARF, Albright called the Sino-US relationship "a key to the Asia-Pacific's future," seeking to allay regional concerns that ties between the countries were in danger of breaking down. She also urged Stalinist North Korea to reapply for membership in the ARF, Asia's foremost security grouping…."

Washington Post 7/27/99 Keith Richburg "...High-ranking officials from the United States and several Asian nations urged North Korea not to conduct a widely anticipated ballistic missile test, warning that a launch could derail efforts to improve the isolated Stalinist state's relations with the rest of the world. Defense Secretary William S. Cohen told reporters on a flight to Japan a launch by North Korea would have "serious implications" for its relationship with the United States..."

Paul Shin/Associated Press 7/29/99 "...The United States and South Korea warned Thursday they will mobilize "all available means" against North Korea if the Stalinist state goes ahead with another ballistic missile launch. The warning was issued after U.S. Secretary of Defense William Cohen and his South Korean counterpart, Cho Sung-tae, reviewed the security situation in Northeast Asia, including the North Korean missile threat. ..."No one can predict the consequences of what might happen in the event of a missile launch," Cohen said...."

Pacific Stars And Stripes 8/5/99 AP "...North Korea warned Tuesday it would test-fire a missile if the United States steps up pressure on the isolated communist state. The United States has accused North Korea of preparing to test launch a long-range ballistic missile that could threaten stability in Northeast Asia. Until now, the North had denied the reports, indicating it was merely planning a satellite launch. Provocation by the United States "will encourage us to significantly increase our national defense capabilities and continue to push ahead with the missile test-fire, to say nothing of a satellite launch," a spokesman for the North Korean Foreign Ministry said...."

State department 8/2/99 James Rubin "...Rubin urged that no links be made between North Korea's missile tests and the Agreed Framework with the United States.

Members of the U.S. Congress and other international players who would consider ending the Agreed Framework because of North Korea's missile tests would be losing the considerable benefits of it, the spokesman said. Under the pact forged in 1994, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea agreed to dismantle its nuclear programs capable of weapons production in exchange for international aid to build safer light water nuclear reactors to meet North Korea's energy needs...." 8/3/99 Patrick Goodenough "...As American and North Korean officials prepared to meet in Geneva Tuesday to discuss Pyongyang's reported intention to test a long-range missile soon, the State Department argued that the US should proceed with an agreement to supply nuclear power to North Korea even if the test-firing goes ahead.

The agreement is too important to jeopardize, US officials said, because it provides the only way for the West to monitor whether North Korea has stopped its nuclear weapons program. However, attempts underway in Congress to condition release of funds for the project on full North Korean compliance suggest lawmakers would react strongly should the administration go ahead with it despite the provocation of a missile launch...."It would make no sense for the United States to proceed with the 'agreed framework' - which fundamentally is intended to deny North Korea plutonium that it could use to build nuclear bombs - if North Korea is developing the capability to enrich uranium as an alternative source of fissile material," Gilman said at the time. ..."

Drudge 8/3/99 "...North Korea's official news agency on Tuesday warned that there is "no guarantee for the safety of the U.S. mainland when the U.S. ignites a war against the north in the Korean peninsula." The threat came on the same day North Korea acknowledged for the first time that it is preparing to test a missile. Military officials have now become convinced that North Korea could, within the next few weeks, test a Taepodong 2 missile -- a powerful new rocket with a range of 3,800 to 6,000 miles that would put Alaska or Hawaii within its reach...."

Reuters 8/2/99 "...Although Washington has strongly urged North Korea not to proceed with a planned long-range missile test, Rubin expressed no concern about China's missile test Monday. Unlike North Korea, "China already has long-range missiles, and therefore the fact that they've tested a new missile is not a dramatic new development that requires massive effort and diplomacy to try to deter,'' he said....The United States in recent years has worked to bring China - one of the world's five acknowledged nuclear powers - into international regimes aimed at halting the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical arms and missiles that deliver them. In his comments Monday, Rubin drew a distinction between China and Stalinist North Korea. China has had missiles a long time but in the case of North Korea, the aim is to prevent a sophisticated missile program from being established, he said. "On the North Korean side we also are dealing with a regime that has not shown responsibility in a number of cases around the world, a regime that we have major problems with. And so that's the difference,'' Rubin added...."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 8/3/99 Bill Gertz "...The CIA believes the DF-31, test-launched from a base in central China, will be the first new Chinese intercontinental ballistic missile to incorporate stolen U.S. warhead design and missile technology, according to U.S. officials. ...."It is a significant modernization that will make the People's Republic of China one of only two countries in the world with a road-mobile nuclear force," Mr. Cox said in an interview. "In effect, this will give the PRC a first-strike capability against every country in the region except Russia, while limiting U.S. options, were we to intervene against aggression." The DF-31 is estimated to have a maximum range of 5,000 miles, enough to hit targets in parts of the western United States. China's small nuclear missile force -- currently about 23 land-based ICBMs -- is watched closely by the Pentagon after the CIA reported last year that 13 of China's 18 deployed long-range missiles are targeted at U.S. cities..... "It is similar in concept to the [Russian] SS-25," Capt. Quigley said. "It is not a dramatic improvement in missile capability, but the mobile aspect is something we're watching with great interest." .... U.S. intelligence reports, however, indicated several weeks ago that China has transferred missile components and materials to North Korea, a problem acknowledged by Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright. ...."

New York Times 8/5/99 Editorial "... Unfortunately, North Korea has learned to use threats of menacing behavior as a bargaining tactic to extort economic and diplomatic rewards. That approach began in the early 1990's when Pyongyang appeared ready to reprocess nuclear reactor fuel into bomb ingredients. Washington responded imaginatively to that crisis by negotiating a useful agreement that committed the North to abandon reprocessing. In exchange, the United States, South Korea and Japan agreed to finance fuel-oil imports and construct a new, more safely designed reactor. But North Korea later renewed its threatening behavior. Last year it began excavations for what appeared to be a new reprocessing plant and then demanded increased food assistance for allowing inspection of the suspect site. As it turned out, no new reprocessing plant had been built. Now the North may be trying to win new concessions with its missile test preparations. In both earlier cases, North Korea backed off in time to avoid a crisis. But if it now proceeds to a missile test, it should get a very chilly response...."

AP 8/6/99 Robert Burns "...North Korea delivered rocket fuel this week to the launch site where U.S. officials believe it is preparing to test-fire a long-range missile, a senior U.S. official said Friday. The fuel deliveries were an additional indication that North Korea may test a long-range missile as early as this month, though no missile has yet been detected at the site, the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity. U.S. intelligence also has detected activity by North Korean radars at the launch facility this week, including those radars expected to be used in tracking a ballistic missile in flight, the official said. ....Adding to the worry in Washington is a belief that North Korea has or is pursuing nuclear weapons that could be delivered by missile. The Washington Times reported Friday that U.S. intelligence agencies believe several hundred North Korean military advisers are helping the government of President Laurent Kabila in the Congo's civil war and may be paid in uranium ore from the same mine that was the source of ore for the first U.S. nuclear weapons in the 1940s...."

BBC 8/7/99 Andrew Wood "...United States officials say they have uncovered further signs that North Korea could be about to test-fire a long-range missile in defiance of American and Japanese warnings. A senior US official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said rocket fuel had this week been delivered to what is thought to be the launch site. This was an additional sign that North Korea may test as early as this month, although no missile had yet been detected at the site, the official said. US intelligence had also detected activity by North Korean radars at the launch facility this week..."

AP 8/7/99 Robert Burns "...North Korea delivered rocket fuel this week to the missile launch site where U.S. officials believe it is preparing to fire a long-range missile in defiance of U.S. warnings, a senior U.S. official said today. The fuel deliveries were an additional indication that North Korea may launch as early as this month, although no missile has yet been detected at the site, the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity...."

China Times 8/8/99 "....Stunned by North Korea's surprise missile test last August, the United States and its allies are bracing for a new missile test within weeks and finding their options limited in crafting a response. US officials now appear less hopeful that they can dissuade Pyongyang from test-firing a ballistic missile that could, with some improvements, hit the US mainland...." 8/7/99 "...North Korea has agreed to buy 40 MiG-21 fighter jets from a former Soviet republic, it was reported Saturday in South Korea. Parts for the planes began arriving in North Korea by air in July, and the Stalinist state is assembling the jets in secret bases, the daily Chosun Ilbo said. The respected newspaper cited a high-ranking government official but did not identify the exporting country...."

Associated Press 8/8/99 Martin Fackler "...Japan's foreign minister said Sunday that Tokyo may respond to an expected North Korean missile test by severing one of the impoverished communist country's only sources of hard cash -- money sent from Koreans living in Japan. Foreign Minister Masahiko Komura said for the first time that Japan is considering halting the massive flow of yen from Japan-based North Koreans to relatives back home...."

AP 8/8/99 Christopher Torchia "...North Korea will ignore appeals and warnings from the United States, Japan and South Korea and test another missile, North Korea's state-run news agency reported Sunday. It was one of the strongest statements yet from the communist country, which Western military analysts say is poised to test an advanced version of a long-range missile that it fired over Japan last year. North Korea said the rocket fired over Japan launched a satellite, though U.S. space officials found no evidence to support the claim. The new missile, reportedly a Taepodong II, could hit Hawaii or Alaska. The test could unsettle regional security and further isolate the reclusive country, which invaded South Korea a half-century ago and today has troops on the heavily fortified border in the absence of a permanent peace treaty. The United States has 35,000 troops stationed in South Korea...."

Associated Press 8/8/99 Christopher Torchia "...North Korea will ignore appeals and warnings from the United States, Japan and South Korea and test another missile, North Korea's state-run news agency reported Sunday. It was one of the strongest statements yet from the communist country, which Western military analysts say is poised to test an advanced version of a long-range missile that it fired over Japan last year. North Korea said it had launched a satellite, though U.S. space officials found no evidence to support the claim. The new missile, reportedly a Taepodong II, is capable of reaching Hawaii or Alaska...."

8/9/99 Christopher Torchia "...Already high tensions in the Korean peninsula rose a notch Monday, with North Korea accusing the United States of trying to start a war in the region by insisting the communist country put off a test missile launch. Emotions have been running strong since reports surfaced recently that North Korea plans to test the long-range missile, despite warnings from the United States, South Korea and Japan. Some fear the test could accelerate arms-buying in Northeast Asia and further isolate the reclusive North Korea. Meanwhile, South Korea said Monday that it would go forward with a 3-year-old, $461 million contract to buy eight spy planes made by subsidiaries of Raytheon Co. in Lexington, Mass. Seoul sought to revise the contract last year after reports that some of the electronic devices to be installed on the Hawker-800XPs were old models...."

Hot Daily News - ISLAMABAD, Pakistan 8/9/99 AP "...One year after terrorist bombs ravaged its embassies in Kenya and Tanzania and killed 224 people, the United States is no closer to arresting the man it believes masterminded the attacks. Washington has put suspected terrorist Osama bin Laden on its 10 Most Wanted List, offered a $5 million reward for his arrest and tried to make international pariahs of his hosts, Afghanistan's Taliban rulers. The efforts have largely failed. Because of fresh but unspecified terrorist threats, the United States is closing embassies and halting its popular public tours of FBI headquarters in Washington......The Taliban, who control 90 percent of the country and preach probably the harshest brand of Islam operating in the world today, seem unlikely to give up a man extolled as a hero by radical Islamic groups. In July, however, the Taliban did end their pretense of not knowing where bin Laden was, acknowledging he still lived in Afghanistan and still was a guest to be protected. They also denied reports he was planning to seek sanctuary in another Islamic country....``Bin laden is training his own people for terrorist activities around the world,'' said an Afghan who once trained with bin Laden at Tora Bora, also in eastern Afghanistan. ``They include Sudanese, Algerians, Tajiks, Iranians and Egyptians,'' he said. ``Osama has dozens of camps. They train on anti-aircraft guns, explosives, chemical and biological weapons.'' The same Afghan warrior, who didn't want to be identified because he feared for his life, said he had been trained to use chemical and biological weapons. The training was conducted by a North Korean.

Washington Post 8/10/99 Doug Struck "...North Korea said today it may pull out of talks with South Korea, and an increasingly tough-sounding Japan strengthened its warnings to North Korea not to test another long-range missile over Japanese territory. Pyongyang responded to the Japanese warning with another vow to test-launch the missile when it is ready, and North Korea's ruling party newspaper said that because of pressure from the United States, "the next war may break out on the Korean peninsula." ...."

AP 8/10/99 Christopher Torchia "... The United States and South Korea said Tuesday they will conduct a joint military exercise next week amid rising tensions with North Korea and fears that the isolated communist nation will test a new ballistic missile. The allies' annual exercise is likely to draw fresh condemnation from North Korea. This week, it accused the United States of conspiring to start another war on the Korean peninsula by insisting the communist country put off the test missile launch.. ..."

Pacific Stars And Stripes 8/11/99 Greg Tyler "...The departure of two missile-tracking ships and a nuclear-powered submarine are unrelated to a possible North Korean missile launch, U.S. military sources said Tuesday. The two ships, the USNS Invincible and the USNS Observation Island, and the submarine, the USS Los Angeles, all pulled out of ports Monday. Their departure came at a time when North Korea has increased rhetoric indicating it will launch a missile believed to have a range up to 3,700 miles. The Japan Times quoted an unidentified Sasebo Naval Base source as saying the simultaneous departure of the three vessels was a sign the North Korean missile launch is "imminent." But Jon Nylander, spokesman for U.S. Naval Forces Japan, said the ships left the Japanese port as scheduled...." 8/11/99 Don Kirk "...Playing upon memories of Japanese colonialism and World War II, North Korea warned Tuesday of ''merciless retaliation'' against Japan if the Japanese attempted any ''reckless provocation'' on the Korean Peninsula. North Korea issued the statement shortly before the United States and South Korea, in a calculated decision not to be deterred by rhetoric from the North, announced war games involving 70,000 troops, including 14,000 Americans and 36,000 South Koreans. U.S. and South Korean officials described the exercise, set to run from Aug. 16 to Aug. 27, as a ''routine'' event that should not alarm North Korea. Just as routinely, such exercises elicit impassioned denunciations from Pyongyang. North Korea in the past has described the annual war games as a ''rehearsal for invasion.'' ..." 8/12/99 "...The head of South Korea's National Intelligence Service, Chun Yong Taek, announced August 11 that the construction of the Taepodong-2 ballistic missile has been completed. Chun indicated that it would take three to four weeks to transport the missile to the launch site and assemble the pieces for launch. "North Korea appears to be weighing possible economic and political losses and gains before deciding whether to go ahead with the missile launch," Chun told a parliamentary session. The report came in the midst of two other developments, the completion of support structures at the probable launch site and the final construction of more than 30 MiG-21 fighter jets imported from an unnamed Commonwealth of Independent States nation. The structures were reportedly support bunkers, part of the fueling apparatus for the missile. The warplanes, imported by train in crates in late July, represent a significant improvement over the North's decrepit MiG-15 and MiG-17 aircraft.....the very publicity of the events point to their political nature, rather than to their contribution to the military threat. As long as the North is flaunting its arms in an open display of defiance, concerned parties can be reassured by the transparency of the real situation. It's when the North becomes quiet that the region starts to worry...."

Associated Press 8/10/99 "...Amid rising tensions, North Korea threatened Japan today with ``merciless retaliation'' unless Tokyo atones for its colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula. The strong words came in a statement issued to mark the 54th anniversary of Korea's liberation from Japan on Aug. 15, 1945. ``If Japan opts to open good-neighborly relations through liquidation of the past, the (North) will welcome it with pleasure,'' said the statement, carried by the country's foreign news outlet, the Korean Central News Agency. ``But if it repeats its crime-woven history and undertakes a reckless provocation, the (North) will never miss the opportunity of meting out merciless retaliation,'' the statement said...."

South China Morning Post 8/10/99 Roger Dean Du Mars "....The US has agreed to sell South Korea eight spy planes capable of monitoring North Korea 24 hours a day. All of North Korea could be observed from the planes from 40km south of the Demilitarised Zone, analysts said. "Before the threat caused by North Korea launching a missile towards Japan last year, the United States was more reluctant to sell South Korea military equipment because Washington was afraid of an arms race on the Korean peninsula," an analyst specialising in Seoul-Washington diplomacy said. "But now the US thinks the weakened regional stability calls for a more independent South Korea." ..."

Chicago Tribune 8/10/99 "...Like a bratty child who would rather get in trouble than be ignored, the Stalinist regime that rules North Korea is always looking for ways to get the world's attention. It has found a good one in its preparations to test-fire a new long-range missile that could overfly Japan on its way to Alaska or Hawaii. In the past, North Korea has managed to use displays of its formidable troublemaking capacity to gain concessions from its adversaries. But this tactic has been rendered ineffectual by overuse. The expected test is more likely to spur the United States, Japan and South Korea to bolster their defenses and retreat from efforts to work constructively with the Pyongyang government..... What would not make sense is junking the 1994 deal in which the North agreed to give up its efforts to acquire nuclear weapons in exchange for our help in developing peaceful nuclear energy. A June inspection of a suspicious underground site confirmed that North Korea is keeping its end of the bargain. For the U.S. to scrap the deal now would only add a nuclear element to the looming missile threat...."

World Tribune 8/13/99 "...South Korea's parliament, despite reports of an imminent North Korean missile launch, approved on Thursday $3.2 billion for two nuclear power plants for its communist northern neighbor. The government-proposed bill, passed without opposition, will provide funding for the replacement of Pyongyang's Soviet-developed reactors with nuclear reactors developed in the West. Under a 1994 accord , North Korea was to freeze and eventually dismantle its nuclear weapons program by 2003. South Korea would cover 70 percent of the cost, or $3.2 billion, Japan would pay $1 billion and the European Union would provide about $88 million. Japan has threatened to halt funding if North Korea fires the Taepo Dong II intercontinental ballistic missile, capable of reaching the United States....."

Los Angeles Times 8/13/99 Jim Mann "...The Clinton administration is trying to work out a deal in which North Korea would agree not to test-launch its new long-range missile and in return would be rewarded with an easing or lifting of a decades-old U.S. trade embargo, according to U.S. officials and North Korea experts. Under this approach, North Korea would promise a moratorium on testing its new Taepodong 2 missile, which has a long enough range to strike many parts of Asia or even Alaska. In exchange, the United States -would remove North Korea from the provisions of the Trading With the Enemy Act, which for the past 49 years has barred all U.S. trade with the isolated Communist regime. Such an arrangement would resolve the immediate crisis over North Korea's plans to test its new missile. But it would leave other issues unsettled and fall far short of the more comprehensive proposal, offered to North Korean officials last spring by U.S. envoy William J. Perry, that administration officials had hoped would change North Korea's pattern of threatening behavior toward its neighbors..."

South China Morning Post 8/16/99 Roger Dean Du Mars "...Russia expelled two staff of the North Korean Embassy in Moscow in June after they tried to illegally obtain the blueprints for the MiG-21, a South Korean official said yesterday. Earlier this year, North Korea reportedly purchased 40 of the Russian jet fighters - which were considered technologically advanced in the 1950s - from Kazakhstan, a former Soviet republic. The aircraft were shipped in parts, but putting the pieces together stumped the brightest minds of the Stalinist administration. So Pyongyang apparently ordered Kim Young-bu and Hong Young-hwan of the Second Economics Department, under the War Supplies Industrial Department in Moscow, to obtain blueprints of the aircraft by bribing a Russian engineer working at the National Security Industry...."

AP 8/16/99 "...The United States and South Korea kicked off a 12-day joint military exercise Monday amid rising tensions with North Korea and fears the communist country may test-fire a new long-range missile. North Korea warned that the exercise will hurt relations with the South and adversely affect talks under way between Pyongyang and Washington. Lee Ferguson, spokeswoman of the U.S. military command in Seoul, called the North Korean complaints unfounded and said the 25th annual drill is ``no more than a routine defensive training exercise.'' The exercise, code-named Ulji Focus Lens, is one of the largest conducted annually by the armed forces of the United States and South Korea. It largely involves computer simulations designed to evaluate and improve joint contingency operations..."

Investor's Business Daily 8/18/99 Brian Mitchell "…Earlier this month, though, State Department spokesman James Rubin stressed the importance of positive incentives to encourage good behavior by North Korea, according to the Agreed Framework between the U.S. and North Korea in 1994. ''The Agreed Framework has played a critical role in preventing North Korea from developing nuclear capability,'' Rubin said Aug. 2. ''We would intend and want to see that program and agreement continued even if we have problems and serious concerns about the missiles.'' Critics say the Agreed Framework is part of the problem. ''It's become bribery diplomacy on the Clinton administration's side and extortion statesmanship on the North Korean side,'' said Daryl Plunk, senior fellow of the Heritage Foundation…..''North Korea at one time was thought to be so poor and so isolated that it couldn't possibly develop advanced technology systems like ballistic missiles or nuclear weapons,'' said William R. Graham, former science adviser to President Reagan. Missile technology has become ''a major profit center'' for North Korea, said Graham, who was also a member of the recent congressional commission on missile threats chaired by former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. North Korea recently has acquired new missile technology from China and has been an aggressive marketer of missile technology to countries like Iran, Pakistan and Syria….."

Time 8/23/99 Tim Larimer Barry Hillenbrand "…U.S. diplomats still hope they can scuttle this launch at the negotiating table. They've done it before. Pyongyang agreed to abandon plans to convert nuclear-reactor fuel into nuclear weaponry when the U.S. and Japan agreed to pay for oil imports and build two new reactors. And South Korea's President Kim Dae Jung has embarked on a policy of engagement, offering food and investment from South Korean companies. As thanks, North Korea has sent fishing boats into South Korean waters and provoked a naval clash (Seoul's forces sank one ship), dispatched a suspected spy vessel into Japan's seas (Japanese self-defense forces opened fire for the first time since World War II) and arrested foreigners (later released). It might sound like the moves of a country in chaos, but observers say it's deliberate. "They're great poker players," says a senior U.S. official. This time the strategy could backfire. Last week in private talks in Geneva, Washington and its allies in Tokyo and Seoul told the North Koreans they'll cut off financial and humanitarian aid if a missile is launched. That stance prompted a bellicose reaction from the North Koreans, who swore, "We are ready to annihilate mercilessly our enemies." Such talk has Japan nervously talking about remaking its demilitarized constitution. Can Pyongyang's missiles hit a target? Probably not for a long time. But, says Gill Jung Il, a North Korean specialist at Seoul's Yonsei University, "accuracy is not the issue here. Perhaps the fact that Taepo Dong lacks accuracy makes it a more potent weapon. No one would know where it would hit." It's hard to think of a more perfect weapon for North Korea: unpredictable and potentially dangerous…."

AP 8/22/99 "…Military exercises between the United States and South Korean show the two allies' rising militarism, making a second Korean War ``unavoidable,'' North Korea said Sunday. In recent days, Pyongyang has regularly said the 12-day joint exercises could lead to war, but it had not called hostilities inevitable. America and South Korea have been conducting war games to simulate a coordinated response to a North Korean invasion as part of their annual joint military exercises…."

International Herald Tribune 8/24/99 Gerald Segal "…North Korean missiles, China-Taiwan saber-rattling, India-Pakistan tension - at first glance it can appear that Asian security is under imminent threat of major conflict. What we are seeing is a new style of Asian conflict in which diplomatic tensions can run high but the threshold of real war is also high. These conflicts have high thresholds in part because they take place in environments with nuclear weapons. If the threshold of conflict is indeed reached, the stakes could not be higher…… In the current Korean standoff, even if Pyongyang launches another long-range ballistic missile, and despite the presence of formidable U.S. and allied forces in the immediate region, there will be no use of force against North Korea. Military power is simply not effective in this sort of conflict, although neither apparently is diplomacy or economic incentives. Yet there are significant consequences, whether or not a missile is launched. The United States is drawing closer to its allies in Japan and South Korea. Theater missile defense, to shoot down incoming ballistic missiles, becomes a more realistic prospect. The KEDO project is put at risk. And China finds itself a diplomatic loser, as U.S. allies perceive that it is not doing enough to curb North Korea….."

International Herald Tribune 8/26/99 AFP "…Reclusive North Korea has made a landmark diplomatic bid to improve ties with Europe, prompting speculation over a possible change in its isolationist policy, officials said Wednesday. The North has proposed holding foreign ministers' meetings with European countries on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly meeting that opens on Sept. 14 in New York, the South Korean Foreign Ministry said. ''We can confirm the North sent letters, in the name of Foreign Minister Paek Nam Sun, to the European countries making the offer,'' a ministry official said. So far, at least six European countries, including Britain, France, Germany, Austria, Norway and Denmark, have received Mr. Paek's letters, he said. …"

AP 8/23/99 "…South Korea today stepped up diplomatic efforts to stop North Korea from launching a new ballistic missile by holding high-level talks with China and Japan. South Korean Foreign Minister Hong Soon-young met his Japanese counterpart, Masahiko Komura, today in Tokyo. In Beijing, the defense chiefs of China and South Korea also opened talks -- the first ever meeting between defense ministers of the two former Korean War adversaries. Also today, South Korea's Unification Minister Lim Dong-won left Seoul for a weeklong visit to the United States, which includes talks with former Defense Secretary William Perry, Washington's point man on North Korea.

The three-pronged South Korean efforts have the same agenda: what carrot it and the other two allies could offer if North Korea decides not to launch a missile experts say could reach Hawaii and Alaska…."

BBC 8/24/99 "…North Korea has threatened to take "emergency steps" if an international programme to supply it with safer nuclear reactors is not implemented. "Our concerned departments, including the military circles, are demanding emergency steps against the indefinite delay of the LWR [light-water reactor] construction," a commentary in the official Nodong Sinmun newspaper said. "If the US continues to delay the LWR construction, we cannot help but do as we determined. Force must be answered with force. As the United States resents implementing the DPRK [Democratic Republic of Korea]-US Agreed Framework as if it were taking poison, we do not have to hold to it. We have suffered much loss by freezing our nuclear programme. We do not intend to suffer more," said the commentary, entitled "Have No Choice But To Take Countermeasures"…."

RFERL 8/23/99 "…Meeting in Astana on 20 August with Kazakhstan's Prime Minister Nurlan Balghymbaev, Japanese Foreign Ministry official Keizo Takemi demanded clarification of media reports that Kazakhstan sold the six MiG fighter aircraft impounded in Baku in March to North Korea, Reuters and ITAR-TASS reported (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 24 March and 13 August 1999). Balghymbaev said the Kazakh government "had nothing to do" with the sale of the MiGs. He refused to divulge details of the ongoing investigation into the scandal. U.S. experts are participating in that investigation. Also on 20 August, Kazakhstan's Foreign Minister Kasymzhomart Toqaev told ITAR-TASS that Kazakhstan did sell a consignment of some 35-40 planes, some of which ended up in North Korea…."

International Herald Tribune 8/24/99 Gerald Segal "…North Korean missiles, China-Taiwan saber-rattling, India-Pakistan tension - at first glance it can appear that Asian security is under imminent threat of major conflict. What we are seeing is a new style of Asian conflict in which diplomatic tensions can run high but the threshold of real war is also high. These conflicts have high thresholds in part because they take place in environments with nuclear weapons. If the threshold of conflict is indeed reached, the stakes could not be higher. In the crisis of 1994 over North Korea's suspected program to develop nuclear weapons, the United States talked of mobilizing forces for offensive operations against the facilities, but its Japanese and South Korean allies balked at the use of force. The crisis led to the creation of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization, KEDO, and strengthening of U.S.-Japanese security relations. War remained a distant thunder. In the current Korean standoff, even if Pyongyang launches another long-range ballistic missile, and despite the presence of formidable U.S. and allied forces in the immediate region, there will be no use of force against North Korea. Military power is simply not effective in this sort of conflict, although neither apparently is diplomacy or economic incentives. Yet there are significant consequences, whether or not a missile is launched. The United States is drawing closer to its allies in Japan and South Korea. Theater missile defense, to shoot down incoming ballistic missiles, becomes a more realistic prospect. The KEDO project is put at risk. And China finds itself a diplomatic loser, as U.S. allies perceive that it is not doing enough to curb North Korea…." 8/23/99 AP "…US-South Korean military exercises show the two allies' rising militarism is making a second Korean war ``unavoidable,'' Communist North Korea said Sunday. America and South Korea have been conducting war games to simulate a coordinated response to a North Korean invasion as part of their annual joint military exercises. ``The US and South Korea are in a belligerent relationship,'' said an editorial in the Rodong Shinmun, the newspaper of the ruling Workers' Party, monitored in Tokyo by the RadioPress News Agency. ``A second Korean War has become unavoidable.'' …"


Reuters 9/7/99 "….North Korea, which has worried its neighbors by claiming new territorial waters and test-firing missiles, said after a first round of talks with the United States aimed at reducing tension in the region that their success depended on Washington. "The result of the talks depends on the will of the U.S.,'' Vice Foreign Minister Kim Gye-Gwan told reporters outside the U.S. embassy in the German capital after meeting U.S. officials for more than three hours. Speaking through an interpreter, Kim said the atmosphere of the talks was good "and we were very serious.'' ….Former Defense Secretary William Perry, who has been in charge of coordinating Washington's North Korean policy, has offered normal relations and an end to sanctions if Pyongyang meets U.S. demands to stop developing and exporting missiles. 9/1/99 AP "…North Korea declared Thursday that it will militarily defend its sovereignty over disputed waters in the Yellow Sea where it and South Korea clashed earlier this year. In mid-June, northern and southern boats rammed and exchanged fire in the disputed buffer zone. About 30 North Korean sailors were believed to have died when their torpedo boat was hit and sunk. Several South Korean sailors suffered minor wounds….."

FoxNews Wire "…North Korea Thursday declared the sea border separating the rival Koreas, and demarcated by the United Nations Command four decades ago, was "invalid.'' "We declare that the brigandish 'northern limit line' unilaterally defined by the U.S.-forces side inside our territorial waters of the West Sea (Yellow Sea) of Korea is invalid,'' the official Korean Central News agency said, quoting a statement from the Korean People's Army. "Our self-defensive right to the military demarcation line at the West Sea of Korea will be exercised by various means and methods,'' it said. North and South Korean naval ships exchanged fire at the disputed Yellow Sea border on June 15 in the first such skirmish since the end of the 1950-53 Korean War. Both sides blamed each other for provoking the clash, in which a North Korean torpedo boat was sunk and several patrol boats heavily damaged. The U.N. Command, which fought the Chinese-backed North Koreans in the Korean War, unilaterally demarcated the line in 1953…."

U.S. News 9/6/99 Michael Barone "… In January 1950, Secretary of State Dean Acheson gave a speech excluding South Korea from the "defensive perimeter" of East Asia. In June 1950, North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel and attacked South Korea. To this day no one knows for sure whether Acheson's speech inspired the attack. But Joseph Stalin twice had forbidden North Korean attacks in 1949, and Acheson's defense of his speech was uncharacteristically unpersuasive. The lesson is clear. If you know you're going to have to defend an ally from attack as President Truman quickly realized then let everyone know in advance. Ambiguity doesn't mollify; it invites attack. The Clinton administration seems to be ignoring this lesson. On July 9, Taiwan's President Lee Teng-hui called for "special state-to-state relations" between Taiwan and China. Chinese leaders responded with typically furious invective, sent jets buzzing to the midpoint of the Taiwan Strait, and moved a surface-to-air missile unit to the shore. The Clintonites have weighed in against Taiwan and for China, holding up an arms sale and delaying an air-defense advisory mission. Bill Clinton has repeated his support of Beijing's "three noes" and, when Lee backtracked, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said, "I think the explanations offered thus far don't quite do it." The administration says that it has warned both China and Taiwan that use of force across the Taiwan Strait would be "a matter of grave concern," echoing the ambiguous language of the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979. But there is a risk that Chinese leaders could decide that Taiwan is outside our "defensive perimeter" and that they could seize Taiwan's islands without retaliation. "Coddling"? Yet in the Clinton years we have seldom gotten what we wanted when we appeased China, whereas we succeeded the one time we stood firm. That was in March 1996, when China lobbed missiles near Taiwan's major ports just before Taiwan's elections…."

International Herald Tribune 8/30/99 Don Kirk "…North Korea's missile diplomacy may pay off with the kind of U.S. economic support long sought by the isolated country's leaders, a senior South Korean official indicated Sunday. Unification Minister Lim Dong Won, back from talks with U.S. officials in Washington, said the United States was ready to ''relax economic punishment'' and expand relations with North Korea if the North abandoned plans to test-fire a long-range ballistic missile. Mr. Lim appeared hopeful about the chances for coming to terms with the North on the missile in talks between U.S. and North Korean negotiators that are to begin Sept. 8 in Berlin. The decision to re-enter the talks came at a time when many observers had been expecting the North to make good on threats to fire an advanced version of the Taepodong missile that it shot over Japan on Aug. 31 of last year….."

Los Angeles Times 8/31/99 Sonni Efron "…North Korea is a medical disaster area where antibiotics and other basic medications are lacking and surgery is performed without anesthesia, said a visiting U.S. congressman who urged Monday that disputes over North Korea's missile program not be allowed to obscure a continuing humanitarian disaster. The nation's orphanages have three or four times as many children as they did several years ago, the average birth weight of North Korean infants has plummeted to less than 5 pounds, tuberculosis and diarrhea are epidemic, and malnutrition is obvious even though famine is easing, said Rep. Tony P. Hall (D-Ohio). ..."

Korean Central News 9/2/99 "…The general staff of the Korean People's Army today announced a special communique "on proclamation of the Military Demarcation Line at the West Sea of Korea." The special communique reads: The unstable tense military situation persists on the Korean peninsula in which a war may break out any moment. This situation has been getting more grave since the June 15 exchange of fire at the West Sea of Korea. Right after the west sea armed conflict we took initiatives to call six rounds of DPRK-U.S. general officer-level meetings, in order to prevent recurrence of conflicts in the waters at issue and ease the tense situation, and made every possible effort to this end. Especially, we advanced a realistic proposal to define the Military Demarcation Line at the west sea through dialogues and contacts between the two responsible parties, grasping the stark situation in which the military conflicts at the west sea are mainly ascribable to the different assertions of the two warring sides as to the maritime demarcation line. Meanwhile, we proposed to the U.S. forces side the detailed procedures such as date and place of working-level contact, number of participants and form of the contact, and have made our sincere efforts to realize it…."

Fox News 9/9/99 Robert Burns AP "…Over the next 15 years, North Korea and Iran are likely to develop missiles potentially capable of killing millions of Americans, the CIA said Thursday. In an intelligence report with major implications for the Pentagon's efforts to develop defenses against ballistic missiles, the CIA said Iraq posed an additional — though somewhat more distant — threat. It said it was questionable whether Iraq could test a missile with enough range to reach the United States before 2015, although the likelihood depends heavily on how much foreign assistance Iraq gets. The report characterized the prospect of North Korea acquiring a long-range missile by 2015 as "most likely,'' Iran's prospect was judged to be "probable'' and Iraq was labeled a "possible'' threat. These emerging missile forces "potentially can kill tens of thousands, or even millions, of Americans,'' depending on their accuracy and whether they are armed with nuclear, chemical or biological warheads, it said. The United States has no means of shooting down long-range ballistic missiles, although the Pentagon is spending billions of dollars to develop anti-missile missiles to shield the United States against a limited attack. Russia already has about 1,000 long-range missiles with about 4,500 nuclear warheads. China has about 20 missiles capable of reaching the United States. The CIA report said short-range ballistic missiles, such as Iran's Shahab-3 and North Korea's No Dong, pose an "immediate, serious and growing threat to U.S. forces, interests and allies'' in the Middle East and Asia. Those missiles do not have the range to reach U.S. soil….."

Fox News 9/9/99 Robert Burns AP "…The report also said the countries developing ballistic missiles also are probably working on "countermeasures,'' or ways of enabling their missiles to overcome U.S. defenses. Russia and China, which already have developed numerous countermeasures, probably are willing to sell these technologies, it said. The report is a summary of a classified National Intelligence Estimate, the first the CIA has done on ballistic missile threats since 1995. In an October 1998 update of its assessment, the CIA told Congress that the United States was facing a growing threat from the spread of ballistic missiles…. A senior U.S. intelligence official said Thursday the CIA has changed the way it assesses missile threats. Reflecting its Cold War-era practice, the CIA used to wait until a country deployed a missile for the first time before declaring it a threat. Now it will declare a threat as soon as a country successfully test-launches a missile, the official said. ….

AP via Drudge Report 9/9/99 "….North Korea and Iran are likely to join established nuclear powers Russia and China as long-range missile threats to the United States over the next 15 years, the CIA said today. These emerging missile forces ``potentially can kill tens of thousands, or even millions, of Americans, depending on the type of warhead, the accuracy and the intended target,'' the intelligence agency said. In an intelligence report with major implications for the Pentagon's efforts to develop defenses against ballistic missiles, the CIA said Iraq posed an additional - though somewhat more distant - threat. It said it was questionable whether Iraq could test a missile with enough range to reach the United States before 2015, although the likelihood depends heavily on how much foreign assistance Iraq gets. The report characterized the prospect of North Korea acquiring a long-range missile by 2015 as ``most likely,'' Iran's prospect was judged to be ``probable'' and Iraq was labeled a ``possible'' threat….."

Associated Press 9/12/99 Barry Schweid "…In what appeared to be a step toward neutralizing a potential nuclear threat, the United States and North Korea negotiated a tentative deal that officials said Sunday offers assurances the communist nation won't test long-range missiles. A senior U.S. official called the agreement "a step forward in our effort'' with the insular North Korean regime whose missile program has raised concerns in the United States and among U.S. friends in Asia. "North Korea provided us with reason to believe they will not test any long-range missiles,'' said the official, speaking on condition of anonymity. The tentative agreement was struck in negotiations held by U.S. and North Korean experts in Berlin, the official said…." 9/13/99 "….In a North Korea-U.S. deal, North Korea will freeze its ballistic missile program in exchange for the lifting of basic economic sanctions, National Security Advisor Sandy Berger announced September 13. Berger stated that the move was "very much in the U.S. strategic interest" possibly leading to a "different kind of relationship" with North Korea. It may also counter increased Russian and Chinese involvement. Many analysts are condemning the agreement as another example of North Korea extorting concessions from the west, arguing that the ballistic missile program was never that advanced. Be that as it may, U.S. policy appears to be moving from containment to engagement, with the long-term goal of Korean reunification. A clear sign that the U.S. is moving toward engagement is former Secretary of Defense and current U.S. policy coordinator for North Korea William Perry’s report to U.S. President Bill Clinton urging Clinton to ease economic sanctions to improve relations. Perry stated that the best way to end the ballistic missile threat was to offer economic aid. ….."

CNN 9/16/99 Wolf Blizter AP "...President Bill Clinton may announce as early as Friday that he's easing long-standing economic sanctions against communist North Korea. Administration officials tell CNN the decision follows a commitment from North Korea over the weekend in Berlin to halt testing of long-range missiles while talks with the U.S. continue. The president's national security adviser, Samuel Berger, has recommended that the United States ease the sanctions as a gesture to encourage further progress in the nuclear talks with North Korea. A similar recommendation came from former Defense Secretary William Perry who has been the U.S. special envoy to North Korea...... An administration official said Wednesday that Perry had urged the pursuit of normal relations with North Korea at a "markedly faster pace" so long as Pyongyang forgoes long-range missile and nuclear weapons development programs. The official disclosed Perry's recommendations as Perry briefed a House panel on a report he delivered recently to Clinton on North Korea policy. If North Korea cooperates on U.S. security concerns, Perry recommended that the United States ease "appropriate sanctions" against North Korea and establish diplomatic relations. He also urged that Japan and South Korea take similar steps. Word of Perry's recommendations came just days after North Korea agreed to impose a conditional freeze on testing a long-range missile that analysts believe could be capable of reaching Alaska or Hawaii. North Korean officials said the freeze will remain in effect so long as negotiations with the United States continued....."

LA Times 9/15/99 Jim Mann ".... "The difference between a statesman and a politician," goes the old British proverb, "is that the former looks to the next generation and the latter to the next election." By this standard, the miserable little deal that the Clinton administration struck with North Korea's extortionist regime in Berlin on Sunday was certainly not the work of a statesman. The administration agreed to buy its way out of a short-term crisis with North Korea --one that North Korea created in hope of being paid off. At the same time, the administration put off its plans from last spring to try to settle the broader problems posed by North Korea's missile program. The result is that there almost certainly will be some new crisis over North Korea's missiles in another year or two. And another crisis a year or two after that. It will be left to Clinton's successor to try to come up with the longer-term solution that this administration said only recently it was pursuing. ....."

Pacific Stars and Stripes 9/16/99 Ginny Parker "....North Korea has not put off plans to test a long-range missile despite U.S. claims to the contrary, Japan's defense chief said Tuesday. "It is absolutely not true that North Korea has frozen plans for a missile launch," Defense Agency chief Hosei Norota said. He also stressed that Japan still plans to buy an in-air refueling tanker and other equipment to beef up its defense capabilities. The defense chief's comments followed Sunday's announcement that North Korean and U.S. negotiators in Berlin struck a deal in which the North said it won't launch a missile for the duration of talks. U.S. State Department spokesman James P. Rubin said the freeze is open-ended because negotiations could be extended over a long period....."


Fox News Online 9/17/99 "...President Clinton eased strict trade, banking and travel restrictions against North Korea Friday, in return for its conditional pledge to refrain from long-range missile testing, under an agreement reached during talks last week in Berlin. The move is the most significant gesture toward the communist government since the end of the Korean War in 1953. "The United States is taking this action in order to pursue improved relations with North Korea," the Clinton administration said in a statement. "It is our understanding that North Korea will continue to refrain from testing long-range missiles of any kind as both sides move toward normal relations." The decision will allow "most consumer goods to be available for export to North Korea and will allow the importation of most North Korean-origin goods into the United States," White House press secretary Joe Lockhart said. Moreover, it will permit the transfer of commercial and personal funds between the two countries and allow commercial air and sea transportation for passengers and cargo..... The sanctions relaxation being announced by Clinton is the most significant gesture toward North Korea in 46 years, including a modest trade opening that took effect in January 1995. Perry made his recommendation in a report to Clinton based on an 11-month review of the issue. Outlining a worst-case scenario, Perry said if North Korea acquired nuclear weapons and continued development of long-range missiles, the relative stability of U.S. deterrence would be undermined. Perry also wrote that in the event of a second Korean war, the allies would be able to win but the "destruction would be catastrophic. We cannot allow the deterrence to weaken." In exchange for the Pyongyang government's 1994 promise to freeze its development program, a consortium of foreign countries agreed to replace the North's plutonium-producing reactors with light-water reactors....."

Investor's Business Daily 9/18/99 "....When the White House announced it was easing trade sanctions against North Korea Friday, it reminded us of a shopkeeper paying protection money to some Mob enforcer. The problem with such extortion payoffs is that they never end. The U.S. has maintained a trade embargo on North Korea the last five decades. The embargo has been the principle tool of U.S. foreign policy since the end of the Korean War in 1953. By isolating the communist government, the U.S. made clear that North Korea's adventurism on the world stage had real economic consequences. Even so, North Korea has been a bad actor. Like every other communist regime, it has deprived its people so it can build an army and weapons; North Koreans are starving because of leader Kim Jong Il's delusions of greatness. These delusions have had disturbing consequences. North Korea has long sought to join the ranks of nations with nuclear weapons. U.S. intelligence agencies have discerned several sites where North Korea could make them. North Korea is already a member of the ballistic missile club, having launched a missile across the bows of Japan last year. Most recently, it threatened to test-launch a missile with the range to hit Alaska. The administration reaction to all these aggressive acts? Payola....."

The Center For Security Policy / 9/16/99 ".... Amidst the many, pathetic explanations served up by Clinton Administration spokesmen to rationalize, if not explain, its latest act of appeasement toward North Korea, perhaps the most telling was an unidentified U.S. official's assertion reported in today's Washington Times that "changing, reforming or undermining the North Korean regime would be impossible, take too long or risk war." Therefore, to end what another official called "the last vestige of the Cold War," the Administration proposes to implement a "roadmap" of successive U.S. concessions leading towards normalized relations with an abidingly unreformed, malevolent Pyongyang. Had Ronald Reagan adopted a similar defeatist attitude toward the Evil Empire, it is a safe bet that the Cold War would have ended far less satisfactorily. ...... Worse yet, Amb. Kartman may simply be the most recent American envoy to fall for a North Korean negotiating strategy that is less nuanced than nefarious. As one scholar of the subject, former Defense Department official Chuck Downs, put it in Over the Line: North Korea's Negotiating Strategy -- an insightful review of the dismal record of Western negotiations with the North over the past forty years: North Korea...used the four-way talks [between the U.S., South Korea, China and the DPRK] the same way it had used every previous negotiation: to extract concessions that filled gaps in its economic performance, to provide a pretext for domestic political purges and increased political oppression, and to build up its military capabilities. ....The truth, therefore, is that Kim Jong-Il's regime will never eliminate its nuclear weapons program -- the fruit of a 30 year effort -- until either it falls from power or is forced to do so by a resolute West led by the United States. ...... In fact, the unclassified version of the CIA's latest National Intelligence Estimate (NIE), Foreign Ballistic Missile Development and the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States through 2015, cites North Korea as one of leading engines of missile advances around the world. "The proliferation of medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs) -- driven primarily by North Korean No Dong sales -- has created an immediate, serious, and growing threat to US forces, interest and allies, and has significantly altered the strategic balances in the Middle East and Asia." ..... The CIA now estimates that, after Russia and China, North Korea is the next most likely to develop ICBMs capable of reaching the United States. .... "


Chicago Tribune 9/20/99 Reuters "....The Clinton administration has traded little more than access to Coca-Cola in return for a break on what it terms a serious missile threat from North Korea, President Clinton's national security adviser said Sunday. Responding to Republican-led criticism, Samuel "Sandy" Berger defended the lifting Friday of key parts of a nearly 50-year-old trade embargo against North Korea, the world's only remaining Stalinist state. The administration acted after what U.S. officials called a pledge from the North to refrain from test-firing long-range missiles it has developed. This cleared the way for trade in consumer goods and raw materials. "So, in effect, they get Coca-Cola, and we get a temporary ban on their missile program" while talks continue on a long-term ban, Berger said in a wide-ranging television interview. ....." 9/24/99 Joseph Farah "…"On the basis of these discussions, it is our understanding that North Korea will continue to refrain from testing long-range missiles of any kind as both sides move toward more normal relations," explained White House spokesman Joe Lockhart. Normal relations? The very same day Lockhart issued this statement, here's what the official North Korean news agency had to say about warming relations with the U.S.: "... The most important aim sought by the U.S. in the establishment of the 'Theater Missile Defense' system (TMD) is to build up the sphere of its unchallenged domination over the Asia-Pacific region. ... It is working hard to militarily stifle the DPRK (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) through the establishment of the 'TMD.' However, any ' missile defense' system of the United States will be of no use because of our strong striking power." In response to the action of the White House, KCNA issued this statement Sept. 21: "The United States should show good faith by lifting the remaining sanctions against the DPRK so as to make it a comprehensive and substantial measure. Furthermore, if the U.S. is truly willing to totally drop its hostile policy toward the DPRK and improve relations with the DPRK, it should withdraw its forces from South Korea, sign a peace agreement with the DPRK and thus root out the military threat to the DPRK. The DPRK will reciprocate the U.S. practical action to from its hostile policy toward the DPRK and improve relations with it." Yeah, that's really how North Korean bureaucrats write. They added, for good measure, that the U.S. is pursuing missile defense in Asia "in a bid to realize its ambition for world domination." What does this mean? It means the North Koreans believe they have promised nothing for Clinton's agreement. They believe they convinced the U.S. to lift certain sanctions under a previous agreement reached with the Clinton administration in 1994. They do not believe they have made any additional commitments to forgo testing of long-range missiles. And, even if they did acknowledge such an agreement, it would be meaningless at best. So who's fooling whom? ….."

AFP 10/5/99 AFP "....China's Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan arrived in North Korea Tuesday on a visit that could be crucial to bringing the hermit Stalinist nation out of its shell, analysts said. In one of the highest level foreign visits to the isolated nation in several years, Tang's five-day visit will also mark the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two neighbors. "Chinese Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan and his party arrived in Pyongyang to participate in celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations ... at the invitation of DPRK Paek Nam-Sun," the official North Korean news agency KCNA reported. They were greeted at the airport by Kung Sok-Ung, vice-minister of foreign affairs, Wan Yongxiang, Chinese ambassador to Pyongyang, and embassy officials, KCNA said. "This is a very important visit, especially at this time, as China hopes to use its position as a go-between and seek to improve North Korea's understanding of the outside world," said Jia Qingguo, a leading scholar at the School of International Studies at Beijing University. China welcomed North Korea's September 24 moratorium on new missile launches not only because it greatly reduced tensions in the region, but also for its potential role in cooling enthusiasm for a US-Japan joint Theater Missile Defense, Jia told AFP. ...."

AP via 10/12/99 George Gedda ".....North Korea would be able to produce a ``significant number'' of nuclear weapons each year if it renounced a nuclear freeze it agreed to in 1994, according to an official report released today. The report, prepared by former Defense Secretary William Perry, also said that that in the event of an outbreak of war on the Korean Peninsula, the intensity of the combat ``would be unparalleled in U.S. experience'' since the Korea War of 1950-53. Perry's report was released one year after he assumed his duties a special adviser to President Clinton and Secretary of State Madeleine Albright on North Korea policy. Some key recommendations by Perry were implemented last month in advance of the report's release. After North Korea pledged to forgo testing of long-range missiles, Clinton eased trade, banking and travel restrictions against that country, the most significant gestures toward Pyongyang in almost half a century. The report said a North Korean move to restart its nuclear program at Yongbyon, frozen since 1994, would be its ``quickest and surest path'' to acquisition of nuclear weapons. Without the 1994 Agreed Framework, as the bilateral agreement is known, ``it is estimated that the North could reprocess enough plutonium to produce a significant number of nuclear weapons per year, the study said. ...."

Reuters 10/12/99 ".....Former Defense Secretary William Perry, in a long-awaited policy review, recommended Tuesday that the United States and its Asian allies try to coexist with the Marxist rulers in Pyongyang rather than undermine them or promote internal reform. The strategy is in sharp contrast with the way Washington handles what it calls rogue or pariah states - states such as Iraq, Libya and Cuba - and reflects the gravity of the military threat which North Korea could pose. Perry said the United States should instead gradually eliminate sanctions and reduce pressures North Korea sees as threatening, in exchange for assurances that North Korea does not have a nuclear weapons program and will not test, deploy, produce or export long-range missiles, the report said. The State Department released an unclassified version of the report Tuesday but the broad thrust of its contents has been common knowledge for months. The United States has already acted on Perry's recommendations. It eased economic sanctions in September after Pyongyang agreed to suspend its next long-range missile test. Perry, who spent 10 months reviewing North Korea policy at the request of President Clinton, concluded that an attempt to hasten the demise of the North Korean government would take too long and had no guarantee of success. Such a policy would raise the risk of a destructive war on the Korean peninsula and would give the secretive Stalinist state time to proceed with its weapons programs, he said. ....."

Wash Post - pageA24 10/143/99 Rep Benjamin Gilman "....From remarks by Rep. Benjamin Gilman (R-N.Y.) at a House International Relations Committee hearing yesterday: Without question, North Korea constitutes one of our nation's greatest foreign policy challenges. The DPRK [Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or North Korea] is also the country most likely to involve the United States in a large-scale regional war over the near term. . . . The threat to U.S. interests continues and is now actually spreading into less conventional areas. The DPRK has deployed three new types of missiles since 1993, the newest capable of striking our nation. This presents a clear and present danger to our national security and allows North Korea to create a balance of terror in Northeast Asia. North Korea, arguably, is the largest proliferator of missiles and enabling technology in the world today. Its transfers to South Asia and to the Middle East are particularly distressing and potentially destabilizing. Despite the '94 agreed framework, North Korea may still be pursuing a nuclear program. The DPRK may be seeking a parallel program based on highly enriched uranium, which strongly suggests that North Korea never intended to curb its nuclear ambitions My greatest fear is that this unpredictable regime in Pyongyang will continue its covert nuclear weapons program with an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of striking the United States and our current policy will have failed to prevent it....."

Conservative News Service 10/14/99 Jim Burns ".....The Chairman of the House International Relations committee at a Capitol Hill hearing Wednesday said that "North Korea may still be pursuing a nuclear program and is arguably the largest proliferator of missiles and enabling technology in the world." Rep. Benjamin Gilman (R-NY) also called North Korea one of America's greatest foreign policy challenges because Gilman believes it "is also the country most likely to involve the United States in a large scale regional war over the near term." ..... Gilman went on to say the "Clinton Administration has conditioned North Korea to believe that brinkmanship brings benefits. I am concerned that our policies towards North Korea have failed and our aid is sustaining a brutal regime." Last August, House Speaker Dennis Hastert appointed Gilman to lead a study of North Korea's threat to the United States and its allies. The study is expected to be released later this month. ...."

AP 10/15/99 ".....North Korea threatened Friday to ``square accounts'' with the United States for the alleged mass-killing of civilian refugees by U.S. soldiers during the Korean War. ``We will square accounts with the U.S. imperialists for all their crimes against our people and make them pay for the blood,'' a spokesman for the North's Foreign Ministry said. North Korea considers the United States a sworn enemy and regularly churns out belligerent anti-American statements. Experts say most of the rhetoric is mere propaganda...."

AP 10/24/99 "....North Korea denounced the United States on Sunday for testing a defense missile system over the Pacific, and vowed to build up its own defense capabilities. ``This (the test) shows that the U.S. policy to stifle North Korea has not in the least changed,'' said a commentary in Rodong Sinmun, a newspaper for the ruling Workers' Party. ``We will build our defense capabilities with high vigilance against the perfidious acts of the U.S.,'' it said. The report was carried by the North's official foreign news outlet, the Korean Central News Agency. ...."


Strategic Forecasting 10/15/99 "….2148 GMT, 991015 - South Korean Labor Sues IMF The Korean Federation of Bank and Financial Labor Unions (KFBU) filed a lawsuit against the IMF in Seoul District Court Oct. 15. The $400,000 suit, filed on behalf of 11 workers who lost their jobs, charged that the IMF austerity package for South Korea failed, driving even healthy companies into bankruptcy. While the monetary compensation is insignificant and the KFBU admitted the difficulty in proving the workers' layoffs were the direct result of IMF action, the lawsuit is an interesting approach……"

WASHINGTON TIMES 10/19/99 Wesley Pruden "....President Kim Dae-jung sees evidence that North Korea -- armed, belligerent, starving, isolated and once described as "the most dangerous place on earth" -- is changing for the better under pressure from the United States and its allies. "This kind of pressure from the world community [is] contributing to the deterrence of their attempt for a military conflict," he told editors of The Washington Times in an interview at the Blue House, the South Korean executive mansion.... "Right now, North Korea is trying to get in contact with the United States and Japan, and especially the United States. That is their posture. I think that is a sign they are changing." .....The president dampened concerns, raised in Congress in the wake of the Perry Report, that offering concessions to North Korean demands is giving in to "blackmail." Repeated concessions to North Korea to persuade it to abandon destructive behavior, in this view, encourages more destructive behavior. The Perry Report suggests a "two-track strategy," with diplomacy and concession on the first track, followed by a second track if the first track does not work. The declassified version of the report does not offer details of the second track....."

Florida Times-Union (Jacksonville) 10/19/99 "....The Clinton administration's latest deal with North Korea has failed. Last month, with the Pyongyang regime developing a rocket capable of bombing Alaska or Hawaii, an agreement was reached. The two governments would enter into another round of negotiations, during which Pyongyang would not test fire any more missiles. The United States, in return, would partially lift restrictions on trade, travel and banking. North Korea got something of value to itself without any obligation whatsoever to reciprocate - except for the duration of talks that it could unilaterally break off at any time. Sure enough, North Korea has launched a new round of rhetoric aimed at justifying continuation of its missile program. Missile development, said the official newspaper Sunday, is a needed for protection from the ''continued menace of the United States.'' ....."

The Washington Times 10/28/99 Bill Gertz "….. The intelligence reports are unwelcome news for the Clinton administration, which eased economic sanctions against North Korea last month as part of a new conciliatory policy drawn up by former Defense Secretary William Perry. Mr. Perry, in a report, urged continued engagement with North Korea with the goal of normalizing relations. His report said the United States should eliminate sanctions against North Korea in exchange for assurances that North Korea will not make nuclear weapons and will not test, deploy, produce or export long-range missiles. The Perry policy-review team stated in its report that "the urgent focus of U.S. policy toward the [Democratic People's Republic of Korea] must be to end its nuclear weapons and long-range missile-related activities." One official said the recent intelligence reports are a clear sign the new policy is not working. "So much for the Perry approach," the official said….."

Agence France Presse 10/27/99 "….Six new short-range missile bases are under construction in North Korea and four new medium-range missile batteries have been deployed, the South Korean news agency Yonhap said on Tuesday. Yonhap said the North Korean moves followed its landmark accord in September with the United States on suspending new long-range missile tests to secure a partial lifting of US sanctions. North Korea is building bases at six different places for Scud-C missiles with a range of 500-550 kilometers (313-344 miles), it said, quoting government sources….." 10/24/99 Jun Kwan-Woo "…. For the first time in more than five decades, South Korea on Friday allowed its people free access to state television broadcasts from communist North Korea, as Cold War tensions begin to thaw here. "The government decided to allow the general public access to North Korea's TV broadcasts via satellite," a South Korean Unification Ministry spokesman told AFP. He explained that the step was a part of South Korea's policy of engagement and reconciliation with North Korea, and also reflected a new confidence here that the North's propaganda can no longer undermine South Korea's ideology. …."

Pacific Stars and Stripes 11/2/99 Jeremy Kirk "….YONGSAN GARRISON, South Korea - Civilians say the U.S. military's decision to issue gas masks this month to all nonessential personnel doesn't come as a shock given the peninsula's politics, but the move may cause increased concern about chemical warfare. "You kind of expect that when you get the orders (to come) here," said Kay Abbott, a mother of two, who came to Korea with her husband in July. "If they brought us here, they should give us something (to protect us)." Abbott said her 10-year-old son, Morgan, played with a neighbor's gas mask last year when the family lived in Quantico, Va., and was excited when told he will get one soon….."

South China Morning Post 10/30/99 "….North Korea plans to export its long-range Daepodong-I missile from next year, South Korean government officials said yesterday. The weapons would sell for US$6 million (HK$46 million) each, one official said. A report also said the communist country had demanded US$500 million in compensation from the United States to halt exports of ballistic weapons…… The news agency said that during bilateral talks in Berlin in September, North Korea demanded US$500 million from the US in return for stopping missile sales abroad. ……The Washington Times says that according to a Pentagon intelligence agency report earlier this month, North Korea offered to sell Sudan an entire factory for assembling Scud missiles and also supplied missile-related goods to such countries as Syria, Pakistan, Egypt, Iran, Libya and Congo. ….. "

Pacific Stars and Stripes 10/30/99 Jim lea "….About 14,000 family members, nonmission-essential civilian employees and contractors in the U.S. military community in South Korea will begin receiving gas masks next month, U.S. Forces Korea announced Friday. But command spokesman Col. David Apt emphasized that the move is not in response to any increased threat on the peninsula. Distributing the masks is "part of our continually evolving Force and Family Protection Program," which was started after the Khobar Towers terrorist bombing in Saudi Arabia in June 1996, he said. He said distributing the masks to nonessential personnel is unprecedented….."

The Washington Times 10/28/99 Bill Gertz "….. North Korea has not stopped developing a long-range missile capable of hitting the United States and is stepping up sales of missiles and related technology around the world, according to U.S. intelligence reports. The Air Force National Air Intelligence Center, the U.S. government's premier missile monitoring center, stated in a classified report issued Oct. 19 that Pyongyang is "continuing Taepo Dong missile development," according to U.S. officials who have seen the report. They provided few details. However, U.S. intelligence agencies believe the new Taepo Dong-2 missile, which the Air Force center has classified as an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), could be fielded by the North Koreans without any flight testing, said officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity. "They are still improving the TD-2 and proceeding with development," one official said. "In fact, their level of confidence in the TD-2 may be high enough to have it available [for use] without any flight test." The Air Force report is one of several fresh intelligence reports circulated to senior Clinton administration policy-makers in recent weeks indicating that the new conciliatory approach to the isolated communist state is not working……"

The Washington Times 10/28/99 Bill Gertz "….. Other recent activities by the North Koreans outlined in classified intelligence reports include: North Korea last summer tried to ship missile components to Pakistan but the ship was intercepted during a stop in India. In July, North Korea sent specialty steel with missile applications through a Chinese company in Hong Kong to Egypt, which is secretly cooperating with Pyongyang in building Scud missiles. Iranian officials recently traveled to North Korea to discuss missile cooperation. Iran is building two types of medium-range missiles, mostly with Russian and Chinese assistance. There are some signs that North Korea is assisting Libya with its efforts to develop missiles. North Koreans are helping train the Congo military and may be paid for the training with uranium ore from the African nation's Shinkolobwe mine -- where fuel for the first U.S. nuclear weapons originated….."

Investors Business Daily 11/4/99 Douglas Austin "…..North Korea's military stands ready for action. About 100,000 U.S. soldiers in northeast Asia, along with our South Korean allies, provide the reason not to attack. But a congressional report released Wednesday finds "serious weaknesses" in U.S. policy and cited the growing threats from North Korea's missile program and weapons proliferation. "North Korea's WMD (weapons of mass destruction) programs pose a major threat to the United States and its allies. This threat has advanced considerably over the past five years, particularly with the enhancement of North Korea's missile capabilities. ... North Korea has produced, deployed and eexported missiles to Iran and Pakistan, launched a three-stage missile (Taepo Dong 1), and continues to develop a larger and more powerful missile (Taepo Dong 2)."…."

Wall Street Journal 11/3/99 Thomas Ricks "….A special House Republican task force appointed by Speaker Dennis Hastert denounced U.S. policy toward North Korea as "deeply flawed" and vowed to hold hearings on it when Congress returns to work next year. The group released a report alleging that the Stalinist state has grown as a military threat to the U.S. even as the Clinton administration was relaxing sanctions against it. Rep. Floyd Spence (R., S.C.), a task-force member and chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, called the administration's approach one of "appeasement and bribery" that hasn't worked…."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES Toni Marshall Bill Gertz 11/4/99 "….House Republicans, in a looming showdown with President Clinton over North Korea, warned yesterday that the communist state is secretly attempting to develop nuclear-armed missiles capable of hitting the United States. "There is significant evidence that nuclear weapons development is continuing," said a 75-page report by a Republican-led advisory committee. The report cited North Korea's recent development of a multi-stage rocket that is capable of reaching the United States, adding that the missile could deliver "chemical, biological and possibly nuclear weapons." The report came in response to recommendations by former Defense Secretary William Perry, who in a recent policy review urged the Clinton administration to work with North Korea's rulers instead of trying to undermine them or promote internal change. On Mr. Perry's recommendation, the president eased economic sanctions against Pyongyang in September after it agreed to suspend long-range ballistic missile tests……"There is no abatement in missile development, and furthermore, there is still ongoing work on the development of the nuclear warheads themselves," said Mr. Cox. ….. A House national security aide said the most likely source for know-how on nuclear warheads is China. "We know there is an association with China, and China has access to special warheads so it is likely the North Koreans have access to that technology." ….."

Conservative News Service 11/4/99 Jim Burns "….According to a report released by a House advisory group on American policy toward North Korea the communist country is receiving millions in humanitarian aid from the United States but is diverting the money to military programs. One congressman charged that despite assurances from the Clinton Administration the aid is not being adequately monitored and that the White House is following a policy of appeasement that is dangerous. Representative Joseph Knollenberg (R-MI), a member of the House Advisory Committee on North Korea, told a Capitol Hill news conference, "As a result of the administration's current policy of appeasement, North Korea has now become the largest recipient of US aid in east or south Asia." ….."

Fox News Wire 11/13/99 Reuters "….South Korea is keeping the United States in the dark about parts of its missile program as it works on developing longer-range ballistic weapons, the New York Times reported on Sunday. The Times, citing U.S. intelligence analysts, said Seoul has built a rocket-motor test station apparently without telling Washington and conducted a test of a new missile that appears to violate agreements between the allies. ..."

DRUDGE 12/5/99 "….The singer brother of US President Bill Clinton held talks with North Korean officials on the eve of his rare concert Sunday with pop singers from the two Koreas, Pyongyang's media said. The meeting between Roger Clinton and North Korean officials led by Kim Yong-Sun, chairman of the Korea Asia-Pacific Peace Committee, took place Saturday, according to North Korean state radio monitored in Seoul. Details of the talks were not given. The president's brother had been invited by the committee, one of North Korea's key international trade bodies……"

AP 11/20/99 "….Despite three days of talks, U.S. and South Korean officials failed to reach an agreement on whether to let South Korea develop longer-range missiles powerful enough to target all of rival North Korea, officials said today. ``The discussions on the missile issue were productive and concrete, bringing the U.S. and (South Korean) positions closer together,'' the U.S. Embassy in Seoul said in a statement. ``Some differences remain, however, which the U.S. hopes will be resolved as soon as possible.'' ……"

South China Morning News 11/27/99 Roger Dean DuMars "….North Korea continues to increase imports of Chinese weapons, as Pyongyang and Beijing reinforce ties to a level not seen in almost a decade, analysts said yesterday. Two months ago Pyongyang wrapped up a US$10.6 million (HK$82 million) purchase of TNT detonators, tank engines and open-air field blankets, a military order four times as large as last year's. The deal dismayed humanitarian groups that send millions of tonnes of food aid to the population, 25 per cent of which suffers from severe malnutrition. But political analysts and North Korea watchers say Pyongyang's investment lies chiefly not in the equipment, but in the diplomatic arena….."

AP Worldstream 11/22/99 "….North Korea has invited the brother of U.S. President Bill Clinton to perform at a pop concert in the communist country's capital, South Korea said Tuesday. Roger Clinton, an entertainer and bandleader, would join South Korean teen-age pop icons on stage in Pyongyang if the concert goes ahead as planned in early December. Clinton was invited by South Korean concert promoters and a semiofficial North Korean group, the Korean Asia-Pacific Peace Committee. There was no immediate word on whether Clinton would attend. The concert's sponsor is South Korea's independent SBS-TV, which is organizing the event to promote reconciliation between the rival Koreas. The two countries fought a war a half-century ago and tensions remain high….."


Associated Press 12/15/99 Sang-Hun Choe "....A U.S.-led consortium signed a $4.6 billion deal Wednesday to build two nuclear reactors in North Korea, a reward for the communist nation's promise to freeze and eventually dismantle its suspected nuclear weapons program. The contract was the final phase of preparations to build the U.S.-designed reactors in Kumho, a rural village in North Korea's northeast. "Today's event reflects the improving political climate surrounding the Korean Peninsula," said Desaix Anderson, the consortium's executive director, after signing the contract in Seoul with Choi Byung-soo, the president of the South's state utility company, Korea Electric Power Corp. ....."

Associated Press 12/9/99 "....North Korea's media on Thursday quoted President Clinton's half-brother as expressing hope for improved relations between the United States and the communist country. Roger Clinton, a singer and bandleader, left North Korea on Wednesday after a six-day visit that included a concert with South Korean entertainers. The American received VIP treatment throughout his stay in North Korea. ..."

South China Morning Post 12/27/99 Glenn Schloss "….North Korea has been using Hong Kong to acquire advanced Japanese technology for military use, Japanese legislators say. They voiced fears over the role of the SAR in Pyongyang's military procurement programme, the first time it has publicly received attention from foreign policy-makers. An investigation by the legislators found that a Japanese global positioning system and other hi-tech equipment being used on small North Korean submarines was imported through Hong Kong and the mainland before making its way to Pyongyang....

Yahoo! AFP 1/5/00 "….After exchanging official visits with international "pariahs" Iran and Libya, Italy has taken another bold step in deciding to establish diplomatic relations with isolated Stalinist North Korea. The decision, announced Tuesday, made Italy the first of the G-7 group of industrialized countries to forge formal ties with the Asian nation's struggling communist regime. "Italy needs to play the gray areas," said Giuseppe Sacco, a professor of international relations. "We are not a great power, nor a third world country, so we are condemned to this role." Sacco acknowledged that Libya, a former Italian colony, had oil "and we could become their national shopping center" but emphasised that there were no such likely benefits in relations with North Korea. A serious food crisis in that country was a disaster for many of its 24 million inhabitants, he said, indicating Rome's humanitarian motives….."

Associated Press 1/5/00 "….A senior North Korean diplomat said Wednesday that high-level talks in Washington were canceled because the United States had carried out unspecified acts of ``betrayal'' against his country. Chu Chang Jun, North Korea's ambassador to China, also insisted South Korea scrap an espionage law and foreign military ties before the rival Koreas hold a summit. The remarks underscored North Korea's unwillingness -- at least publicly -- to reciprocate overtures from South Korea and the United States to ease tense relations. Washington has been trying to entice North Korea to raise current contacts, which are now carried out mostly at the vice foreign minister level, to improve ties and to persuade Pyongyang to abandon a long-range missile program. Chu said Pyongyang had been prepared to send senior officials to the United States until Washington committed ``acts of betrayal against our country.'' ``Under these circumstances our high-level delegation cannot visit the United States,'' Chu said at a news conference inside the Stalinist North Korean Embassy…."

Air Force Magazine 1/2000 Bill Gertz "…. Soon, the US will be within range, and the missiles will be on the world market. North Korea has embarked on a broad buildup of its ballistic missile force and is on the verge of fielding an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile capable of reaching the United States. ….. "It is now believed that two types of North Korean Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles can strike the continental United States with weapons of mass destruction," said Rep. Benjamin A. Gilman (R-N.Y.), chairman of the House International Relations Committee and head of a special advisory panel on North Korea. "For the first time in our history, we are within missile range of an arguably irrational rogue regime. Regrettably, we cannot defend against that threat." The problem of North Korean missiles is made worse by the fact that Pyongyang has become a wholesaler of missiles and related technology and materials. In the words of one US defense official: "They are becoming The Home Depot for missile sales around the world." …."

Air Force Magazine 1/2000 Bill Gertz "…. In another recent report, the Air Force's National Air Intelligence Center at Wright­Patterson AFB, Ohio, described North Korea's missile program as extensive. "North Korea has ambitious ballistic missile development programs and has exported missile technology to other countries, including Iran and Pakistan," the unclassified report said. "The North Koreans have already flight-tested their No Dong MRBs [Medium-Range Ballistic Missiles], and the Taepo Dong 1 MRBM booster was used in an attempt to orbit a satellite in August 1998." The test showed the two-stage booster "apparently performed successfully," the report said…… North Korea has moved quickly to a high position on the intelligence community's strategic missile threat list, ranking a notch below Russia and China. A National Intelligence Estimate--a consensus view of more than 10 US intelligence organizations--was made public in September. It warned of new dangers from North Korea's missile program. "We project that during the next 15 years the United States most likely will face ICBM threats from Russia, China, and North Korea, probably from Iran, and possibly from Iraq," the report said. The report notes that North Korea is the driver in the spread of missiles….."

Air Force Magazine 1/2000 Bill Gertz "…. The Clinton Administration has sought to highlight the positive elements of its policy toward North Korea, which was the focus of a major review by former Defense Secretary William J. Perry. Perry reported his findings to the President in September and called for continued engagement with the communist government in Pyongyang with the goal of normalizing relations that have been hostile since the end of the Korean War…..The Perry report stated that "the urgent focus of US policy toward the [Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or North Korea] must be to end its nuclear weapons and long-range missile­related activities." As part of the new policy, President Clinton lifted some economic sanctions against North Korea, and in response Pyongyang announced it would "not launch a missile"--the Taepo Dong 2--during talks with the United States. "Pledges are important," said State Department spokesman James B. Foley of the North Korean testing moratorium. "Actions are equally or even more important, but I am not aware that we have reason to disbelieve the pledge." Within days of making the announcement, however, North Korea's official Korean Central News Agency made clear that the testing moratorium would not stop the weapons buildup. "The DPRK has built up its defense power very expensively," the agency said. "The Korean people have strengthened the defense capabilities to the maximum [by] fastening their belts." Indeed, widespread famine has killed thousands in North Korea. In 1996, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il called for a crackdown on cannibalism after three cases were reported, one US intelligence report said….."

Air Force Magazine 1/2000 Bill Gertz "….Robert D. Walpole, the CIA's national intelligence officer for strategic and nuclear programs, stated in Congressional testimony that North Korea has joined Russia and China as one of the very few nations capable of striking the United States with a strategic missile. "After Russia and China, North Korea is the most likely to develop ICBMs capable of threatening the United States during the next 15 years," Walpole said. North Korea shocked Asia and the world in August 1998 when it test fired its first three-stage Taepo Dong 1 over the Sea of Japan and into the Pacific Ocean…… The real danger, he said, is in a longer range Taepo Dong 2 that US intelligence agencies have been closely watching. The TD 2 was set for launch last summer according to CIA officials. It was delayed under frantic US diplomatic pressure and appeals to China to intervene with North Korea to put off the test. "A two-stage Taepo Dong 2 could deliver a several hundred­kilogram payload to Alaska and Hawaii and a lighter payload to the western half of the United States," Walpole warned. "A three-stage Taepo Dong 2 could deliver a several hundred­kilogram payload anywhere in the United States. North Korea is much more likely to weaponize the more capable Taepo Dong 2 than the Taepo Dong 1 as an ICBM." A senior US intelligence official who briefed reporters on the CIA missile threat report said that North Korea's long-range missile program will only be slowed, not stopped, by diplomatic efforts……"

Air Force Magazine 1/2000 Bill Gertz "…. In fact, the US Intelligence Community has concluded that the development of the Taepo Dong 2 is continuing, despite the pledge by North Korea not to conduct a flight test. USAF's National Air Intelligence Center, the community's premier missile monitoring center, reported that Pyongyang is "continuing development of the Taepo Dong," said one official who has seen the report. "They are still improving the TD 2 and proceeding with development," said the official. "In fact, their level of confidence in the TD 2 may be high enough to have it available [for use] without any flight test." ….."

Air Force Magazine 1/2000 Bill Gertz "…. Worries do not end with the Taepo Dong. North Korea also has developed a new 620-mile-range No Dong missile. The No Dong was flight-tested only once but is believed by military officials to be deployed and to pose a direct threat to troops not only in South Korea but at bases in Japan as well……. The Congressional panel headed by former Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, however, appeared more candid. The panel's report issued in July 1998 states: "The commission judges that the No Dong was operationally deployed long before the US government recognized that fact. There is ample evidence that North Korea has created a sizable missile production infrastructure, and therefore it is highly likely that considerable numbers of No Dongs have been produced." Because of the Intelligence Community's failure to assess both the scope and pace of the No Dong development, the Rumsfeld commission warned that "the United States may have very little warning prior to deployment of the Taepo Dong 2"--the missile that can target the United States. ….The North Koreans also have exported the No Dong to Pakistan and Iran. The No Dongs have been, as one official put it, "repainted" and named the Ghauri and Shahab 3 missiles. "Obviously, North Korea has them, and Pakistan has the No Dong derivatives as a Ghauri," the official said. "The Shahab 3 is based on it as well with some other foreign assistance. I don't expect it to stop there. ... I expect over time we're going to see more countries emerge with them." …..Pentagon intelligence agencies reported in the fall that North Korea offered to Sudan an entire factory for assembling Scud missiles, like those produced in North Korea. Also, North Korea recently supplied 10 tons of aluminum powder obtained from China to Syria, another intelligence report stated. The aluminum powder is being used by the agency of the Syrian government involved in building weapons of mass destruction and missiles, said an official who has seen the report sent to senior US policy-makers. One official said the recent intelligence reports are a clear sign the new policy is not working. "So much for the Perry approach," this official said….."

UPI International 1/6/00 "….U.S. intelligence sources claimed that China shipped weapons technology to North Korea in violation of assurances made to the United States that it would not export long-range missile knowledge. The Washington Times reported Thursday that a Pentagon intelligence document circulated through the Clinton administration outlined a deal in which a Hong Kong company was used to send Chinese missile-related goods to North Korea. The newspaper quoted one U.S. official who said he had seen the report as saying, "This is a deal for a direct shipment of Chinese missile technology."…."


Reuters 1/22/2000 Jon Herskovitz "…. North Korea said on Saturday it may resume missile tests in response to a U.S. decision to test a missile interceptor system, raising the stakes in delicate talks between Washington and the Stalinist state. In September, the United States said it was easing its long-standing economic sanctions in exchange for North Korea's pledge to freeze long-range missile tests. But the North Korean Central News Agency on Saturday quoted a Foreign Ministry spokesman as saying the U.S. tests have ''compelled the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to take our moratorium into serious consideration.'' …."

Federation of American Scientists 1/19/2000 "….The North Korean missile program has always been distinguished by the disparity between the extremely modest and protracted North Korean test activities and the vast scale of the American response to this program. The modest ambitions of the North Korean test program are clearly revealed by the scale and nature of the Nodong test facility, which is surely the antithesis of Cape Canaveral. The Nodong facility betrays no indication of permanent occupancy, but rather gives every evidence of consisting of a temporary encampment to which launch crews might from time to time repair to test their handiwork. There is a complete absence of any manner of industrial support or other test facilities, and the bare bones test infrastructure is connected by no more than a spidery network of unpaved trails. The Nodong launch complex is located at some remove from major transporation nodes such as the port at Kimchaek or the highway airstrip south of Kilchli. There are no railway connections, nor even paved roads connecting the launch complex with the outside world. While this profound isolation may be only a modest barrier to a test program consisting of a single launch every few years, it is evidently inconsistent with the transportation requirements posed by a serious missile test programs with launches every few months, such as are conducted by America, Russia or China…."

South China Morning Post 1/22/2000 Reuters "…. North Korean and US diplomats resumed negotiations in Berlin on Saturday aimed at setting up the first high-level North Korean visit to the United States. The North Korean delegation were seen arriving at the US embassy in central Berlin but, in keeping with the low profile of the talks, officials did not comment before the meeting. Diplomats earlier said the two countries would try to build on the last round of talks in the German capital in November with the main focus on bringing together senior representatives from the two Cold War enemies. ……"

New York Times 1/11/2000 William J Broad "…The first detailed public images of a secretive North Korean missile base, taken by a private spy satellite and quietly released last week, show a small rural site that analysts clashed over yesterday as to whether it is perilously menacing or surprisingly primitive. The most noteworthy features, said the Federation of American Scientists, a private group in Washington, were those missing: the rail links, paved roads, fuel tanks and staff housing needed to support a major program for long-range missiles…… But other experts see the base, from which a missile was test-fired over Japan in August 1998, as a potentially deadly example of how little technological infrastructure is needed for a nation to have missiles that could threaten the United States. "I'd be surprised if the base were anything but modest," said Frank J. Gaffney Jr., a former Pentagon official who directs the Center for Security Policy, a conservative private Washington group. "North Korea can't feed its own people. But if crude will do, then we're fools to ignore capabilities that have the potential to do us grave harm." He said of all missile threats now facing the United States, "this is probably the highest." The site, known as Rodong, is North Korean's only base for launching long-range missiles, and is used for test flights and potentially for mounting limited missile attacks. It has become an international flashpoint in recent years and one of the main threats cited by American proponents of a national antimissile system, which the Clinton administration says it is weighing……"


South China Morning Post 2/1/2000 AFP ".... South Korea yesterday hailed an agreement to push ahead with the first high-level visit by a North Korean delegation to the US as significant progress in easing tension between the Cold War foes. Seoul's Foreign Ministry welcomed the latest signs of a thaw amid reports that the much-touted visit by North Korea's Vice-Foreign Minister would go ahead next month. ....."

North Korea News 1/27/2000 "….The U.S.'s armed spy ship "Pueblo" anchoring at the river taedong flowing through Pyongyang, is now visited by an endless stream of people from all walks of life and servicemen despite freezing cold in January, in the depth of winter in the DPRK. The ship was captured by the navy of the Korean People's Army on January 23, Juche 57 (1968) while committing espionage after illegally intruding into waters off Wonsan on the east coast of Korea, as instructed by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Preserved aboard the ship are historical evidence, including an integrated intelligence cabin equipped with sophisticated spying devices and equipment. When the spy ship was captured, the U.S. threatened to "take back 'Pueblo' even by use of force," bringing the situation on the Korean peninsula to the brink of war. ….."

USA Today 1/28/2000 Barbara Slavin "….North Korea claims to have recovered more remains of U.S. troops killed in the Korean War in what appears to be an effort to revive talks stalled over the North's demand for clothing factories to serve 5 million North Korean children. In a letter to U.S. veterans organizations dated Jan. 25, a copy of which was provided to USA TODAY, the North Korean mission to the United Nations said the remains had been unearthed by bulldozers in North Pyongan province, scene of heavy fighting during the war from 1950 to 1953. The letter warned that unless ''prompt measures'' were taken by the United States, it would be difficult to identify the remains or others found while land was being prepared for planting. U.S. officials and veterans representatives say they are skeptical of the claim and are awaiting replies about the number of remains and their exact location……"

South China Morning Post 1/24/2000 AFP "…..North Korea threatened to review its declared moratorium on missile testing as its rapprochement talks with the United States got under way in Berlin. On Saturday the North's Foreign Ministry denounced last week's missile interceptor test by America as "one more grave challenge" to Pyongyang's "magnanimity and good faith" towards Washington. The US test missile failed to intercept another target missile in the Pacific, marking a clear setback for a Pentagon programme to introduce a ballistic missile defence shield. The North's Foreign Ministry said: "What matters is the US assertion that such a [testing] drive is intended to cope with a non-existent 'missile threat' from the DPRK [North Korea] and other countries. …."

UPI 1/25/2000 "….North Korea on Tuesday accused the United States of plotting with Japan to provoke a second war against the Stalinist state. Rodong Shinmun, the organ of the North's ruling Workers Party, said, "Their projected joint computer simulation exercise is nothing but a preliminary to another war of aggression on the Democratic People's Republic of Korea." The paper said the planned U.S.-theater missile defense system reflects the intention of "U.S. and Japanese reactionaries to have a military edge in East Asia, establish military domination over it and, moreover, to hold world supremacy." It added that this aim would be brought about by "stifling the DPRK militarily." Pyongyang vowed to fight back. "If they ignite a war on this land, the Korean People's Army and people will annihilate the aggressors to the last with merciless strikes," the paper said. The saber rattling came as the United States and North Korea resumed talks in Berlin, where Washington is seeking a firmer commitment from Pyongyang to scale back its missile and nuclear program. ….."

DPRK News 2/9/00 "…..(KCNA) -- A treaty of friendship, good-neighborliness and cooperation between the DPRK and the Russian Federation was signed here today. Present there on the DPRK side were Paek Nam Sun, Foreign Minister, Ri In Gyu, vice-Foreign Minister, Kim Pong Ik, vice-Minister of Foreign Trade, Liet. General of the Korean People's Army Ri Su Hyon and other officials concerned and on the Russian side Igor Ivanov, Russian Foreign Minister, and his party and Valery Denisov, Russian ambassador to the DPRK. The two foreign ministers signed the treaty……"

DPRK 2/9/00 KCNA "…..A DPRK-Russia treaty of friendship, good neighborliness and cooperation was signed here today. In this regard, DPRK Foreign Minister Paek Nam Sun and Russian Foreign Minister I. Ivanov released a joint statement. The conclusion of the treaty indicates a start of new stage in the development of mutual relations, the statement noted, and said: Both sides recognize this treaty as a fundamental legal document that provides a basis for the overall bilateral relations between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation. The treaty was concluded out of the desire of the two sides to strengthen the traditional friendly relations, good-neighborliness, mutual trust and multilateral cooperation between the two peoples, ensure peace and security in northeast Asia and the rest of the world, respecting the purpose and principles of the UN Charter, and develop the equal and reciprocal cooperation, and it does not infringe upon the interests of a third country. Both sides confirm that, on the basis of this treaty, the two contracting parties are obliged not to conclude any treaty or agreement with a third country nor join in its action or step, if they stand against sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of any of the parties. ……"

Associated Press 2/10/00 "….North Korea is still developing its long-range ballistic missile program despite a promise not to test the missiles while talks with the United States are under way, a top U.S. intelligence official suggests. Even as the United States and North Korea prepare to resume talks next month, ``our judgment is they are continuing the program,'' Robert Walpole, the CIA official in charge of strategic and nuclear issues, told a Senate hearing Wednesday. Furthermore, North Korea's continued willingness to sell its missiles and technology to other nations poses a major threat to U.S. troops and to allies, both in the Middle East and Asia, Walpole said. Even if North Korea is sticking by its promise not to test missiles in the atmosphere, ground testing of various components is believed to still be taking place, Walpole said. ``The program is still alive.'' Walpole gave an unclassified update on new intelligence estimates of the ballistic-missile threat. That report, completed in September, found that over the next 15 years, North Korea and Iran are likely to develop missiles potentially capable of killing millions of Americans. The CIA also said Iraq posed an additional - though somewhat more distant – threat……"

Hindustan Times 2/11/00 N C Menon "…..LATER THIS year, North Korea is likely to test its long-range, three-stage Taepo Dong-2 ballistic missile which would be capable of delivering a multi-ton nuclear payload to any location in the US, according to a CIA official's testimony at a Senate hearing yesterday. Robert Walpole, the intelligence agency official dealing with strategic and nuclear issues, added that North Korea's continued penchant for selling its missiles and technology to other nations raised a major threat to US military units and to allies in the Middle East and Asia.. …. According to intelligence assessments, Iran now has missiles developed with input from North Korea, Russia and China that could pose a threat to many United States allies and friends in the Middle East region, including Turkey, a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation member. North Korea agreed to halt its nuclear weapons programme in 1994 in return for assurances from the US, Japan and South Korea to guarantee its energy supplies…."

CIA Website 2/2/200 George Tenet "…. North Korea's propaganda declares 1999 the "year of the great turnaround." This is a view not supported by my analysts, however. Indeed, we see a North Korea continuing to suffer from serious economic problems, and we see a population, perhaps now including the elite, that is losing confidence in the regime. Mr. Chairman, sudden, radical, and possibly dangerous change remains a real possibility in North Korea, and that change could come at any time. The North Korean economy is in dire straits. Industrial operations remain low. The future outlook is clouded by industrial facilities that are nearly beyond repair after years of under-investment, spare parts shortages, and poor maintenance.
* This year's harvest is more than 1 million tons short of minimum grain needs. International food aid has again been critical in meeting the population's minimum food needs.
* Trade is also down. Exports to Japan-the North's most important market-fell by 17 percent from $111 million to $92 million. Trade with China-the North's largest source of imports-declined from nearly $200 million to about $160 million, primarily because China delivered less grain. …..
* Instead of real reform, North Korea's strategy is to garner as much aid as possible from overseas, and the North has re-energized its global diplomacy to this end. It is negotiating for a high-level visit to reciprocate Dr. Perry's trip to P'yongyang. It has agreed to diplomatic talks with Japan for the first time in several years. It has unprecedented commercial contacts with South Korea, including a tourism deal with a South Korean firm that will provide almost $1 billion over six years.
* But P'yongyang's maneuvering room will be constrained by Kim's perception that openness threatens his control and by the contradictions inherent in his overall strategy - a strategy based on hinting at concessions on the very weapons programs that he has increasingly come to depend on for leverage in the international arena. Squaring these circles will require more diplomatic agility than Kim has yet to demonstrate in either the domestic or international arenas.

Inside China Today 2/5/00 Reuters "…..The director of the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency said on Thursday he was concerned that North Korea and Iran will develop long-range nuclear missiles in the next several years. "Though less certain, I am very concerned that during the next several years, more radical hostile nations, particularly North Korea and Iran, will develop and field nuclear-armed missiles with intercontinental range," Vice Admiral Thomas Wilson said at a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing. He also noted that the United States sometimes had limited ability to track those types of missile-development programs. "The growing availability of missile technology components and experts, intense political pressure to acquire longer-range ballistic missiles, the willingness of some states to take short cuts and accept more risks in their missile development programs, and our sometimes limited ability to track reliably these protected programs, are all cause for concern," Wilson said. An unclassified CIA report to Congress, released this week, said during the period Jan. 1 through June 30, 1999, North Korea obtained raw materials for its ballistic missile programs from "various foreign sources, especially from firms in China." The CIA report also said that "North Korea produces and is capable of using a wide variety of chemical and possibly biological agents, as well as their delivery means." ….."

Russia Today 2/4/00 AFP "…..The head of Kazakhstan's armed forces was found not guilty on Friday of charges of illegally selling 40 MiG fighter jets to North Korea, a lawyer for another defendant said on Friday. While Bakhytzhan Yertayev was declared innocent in the closed trial before a military court, businessman Alexander Petrenko, who was the middleman in the deal, was found guilty but immediately given amnesty by the court, his lawyer, Vladimir Abiyev, told AFP. "They did not find (Yertayev's) actions to be criminal," Abiyev said, adding that Petrenko was given amnesty under a law signed last year by Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev. …."

Agency France Presse 2/8/00 "….North Korea has accepted US proposals to halt development of missiles and nuclear weapons and to renounce terrorism in return for better ties with the West, South Korea's foreign minister said Tuesday. Lee Joung-Binn told the Munhwa Daily the United States, Japan and South Korea were upbeat about current US-North Korea dialogue, during which Pyongyang agreed last month to open landmark high-level talks with Washington. But, he said, North Korea set tough conditions on its cooperation in the effort to dismantle the world's last Cold War flashpoint, including direct American food aid and its removal from a US list of terrorist states. "(North Korea) has accepted recommendations by (US policy coordinator on North Korea William) Perry," Lee said, referring to proposals made by the former defense secretary, who visited Pyongyang last May. Perry suggested the starving Stalinist state abandon the threat of weapons of mass destruction and normalize ties with Washington in return for boosted assistance……" 2/8/00 AFP "….North Korea on Tuesday launched a vitriolic attack on South Korea's fledgling missile program just hours ahead of missile talks between Seoul and Washington. North Korea, through its official news agency monitored here, accused Seoul of "imploring the US to allow the increase of missile range" to as much as 500 kilometers (312 miles). "This clearly shows how recklessly they are running amok in their preparations for a war of aggression against the north from the beginning of the year." The accusation came as South Korean Foreign Minister Lee Joung-Binn pledged diplomatic efforts aimed at persuading Washington to lift a 28-year-old US curb on Seoul's missile range. "The missile talks will be going in the direction of satisfying our security needs and lifting all restrictions on developing space programs in the private sector," Lee told the Munhwa daily in Seoul. …."

2/10/00 AP "….North Korea appears to be continuing its ballistic missile programme, despite a well-publicised moratorium on testing, as well as selling the technology to other nations, a top US intelligence official told Congress overnight (HK time). While adhering so far to a promise not to test missiles in the atmosphere, ground testing of various components is believed to still be taking place, said Robert Walpole, the CIA official in charge of strategic and nuclear issues. ''Our judgment is that they are continuing the programme,'' Mr Walpole told a Senate Governmental Affairs subcommittee. ''The programme is still alive.'' Mr Walpole summarised the unclassified portions of an intelligence-community intelligence estimate of the ballistic-missile threat completed last September. ……. ''We project that during the next 15 years the United States most likely will face Intercontinental Ballistic Missile threats from Russia, China and North Korea, probably from Iran and possibly from Iraq,'' he said. …."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 2/9/00 Bill Gertz "…..North Korea recently sold Iran a dozen medium-range ballistic missile engines, indicating the Pyongyang government has not curbed its transfers of missile know-how and equipment. According to a Pentagon intelligence report, North Korea supplied the 12 engines to an Iranian government agency involved in missile production in November. The engines arrived in Iran on Nov. 21 after they were spotted being loaded aboard an Iran Air Boeing 747 cargo jet that left Sunan International Airfield, about 12 miles north of the North Korean capital of Pyongyang, said U.S. officials familiar with the classified report. U.S. intelligence officials said the missile engines are the same as those used in Nodong medium-range missiles, which have a range of about 620 miles……. The missile engine transfer comes amid continuing diplomacy by the Clinton administration aimed at trying to halt North Korea's missile proliferation. Two rounds of U.S.-North Korean talks in Berlin made little progress on the issue, officials said. The intelligence on the missile engine transfer also coincides with other recent Pentagon reports showing that China is continuing to sell missile technology to North Korea despite promises from Chinese leaders to halt the exchanges……. The missile transfer has raised new questions about a recent decision by the Clinton administration to waive U.S. economic embargo provisions against Iran and allow Boeing Co. to sell engine parts to Iran for its fleet of 747 passenger jets……. Henry Sokolski, a Pentagon arms proliferation specialist during the Bush administration, said the North Korean engine sale also raises questions of Chinese government complicity in the engine deal……. The engine sale is new evidence that North Korea also has become a major supplier for Tehran's missile effort. The CIA's annual report to Congress on the spread of missiles and nuclear, chemical and biological arms stated that during the first half of 1999 "entities in Russia and China continued to supply a considerable amount and a wide variety of ballistic missile-related goods and technology to Iran." Officials said the report did not include the intelligence from November on the engine transfer from North Korea……"



International Herald Tribune 2/19-20/00 Don Kirk "….A senior North Korean scientist who reportedly defected to the United States has told South Korean authorities that the North has developed a missile capable of reaching California, a leading newspaper here reported Friday. The defector, Lim Ki Sung, said the missile had a range of 6,000 kilometers, 3,725 miles, far longer than defense experts had previously estimated, Chosun Ilbo, South Korea's largest newspaper, reported.''That distance would be a really big development,'' said Cho Chung Pyo, assistant foreign affairs secretary on the staff of President Kim Dae Jung. ''That kind of capability was never previously indicated.''The newspaper said that Mr. Lim, who is 59, had fled North Korea in December along with his son, 31, also a missile expert, and a nephew, 32, who had been a North Korean Army officer. The three told a bizarre story of having decided to flee after Mr. Lim's wife died and a number of their relatives were executed, according to the paper…."

South China Morning Post 2/19/00 Roger Dean Du Mars "…… A North Korean defector claims Pyongyang has finished building a missile that can hit the United States, reports said yesterday. Missile expert Lim Ki-song, 59, defected to the United States last month with his son, Lim Hak-jin, 31, and nephew-in-law, Kim Song-su, 32. According to South Korean media reports, they took with them a treasure trove of intelligence on the North's missile development, including samples of rocket fuel. South Korean officials voiced surprise that such a missile had actually been built. However, they have previously said the North was developing a missile with 6,000km range, capable of striking the western United States. Pyongyang's missile capability was previously believed to have been limited to the Daepodong-I, with a 3,000km range……."

International Herold Tribune 2/19/00 Don Kirk "…..A senior North Korean scientist who reportedly defected to the United States has told South Korean authorities that the North has developed a missile capable of reaching California, a leading newspaper here reported Friday. The defector, Lim Ki Sung, said the missile had a range of 6,000 kilometers, 3,725 miles, far longer than defense experts had previously estimated, Chosun Ilbo, South Korea's largest newspaper, reported. ''That distance would be a really big development,'' said Cho Chung Pyo, assistant foreign affairs secretary on the staff of President Kim Dae Jung. ''That kind of capability was never previously indicated.'' The newspaper said that Mr. Lim, who is 59, had fled North Korea in December along with his son, 31, also a missile expert, and a nephew, 32, who had been a North Korean Army officer. The three told a bizarre story of having decided to flee after Mr. Lim's wife died and a number of their relatives were executed, according to the paper. ……"

Washington Post 2/19/00 John Pomfret "…. RENMING, China-By the time his brothers brought him the holiday meal that would save his life, Kim Jae Sung had spent 23 days in a North Korean cell the size of an upright coffin. His solitary confinement followed a death sentence for sneaking 11 relatives out of the world's most isolated country and into China.... But like tens of thousands of other undocumented North Korean refugees, Kim and his relatives face growing uncertainty about their future here. In the past year, the situation of an estimated 30,000 to 50,000 refugees in this part of China has become increasingly precarious as the Chinese government--and those in the West--have seen a thawing in their relationship with the North Korean government. ...Last month, Russia and China cooperated to forcibly repatriate seven North Koreans in what the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees called a direct violation of international law….."

Korea Times 2/17/00 "…. North Korea and Iran are jointly developing an advanced version of a Chinese cruise missile sold to Tehran in the mid-1990s, a Japanese daily said Thursday. The missile is based on China's C-802 cruise missile which has a range of 120 kilometers (74 miles), the Sankei Shimbun said quoting Western military sources. In the mid-1990s, China began selling C-802 missiles to Iran before freezing exports in 1996 when the United States demanded a halt saying such arms transfers could destabilize the Middle East, the daily said. Then chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, John Shalikashivili, warned Chinese Defense Minister General Chi Haotian In December 1996 that arms exports would increase destabilizing factors in the region, it said. ``Iran expected to purchase 150 C-802 missiles from China but only received a half of them because of the arms suspension,'' the daily quoted a source as saying. ..." 3/7/00 "…..On March 3,2000 North Korea Navy Command announced nullification of the Maritime extension of DMZ on Korea's West Coast. With Taiwan's elections approaching,China is looking for a way to impress its resolve upon the United States over the status of the island. A North Korea provocation along the Korea peninsula, coupled with Chinese exercises in the Taiwan Straits, Targets one of the United States gretest concerns-two simultaneous high-intesity conflicts at the same time. China is preparing to lauch its small nuclear arsenal of missiles against the United States,if needed. Beijing is thought by defense experts to have at least 24 plus long-range missiles capable of hitting most of the United States with warheads of the equivalent of 5 million tons of TNT. TARGETS would be Navy port on West Coast,Hawaiian Islands,Guam,Okinawa, and Major American Cities and Military bases. They also have submarines with nuclear missiles, which could hit military bases on West Coast.......:

The Times Of India 3/3/00 "……North Korea said on Thursday that recent South Korean activity in the Yellow Sea was aimed at provoking an armed incident in the same area where the rival neighbours clashed last year. A spokesman for the navy command of the Korean People's Army (KPA), in a report carried by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) and monitored in Tokyo, said Seoul would bear the responsibility of any consequences. "Of late the South Korean authorities, supported by the U.S. imperialists, are getting frantic in their ill-boding moves to spark another shocking incident at the West Sea (North Korea's term for the area), going against the trend towards detente and peace," the North Korean navy spokesman said. "The line at the West Sea declared by the DPRK (North Korea) is the most correct line at the sea that was fixed to meet the requirements of the military armistice agreement signed by the warring sides," he added. The two Koreas remain technically at war because the 1950-1953 conflict ended in an armed truce rather than a peace agreement….."

Washington Times 3/3/00 Bill Gertz Rowan Scarborough "…..President Clinton indirectly confirmed this week that North Korea is continuing to secretly develop nuclear weapons. The confirmation appeared in a presidential memorandum authorizing $15 million for Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO). KEDO was set up under the 1994 Agreed Framework that supposedly "froze" North Korea's nuclear program in exchange for two new nuclear power-generating reactors. The presidential memorandum was published quietly in the Federal Register Wednesday. It said Mr. Clinton will send KEDO the money even though he cannot legally certify that Pyongyang has stopped acquiring uranium-enrichment technology. He also could not declare that North Korea is not illegally diverting U.S.-supplied fuel oil. The memorandum supports critics who say the Clinton administration is more interested in signing questionable arms agreements than in making sure they are followed. A secret U.S. intelligence report disclosed by this newspaper last year said North Korea was buying uranium-enrichment gear in Japan and could build a system for producing nuclear weapons fuel in six years……."

Straits Times 2/28/00 AFP "…..North Korea has created up to six missile launch units, despite an agreement with the United States to suspend new ballistic missile tests, reports said yesterday. South Korea's national Yonhap news agency quoted a military official in Seoul as saying that North Korea had recently formed four to six missile battalions stationed in underground bases. North Korea had also transformed large Japanese trucks into rocket launcher transporters and put them near the border with South Korea, it said. Pyongyang also hoped to complete within the year the development of its Taepodong-1 missiles with a range estimated at 2,000 km to 2,500 km, it said. South Korean officials declined to comment. …."

Jane's Defence Weekly 2/23/00 Steve Rodan "……US and Israeli intelligence sources allege that Western and US technology obtained by Egyptian government-owned companies is being sent to Pyongyang and is adapted and returned as advanced missile components for Egypt's medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) programme. The same Israeli sources claim that Egypt has 'Scud C' missiles with a range of 500km. The missiles Cairo is now developing, the sources said, are believed to nearly double that range. If Cairo is, with North Korean help, developing an MRBM with chemical and biological warheads, this would threaten Israel. Israeli and US officials differ over the extent of Egypt's missile programme and its threat to the region. A senior Israeli defence source told Jane's Defence Weekly that the differences stem from Washington's appraisal of Egypt as its leading Arab ally in the Middle East. "They don't see Egypt the same way we do. It seems that the US does not want to do anything that will jeopardise its alliance with Egypt," he said. "The project is so important to Egypt that it is prepared to confront the United States on the issue," a US intelligence source said. "They are taking risks." ……"

AP Via Times of India 3/25/00 AP "……..No unusual military activity was reported along a disputed Korean sea border Friday, a day after North Korea threatened attack on South Korean ships if they violate its new movement rules, Seoul officials said. The choppy sea along the contested border off the divided peninsula's west coast was cleared of all ferries and fishing boats because of an approaching storm, they said. Tension ran high in the area after North Korea announced new movement restrictions for South Korean vessels in the disputed area. The communist country threatened attack on southern ships which violate its rules. South Korea rejected the North Korean restrictions and vowed to defend the waters. …."

FAS 3/15/00 "…… News Briefing ….. National Press Club …… New satellite images of Pakistan's nuclear and missile facilities provide fresh insight into the nuclear dangers on the subcontinent. The high resolution images, acquired by the Federation of American Scientists from the Space Imaging IKONOS satellite, show details of Pakistan's weapons facilities previously known only to the secret intelligence world. The public release of these images on the eve of President Clinton's trip to India and Pakistan highlights the urgency of new initiatives to address the risk of nuclear escalation between these countries. The Federation's Public Eye project is acquiring imagery of nuclear and missile facilities around the world. In February it released imagery of the North Korean missile test facility, and imagery of additional facilities will be released in coming weeks. ......"

World Tribune 3/18/00 "…..When it comes to North Korea, the Clinton administration feels it has few options. Administration officials acknowledge that the United States is not prepared to face North Korea in battle. Diplomatic pressure on Pyongyang is extremely limited, they said, as North Korea can easily violate its pledges to suspend intercontinental ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons programs. The result is that the administration continues to dangle billions of dollars in aid to the communist north as well as the prospect of normalization with Pyongyang. The United States has already approved the transfer of $1 billion in aid to Pyongyang. The limited U.S. options stem from the administration's assessment that North Korea has nuclear weapons and would use them in a war with the United States. Officials said Pyongyang is believed to have at least two nuclear bombs as well as intercontinental ballistic missiles. ….."

The Times of India 3/19/00 "……SEOUL, South Korea: With the rhetorical war waning in the Taiwan Straits, U.S. Defense Secretary William Cohen on Saturday warned North Korea against military adventurism in the divided Korean Peninsula. Cohen met South Korean President Kim Dae-jung and Defence Minister Cho Sung-tae and vowed that the two allies will back up their policy of seeking diplomatic and economic engagement with the North with a strong combined defense posture. At a news conference with Cho, Cohen said the hunger-stricken North would lose food aid and other benefits if it provoked an arms conflict. "All of that certainly would be affected were they to in any way move militarily against the South," he said. "And so we must always remain vigilant and prepared and have a strong deterrent, which we do, and send a signal to the North that it would be contrary to their interests to do anything other than pursue the path of peace." ….."

U.S. News & World Report 3/19/00 "….. The Clinton administration wants to remove North Korea from the State Department's list of terror sponsors. In a striking bid to bolster relations, Michael Sheehan, the coordinator of State's counterterrorism office, presented North Korean officials this month with a deal: give up the Japanese Red Army terrorists it continues to harbor and cut its links and arms sales to terrorist groups...." 3/19/00 "…… For half a century, the threat of Communist North Korea has kept American troops permanently assigned in South Korea as the undeclared Korean War hovers in undeclared peace. Those North Korean forces are growing in strength daily. Today, 37,000 United States troops, stationed in South Korea in hopes of warding off renewed invasion from the north, know that across the Demilitarized Zone separating the communist and capitalist nations are arrayed hundreds and thousands of North Korean troops and most of its artillery. Gen. Thomas Schwartz, commander of U.S. forces in South Korea, says the North Korean army is "getting better, day-to-day and year-to-year." Although Schwartz said, "We're not alarmed by what we see," the Associated Press said the Korean People's Army has ratcheted up its artillery exercises. North Korea has also been improving dramatically its intercontinental ballistic missiles capable of hitting the United States. ......"

ETHERZONE NEWS 3/17/00 AP Robert Burns "….While attention is focused on the threat of war across the Taiwan Straits, U.S. officials say they see steady, but not alarming, improvements in North Korea's military, much of which is stationed within striking distance of this South Korean capital. Defense Secretary William Cohen visited U.S. troops at an Army post north of Seoul on Friday, and was meeting with Defense Minister Cho Seong Tae and other senior government officials Saturday. North Korea for years has stationed hundreds of thousands of troops and much of its artillery near the Demilitarized Zone that separates the communist North from the capitalist South, a standoff that has forced the United States to keep 37,000 troops permanently based in South Korea as a deterrent to war. ….."

Los Angeles Times 4/18/00 Jim Mann ".......Warning to American taxpayers: Without knowing it, you may soon take on responsibility for what could be billions of dollars in liability stemming from nuclear accidents in, of all places, North Korea. At the behest of the General Electric Co., the Clinton administration is quietly weighing a policy change that would make the U.S. government the insurer of last resort for any disasters at the civilian nuclear plants being built for the North Korean regime. In case of a Chernobyl-type disaster in North Korea (a country not known for advanced safety procedures), the U.S might wind up paying legal claims. The proposed U.S. government guarantee, now being intensively studied by the State and Energy departments, would be aimed at easing the way for construction of two light-water nuclear reactors in North Korea. Those reactors are a key element in the Clinton administration's 1994 deal in which North Korea agreed to freeze its nuclear weapon program. ......" 4/17/00 Lawrence Morahan "…….North Korea's nuclear production capacity will increase from a dozen nuclear bombs a year to 65 a year by 2010, thanks in large part to American taxpayer money, two renowned U.S. nuclear scientists told congressional leaders last week. North Korea observers have long suspected the communist dictatorship is using Western humanitarian aid to starving North Koreans to feed Kim Jong Il's million-man army. But an aid policy initiated by the Clinton administration in the mid-1990s to finance two light water nuclear reactors in North Korea puts the isolated communist country on the fast track in the manufacture of nuclear weapons, William R. Graham and Victor Gilinsky told members of the House Policy Committee. North Korea's missile proliferation has accelerated dramatically since the Clinton-Gore administration began giving aid to the regime in 1994…….." via 4/11/00 "…The House Policy Committee will examine ways to put an end to the Clinton-Gore aid to Kim Jong Il's Stalinist North Korean dictatorship. That aid is being used to feed Kim Jong Il's million-man army, to provide fuel oil for North Korean military industries, and to build light water nuclear reactors that will provide plutonium for nuclear weapons. Two top nuclear scientists will discuss the dangers posed by Clinton-Gore financed light water nuclear reactors during a briefing at the Committee's weekly executive session at noon, Wednesday, April 12 in the Capitol. …….. The U.S.-supplied light water reactors will produce plutonium sufficient to arm 65 nuclear warheads each year. These warheads would pose an increased threat because they could be mounted on long-range North Korean ICBMs developed while the Clinton-Gore administration gave foreign aid to North Korea. ……..The two nuclear scientists who will brief the Policy Committee, Dr. William R. Graham and Dr. Victor Gilinsky, are expected to tell the House Leaders that while the facilities North Korea was building on its own would have produced enough nuclear weapons-grade material for about a dozen bombs a year, the plutonium produced by the new light water nuclear reactors U.S. taxpayers are financing can be reprocessed to arm 65 bombs a year-more than five times as many. …….Kim Jong Il's callous disregard for American -- and world -- opinion, and his regime's apparent disdain for the Clinton-Gore administration's policy of nurturing ties with the failing Communist state, do not stop there. North Korea notoriously engages in counterfeiting U.S. currency, and sells illegal drugs as a matter of national policy. Kim Jong Il is apparently not shamed by the capture of his diplomats and agents who have been caught red-handed in these criminal activities. The Clinton-Gore administration, in its sad adherence to this dangerously failed policy of appeasement-for-abuse, at least deserves credit for consistency. It has met every one of North Korea's violations of its international agreements with an apology and a rationalization. The purpose of Wednesday's meeting is to seek ways to end this craven policy, and to make protecting U.S. national security the goal once again…….Paul J. Wilkinson Director of Communications House Policy Committee ……"

The Straits Times 4/15/00 AFP "……The United States on Friday imposed sanctions against North Korean and Iranian entities involved in Scud missile technology transfers, complicating rapprochement efforts with those countries. Under the two-year penalties, the United States is to deny the entities all new US contracts and new individual export licences for items controlled by the State and Commerce departments. The sanctions cover a category of weapons that includes complete missile systems, major subsystems, rocket stages or guidance systems, production facilities for MTCR (Missile Technology Control Regime) class missiles or technology associated with such missiles. ……"

Times of India 4/15/00 "…….North Korea is likely to be removed from the US list of state-sponsors of terrorism, if it meets certain conditions, a senior State Department official has said. ``North Korea doesn't have hard things to do,'' US coordinator for counter-terrorism Michael Sheehan told USA Today, adding Pyongyang was ``the likeliest candidate for removal.'' The Communist nation remains on the list because ``it harbours four or five Japanese Red Army members, who hijacked a Japanese plane in 1970,'' the paper quoted Sheehan as saying, Thursday. Otherwise, North Korea has not been linked to a terrorist act in more than a decade, according to USA Today. ……."

N.Y.Times 5/31/00 Elisabeth Rosenthal "……As the police truck bumped past frosty pine trees toward the North Korean border in January, Mr. Yoon and the six other prisoners locked in back knew they had only an hour to act. Like hundreds of thousands of hungry North Koreans who have sneaked into China illegally, Mr. Yoon and his wife first came to find food, escaping a deadly famine in their homeland. But now, two years later, Chinese police officers had burst into their tiny rented room here, 20 miles from the border, arrested the couple and were sending them back separately -- to certain persecution. ….."

BBC 5/31/00 Duncan Hewitt "…..Sources in Beijing have confirmed that North Korea's reclusive leader Kim Jong-Il has made a secret visit to the Chinese capital. Mr Kim and his delegation are believed to have held talks with Chinese leaders. It's Mr Kim's first trip abroad since succeeding his father Kim Il-Song as leader of the Stalinist nation in 1994 - and comes ahead of a historic summit between North and South Korea next month.. ..."

Stratfor 5/26/00 "…… South Korea has chosen new ambassadors for the United States and China, according to reports in several South Korean newspapers on May 25. The names of the candidates were greeted with some surprise, as the new ambassador to Washington will be a former professor with little political and no diplomatic experience. At the same time, Seoul is sending a former foreign minister to Beijing. ...... Yang Sung Chul, a one-term parliamentarian, former professor and expert on North Korean issues, has been tapped for the Washington posting. Hong Soong Young, a career diplomat and minister of foreign affairs and trade from 1998 until January will lead the legation in Beijing. ……"

Reuters 5/24/00 Bill Tarrant "…..South Korea is witnessing a surge in anti-American sentiment, largely focused on the U.S. troop presence in the country, ahead of an historic summit next month with the Stalinist North. Daily and increasingly vocal demonstrations in front of the U.S. embassy in Seoul and elsewhere have alarmed the South Korean government, which considers Washington its closest ally and the troops vital to security. "Anti-American sentiment has been growing stronger and become more widespread in our society recently," the leading Joong-ang Ilbo newspaper said in an editorial this week. "Discontent has reached the point where the government is feeling the need to come up with some measures to subdue it." ….."

Yahoo News 5/24/00 "…… South Korea stopped US President Bill Clinton from launching an air strike against North Korea's nuclear facilities in June 1994, according to the South Korean president at the time, Kim Young-Sam. In an interview with the independent Hankyoreh Daily, Kim said a last-minute phone conversation with Clinton saved the Korean peninsula from an imminent war, at the height of an international crisis over North Korea's nuclear programme. "At that time, the situation was really dangerous," Kim told the paper. "The Clinton government was preparing a war." …… According to Kim, the United States deployed an aircraft carrier off the eastern coast at a distance close enough for its war planes to hit the North's nuclear facilities in Yongbyon. US warships were also ready for a naval bombardment of the nuclear facilities, some 90 kilometers (56 miles) north of Pyongyang, he added. …… According to Kim he argued with Clinton for 32 minutes on the phone. "I told him there would be no inter-Korean war while I was the president." "Clinton tried to persuade me to change my mind, but I criticised the United States for planning to stage a war with the North on our land," he said. ….."

L.A. Times 5/15/00 Kyong-Hwa Seok AP "……The U.S. Air Force canceled its routine bombing exercise on an offshore target off South Korea's west coast Monday after residents complained, Seoul's Defense Ministry said. On May 8, a U.S. Air Force fighter jet dropped six bombs on Koon-Ni Range near the west coast village of Mae Hyang, 50 miles south of Seoul. Villagers said six people were slightly injured after the impact cracked walls and broke hundreds of windows. They have demanded compensation and the relocation of the range. South Korean military officials said the exercise was stopped at the request of the Defense Ministry, which acted on complaints by residents. ……"

Mainichi Daily News 5/11/00 Michael Hoffman "……. On April 5, five days before the announcement of the historic June summit between the hostile Koreas, Thomas Schwartz, commander of U.S. forces in South Korea, delivered a top secret report to the CIA -- a copy of which Shukan Gendai (5/13-20) claims to have obtained. It is an unprecedented leak, the magazine says, implying that the interception of it represents an unprecedented scoop. The 24-page report, as Shukan Gendai summarizes it, is the decidedly overcast flip side of the South Korean "sunshine policy," whose fruit is the summit. …….Citing a CIA source, Shukan Gendai says that if the North Korean Army advanced south, U.S. forces charged with protecting South Korea would be annihilated within three hours. ……."

NewsMax 5/12/00 "…….A Pulitzer Prize-winning Associated Press story about a massacre of civilian refugees in the earliest day of the Korean War - which was picked up and spread by countless other media, provoking outrage here and in Korea - is not true, according to two hard-hitting investigative reports out today. ……"

Washington Post 6/16/00 Doug Struck "…..President Kim Dae Jung completed his momentous summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il in the North Korean capital today, and flew home to a political and social landscape far different than the one he left three days earlier. The fratricidal feud that has gripped the Korean peninsula for a half century suddenly looks different. The public suddenly sees a new face of the North Korean leader. Old combatants see their foes as possible friends. Businessmen envision railroad tracks, now cut off at the border, extended and hauling goods back and forth between the countries. The flush of enthusiasm swept away reminders that two previous accords, reached nine and 18 years ago, led to no change in the suspicious standoff that has kept the two Koreas on war footing for a half-century......."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 6/16/00 David Sands "…..U.S. officials Thursday insisted that this week's path-breaking summit between North and South Korea will have no short-term effect on American defense commitments in Asia or on security policy at home. But a serious thaw after a half-century of hostilities on the Korean Peninsula - let alone the ultimate reunification of North and South -would scramble some fundamental assumptions for the United States and every major East Asian power. "Aside from the United States, I don't know of a single major player in the region who would wholeheartedly welcome a reunification of Korea," said John Curtis Perry, an expert on Asian diplomacy at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in Medford, Mass., who has consulted for the planning arm of the South Korean Foreign Ministry….."

The Guardian 6/15/00 "…..From the bear hug by the two Korean leaders in Pyongyang to the songs, cheers and tears of joy by thousands of people in the streets of Seoul, signs of hope appeared like never before on both sides of the world's most heavily armed border Thursday. Speaking with emotion reminiscent of his years as a fiery opposition leader,..."

Electronic Telegraph 6/14/00 "……NORTH and South Korea today signed a landmark accord on reducing Cold War tensions and bringing together families divided for the past five decades, officials said. The accord was struck on the second day of historic summit meetings between President Kim Dae-Jung of South Korea and the North's supreme leader Kim Jong-Il. The agreement covers four broad areas taking in North-South reconciliation, cooperation and moves toward reunification, tension reduction, families separated since the 1950-53 Korean War and exchanges and cooperation in various fields. The leaders held four hours of talks and attended a state banquet at which they were given a standing ovation before signing the accord, pooled television images showed. ….."

Fox News Index 6/9/00 Sergei Shargonorodsky "…..(AP) - President Vladimir Putin does not view North Korea as a "rogue nation'' threatening world security and will not seek to persuade Pyongyang to abandon its missile program during upcoming talks, a top official said today. The Kremlin announced today that Putin would visit North Korea this summer, but did not give specific dates. The announcement of the trip, the first-ever such visit by a Russian leader, came just days after Putin, at a Moscow summit with President Clinton, rebuffed U.S. plans for a national missile defense system. Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said Putin would travel to North Korea "in the nearest future'' at the invitation of North Korea. Russian media suggested that Putin may stop in Pyongyang on his way to the G-8 summit of industrialized nations in Japan on July 21-23. ……"

New York Times 6/10/00 Elisabeth Rosenthal "…..Each spring, when the food runs out, the Parks leave their 11-year-old son with neighbors in North Hamgyong Province in North Korea, say they are going to the hospital, and then trudge eight hours along the railroad tracks to China in search of food and cash. It is a dangerous and emotional journey, but after three trips the Parks have a routine: Last month, they went to a border station where they knew the North Korean soldiers could be bribed, and paid 500 won, about three months' pay for a North Korean worker, so they could cross illegally into China -- and, one week later, cross back. ……"

SMH 6/10/00 "….. Tokyo: North Korea has operated a secret uranium refining plant since 1989 for its nuclear weapons program, a Japanese newspaper said yesterday. The underground Chonma Power Plant, in north-western Chonama mountain, had a uranium refining capacity of 1.3 grams a day, the Sankei Shimbun said. About 400 people, including 35 engineers, worked at the plant, the daily said, quoting a Chinese report in which a former North Korean military official, who fled to China last year, had unveiled details of the plant. Other workers were political prisoners who had been sentenced to life in prison, the missile station commander said in the report. North Korea has been suspected of secretly pursuing a nuclear weapons program, for which it would require uranium. ……The report said the United States had not detected the Chonma plant, although its technical team had inspected Kumchag-ri, 30 kilometres south-east of Chonma. Despite two inspections conducted in Kumchag, the US failed to realise that forests near the site were polluted by industrial waste water from the Chonma plant, the newspaper said. After the second inspection, the US said late last month that the suspected nuclear site in Kumchag-ri was an unfinished, empty complex. ……." 6/12/00 "……On the eve of the historic summit between North and South Korea, there has been a promising increase in the quantity and apparent quality of reports sighting American servicemen missing in the 50-year-old war. A U.S. official tells Newsweek that "Since 1996, there have been firsthand reports of American POWs from the Korean War still living in the North." The official tells Beijing Bureau Chief Melinda Liu in the June 19, 2000 issue of Newsweek (on newsstands June 12) that the people who told the most persuasive stories got very close to the purported Americans -- "like, in the same building." In her article, "The Last Casualties," Liu reports on the relentless search for U.S. Army Cpl. Roger Armand Dumas, who has been a POW since November 1950, by Bob Dumas, his brother. ……"

Foxnews 6/11/00 Michael Park "……This week's historic summit between North and South Korea may herald a new age of peace in the East. But experts wonder if a possible rapprochement would hurt the U.S.'s military presence in Asia. …….. The Pyongyang summit - which was postponed by one day, to begin Tuesday - also has implications for the U.S., which could lose its second-most important military home in the region. Since the end of the Korean War, the U.S. has based a substantial number of troops in South Korea to bolster the native soldiers who man the world's most heavily defended border. Of the 100,000 troops the U.S. has committed to Asia since 1995, South Korea currently hosts 37,500. ……"

Reuters 6/8/00 "…..President Vladimir Putin is to visit North Korea soon, a senior Russian diplomat told a Moscow daily in an article obtained by Reuters Thursday. The diplomat, Georgy Toloraya, told the daily Vremya Novostei that the visit to Pyongyang had been initiated by Moscow and that the North Korean leader Kim Jong-il had issued an invitation to Putin...."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 6/9/00 Edward Neilan "…..The White House will soon announce plans to ease sanctions against North Korea, citing positive developments in Pyongyang's relations with South Korea and Japan, a White House spokesman said Thursday. "The president announced last September that in principle we would work on an easing of sanctions," White House spokesman P.J. Crowley told reporters after a meeting between President Clinton and his South Korean counterpart, Kim Dae-jung……."

United Press International 6/7/00 "…….North Korea, one of the countries the United states calls a rogue state, accused it Wednesday of exploiting the issue to justify a U.S. missile defense plan and an arms buildup. "The 'threat' from the Democratic People's Republic of (North) Korea is a sheer fabrication dreamed up by the United States in a bid to justify its moves to establish military domination over the world," said the North's state-run Korean Central News Agency. The United States has slandered North Korea in an effort to avoid growing international criticism of the National Missile Defense system, it said. "The fiction of the 'threat from North Korea' floated by the United States is the other side of its doctrine of aggression on the DPRK," Pyongyang's mouthpiece said, adding, "But no one can be fooled by the U.S. tricks."……"

Los Angeles Times 6/22/00 Bob Drogin "…..In another sign of easing tensions on the Korean peninsula, senior U.S. officials said today that they expect to soon resume long-stalled talks aimed at persuading North Korea to halt the development, testing, deployment and export of ballistic missiles. The officials, speaking en route to Beijing with Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, said they expect to announce a date for negotiations "very shortly." The high-level talks with North Korea broke off in March 1999. Momentum for greater change thus appeared to be mounting as Albright arrived here at the start of a hastily arranged three-day trip to China and South Korea that will focus on the seismic political shifts seemingly underway in northeast Asia……."

Dawn 6/22/00 Kevin Platt "……After playing a major role in persuading North Korean leader Kim Jong Il to hold an inter-Korean summit, China is quietly stepping up calls for the United States to withdraw its troops from the South. "China doesn't want to see North Korea absorbed by the South in a democratic union," says Han Zhenshe, a leading North Korean expert at the Beijing-based Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. But he adds that China might accept such a Korean federation if the 37,000 US forces now stationed in the South were withdrawn. Mr. Han's comments echo the China Daily on June 17 which reiterated the call for a US pullout: "Further detente on the Korean peninsula will gradually weaken the basis for the US military presence in South Korea." ….."

AP 6/23/00 Barry Schweid "…..U.S. troops will remain in South Korea indefinitely despite the diplomatic thaw on the Korean peninsula, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said Friday. The summit meeting last week between the leaders of the two Koreas was "a bold first step toward a brighter picture for the region.'' Albright said. But the 37,000 troops are essentially to deter aggression and to promote stability through the area, Albright said after talks with South Korean President Kim Dae Jung and Foreign Minister Lee Joung-binn.. ..."

WORLD TRIBUNE 6/23/00 "…..North Korea has bolstered Pakistani missile programs with new technology and components and now Islamabad can match India's capability, Asian defense sources said. The sources said North Korean scientists and engineers were recruited by Islamabad to work on Pakistan's missile programs and completed their work last month. The result is improvements in Pakistan's Ghauri missile, Middle East Newsline reported. The Tokyo-based Sankei Shimbun said a 15-member North Korean delegation is preparing to leave for Pyongyang imminently. The newspaper quoted sources in the Pakistani government...."

The Korea Herald 6/18/00 "…… President Kim Dae-jung said yesterday that North Korean leader Kim Jong-il agreed to his suggestion that Pyongyang invite Pope John Paul II to visit North Korea. "Chairman Kim asked the pope's age and told me to tell the pope to come to North Korea," President Kim said in a cabinet meeting at Chong Wa Dae. Kim, who returned home from a historic three-day trip to Pyongyang Thursday, said he has already instructed Foreign and Trade Minister Lee Joung-binn to convey the message to the Vatican. "I predict that the pope will visit North Korea soon," the President said. ..."

AFP 6/18/00 "……Chinese Defense Minister Chi Haotian met his North Korean counterpart Kim Il Chol in Beijing Saturday, the Chinese state media reported. Chi, also vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, said China and North Korea were "good neighbors, and their peoples and armed forces have forged deep friendships in the long process of socialist revolution and construction," Xinhua news agency reported. He noted that North Korea's supreme ruler Kim Jong Il paid an unofficial visit to China in May at the invitation of President Jiang Zemin. ……."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 6/20/00 Ben Barber "…….The Clinton administration yesterday lifted a 50-year embargo on trade with communist North Korea just days after the first meeting of the heads of North and South Korea. The decision will allow American individuals and companies to export and import consumer goods to and from North Korea and transfer money. U.S. ships and planes will now be allowed to dock and land in North Korea for the first time since the 1950-53 Korean War……. But since North Korea remains on the State Department's list of nations sponsoring terrorism, the United States will continue to oppose any loans by the World Bank or International Monetary Fund, said State Department spokesman Richard Boucher yesterday. Also yesterday, U.S. drug policy chief Gen. Barry McCaffrey, on a trip to China, cited growing evidence that North Korea produced opium and methamphetamines……"

DAWN 6/19/00 Jim Lobe "…..Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori compared it to the "collapse of the Berlin Wall," while the foreign ministry in Beijing called it a "major event of historic significance." While all of Asia and most of the world embraced this week's summit between the leaders of North and South Korea in Pyongyang, there was at least one big building here in Washington where the reaction was decidedly less enthusiastic. "Fifty years of tension on the Korean peninsula doesn't evaporate based on one meeting," noted Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon. …….. Of course, Bacon was right. After all, previous initiatives by the two Koreas in 1982 and 1991 to end their hostility and ease tensions along the world's most heavily militarised border - where 37,000 US troops are based - came to naught. …."

Jordan Times 6/20/00 Gwynne Dyer "…..No two countries in the world knew less about each other before 1950 than Korea and the United States. No two countries have been more closely intertwined since. But all that is probably nearing to an end. In the US, the intelligence community has obediently swung round to the Pentagon's view that the country needs a `National Missile Defence' against attacks by `rogue states'. Over the next 15 years, it said last year, the US "most likely will face ICBM threats from Russia, China and North Korea, probably from Iran and possibly from Iraq." ……. In the old days, this fantasy would have been loyally backed by the South Korean regime, but listen to them now. "The threat hasn't gone away, but it's most unlikely," said a South Korean diplomat just before President Kim Dae-jung's historic visit to North Korea on June 13-15. "What everyone is looking at now, at some point down the line, is the reunification of North and South." ……"

Washington Times 7/13/00 "……North Korea yesterday refused to stop developing missiles for self-defense, claiming Washington has deployed "thousands of missiles" that threaten the communist state. "That is why the United States has no right to make such unjust claims for the freeze of our missile capabilities," said Jang Chang Chon, head of North Korea's bureau on U.S. affairs. The communist nation also demanded compensation of up to $1 billion a year to permanently suspend missile technology exports. Mr. Jang said Pyongyang regards its missile program as part of its right to self-defense. However, North Korea remains willing to discuss the possibility of curbing exports of missile technology if paid enough. "We clarified that we will continue our discussions on the condition that the U.S. gives compensation for our economic and political losses in case of suspension."…….Negotiations over North Korea's missile program ended in a stalemate yesterday, with the United States refusing to pay Pyongyang to curb exports of missile technology…….."

The Associated Press 7/12/00 Ranjan Roy "…..Negotiations over North Korea's missile program ended in a stalemate Wednesday, with the United States refusing to pay Pyongyang to curb exports of missile technology. After three days of talks, the North Koreans restated their offer: $1 billion a year in exchange for a halt to missile technology exports. They also refused to stop developing such weapons for self-defense. The talks were the first in 16 months, and chief U.S. negotiator, Robert Einhorn, assistant secretary of state for proliferation, said no breakthrough had been expected. They agreed to meet again at an undetermined time and location. ……The United States claims North Korea is the world's top exporter of missile equipment and technology, to customers including Pakistan and Iran, and wants development and exports of missiles stopped. ……."

WORLD TRIBUNE.COM 7/12/00 "……The United States says Libya is developing intercontinental ballistic missiles. U.S. intelligence sources said North Korea is aiding the Libyans and has offered Tripoli the Taepo Dong-1 missile. U.S. Defense Secretary William Cohen referred to the Libyan threat last week in explaining that the U.S. missile defense system is not designed to counter Russian or Chinese missiles. ….."It's not designed to pose a threat to the Chinese strategic systems," Cohen said, "but rather to counter the proliferation of missile technology that is taking place in areas such as North Korea, with Iran, with potentially Iraq again, Libya and other countries that are seeking to acquire long range missile capability as well as developing weapons of mass destruction." ……"

Washington Times 7/6/00 Rowan Scarborough "…….The U.S. military command in South Korea suspects that anti-American locals have set up "strike squads" to attack U.S. citizens and has warned personnel not to travel alone. The command sent out a warning message late last month after an Army major was stabbed to death and the wife of a U.S. serviceman was assaulted while shopping. "Commanders shall reiterate the requirement for all [U.S. Forces Korea] personnel, to include family members, to use the buddy system when traveling off post at all times," said the message to 37,000 American personnel stationed in the capital of Seoul and other cities……..Anti-American demonstrators, led by leftist students, want the U.S. military to leave South Korea. They have stepped up activities in the aftermath of an historic mid-June summit between Kim Jong-il, leader of communist North Korea, and Kim Dae-jung, president of the democratic South……."

AP via Drudge 6/20/00 William Foreman "……President Chen Shui-bian offered Tuesday to hold Taiwan's first-ever summit with China, saying he believed the two leaders could "create history" like their Korean counterparts. At his first news conference since taking office one month ago, Chen said he hopes to shake hands with President Jiang Zemin of China and to seek reconciliation during a summit held in any location and under any format that Jiang chooses. China has long considered Taiwan a renegade state and demanded that it be rejoined to the Chinese mainland. The two rivals have never held a summit meeting, only unofficial talks between senior statesmen. The last round occurred in Beijing in 1998. ….."

Russia Today 7/23/00 "……Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said on Saturday Moscow would take part in a U.S.-led consortium building atomic reactors in North Korea under a plan aimed at combating nuclear proliferation. Ivanov, speaking at the Group of Eight (G8) summit on this southern Japanese island, said North Korea wanted Russia to join the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) and that the idea had won U.S. and Japanese backing. "The leadership of North Korea showed interest in Russia joining KEDO and the United States and Japan expressed themselves in a similar spirit," Ivanov told reporters. "Our experts are now working on this issue," he added. ….."

South China Morning Post 7/26/00 AP "….. North Korea's foreign minister on Wednesday insisted on meeting US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright - but not her deputy - during historic Asian security talks in which Pyongyang's missile program will be a major issue. ...... Until then, US Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott was standing in and tried to forge a common position with South Korean Foreign Minister Lee Djong-binn. ……. He said Mr Talbott told Mr Lee that Washington can agree to the international community helping launch North Korean satellites, possibly from the South Pacific, but not with the North being provided rocket boosters or technology. ''[Mr] Talbott and [Mr] Lee agreed that the North Korean missile program should be contained for the sake of regional stability,'' Mr Chang said. ….."

Int'l Herald Tribune 7/29/00 Stephen Rosenfeld "……The Korean War was raging in the Cold War '50s, and the North Korean aggressors and their Chinese patrons were accusing the United States, which had come to the defense of South Korea, of conducting biological war. These allegations created an international furor and could not be put away by repeated official American denials. Many people vaguely nurse them to this day. As recently as two years ago, Indiana University Press published a reiteration of the charges. In ''The United States and Biological Warfare: Secrets from the Early Cold War and Korea,'' Stephen Endicott and Edward Hagerman claim that new Western and Chinese documents have ''lifted the veil of secrecy to provide new evidence that the United States had an operational biological weapons system, and that it was employed in the Korean War.'' ……"

National Post 7/29/00 Frank Harvey "……Canada has decided to recognize North Korea. The official objective, noted by Foreign Affairs minister Lloyd Axworthy, is to facilitate constructive engagement and dialogue with Pyongyang in hopes of convincing the regime to abandon its plans to develop and sell long-range missiles. The obvious (and very transparent) political objective is to reshape North Korea's image by chipping away at its "rogue" status. The ultimate goal is to undermine the primary justification for the U.S. national missile defence (NMD) program. ……" 7/28/00 "…… Summary China's English-language Beijing Review reported July 26 that North Korea is willing to accept the long-term presence of U.S. troops on the Korean Peninsula. More than news on the changing position of Pyongyang, the report reflects Beijing's tacit approval as well. By releasing the article in an English-language official paper, Beijing is signaling to Washington that it, too, is wary of the impact on the balance of power in Northeast Asia were the U.S. presence to evaporate completely. ….."

Dawn 7/22/00 "……The United States is prepared to explore ways to help North Korea's space programme if Pyongyang abandons development of intercontinental ballistic missiles, the Pentagon said on Thursday. A spokesman rejected providing North Korea with rocket boosters to put its own satellites into space but suggested that Washington would consider launching North Korean satellites. "We do think that developing space launch capability is frequently a way to move toward ICBM capability. So we are in favour of helping countries get into space without developing that capability," Bacon said. ….."


Excite News 8/14/00 AP "……North Korean leader Kim Jong Il admitted that his country has been selling missiles to Iran and Syria, according to South Korean newspaper reports Monday. North Korea had previously said it has sold missiles abroad but not identified customers. Kim reportedly said his country has to develop missiles to earn foreign currency, and that he was not serious when he told Russian President Vladimir Putin about a possible deal to stop his country's missile development. Kim's comments come amid thawed relations between the two Koreas since their leaders held a historic summit in Pyongyang, North Korea's capital, in June. ……" 7/27/00 Christopher Cox "……By sending foreign aid to North Korea, the Clinton-Gore administration damaged U.S. national security and subsidized the poverty-stricken military dictatorship's nuclear weapons program, according to a House Policy Committee paper released today. The nine-page "Policy Perspective," a background paper issued by the Leadership's 39-member Policy Committee, concludes that Clinton-Gore policy: ...has severely worsened the threat that North Korea poses to the world by systematically rewarding Kim Jong-Il for his most dangerous misconduct. It has provided North Korea with an increased capacity for the development of nuclear weapons and the long-range missiles to deliver them. As its military capabilities have advanced, time has worked to Pyongyang's advantage-and will continue to do so, as long as the Clinton-Gore administration continues to invest its faith, its naiveté, and U.S. taxpayer dollars in this despicable Stalinist regime. "The Clinton-Gore policy of making North Korea the largest recipient of U.S. foreign aid in the Asia-Pacific region has proven a failure of scandalous proportions," said House Policy Chairman Christopher Cox (R-CA). "The more aid we've sent, the bigger the threat has become. It's time for a new North Korea policy." The paper: Clinton-Gore Aid to North Korea Supports Kim Jong-Il's Million-Man Army……."

ABCNews 8/10/00 Barbara Starr "……The U.S. intelligence community fears new reports may indicate Iraq is financing construction of a Scud missile assembly plant in Sudan, enlisting North Korea’s help, ABCNEWS has learned. …….. Sources say North Korean personnel would build and run the plant, with the assembled Scuds to be held in Sudan for Iraq’s future use — a prospect that worries U.S. officials. ……The intelligence community has two separate reports that indicate such a deal is in the works. If they prove true, it raises significant concerns that Saddam Hussein is back in business trying to make Scud missiles, although outside Iraq. ….."

Middle East News Line 8/14/00 "…… Egypt is expressing dismay over what could be another sore point in relations with the United States -- Cairo's strategic ties with North Korea. Egyptian diplomatic sources cited the latest CIA national intelligence estimate, which lists Cairo along with five other Arab countries as developing ballistic missiles in cooperation with North Korea. The sources said this is the latest of U.S. assertion that Egypt is cooperating with North Korea on missile development. Unlike neighboring Libya, the regime of President Hosni Mubarak has not denied the CIA report, which has been relayed to Congress. ..."

WORLD TRIBUNE.COM 8/13/00 "……The United States is monitoring what intelligence sources said are efforts by Iraq to develop missiles abroad. Among the countries believed to be developing Iraqi intermediate-range missiles are Libya and Sudan, Middle East Newsline reports. In both cases, North Korea is said to be providing expertise and missile components. A CIA report relayed to Congress asserts that Iraq is financing the construction of a Scud missile assembly plant in Sudan. The plant is to be constructed by North Koreans. Reports of such a plant have been circulating for nearly a year. They asserted that Iraq paid $400 million for the plant -- with Khartoum to receive half of the funds. ….."

Associated Press 8/14/00 "…..North Korean leader Kim Jong Il admitted that his country has been selling missiles to Iran and Syria, according to South Korean newspaper reports Monday. North Korea had previously said it has sold missiles abroad but not identified customers. Kim reportedly said his country has to develop missiles to earn foreign currency, and that he was not serious when he told Russian President Vladimir Putin about a possible deal to stop his country's missile development. ……"

Los Angeles Times 9/6/00 Jim Mann "…..At the moment, some of the world's leading experts on missile technology are intensively studying an explosive theory about North Korea's infamous missiles. It is a hypothesis with far-reaching ramifications for American diplomacy, but also one that sounds almost like a Hollywood movie script. It goes like this: The North Korean missiles-the ones that frightened Japan and prompted the United States to begin thinking seriously about missile-defense systems-aren't really North Korean at all. They're Russian, secretly built with Russian components and the active and ongoing help of some errant Russian scientists inside North Korea. …….. Russian Involvement Under Scrutiny ….. Under this theory (and here's the Hollywood plot), a rogue team of Russian missile scientists thrown out of work after the collapse of the Soviet Union-may have moved to North Korea. And there, for profit or glory or both, they have directed the North Korean program--with the North Koreans themselves doing little more than putting the pieces together. ……."

Daily Telegraph 9/6/00 "…… NORTH Korea today threatened reprisals against the United States after airport security checks caused its withdrawal from the UN MillenniumSummit in New York. A delegation led by Kim Yong-Nam, the nominal head of state, arrived back in Pyongyang today after angrily protesting at security checks, including alleged strip searches, demanded by American Airlines security staff at Frankfurt airport in Germany. The North Korean foreign ministry said the United States would pay a "dear price" for what it called a "despicable and crafty" insult. ……"

International Herald Tribune 9/8/00 Don Kirk "……An intelligence report prepared by the U.S. military command here warns of a rising North Korean threat, appearing to contradict the optimism generated by the June summit talks between the leaders of South and North Korea. The North has ''an offensive military capability designed to prosecute a short and violent war,'' according to a document titled ''North Korean Threat'' that was compiled by the intelligence section of the U.S. command here. North Korean troops, the report said, could overwhelm South Korean and U.S. troops ''and occupy the Korean Peninsula'' before reinforcements arrived from the United States. Although the document was prepared shortly before the South Korean president, Kim Dae Jung, held talks with the North Korean leader, Kim Jong Il, in June, U.S. military officials say the only update it needs would be reports on the latest North Korean exercises. ……"

The Limbaugh Letter 8/2000 Rush Limbaugh and Christopher Cox "…….Korea. Rush: If, as you say, they're an impoverished nation, where does he get this material?
Cox: The tragic irony of North Korea today is that, while its impoverished citizens are eating the bark off of trees, Kim Jong Il is maintaining a million-man army. He is doing so in part with subsidies from the American taxpayers.
Rush: Whoa! Can you explain that?
Cox: Since the commencement of the Clinton-Gore Administration, North Korea has moved from zero U.S. foreign aid, which had been maintained since the Eisenhower Administration, to becoming the No. 1 recipient of U.S. foreign aid in the Asia Pacific region.
Rush: You're kidding.
Cox: No.
Rush: Why? How?
Cox: It is an all too familiar tale of naiveté.
Rush: Do you really think it's naiveté?
Cox: That and Pollyanna-ish good intentions gone bad. The "Agreed Framework" with North Korea was executed on the basis that every step of the way America could monitor compliance. Only in return for North Korean "good deeds" would the United States provide very modest support. What happened, instead, is that the support grew much more rapidly than was originally represented, and North Korean noncompliance became a reason for continuing the payments. The Clinton Administration argued that if we were to cut off foreign aid, then things could only get worse. It is an abysmal policy. It is a policy in which Kim Jong Il has been free to threaten the United States -- and receive payments for forbearing. ……."

Japan Times 8/23/00 "…..Japan and North Korea launched a 10th round of normalization talks Tuesday in Tokyo, reiterating basic positions over which the two sides clashed during the previous round of discussions in Pyongyang in April. …….. More in-depth talks on the two most contentious issues -- the alleged kidnapping of Japanese nationals by North Korean agents and Pyongyang's demand for an apology and compensation for Tokyo's 1910-1945 colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula -- will be left for Thursday's session in Kisarazu, Chiba Prefecture, a Japanese official told reporters. Kicking off the first day of negotiations at the Foreign Ministry's Iikura Guesthouse in Tokyo, Kojiro Takano, Japan's chief negotiator, expressed Tokyo's eagerness for progress by taking advantage of a recen t easing of tensions on the Korean Peninsula. "In the past five months since the previous round, significant and positive changes have taken place on the Korean Peninsula," Takano said. "Japan wants to seize this opportunity to nurture genuine friendship with North Korea." ……."


Stratfir 10/5/00 "….. The South Korean Defense Ministry has issued its defense spending plan for 2001. But instead of focusing exclusively on North Korea, the new plan calls for dealing with threats from any point of the compass. Increasingly, the militaries of South Korea, Japan and China will expand their areas of concern, as well as their operations. Their operations will increasingly overlap and competition will spread to reshape security throughout Asia. ….."

San Jose Mercury News 9/23/00 Michael Zielenziger "…..North Korea's military has increased its combat-readiness in the past year, and Pyongyang must reverse that course if it hopes to continue receiving economic assistance from the United States and South Korea, U.S. Secretary of Defense William Cohen warned Friday. ``Reciprocity is the key,'' Cohen told reporters before holding a brief meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori to wrap up a six-nation tour of Asia. ``It cannot be a one-way street.'' Cohen said North Korean troops ``are more prepared than they were a year ago. They are doing more training today than they did last year. They have more forward-deployed artillery pieces than ever before'' while continuing ground tests of short- and long-range missile systems, he said. ...... He said the United States could not continue to permit economic assistance to the North Korean people ``without some accompanying reduction in military tensions'' along the demilitarized zone dividing North and South Korea. ….."

Inside China Today 10/23/00 "…. (Agence France Presse) North Korea and China lauded their communist alliance as their defense ministers met ahead of supreme leader Kim Jong-Il's talks Monday with the US secretary of state, state media said. China's Defense Minister Chi Haotian arrived in Pyongyang on Sunday just before U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. The presence of Chi so close to Albright's key negotiations revived foreign speculation that China was seeking to reinforce its influence as North Korea opens up to the rest of the world. ……"

Agence France-Presse 10/23/00 "……US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright arrived in the North Korean capital Monday for a landmark two-day visit that could pave the way for a historic trip by President Bill Clinton. Albright, the most senior Western official to visit communist North Korea, was met on arrival by Vice Foreign Minister Kim Gye-Gwan and other officials. She is expected to call on North Korean supreme leader Kim Jong-Il but the time for the meeting is yet to be revealed. ……"

UPI 10/20/00 Martin Walker "……When Britain's Tony Blair and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder announced in Seoul this week that they were about to re-open diplomatic relations with North Korea, they joined the US in ending the curious six-year reign of the 'rogue state' thesis. ……. America's closest allies were not blazing a trail ahead of Washington, US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright is on her way to Pyongyang. And President Clinton is planning a post-election visit to the long-forbidden North Korean capital, part of an Asian tour whose highlight will be the first US Presidential visit to Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War 25 years ago. …… Just in time for the new thaw with North Korea, the US State Department formally in June of this year dropped the term 'rogue states' for countries deemed to be international outlaws, and replaced it with the bland phrase 'states of concern'. ……"

AP 12/31/00 Kyong-Hwa Seok ".....North Korea ushered in 2001 on Monday with a vow to build a ''powerful nation'' while pledging to seek a peaceful reunification with South Korea. ''The year 2001 is a year of new advance and a great turn in which a broad avenue will be opened for the building of a powerful nation,'' North Korea said in a New Year's message issued as a joint editorial by its ruling party and military in newspapers...."

Korea Herald 12/11/00 Kang Seok-jae "…… South Korea will become a full member of an international convention banning the use of undetectable antipersonnel landmines and other inhumane conventional weapons as early as next June, government officials said yesterday. ……. As the National Assembly ratified Friday during the Convention on certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), the Seoul government will inform U.S. Secretary General Kofi Anan of its decision within this month, they said. ……"

Electronic Telegraph 11/5/00 Philip Sherwell "....... JANG GIL-SU was 15 when he fled with his family last year from the famine-stricken communist state of North Korea. In hiding in southern China, he has reproduced on paper the shocking scenes that he witnessed before he escaped. Human flesh for sale on a hawker's stall; a man hungrily devouring a rat; the public execution of a father who stole to feed his family - these are the harrowing images that Gil-su draws when he picks up his crayons. The pictures depict the brutal reality of life for the civilian population of a country that the West is rushing to embrace in an effort to persuade it to drop its long-range missile development and sales programme. President Clinton hopes to visit North Korea before he leaves office in January. Madeleine Albright, the Secretary of State, paved the way with her trip last month when she attended a gala ceremony marking 55 years of communist rule....."

UPI 11/1/00 Eli J Lake "……A former U.S. State Department specialist on North Korean affairs says one reason Pyongyang seems ready to halt its nuclear missile program is because its missile exports have dropped in recent years……. Kenneth Quinones helped negotiate the 1994 agreement that allowedinternational inspectors to visit North Korea's nuclear facilities. Between 1995 and 1997, he was the State Department's eyes and ears at the North Korean Nuclear Research Institute, monitoring the deal he helped put together. For the last ten years, thanks to his continued contacts with officials from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, he has been a critical back channel between Washington and Pyongyang…….."

GEORGE GEDDA 11/1/00 AP "…..Secretary of State Madeleine Albright says she was ''absolutely'' uncomfortable last week when she accompanied North Korean leader Kim Jong Il to an acrobatic and dance exhibition in Pyongyang that extolled the glories of Kim and his uncompromising communist regime. Albright has never shown much regard for communists but seemed to be enjoying herself as she sat next to Kim while the performers went through their paces with more than 100,000 looking on at an outdoor stadium. Her presence at the show in the North Korean capital and her demeanor has raised eyebrows in some press circles, and Albright has been trying to set the record straight. ….."

UPS 10/31/00 Georgia Anne Geyer "…..What an unspeakable relief it is to know that, overnight, he is no longer the "unpredictable madman" of the Korean Peninsula. How much better we can sleep now, knowing that the man likes to make jokes, toss down a glass of wine, and chat about the Internet and globalization (just like everybody else). …… Madeleine Albright found North Korean leader Kim Jong Il to be "very decisive and practical and serious," as she reviewed 100,000 of his subjects dancing and twirling at every twitch of his sacred fingers. Other American and foreign observers, meanwhile, are effusing even more over the little man with the pompadour and the love for Swedish actresses………"

Newsmax 10/31/00 Stephen Archer "…… Although North Korea already enjoys a unilateral agreement with the Clinton administration that lifts most economic sanctions against the country, the president wants to give the communist regime even more as he pursues final closure in the Korean "conflict." However, at least one U.S. army general thinks Clinton's frantic pursuit for lasting peace with Pyongyang is dangerous. ……."I think the Clinton administration's policy with the country is dangerous because the history of North Korea does not give any encouragement to those of us who have been watching them all these years," said Maj. Gen. John K. Singlaub, who has been monitoring North Korea since 1946. Between 1946 and 1948, Singlaub, stationed in Manchuria, sent intelligence agents into North Korea to try to determine if the North Koreans were planning an attack on South Korea. He told his agents did determine that a strike from the north was being planned, but the people in Washington "didn't believe the reports the CIA turned out." Now, Singlaub is carefully watching the increase of diplomatic visits between Pyongyang and Washington and the concessions being offered to North Korean dictator Kim Jong-il, and he wonders what is in it for the United States. He suggested a positive legacy could be what is in it for President Clinton since North Korea hasn't given anything to the U.S. in return. ……"

Associated Press 10/27/00 "……Two U.S. military aircraft inadvertently crossed the border into North Korean air space but were safely brought back by emergency radio calls to the pilots, the U.S. military command in Seoul said Friday. North Korea's official foreign news outlet, KCNA, warned Friday that the crossing could aggravate improving relations on the Korean peninsula. The two aircraft were on a training mission Thursday when they mistakenly flew into North Korean air space across the 2.5-mile-wide demilitarized zone separating the two Korean states, it said. Command officials refused to give other details, including the types of aircraft and whether there was any firing by North Korea. An investigation was under way. ….."

AP Breaking News 10/29/00 ".....North Korea warned the United States that it will exercise its "right of self-defense" if American military planes invade its airspace again, its official media said Sunday. The U.S.-led U.N. Command apologized Saturday to North Korea for a brief accidental incursion of two U.S. military jets into the North's airspace during military exercises two days earlier. The North will "closely watch the future movement of the U.S. military," unidentified military officials said at a border meeting with U.S. military officials. "If the U.S. forces' side commits another military provocation ... the People's Army will have no option but to exercise the right of self-defense against the provocateurs," the North Korean officials said in remarks carried by the Korean Central News Agency, the North's overseas news outlet. ....."

Associated Press 10/24/00 Christopher Torchia "…..Seeking reconciliation with the United States, North Korea has indicated it won't launch long-range missiles, U.S. officials said Tuesday after two days of historic high-level talks. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said she took seriously a remark by North Korean leader Kim Jong Il - delivered offhand at a gymnastic exhibition - that it would refrain from such launches. Kim had raised the missile issue Monday night, when an image of a Taepo Dong I missile was flashed before the audience. ..."