Revised 1/8/01



Center for Security Policy 8/10/00 "……There is good news and bad news about the op.ed. article published in today's Washington Post by former Clinton-Gore Secretary of Defense William Perry and his former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General John Shalikashvili. …… In important respects, their assessment of the question at hand -- namely, has the reduction in the size and capability of the U.S. military over the past decade been excessive, leading to a condition where it "cannot adequately protect American national interests?" -- is highly misleading, transparently politicized and, since the authors should know better, seemingly intentionally disingenuous. ………. In the final analysis, it may well be that, as two of the leading architects of the hollow military Mr. Clinton is bequeathing to his successor, Secretary Perry and General Shalikashvili cannot objectively discuss their handiwork……"

Tampa Bay online AP 5/19/99 "....President Clinton ordered an investigation Wednesday into a troubling string of six U.S. rocket failures in less than nine months. Losses have totaled $3.5 billion. ``It is vitally important that we fully understand the root causes behind the recent launch vehicle failures and take corrective action,'' Clinton said in a memo to Defense Secretary William Cohen. .... The failed rockets were carrying three military satellites, two commercial communication satellites, and a privately owned satellite capable of taking detailed, military-quality photographs of Earth. Two of the rockets exploded on launch, three satellites were stuck in useless orbits and another satellite vaporized in the atmosphere. With 52 U.S. launches since the beginning of 1998, the six failures represent a failure rate of more than 10 percent - twice the rate experienced in the previous six years. Three of the rockets were launched by the Air Force and three by aerospace companies...."

London Telegraph 5/14/99 Ben Fenton "...THE United States army has recognised white witchcraft as a religion and has appointed chaplains to oversee pagan ceremonies on at least five bases. A Pentagon spokesman said yesterday that there were believed to be at least 100 witches attending covens at Fort Hood, Texas, the army's largest base with more than 42,000 troops. So respectful has the army become of the pagan rites that security was increased at Fort Hood's Boy Scout camp, where covens are held. The move is to deter members of Christian groups from intimidating the group. The pagans, called Wiccans, are accorded the same privileges as practitioners of Christianity, Judaism and Islam. They are encouraged to have their religious preference stamped on the metal dog-tags each soldier wears...." (Columbia, SC) 5/14/99 Dave Moniz "...The Air Force will begin preventing some of its people from leaving the service, citing personnel shortages and an immediate need to staff the air war in Yugoslavia. The seldom-used procedure, known as "Stop Loss," will affect at least 40 percent of Air Force career fields and will begin next week. The Air Force has not announced which jobs will be affected but the service is currently suffering an exodus of highly-skilled workers, from pilots to air traffic controllers to those who fix and maintain aircraft...."

Washington Times (Book Review- Regnery) 5/12/99 John R Bolton "....... Mr. [Bill] Gertz provides a series of case studies of Clinton administration failures in defense and intelligence, based largely on his own reporting for The Washington Times, that create a cumulative impact both devastating and depressing. ...Mr. Gertz demonstrates tellingly that there is a pattern to Clinton administration decision making, the result of well-thought-out and deeply held national-security philosophies. Although the author also has much to say on individual incompetence and duplicity, his central point is how completely witting and united the administration's policy leadership actually is in its wrongheaded view of America's place in the world. .....Indeed, although Mr. Gertz's emphasis is on defense matters, he does not overlook the hollowing out of America's intelligence and counterintelligence capabilities. As with declines in military spending on research and development, the cutbacks in the U.S. intelligence capability are neither easily nor quickly corrected, and form a significant obstacle to effectively reasserting U.S. interests internationally....In Mr. Gertz's analysis, spin and intelligence also intersect in the administration's repeated distortions of what it actually knows. For example, he quotes one anonymous official saying that "Madeleine Albright lied to the Senate" about North Korea's nuclear weapons program, and Mr. Gertz alleges that this incident is not a one-time occurrence..... This is not an academic book intended for defense intellectuals (although they would be remiss if they did not read it), but rather straightforward reporting covering about six years of a dangerously flawed presidency. It is troubling that so much of the book depends on government sources leaking classified information, but this unfortunate fact only underlines just how corrosive the Clinton administration's approach has been. Certainly, Mr. Gertz has given us more than ample notice of the damage caused by "the feel-good approach to national security." The remedy is obviously in our hands...."

U.S. News & World Report 5/24/99 Paul Bedard "...Navy rank and file are flashing distress calls to the Pentagon. Teams recently dispatched to bases around the nation have returned with reports full of morale and training complaints, a troubling sign as President Clinton moves to expand U.S. military participation in the Kosovo crisis. One team recently visited the Pensacola Naval Hospital in Florida and reported that "men and women felt strongly that 'military bearing and discipline is gone' and that both need to be re-emphasized especially in boot camp." Also, "Across the ranks there is a general perception that the military is not concerned for its people."...."

5/99 Lieutenant Commander Thomas Strother, U.S. Navy (Retired) "...As a then-active duty member of the military when the gay ban was lifted in 1993, I thought that lifting the ban may have served a purpose by extending basic human rights to gays and lesbians. But I also knew it eventually would hurt the recruiting of young, blue-collar males on whom the Navy so relied to man its ships, boats, and squadrons... They joined the Navy for many reasons: economic well-being, adventure, or to learn a trade. But usually the other (albeit rarely admitted) reason was to enjoy the rite of passage: to become a man. As far as helping the recruitment of enlisted people from a predominantly male, blue-collar, and conservative demographic pool, lifting the gay ban was not a brilliant move--if the intention was to sustain an all-volunteer force without a draft. Exacerbating the recruiting problems resulting from the lifting of the gay ban was the politically-correct decision to lift the ban on women serving in most combat vessels and aircraft. The arguments against lifting this ban have not focused on recruiting; they focused on bathrooms, pregnancies, jealousies that might ensue, etc. I never heard a serving senior officer openly suggest that ending the exclusion of women from combat might hurt recruiting. Yet, since allowing women to serve in combat roles, recruiting slowly has slid in the tank.. ."

LA Times 6/12/99 James Gerstenzang and Edwin Chen with Paul Richter "...Still, for all the evidence of camaraderie between the commander in chief and his GIs, there remains an undercurrent of doubt about Clinton among military figures. There has been success in the Balkans, a pay-raise proposal for the troops and a turnaround in declining Pentagon budget requests. But 6 1/2 years after he took office, to some warriors and civilian allies he is still the baby-boomer-Yale-and-Oxford president who generated controversy over gays in the military and whose initial staff included senior aides openly scornful of the armed services......"

The Washington Times 7/2/99 Wesley Pruden "...The sex really sizzles in this man's Navy Richard Danzig, the man Bill Clinton appointed to preside over the dismantling of the Navy as we've known it for 223 years, seems to think sex is the only sizzle that sells. Duty, honor, country is for old (white) coots. "Semper Fidelis" is for the birds. Reforming attitudes and eliminating obstacles in the way of making combat safe for Moms is No. 1 on Mr. Danzig's agenda as secretary of the Navy. He wants to assign women to assuage the loneliness of the long-distance submariner. And when he suggested the other day that the nuclear-submarine fleet should prepare to welcome women into the cramped crew quarters (and the fun, games and pregnancies that are sure to follow), he made a point of insulting skeptical white men, who he suggested were driven only by their egos. Danzig to Crew: Get lost...."

Associated Press 7/29/99 "...A high-ranking military leader has acknowledged that the mandatory anthrax vaccination for American troops can be potentially dangerous, The San Diego Union-Tribune reported today. Citing military documents, the paper reported Army Secretary Louis Caldera agreed in September that the government would accept the burden of potential liability claims by service members against the vaccine's manufacturer. According to a memo signed by Caldera, the vaccine ``involves unusually hazardous risks associated with the potential for adverse reactions in some recipients and the possibility that the desired immunological effect will not be obtained by all recipients.'' ..." 8/3/99 Lawrence Morahan "...The members of the Commission on Military Training and Gender-related Issues, a panel of experts studying mixed-sex training for armed services recruits, who disagree with its recent recommendation that the practice should continue are saying the decision was actually made by a "Clinton-controlled Pentagon" and does not reflect the real evidence. Some panel members voted in favor of continuing mixed-sex training even though their own evidence suggests joint training is too stressful for women, resulting in an unacceptably high physical injury rate, and not stressful enough for young men. Although this does not reflect the view of all members of the panel Anita Blair, the commission chairwoman and director of the Washington-based Independent Women's Forum, told that the more evidence she studied on the issue of sex-integrated training, the less likely she was to endorse it. "After I looked at the whole record and saw the rationale for the majority, I simply could not support that. It was a straight feed from the Clinton-controlled Pentagon. And when the report comes out, people will see that the dissenting commissioner's report does not simply accept anything and everything we were told by the Pentagon," Blair said...."

Washington Times 8/7/99 Phyllis Schlafly "...Even though the voters elected a president who said he "loathes" the military, we couldn't have imagined back in 1992 how much damage Bill Clinton would actually do. Now we wonder if our once-great military can survive another year and a half of our most embarrassing commander in chief. Every service except the Marines is falling short of its recruitment goals. Our most experienced pilots are leaving in unprecedented numbers, and even large cash inducements can't prevail on them to re-enlist..... The most serious problems are the feminization of the military and U.S. involvement in foreign conflicts that bear no relation to American national security. Other morale-lowering problems are the court-martialing of honorable servicemen for such offenses as refusing to wear a United Nations uniform and refusing to be "shot" with the experimental, controversial anthrax vaccine...."

Navy Times 8/16/99 William Matthews "...After citizen's groups and environmentalists complained about low-level and supersonic training near populated areas around Fallon Naval Air Station, Nev., the Navy eventually shifted the flow of training traffic to reduce noise near those areas. When the booming sound of tanks firing at Camp Lejeune, N.C., began reverberating through the nearby community of Verona, breaking windows and cracking bricks, the Marine Corps had to halt tank training on its new firing range. In the Southwest, the Army's plan to expand its premier warfare-training center by 331,000 acres has been slowed to a crawl by the endangered desert tortoise. In Arizona, a couple hundred Sonoran pronghorn antelopes -- the last of their type -- cling to life in their parched habitat on the Barry Goldwater Gunnery Range. To avoid killing off the species, the Air Force has modified bombing practice for F-16 and A-10 warplanes. Across the country and around the world, from Okinawa to Puerto Rico, the services' access to training ranges is being challenged...."

AP Wire 8/10/99 "...A federal appeals court has dismissed a lawsuit by a veterans group that said the government broke its promise of lifetime health care benefits for those with 20 years of military service. The U.S. Court of Appeals dismissed the lawsuit Monday, saying retirees do not have the absolute right to medical and dental care, but they may be given the service subject to availability. A message left with the Justice Department seeking comment was not returned. The 9,000-member Coalition of Retired Military Veterans can ask the Court of Appeals to reconsider, appeal to the Supreme Court or resubmit the lawsuit, said chairman Jim Gunn. ``We're not asking for anything except what we earned,'' Gunn said. ``We're not freeloaders. We just want what we were told we had when we signed up.'' Gunn, a 68-year-old Korean War veteran who won a Purple Heart, said numerous military and Coast Guard recruitment brochures promised lifetime health care and dental benefits to personnel who serve at least 20 years. He says the promises were inducements to sign up. In recent years, retirees have had their access to free care at military hospitals trimmed by budget cuts and base closings. Retirees are urged to join an HMO-like system with an annual premium. They drop out of the program once they reach 65 and are eligible for Medicare...."

USA Today 8/11/99 John Omicinski "...Mixing the sexes in U.S. military training creates some problems but ought to continue, a sharply split commission told Congress this week. By a 6-3 vote, with one abstention, the Congressional Commission on Military Training and Gender-Related Issues endorsed the current system of training men and women together. The commission's findings on the highly charged issue are being sent to the House and Senate Armed Services committees. The panel's vote went against the views of its chairwoman, Anita Blair of Virginia, who is sharply critical of mixed training. Blair, who also is executive vice president of the conservative Independent Women's Forum, said in an interview that mixed training is contributing to falling discipline and amounts to little more than "baby-sitting" for already hard-pressed instructors. "Gender integration also is exacerbating discipline problems," she said. "You just have to deal with a group of men differently than you do with a group of women."..."

Yahoo! News 8/13/99 reuters "...The Pentagon plans to issue new guidelines aimed at ending abuses of the ``don't ask, don't tell'' policy for homosexuals in the military, the New York Times reported in Friday's editions. Citing ``administration officials,'' the paper said the new guidelines, expected as early as Friday, will require troops to undergo anti-gay harassment training throughout their military careers, beginning with boot camp. Under the new guidelines, a senior level of the military justice system will handle any inquiry of the sexual orientation of members of the armed forces, the Times said. Administration officials felt the need to announce the new guidelines as quickly as possible, given the uproar over the death last month of a gay soldier at Fort Campbell, Ky. The man was beaten with a baseball bat, reportedly by another soldier in his unit, the paper said...."

FOX News 8/13/99 AP "...A Marine helicopter crew chief has been sentenced to 30 days in confinement and issued a bad conduct discharge for refusing to take the anthrax vaccination required for all military personnel. Pvt. Eric Myers, 20, of Elbert, Colo., also was ordered to forfeit $400 in pay. "I stood up for myself and my health,'' Myers said after Thursday's hearing. "I think that's a right people have regardless if they are in the military.'' All 2.4 million active duty and reserve troops are required to get the anthrax vaccine as protection against biological warfare. ..."

New York Times 8/14/99 Philip Shenon "...The Pentagon on Friday announced its first major revision of guidelines for its "don't ask, don't tell" policy on homosexuals in the military, including a new requirement that commanders seek approval from senior civilian officials at the Pentagon before opening certain types of investigations of troops who admit that they are gay. The revised guidelines failed to satisfy gay rights advocates, who say that the new directives do not go far enough and that pervasive hostility toward homosexuals in uniform continues to result in violent harassment. They pointed to last month's brutal murder of an Army private in Kentucky as evidence of the entrenched hostility. Under the guidelines, the Pentagon ordered that commanders institute anti-harassment training at all levels of the military, beginning with basic training, and that low-level military lawyers consult with senior lawyers before opening an investigation of anyone suspected of being gay...."

The Washington Times 8/13/99 Bill Gertz "...Lt. Col. Ralph Zimmermann, a Desert Storm combat veteran, is retiring Jan. 2000..... But we thought Col. Zimmermann's farewell memo to his commanding general at Fort Carson, Colo., was noteworthy. We publish it, in part: "The main reason for my personal doubt is the constantly changing culture in the Army which is becoming more concerned with producing a superficial image of accomplishment, guided by false caring vs. tackling our readiness issues with up-front leadership and firm solutions. "The Army has become a 'social experiment,' geared towards promoting diversity and celebrating individual successes vs. instilling the sense of unity behind the values our Constitution, the flag and our distinguished unit colors.. ..."Programs that ought to be reviewed for overemphasis: * "Sex training" * "Consideration for Others Training. This program, called "COO," teaches soldiers their actions must "indicate a sensitivity to and regard for the feelings and needs of others . . . " * "Overemphasis on superficial inspection items, i.e. chin strap drills, 3x5 PT cards, etc. * "Too much emphasis on simulation to save money in the wrong areas. * "Overemphasis on . . . volunteerism. Most of the social services create an environment that does not emphasize soldier self-discipline, self-help, and maturity. * "Overemphasis on force protection (unfortunately, even life in the civilian world bears some risks). * "Too much emphasis on diversity (Asian week, African American week, Hispanic week etc.). Again, we fail to stress unity vs. diversity. We are all AMERICANS who should be committed to a common purpose - the defense of our nation." ..."

Baltimore Sun 8/25/99 Lisa Respers "…Community activists impatient for disposal of chemical weapons stored at Aberdeen Proving Ground are angry about a budget fight between the Army and Congress that could delay the project at least seven months. "The risk is still there, regardless of the games everyone is playing," said John E. Nunn III, co-chair of a citizens advisory commission on chemical weapons disposal. "There's a real power struggle going on, and we're suffering because of it." Defense officials announced this week that construction of a 30-acre, $500 million facility to destroy a mustard agent stockpile at APG's Edgewood area will be delayed because of millions of dollars cut from a national program…."

Army Times 8/30/99 Nick Adde "… A supposed clarification of the "don't ask, don't tell" policy on military service by homosexuals has bridged the gap between supporters and opponents of gay rights. Both sides of the debate think the Aug. 13 announcement of a new directive on homosexuals is meaningless and a disappointment. Michelle Benecke, co-director of the Servicemembers' Legal Defense Network, complained the new guidelines do not end harassment of gay service members and "witch hunts'' of suspected gays. Robert L. Maginnis, head of military affairs for the conservative Family Research Council, staunchly opposes any directive suggesting the military's gay ban is weakening. And he sees little to fear in the new directive. Both believe Defense Secretary William S. Cohen's latest directive has not really changed anything. …"

Minneapolis Star Tribune 8/30/99 "…Bill Clinton made a bad mistake early in his first term. Full of himself after his victory over George Bush, Clinton moved quickly to remove the ban on gays and lesbians serving in the military. Although Clinton was right, he had failed miserably to prepare the ground for such action. The backlash from the military and from the religious right put Clinton in a tight spot: allow the ban to remain and alienate the gay community; force the ban out and alienate the Pentagon. Clinton compromised: He promulgated his mushy "don't ask-don't tell" policy instead. It forbade the military from inquiring into sexual orientation but allowed discharge of those who publicly make known their homosexuality. It was and is a dumb policy, which lame-duck Clinton should abolish in favor of his original goal. Steve May's case shows why……Just a few weeks into his first term as a House member, May rose to challenge a series of bigoted bills introduced by anti-gay colleagues. One of those colleagues, for example, wrote a constituent that "what follows homosexuality is bestiality and then human sacrifice and cannibalism." May took exception. He told his legislative colleagues that "when you attack my family and steal my freedom, I will not sit quietly in my office. This Legislature takes my gay tax dollars, and my gay tax dollars spend the same as your straight tax dollars. If you're not going to treat me fairly, don't take my money." Then the Army was interested. It opened an investigation into whether May's statements warranted discharge. May had committed no crime, has an exemplary military record, and was appropriately carrying out his duties as a state representative. The investigation is arrogant nonsense. So is "don't ask-don't tell." It is a bad idea that hasn't aged well. The time has come to inter it with all other bad ideas related to race, gender, religious creed and sexual orientation….."

New York Times 9/9/99 Adam Clymer "…A deep gap over politics and values has opened over the last two decades between the nation's increasingly conservative military elite and prominent civilians without military service, sowing latent distrust despite the respect each group professes for the other……For example, 45 percent of the military group favored barring homosexuals from teaching in public schools, while only 17 percent of the nonveteran civilian group did. Ten percent of the military leaders supported a ban on the death penalty while 37 percent of the civilians did. And 74 percent of the military group backed permitting prayer in public schools, compared with 46 percent of the civilian group. ….Twenty-one percent, for example, of the civilian nonveteran elite said they would be disappointed if one of their children joined the armed forces. Just 7 percent of the military officers felt that way. On the other hand, 77 percent of officers agreed with the statement that "civilian society would be better off if it adopted more of the military's values and customs;" only 43 percent of civilian elites with military experience agreed and just 25 percent of the nonveterans agreed. One simple explanation for some of the gap is the differing attitudes of men and women. Women comprise 41 percent of the civilian nonveteran elite, but only 8 percent of the military elite…."

Col. Hackworth 9/9/99 Michael Curtiss MD ".....It's important to keep the real life experiences in this discussion about the anthrax vaccine. It keeps things in the proper perspective. First, let me say that what I am writing is of my own accord and does not represent the views of the Air Force. Also, it must be made clear that the following is simply an observation of my experiences over the last two weeks and is not intended to persuade any member of the armed forces to disobey any lawful orders. I am an active duty Air Force pilot stationed at an Eastern AFB. I arrived on station just a little over two weeks ago. On my first day I met a reserve pilot at lunch and ask how things were in his unit. He then went on to explain how a large amount of pilots had resigned due to the fear of the anthrax vaccine. I asked him if their fears were backed by fact. He used himself for an example. Since he's received the vaccine, he has experienced headaches, dizzy spells, short term memory loss, to name a few symptoms. I assumed he was grounded and then he said that the medical group had given him a waiver to keep flying. He was scheduled for an MRI to rule out a brain tumor. "How could this be?", I thought. "How can he be fit to fly?" The next day I ran into an old friend of mine who was leaving the base. He was a reserve pilot who had resigned. He acknowledged the moral problem and stated that there was a real threat of an adverse reaction to the vaccine and he just couldn't risk it. The following day I checked into the squadron and spoke with the first active duty pilot I ran into about the anthrax vaccine. That pilot was grounded, and still is to this day. That pilot has sustained some serious internal damage with an unknown prognosis. The overall diagnosis is an autoimmune disorder. A couple of days later I met another pilot and asked him if he had received the vaccine. He acknowledged that he had. He described becoming very ill afterwards and to this day had problems with short-term memory loss...... The next day I recorded the names of the crewmembers in my squadron who were grounded according to our scheduling board. I called five of them that night...... The next fellow I spoke with was grounded also. After the fourth vaccine he began to experience diverse symptoms which included chronic bone/joint pain, chronic fatigue, and a loss of ability to concentrate. He is being cross-trained into another, less demanding career field. Another pilot I spoke with has experienced severe chronic bone/joint pain and he was also grounded. The pain is so bad he can't climb the steps to get into the airplane. Although this disability surfaced after he received the vaccine, at this time he doesn't attribute it as being the cause. However, as a precaution, he has had his blood tested for the autoimmune disorder. It came back negative. Again, I have only been on base a short time and with a little bit of effort I have uncovered what I consider a nightmare. I have yet to talk to the other 17 crewmembers in my squadron that are on the "grounded" list. My guess is that the anthrax vaccine will be considered a causal factor for a significant portion of these people. I was told that one of these men had a seizure last week. Another fact worth mentioning is that the chief of our immunization clinic took the vaccine and went into anaphylactic shock. We need to ensure that safety is appropriately addressed and NOW. This is the sermon that every commander I have served under has preached. Something is wrong. Way wrong. However, I cannot speak out in a way that civilians can without facing a court martial....."

Inside The Air Force 9/10/99 Adam Hebert "....While empathizing with the high operating tempo the Air Force has been faced with because of operations Allied Force, Northern Watch and Southern Watch, Marine Corps Lt. Gen. Fred McCorkle said this week the Marines are the wrong place to look for relief from the high Air Force OPTEMPO. "I don't think the Marine Corps right now can take care of the Air Force," said McCorkle, the Marine Corps deputy chief of staff for aviation. "We've got our own problems." He said all the services have been stressed because of force cutbacks, and the Marines have been at least as busy as the Air Force in terms of deployments. McCorkle spoke with Inside the Air Force following a speech on Capitol Hill Sept. 9. Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Michael Ryan has been an advocate of the service getting a break from its OPTEMPO to transition more smoothly into its Air Expeditionary Force structure, scheduled to deploy for the first time Oct. 1. If the number of worldwide deployments cannot be eased, to give airmen a break the other services would need to pick up some of the operational missions the Air Force has been performing. ...."

Inside The Pentagon 9/9/99 Catherine MacRae "...Recent Defense Department initiatives to augment adultery and unify fraternization policies across the services are unnecessary and may prove detrimental to a healthy training and operational environment, according to a hefty new report from a congressionally mandated commission on military training and gender-related issues. The 10-person panel, chaired by Anita Blair, an expert on legal and economic issues concerning women -- including so-called gender issues and women in the military -- overwhelmingly voted to recommend that services and commanders retain the authority to handle adultery and fraternization charges on a case-by-case basis suitable to their mission..... An internal DOD "adultery review," tasked by Secretary William Cohen in 1997 in response to several high-profile cases, resulted in proposed changes to the Manual for Courts-Martial regarding adultery offenses that would add about two pages of additional guidance aimed at commanders within the adultery subsection of the MCM. Similarly, in response to a July 1998 DOD Good Order and Discipline Task Force recommendation, Cohen in February directed the services to unify policies governing unprofessional or improper relationships, otherwise known as fraternization. On the subject of adultery, which is a rare and usually tertiary charge, according to the services, a command consensus revealed that guidance is overwhelmingly clear and that the proposed changes are unnecessary. Moreover, any change would likely compromise morale and give "undue weight" to an infrequent problem, the commission found. ...."

Arizona Republic 9/14/99 E J Montini 9/14/99 "....Recently, after listening to a prosecutor and a defense attorney argue about evidence and disclosure for about 20 minutes, U.S. Magistrate Morton Silver suddenly decided the trial scheduled to begin that morning would be postponed until October..... The old veteran slumped forward in his chair, leaning on the cane he held with his hands, his hand shaking slowly from side to side. "All rise," declared the clerk as Judge Silver strode from the courtroom. DeHeer pushed hard on the walking stick, wearily lifting himself from a chair at the defense table. He is 77 years old and suffers from arthritis, bad hearing and other maladies of an aging warrior. Standing up would be a lot easier for him he didn't have the full weight of the U.S. Department of Justice on his back. In May, DeHeer drove to the Carl T. Hayden Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Phoenix to have his hearing aids adjusted. When he got there, DeHeer says he couldn't find an available handicapped parking space nearby, so he decided to park in one of the several vacant spots marked temporarily with "VIP" signs. Federal inspectors were visiting the hospital that day, and VA administrators apparently believed the convenience of bureaucrats was more important than the convenience of World War II vets like DeHeer.....One of the federal officers patrolling the parking lot told DeHeer that he couldn't park in a VIP spot because he wasn't a VIP. This didn't sit well with DeHeer, and after an angry exchange, the elderly man was hauled off in handcuffs and locked in a cell....."

Fort Worth Star-Telegram 9/19/99 Bob Mahlburg "....Larry Gene Ashbrook, a paranoid loner who killed seven people at a Fort Worth church, was thrown out of the Navy but was also awarded a naval "humanitarian service medal," military records state. Ashbrook worked his way up to a highly respected spot on a submarine warfare team, which requires security clearance and training. But he struggled for more than seven years to reach the same level that others do in only a few and was probably frustrated, a retired Navy official said..... After 7 1/2 years and two stints in the Navy, Ashbrook was dishonorably discharged in December 1983 in a court-martial for using marijuana, records show. Ashbrook's overall naval career is "not impressive," Whitley said. Despite reports of mental problems, Ashbrook passed a naval security clearance to get a sensitive post as an aviation warfare systems operator, or AW2. "It just amazes me if he's had some problems all along that it didn't show up in a background investigation," Whitley said. "He had to have a background investigation by the FBI and he had to be clean enough on the security clearance to get that AW rate.".... Military records don't show the reason for the humanitarian award, but Whitley said such awards are typically given to an entire unit. "A humanitarian service medal would be earned by a group of people -- you didn't save anyone's life, but hauled some food somewhere or something," he said...."

Hartford Courant 9/17/99 Matthew Hay Brown "...U.S. Rep. Nancy L. Johnson has asked Defense Secretary William Cohen to stop dishonorably discharging soldiers who refuse potentially harmful innoculations for anthrax. "Forcing our men and women in uniform to choose between this vaccine and their careers fosters distrust and erodes morale," the New Britain Republican said Monday. "We shouldn't continue down this path until we have more conclusive evidence" of the drug's safety. In December 1997, Cohen announced plans to innoculate all U.S. troops against the effects of anthrax, a deadly bacterium that could be used by enemy forces. By mid-July 1999, more than 300,000 service members had received at least one dose of the vaccine. According to the General Accounting Office, the long-term safety of the vaccine has not been determined, and the optimal number of doses is unknown. Johnson said the innoculations of 150,000 Gulf War troops should have given the Pentagon a unique pool of subjects for study, but poor record-keeping has prevented large-scale research. ..."

Los Angeles Times Syndicate. 9/21/99 William Pfaff "....A recent study comparing the values and political outlooks of U.S. military officers with representative civilian groups (some with, and some without, military experience) shows that the military respondents are more conservative than the civilians, which is scarcely a surprise. It produces other, less predictable but more provocative findings. The results demonstrate that today's U.S. officers believe their values are closer to those of the public than are politicians' values. They also believe, more than do civilians, that it is "very important" to use the military in conducting foreign policy. The officers are conservative. Sixty-four percent are Republicans, and 67 percent describe their political philosophy as conservative. They believe in themselves: Eighty-seven percent have "a great deal of confidence in the military," while just 35 percent of the civilians without military experience share that confidence. ...." 9/22/99 Greg Jaffe Thomas Ricks "....Military analysts contend that all branches of the U.S. armed services too often assign valuable and technically skilled personnel to inefficient tasks. This is happening at a time when the Pentagon is frantically trying to reach recruitment goals, and often failing at the task......A 1998 Rand Corp. study concluded that updating technology could allow substantial reductions in personnel on aircraft carriers -- allowing the Navy to operate 15 carriers at the current cost of operating 10 to 12. Critics cite the example of sailors being assigned to swabbing the decks and chipping paint with antiquated tools. New tools and advanced types of flooring are available which could drastically cut the time allocated to such tasks -- thereby freeing up specialists for more important work....."

Enter Stage Right 10/4/99 Col David Hackworth ".....Army Lt. Gen. Claudia Kennedy tells audiences around the nation, "Today's Army is not your father's Army." Then she goes into why "Consideration Of Others" (COO) sensitivity training is the real deal in today's Army and why Private Ryan's kill-or-be-killed World War II techniques are as obsolete as Sherman tanks. A sergeant major who sat in on one of her lectures says, "The general, wearing spit-shined paratrooper boots that came up to her knees, spent 15 minutes discussing our mission. And then, for the next 40, she stressed the need for equality and sensitivity and understanding of others. I couldn't help wondering if this was some event sponsored by a YWCA instead of the U.S. Army." In my Army, the sergeants were gravel-road rough, and the mission was about knocking off the enemy and winning. Back then, the brass didn't care about COO stuff. They were into training soldiers to kill our enemies and win battles. Put simply, the philosophy was: The more sweat in training, the less blood in battle. Back then, generals didn't hug returned POWs after they threw down their weapons, waved the white flag and then wrote "thank-you" notes to their jailers. They court-martialed the slackers. No way I can imagine Gen. George Patton saying to three such cowards upon their release from a Belgrade slammer, "Welcome home, boys. Don't sweat that .50-caliber machine gun, those three M-16 rifles and all that ammo you handed over to those nasty Serbs without firing a shot. Bad things happen in wars. Oh, and on behalf of our president, here are six medals for all that discomfort those mean old Serbs put you through." ...."

Air Force Magazine 10/99 Peter Grier "...Air Force Capt. Jonathan E. Richter is a third-generation military officer. A C-5 pilot in the Air Force Reserve at Dover AFB, Del., he flew missions in both Operations Desert Storm and Northern Watch and is not, in his own estimate, the sort of person who normally goes around looking for ways to disobey his superiors. However, on Feb. 3, 1999, Richter was injected with anthrax vaccine from lot #FAV 030. The same lot was used for his second shot on Feb. 19. Five days later, his problems began. His right shoulder began to ache, as if he'd thrown a baseball hard without warming up. Then his left shoulder began to feel the same way. Soon, his spine hurt so badly that he could hardly get out of bed in the morning. Since then, his arthritis-like symptoms have stabilized mostly in his feet and left hand. He has no way of proving that the vaccine is the cause, but he's not taking any chances. He told a Congressional panel on July 21 that "taking another shot is not part of the Jon Richter health care program" and that he will resign his commission before taking another anthrax injection..... Two years after Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen first announced that all US military personnel would be vaccinated against the deadly biological agent anthrax, the Pentagon is facing a growing revolt against the program. Around 200 active, Guard, and Reserve members of the armed services have refused to take part in the six-shot vaccination program, according to DoD's own records....."

Wall Street Journal 10/6/99 "....I was a member of a tactical fighter squadron in 1965 at Kadena, Okinawa. Annually, the Air Force would come out with a Cost Reduction Program. We would assign a captain as program chairman. He would go to the several staffs and solicit ways to cut costs. Usually this meant coming up with mundane proposals such as making two instead of four carbon copies of a letter. The Cost Reduction Program was a paper exercise. But this time our program chairman, a resourceful captain, came up with a cost saving that would be so great our squadron would, on paper, show a profit. We would be the only tactical unit in the military to show a profit. Our pilots Flight Manual stated that, under certain extreme emergencies, the pilot could choose to point the RF-101 to a safe, uninhabited area and bail out, or he could elect to attempt an emergency landing. It was the pilot's sole decision. During this period we had two incidents in which the pilots elected to make an emergency landing, each time saving the Air Force $1.7 million (Fighter aircraft were much cheaper in 1965). The two "saves" totaled $3.4 million, giving our squadron a profit for that period. Our superiors were enthusiastic and sent the proposal on up the chain of command. When the paperwork arrived at Pacific Air Command Headquarters in Hawaii, they turned it down and sent it back. Essentially they said, "Come on guys, be realistic." We tried. Tony Weissgarber, Lt. Col, USAF, retired, San Antonio...."

Norfolk Virginian-Pilot 10/2/99 Bill Sizemore "....Is the vaccine safe? The only facility licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to manufacture anthrax vaccine, BioPort Corp. of Lansing, Mich., has been plagued by quality-control problems.....``I went to the commanding officer and said, `Sir, everything I do in the military is evaluated,' '' Nichols said. `` `If I don't get a good evaluation, I won't get promoted. I'll get reprimanded, and I can be put out. Well, at MBPI, all of their evaluations were terrible. How am I supposed to have any faith in what you're telling me about the vaccination?' '' ...... Randi Martin, 26, a civil service technician from Eaton Rapids, Mich., began the series of shots a year ago in preparation for a voluntary deployment to the Persian Gulf with the Air National Guard. She got the fourth shot in March. Martin has experienced severe headaches, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, abdominal cramps and memory loss that have left her unable to work for weeks at a time, she said in a telephone interview this week. Nine of 12 people in her work group reported similar symptoms, she said. ...... She is looking for a new, non-military job..... Some studies of the licensed vaccine have found higher reaction rates, particularly among women. A Department of Defense physician stationed in Korea found reaction rates of 42 percent to 44 percent in men and 71 percent to 74 percent in women. A survey at an Army hospital in Hawaii found muscle soreness in 66.6 percent of men and 79.4 percent of women, and lumps or knots in 63.9 percent of men and 89.9 percent of women. In April, the FDA reported that it had received 101 reports of ``adverse events'' associated with the vaccine, 14 of which were considered serious. One recipient was hospitalized with meningitis; one contracted Guillain-Barre syndrome and was unable to walk for nine days; another experienced bipolar disorder. The Pentagon says the reaction rates are comparable to those of other vaccines......Army Surgeon General Lt. Gen. Ronald R. Blanck, the Pentagon's top expert on the vaccine, told a congressional committee this week that only 72 of the 324,000 troops who've been vaccinated to date have suffered reactions serious enough to require hospitalization. And none of those had any long-term problems, he testified. There have been no studies of the anthrax vaccine's long-term safety, the General Accounting Office reported to Congress in April..... Invoking a law allowing government protection of contractors for unusually hazardous risks, the Pentagon has indemnified BioPort against product liability so it can't be sued by vaccine recipients. BioPort told the Defense Department in June that it could not stay in business under the price terms of its 1998 contract, and the Pentagon agreed to new terms boosting the price per shot from $4.36 to $10.64. Service members who refuse the anthrax shots have been subject to a variety of disciplinary measures. Some have been court-martialed. Nichols and his fellow refusers on the Roosevelt were subjected to a captain's mast, a non-judicial proceeding. They were docked half a month's pay, reduced in rate, restricted to the ship for 45 days and given 45 days' extra duty. ``Our chain of command treated us like trash,'' Nichols said. ......"

The Wanderer 9/30/99 Samuel Francis "....One of the major tests of the proper progressive view of women and sexual equality is whether you think women should serve in the military. If you think they shouldn't, progressive mythology holds, you probably also think they should be chained up in the kitchen and kept pregnant throughout the year. Now it turns out that even most women in the military don't conform very well to the myth of equality that progressive thinking demands. Asked in a recent survey by the General Accounting Office whether they agreed with the statement, "I think that women should be treated exactly like men and serve in the combat arms just like men," the overwhelming majority of the enlisted ladies of the U.S. Army replied that they did not so think. Only 10% of the female privates and corporals agreed with the statement. Not agreeing that women should go into combat, of course, does not imply that women shouldn't be in the military at all, let alone that they ought to be kept in the kitchen, and maternity dresses, but it does raise the fundamental question, also frowned upon by progressive right-think, why should women be in the military if they don't want to be in the military? "War means fighting, and fighting means killing," said the Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest. In general Forrest's day, being in the army at all meant being ready and willing to go to war. Even in our own day, it still rneans that, but if the women of the army, who compose about 14% of the total 1.4 million active military force, don't think they ought to go to war, it's reasonable to ask, why they are in uniform at all and why they want to be....."

WASHINGTON TIMES 10/11/99 Rowan Scarborough "..... The Pentagon's mandatory anthrax vaccine is forcing thousands of service members to choose among job security, possible prison time or the unknown. Eugenio Pangramuyen is one of them. At first, the 58-year-old father of five refused the injection while in the Persian Gulf aboard the USNS Rappahannock. But told in writing he would be fired from his Navy Military Sealift Command job, Mr. Pangramuyen reluctantly signed a consent form -- and prayed science knows enough about the anti-anthrax dose to vouch for its safety. "It's so controversial. I don't know who is right," said Mr. Pangramuyen, a retired Navy chief petty officer. "I heard a lot of stories. Adverse reactions. . . . I'm a civilian employee. I should have a little control of what goes into my body." Across the armed forces, hundreds of soldiers, Marines, sailors and pilots are refusing what amounts to a direct order from Defense Secretary William S. Cohen: all 2.4 million active-duty troops and reserves, plus some specified civilians, must undergo a regimen of six anti-anthrax shots over 18 months. The Pentagon adamantly defends the vaccine as safe and effective. But pockets of resistance are popping up across the country since the 1998 order. At Travis Air Force Base, Calif., home to the giant C-5 cargo jet, 32 Air Force reserve pilots out of 65 in one squadron alone have refused the shots, according to reserve Maj. James Hechtl. ...."

Norfolk Virginian-Pilot 10/8/99 Jack Dorsey ".....Despite a time of peace and prosperity throughout the world, Defense Secretary William Cohen warned Thursday of a ``grave new world of peril'' as nationalistic, ethnic and religious conflicts threaten to ignite into violence. ``It is a time of new foes with terrorists and tyrants . . . willing to use conventional and unconventional means to strike at any target they can reach,'' he said. ``It is also a time of new fears when at least 24 countries have, or are in the process of acquiring and developing, nuclear and biological weapons and the means to deliver them.'' Cohen, in Norfolk as the keynote speaker during a formal ceremony redesignating the U.S. Atlantic Command as the U.S. Joint Forces Command, noted that 50 years ago, following World War II, the nation also was looking ahead at prosperity. ``Well, today our generation stands at another pivot point in history. With the Cold War receding into memory, leaving at once both turmoil and unprecedented prosperity in its wake, we find it no easier . . . to look ahead as we did a half century ago.'' For those reasons, he said, it is imperative that the nation's military and commands such as the renamed USJFC be made even more effective........Gehman will become the commander most responsible for joint service warfighting training and will take the lead in joint service experimentation. An additional duty of the command will be to provide military assistance to civil authorities in the event of a nuclear or biological attack within the United States....."

Associated Press 10/12/99 Robert Burns ".....The Army will undergo a fundamental transformation to make America's land forces more responsive to short-notice crises and smaller-scale conflicts, such as the war over Kosovo, that have increasingly occupied the American military in the 1990s. The Kosovo conflict, almost entirely an air war, showed that the Army was unable to move sizable combat forces quickly. It took far longer than expected to deploy Apache attack helicopters to Albania, and they never saw combat, although the Army is heavily involved now as Kosovo peacekeepers. The transformation will take years but will begin immediately with the conversion of two combat brigades at Ft. Lewis, Wash., into more flexible, faster-moving units, Gen. Eric Shinseki, the Army chief of staff, said Tuesday. Eventually the entire Army will be changed, he said, but he gave no timetable. In a speech to an Army booster group, Shinseki spelled out ambitious goals: achieving capability to move a brigade-size force of about 5,000 soldiers from the United States anywhere in the world within four days, a division of about 15,000 soldiers within five days, five divisions within 30 days....."

Associated Press 10/12/99 Catherine Strong ".....Lawmakers said Tuesday they were skeptical of Defense Department assurances that the anthrax vaccine is safe and that shots given to soldiers are having no effect on troop readiness and morale....... About 200 to 300 have refused to take it because of concerns about its safety and efficacy. At a House hearing, lawmakers questioned Pentagon officials' assertions that the number of adverse reactions to the shots was small and there was no impact on troop readiness. ...... But Kwai-Cheung Chan of the Government Accounting Office, the research arm of Congress, said his review of the studies available on the anthrax vaccine since the 1960s showed its long-term safety is unknown. He also said there has been no specific study of the efficacy of the licensed vaccine in humans who have inhaled anthrax spores. Such studies have been conducted using guinea pigs, rabbits and monkeys. ...."

Baltimore Sun 10/12/99 Tom Bowman ".....Pentagon officials continue to play down the exodus of military personnel over the anthrax vaccine, despite continued warnings by subordinates that the mandatory six-shot regimen is leading hundreds of National Guardsmen and reservists to resign or seek transfers. According to interviews and documents obtained by The Sun, more than 50 percent of pilots in some Air National Guard squadrons are resigning or seeking nonflying jobs. Some documents describe units "struggling" to conduct missions and training with the "hurdle" of the anthrax vaccine, which some military personnel fear is neither safe nor effective. Two weeks ago, top Pentagon officials assured Congress that the numbers were small and having little effect on retention or the ability of the military to carry out its missions....."

Washington Times 10/10/99 "....Four years after Desert Storm, United Nations inspectors discovered Iraq had weaponized aflatoxin, a known liver carcinogen. American intelligence failed to detect the Iraqi program, and Pentagon biological detection devices would not have detected the substance if it had been used. The 150,000 U.S. troops secretly inoculated against Iraq's known anthrax bombs would have fallen victim to the Iraqi aflatoxin weapon without ever knowing what had happened. By simply fielding an obscure yet deadly poison, Iraq demonstrated how easy it was to outfox America's limited biowarfare program. Nearly a decade after the Gulf war, the Pentagon has learned little from the experience....."

Chicago Tribune 11/1/99 "...Since the threat of nuclear Armageddon receded after the Cold War, a widening and alarming gap has emerged between the general attitudes of American civilians and the nation's military elite. Moreover, absent the kind of pro-defense consensus once cemented by the Soviet threat, average Americans have grown more complacent and ill-informed, even apathetic, about the U.S. military. This is not a crisis--not yet, anyway--but it's worrisome. A growing distrust in civilian-military relations is, at the very least, unhealthy in a democracy. At worst, it could eventually undermine the confidence of officers in civilian leadership, and ultimately, the military effectiveness of the world's sole superpower....."

Syracuse Post-Standard 10/26/99 Erin Duggan "….A 1995 investigation into sexual discrimination at the 174th Fighter Wing in Syracuse was marred by false testimony from key players, overlooked important evidence and torpedoed morale at the unit, a recent U.S. Department of Defense report said. The 174th was grounded for "safety reasons" after the 1995 investigation upheld Maj. Jacquelyn Parker's allegation that discrimination prevented her from passing her flight training. During the initial inquiry into her charges, several pilots and administrators were forced to retire or resign, or were reassigned. Many claimed they were retaliated against for cooperating with investigators and pointing fingers at higher-ups. …." 10/28/99 Lawrence Morahan "….A Pentagon panel that studies issues related to women in the services has recommended that Navy submarines be redesigned to accommodate female service members, despite opposition by commanders, and findings by experts that mixed-sex crews "could increase risks." The Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services, or DACOWITS, this week urged that future submarines accommodate female crew members, a move the Navy estimates would add up to $5 million each for the cost of restructuring attack subs. The unanimous recommendation by the panel of 27 women and two men conflicts with an in-depth study in 1994 by the Science Applications International Corp. (SAIC), a highly-respected independent contractor, which pointedly opposed mixed-sex crews on subs. "A mixed gender crew will complicate submarine life - from simple things like shipboard supplies, watch [duty] and bunk management to the far more complex areas of potential fraternizations and harassment which would be difficult to deal with in the uniquely confining environment of a submarine," the report said. …."

electronic telegraph 10/27/99 ben fenton "....THE United States Marines are trying to cope with new and unfamiliar concepts such as "holistic readiness" and "empowerment" after its new commandant announced plans for a softening of his corps. The image of service in the Marines as hard, sternly disciplined and incompatible with family life will change under Gen James Jones, who took over command of the 172,000 troops in June. The Marines have an esprit de corps based on mutual support, self-sacrifice and a single-minded dedication to military discipline. But their new commander wants them to start loosening up....."

USA Today 10/26/99 Andrea Stone "…. A Pentagon advisory panel has recommended that future submarines "incorporate appropriate berthing and privacy arrangements to accommodate mixed gender crews." Subs are the only major combat vessel where women can't serve. The Defense Advisory Council on Women in the Services, noting that existing submarines could stay in service for 40 years, wants the Navy to explain in greater detail why it can't refit existing subs sooner. The Navy says it would cost from $200,000 to $400,000 per female bunk to convert existing vessels ..."

New London Day 7/18/99 Elaine Donnelly "…. Despite frequent denials that anything is about to change, the Navy is conducting an informal test of female sailors on submarines. A group of 144 female and 218 male ROTC midshipmen, participating in 48-hour, two-night "career orientation and training" trips, are going to sea this summer on five Trident nuclear submarines. The women will sleep in a separate 9-man compartments in the enlisted berthing areas. Each ship captain will determine arrangements for their access to shower and lavatory facilities...."

Washington Times 10/26/99 AP "…..The Pentagon's program to vaccinate all 2.4 million service members against anthrax remains troubled with delays, supply problems and uncertainties, congressional auditors said yesterday. The General Accounting Office, an investigative arm of Congress, criticized the Defense Department's procedures for keeping track of vaccinations. The Pentagon also is not doing a good job screening "adverse reactions" the report said...."

AP via 10/25/99 Tom Raum "....The Pentagon's program to vaccinate all 2.4 million service members against anthrax remains troubled with delays, supply problems and uncertainties, congressional auditors said Monday. The General Accounting Office, an investigative arm of Congress, criticized the Defense Department's procedures for keeping track of vaccinations. The Pentagon also is not doing a good job screening ``adverse reactions,'' the report said...... The program is at least five months behind schedule, the GAO report said. ``The most critical component of the program, an adequate supply of vaccine, is threatened by testing delays and possible loss of production capability,'' the GAO said. ``Testing problems have already delayed release of stockpiled vaccine.'' .....It also cited financial problems facing the only licensed producer of the vaccine, BioPort Corp. of Lansing, Mich. ....."

Fox News 11/9/99 AP Tom Raum "....Only in rare instances will U.S. forces be required to take drugs not approved by the Food and Drug Administration, the Clinton administration told Congress Tuesday. A Pentagon official said these could include exposure to lethal biological-chemical weapons for which there are no approved vaccines. But members of a congressional panel suggested the authority could be abused. "I happen to believe such requests will not be rare,'' said Rep. Christopher Shays, R-Conn., chairman of a House Government Reform subcommittee looking into Defense Department vaccination programs. On Sept. 30, President Clinton signed an executive order setting forth the process under which a mandatory vaccination program could be administered under terms of a 1998 law. Essentially, the defense secretary would have to request such a program. It would then have to be approved by the president....."

Washington Times 11/5/99 Bill Gertz Rowan Scarborough "…..The Army is warning soldiers to watch out for radioactive foreign military equipment. "It's primarily Chinese," a senior military officer told us. Other radioactive equipment in Army hands includes stuff "from Third World countries," he said. "Commanders of units that possess foreign military equipment must be alert for the possibility that such equipment may contain radioactive material," the Oct. 22 memorandum states…..The memorandum said the main dangers of contamination were posed by gear with radium, strontium-90 and tritium. Tritium is a gas used to enhance nuclear explosions….."

Washington Times 11/14/99 "….Army Gen. Henry Shelton was a Special Forces parachuting commando who brought back a Purple Heart and a Bronze Star from two tours of duty in Vietnam and helped lead the 101st Airborne Division's deployment in Iraq during the Persian Gulf War. He is undoubtedly one of the nation's toughest, battle-tested warriors. Ever since he became chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and President Clinton's principal military adviser more than two years ago, however, Gen. Shelton has been a highly politicized "yes man," seemingly all too eager to defend the indefensible and to spin whatever military line emerges from the White House's political machine. Nowhere is this clearer than in the budget process. When Gen. Shelton first testified about the adequacy of Mr. Clinton's fiscal 1999 defense budget before the Senate Armed Services Committee in February 1998, he assured senators that the armed forces were "within an acceptable band of readiness and risk." Spinning the White House's view, he and the other chiefs told Sen. John McCain that the armed forces were "fundamentally healthy" and had achieved "a right balance" between current needs and long-term modernization. In other words, Gen. Shelton was defending the indefensible, hailing a White House defense budget that failed miserably to address the military's readiness problems. ……"

WorldNetDaily-Commentary Col Hackworth 11/16/99 "…."The purple fingernail polish and the dreadlocks covering her face and the hole in the side of her nose where she wears a diamond stud on weekends were bad enough," a command sergeant major says. "But then Specialist Flake asked me if she had to take that 'pointy sticky thing that goes on my gun' when she went to the M-16 rifle range." Flake is a single female soldier with three children by three different fathers. The "pointy sticky thing" is her bayonet. You know, the one that's stuck in an enemy soldier's belly when things get close and nasty. Beats me why this soldier is concerned with the bayonet or why her commander insists she qualify with her rifle. When her outfit moves out on a combat mission, Flake will be left behind to care for her kids, along with the sick and lame. She is nondeployable. She is like a firefighter who can't ride on the fire truck. ….."

Insight Magazine 12/6/99 Timothy Maier "…. Republicans in Congress are demanding that the FDA prove the safety of the controversial mandatory anthrax vaccine for military personnel ordered by the president. Concerned about the growing number of U.S. troops experiencing adverse side effects after submitting to an anthrax-vaccine injection, four Republican congressmen have called on the Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, to list the controversial shot as an investigative new drug. This likely would stop President Clinton's mandatory program to inoculate 2.4 million troops with the anthrax vaccine….."

airforce times 11/12/99 Nick Adde ‘….new presidential order bars the services from giving experimental drugs to troops without their consent, except in national emergencies. Under the executive order, titled "Improving Health Protection of Military Personnel Participating in Particular Military Operations," only the president can waive service members' right to informed consent before they can be forced to take experimental drugs. But some lawmakers are concerned that President Clinton's Sept. 30 directive, which imposes the new restriction, still leaves the Defense Department room to circumvent the waiver process and order troops to take experimental drugs anyway….."

AP 12/2/99 "…..Puerto Rico has won at least a temporary victory in its fight to stop the Navy from resuming use of its bombing range on the island of Vieques, Clinton administration officials said Thursday. The aircraft carrier USS Eisenhower and its battle group, including a contingent of Marines aboard Navy ships, will complete training off the southeastern U.S. coast instead of using Vieques, the officials said. The Marines will conduct an amphibious assault on the North Carolina coast and Navy strike aircraft will conduct air-to-ground bombing runs at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla, the officials said, speaking on condition of anonymity. If the decision holds, it would mean the Eisenhower battle group likely would deploy to the Mediterranean Sea in February at a substantially reduced state of combat readiness, several officials said. Normally the battle group would conclude its pre-deployment training with a joint exercise on Vieques that is designed to create combat-like conditions….."

The Washington Times 11/19/99 Wesley Pruden "…. Here's a tip for Saddam Hussein, Slobodan Milosevic, Jiang Zemin or any other big-time cowboy yearning to make trouble for America: send an army of women. We scared. They could even come unarmed, since unregistered guns frighten feminists. The National Organization for Women would declare fighting back as "sexist" (and maybe sexual harassment besides) and the only thing left to do, for Bill Clinton or whoever succeeds him, would be to arrange a suitable surrender. Our mighty military, no longer designed to be a war-fighting machine, has already surrendered to the ladies and the lady-men in Congress. Several politically incorrect officers at the Pentagon concede that the signs are ominous. The Army, in one straw in the wind, is investigating allegations that two recruiting officers in Little Rock -- must Arkansas be resigned to always being ground-zero? -- have given the required aptitude tests to surrogates acting for recruits who couldn't have made it into the Army……Some of the most vehement objections to women in combat come from women in the Army, who understand their limitations and who understand how these limitations would contribute to getting themselves and the men killed when war comes, as war always will. One day a foe of our own size will teach us this lesson, and the blood of a lot of young men and women will be on the hands of the feminists and the congressmen, Pentagon warriors and other cowards they have so easily emasculated….."

St. Louis Post Dispatch 11/27/99 "….There is nothing new about soldiers feeling separate from society. But with the end of the draft in 1973, signs indicate that the military is growing more homogeneous politically and ideologically. A study by the Triangle Institute for Security Studies found that nearly two-thirds of career-track officers now identify themselves as Republicans, up from one-third in 1976. Only 8 percent say they are Democrats, down from 12 percent in 1976. The civilian population is split evenly between the two parties. ….. More pressing is the issue of race relations. While the military is often touted as the most integrated sector of the United States, a recently released report revealed that 75 percent of minority members in uniform reported experiencing racially offensive behavior….."

AP News 11/22/99 "….His face splattered with fake blood, actor Martin Sheen knelt beside a coffin and made the sign of the cross before he was led away during a protest to demand the closing of the Army's School of the Americas. Sheen joined thousands who risked arrest Sunday by marching into Fort Benning to demonstrate against the school that trains Latin American soldiers and police. Opponents blame the school for human rights abuses committed by some of its graduates. "The U.S. Army is given a mandate to protect the weak," said Sheen, who plays the president of the United States in the television series The West Wing….." 11/22/99 William Matthews "…. The military's leading officers have abandoned the tradition of political neutrality and become overwhelmingly Republican, a Duke University researcher has found. "Elite military officers are Republican by a margin of eight to one over Democrats," said Peter Feaver, a political science professor. That compares to roughly a 50-50 split between Republicans and Democrats among the general public. Such strong Republican affiliation is just one symptom of a growing "gap" that separates the military from the rest of American society, said Feaver, who conducted an extensive survey of military values, attitudes and opinions and compared them with those of civilians. ….."

The Chicago Tribune 12/5/99 James O’Shea "….Cpl. Joseph Cooper is a paratrooper, one of the U.S. Army's best soldiers, trained to jump from airplanes and fight the toughest fights. But on a recent sunny Saturday the Sacramento paratrooper had a different sort of mission in the sector of Kosovo patrolled by U.S. forces: Tactical day care. Each school day soldiers such as Cooper show up at the local grade school to guard kids from potential attacks, a legacy of the ethnic hatred that continues to plague this war-torn region. "We guard the Albanian kids (from Serb attacks) in the morning, and the Serbian kids in the afternoon," said Cooper, clad in a flak jacket and steel helmet as children frolicked in the nearby playground during recess. ….."I didn't expect to be doing this," added Spec. Christopher Morgan of Katy, Texas, as he slung his M-16 rifle over his shoulder. "I wasn't trained to do day care." …."

Excite news 11/30/99 Reuters "…Researchers said Tuesday they have found brain damage in soldiers believed to be suffering from Gulf War Syndrome as a result of chemical exposure during the conflict. Magnetic resonance scans of 22 veterans found reduced levels of a brain chemical called NAA, suggesting a loss of neurons in the brain stem and basal ganglia, said the report from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. The brain stem controls some reflexes while the basal ganglia affects movement, memory and emotion. Thousands of soldiers who served in operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield in 1990 and 1991 during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait have complained about health problems including memory loss, sleep disorders, balance problems, depression, exhaustion, body pain, diarrhea and difficulties in concentrating. ….."

Colorado Springs Gazette 12/1/99 Bill Radford "…..When Biernacki-Purvis returned from the gulf, she was a young woman with her whole life ahead of her.. .But as life raced ahead, her health problems began to mount. She had thyroid problems almost immediately upon returning from the gulf, and other "small things that kept progressing": irritability, joint pain, rashes….Her second son, Henry, was born three weeks early. The baby was fine, but Biernacki-Purvis was still suffering a lot of pain, still throwing up, her body withering away. Doctors thought she had lupus, MS, cancer. "They tested me for everything. Nothing pointed to anything specific." And no one pointed to her duty in the gulf. But when one doctor said she would be lucky to live another six months, her family started looking for alternatives. Her mother learned about the work of Garth Nicolson, who at the time was researching gulf war illness while at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston. "It sounds like gulf war illness to me," Nicolson said after talking to Biernacki-Purvis' doctors. Nicolson believes one cause of gulf war illness is infection by a microorganism known as mycoplasma fermentans. At his suggestion, Biernacki-Purvis' doctors - who she says "were willing to try voodoo at this point" - put her on a common antibiotic, doxycycline. Within six weeks, Biernacki-Purvis, bedridden at the time, showed marked progress. Three years later, she remains on the doxycycline. She walks with the aid of a cane and has bad days and good - "a lot of good days," she said. But she still gets stomach pains that radiate upward, still gets rashes, still gets twitches in her right arm. At times, the vision in her left eye will zap away for an instant. She doesn't have a theory for the cause of her illness. It could be the shots: she was given the anthrax vaccine that some soldiers are now refusing to take, and she took the anti-nerve gas pill that since has been acknowledged as a possible cause of gulf war illness. It could be exposure to chemicals in the air. For all she knows, she said, it could have been the sand fleas….."

The Atlantic 7/97 Thomas Ricks "…..AFTER following a platoon of Marine recruits through eleven weeks of boot-camp training on Parris Island in the spring of 1995, I was stunned to see, when they went home for postgraduation leave, how alienated they felt from their old lives. At various times each of these new Marines seemed to experience a moment of private loathing for public America. They were repulsed by the physical unfitness of civilians, by the uncouth behavior they witnessed, and by what they saw as pervasive selfishness and consumerism. Many found themselves avoiding old friends, and some experienced difficulty even in communicating with their families……"

Proceedings 12/99 Richard Boyle "…..On 3 June 1999, when Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig raised the prospect of women in submarines at the Naval Submarine League Symposium, I was in the audience. A silent, unbelieving gasp seemed to hang on the announcement. Subsequent fallout in the press has been spirited. In September, Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Jay Johnson and Director of Naval Nuclear Propulsion Admiral Frank Bowman both spoke out against the idea. On 20 September 1999, a policy statement was released: "The Navy's policy of not assigning women to submarines remains unchanged." …."

San Diego Union-Tribune 12/4/99 James Crawley "….The Pentagon has delayed the second phase of its controversial anthrax vaccination program, originally set to begin next month, because the Food and Drug Administration has yet to recertify the plant making the vaccine. The postponement -- which could last until late next year -- will delay vaccine shots for all the soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines who would be "early deployers" during an overseas conflict. That includes personnel assigned to many Navy ships, airborne units and fighter squadrons, along with hundreds of thousands of others….."

Dallas Morning News 12/8/99 Henry Tatum "….At first, the United States was unwilling to accept what may have happened to the troops sent to the Middle East. The sleeplessness at night. The headaches. The loss of memory. The constant feeling of fatigue. The diarrhea. All of those ailments that have affected thousands of Desert Storm servicemen were blamed on stress. Gulf War vets knew that wasn't so. There was anxiety about being sent into a combat zone where the prospects for death were high. Life in the Middle East was hard while waiting for the signal to attack. But those symptoms weren't imagined. They were real. Nothing said to the contrary by researchers or the Veterans Affairs administration was going to change that. Finally, the veterans of Desert Storm are being handed scientific keys that will begin to unlock the puzzle that has been plaguing them for eight years. They are starting to hear things that make sense to them. Last week, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas released the most compelling study yet that the ailing Persian Gulf miltiary personnel suffered brain damage. UT Southwestern researchers found low levels of an important brain chemical in a test of veterans who have experienced mysterious illnesses since returning from the Middle East. ….."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 12/15/99 Rowan Scarborough ".... The Pentagon ordered a new review of its ban on open homosexuals just four months after issuing a statement vouching for the policy's fairness. In August, the department released new guidelines for commanders on the policy, known as "don't ask, don't tell," and re-released a 1998 statement that said the prohibition was working. A working group, the Pentagon said, "concluded last year after an extensive review of the implementation of the policy that, for the most part, the policy has been properly applied and enforced."..."

St Paul Pioneer Press/LA Times 12/14/99 Paul Richter "…. Inside the attack submarine USS Oklahoma City, sailors share bathrooms with 32 other men, sleep atop torpedoes and attend Sunday services in a space that also functions as the officers' dining room, reading room and surgical theater. Spending months at a time inside a 360-foot vessel with 145 men, a nuclear reactor and dozens of torpedoes and cruise missiles is like living inside a Swiss watch, crew members say. And in the view of some submariners and their superiors, it's no place for a woman. The elite and insular submarine service is the last all-male bastion of the Navy. But it is under growing pressure to open the hatches of its 76 subs to women, despite warnings that doing so could cause touchy sex-related problems, increase acquisition costs and diminish the speed and fighting power of these vessels. ….Last spring, Navy Secretary Richard Danzig lobbed a rhetorical bomb by warning members of the Naval Submarine League that the service is a narcissistic ``white male preserve.'' If submariners don't become more diverse, he warned, their political support could ebb. …."

Washington Post 12/14/99 Bradley Graham "….. The Pentagon's controversial effort to inoculate U.S. troops against anthrax bacteria suffered another setback yesterday with the disclosure that a new facility built to produce the vaccine had failed its first safety inspection. As a result, Pentagon officials said, Defense Secretary William S. Cohen decided to halt the planned expansion of vaccinations next year. Until deficiencies at the manufacturing plant are resolved, the officials said, military authorities will draw on stockpiled doses produced at a predecessor facility and administer shots only to the several hundred thousand troops who rotate periodically through such high-threat areas as South Korea and the Persian Gulf region. The delay in producing new doses could take up to a year and cost an additional $7 million to $10 million, officials said at a Pentagon news conference. The announcement brought further embarrassment to the two-year-old vaccination effort, already battered by questions about safety and effectiveness. Touted initially by defense officials as a farsighted response to the rising threat of germ warfare, the program has become a source of some unrest in the ranks and political controversy on Capitol Hill. …."


Chicago Tribune 12/13/99 James O’Shea "…. Cpl. Joseph Cooper is a paratrooper, one of the Army’s best soldiers, trained to jump from airplanes and fight the toughest fights. But on a recent sunny Saturday in Mogita, Yugoslavia, the Sacramento paratrooper had a different sort of mission in the sector of Kosovo patrolled by U.S. Forces: Tactical day care. Each school day, soldiers such as Cooper show up at the local grade school to guard kids from potential attacks, a legacy of the ethnic hatred that continues to plague this war-torn region. "We guard the Albanians kids (from Serb attacks) in the morning and the Serbian kids in the afternoon," said Cooper, clad in a flak jacket and steel helmet as children frolicked in the nearby playground during recess. "I didn’t expect to be doing this," added Spec. Christopher Morgan of Katy, Texas. "I wasn’t trained to do day care." …."

St. Louis Post Dispatch 1/8/00 Harry Levins "….The consensus holds that "don't ask, don't tell" is fatally flawed - that patriotic homosexuals should be allowed to serve without hiding their orientation. It's a matter of fairness, we're told. What's open to question is whether fairness is the issue here. Consider that nobody has a right to serve in the armed forces. The armed forces discriminate regularly. They'll turn you away if you're too old, too young, too fat, too dumb. You're a felon who paid your debt to society? Sorry. You're a kid with a bum eye who's yearning to follow your father into the Marine Corps? Sorry. The courts have consistently deferred to the armed forces as the best judges of how to defend society. After all, at bottom, the armed forces are about life and death. Alone in our society, they have a warrant to kill people and break things. Given those grim realities, the courts have left decisions on eligibility to the armed forces - and to Congress, which sets the rules and regulations for people in uniform. In 1993, when Congress OK'd "don't ask, don't tell," it did so through a law that states flatly, "Homosexuality is incompatible with military service." …"

St. Louis Post Dispatch 1/8/00 Harry Levins "….Why do the armed forces feel that way? Two reasons, mainly. Military people call the first "small-unit cohesion." You and I call it "male bonding," of the nonsexual sort. To prevail in combat, soldiers must have trust and faith in one another. Sexual tension corrodes faith and trust, which is a big reason why women have been barred from infantry squads and tank crews - so far, anyway. The second reason is a simple respect for what little privacy soldiers enjoy. Soldiers do more than work together. They eat, sleep, shower and shave together. I sampled this togetherness in September in Kosovo, where I lived in a tent with a dozen Navy Seabees. We showered in a group in a big tent with no partitions. That shower tent drove home "don't ask, don't tell" to me…… But I suspect that few of the people writing the op-ed pieces or appearing on the cable TV talk shows have had that shower-tent experience, or any experience with the armed forces….."

Associated Press 1/7/00 "…..An Air Force major said Friday he faces a court-martial for refusing to take the anthrax vaccine because he fears it could jeopardize his health. Maj. Sonnie Bates, a pilot stationed at Dover Air Force Base in Delaware, is believed to be the highest-ranking military officer facing court-martial for refusing to follow a direct order to take the shot. The Defense Department has ordered the anthrax vaccine to be administered to all 2.4 million active duty and reserve military troops as protection against biological warfare. More than 380,000 service members have started the six-shot regimen. More than 200 military personnel have refused to take the vaccine because they fear its safety, Pentagon officials say….."

WorldNetDaily 12/31/99 Gertz & Scarborough "…..The Silent Service is speaking out. The Navy's normally quiet fraternity of submariners took one on the chin earlier this year when Navy Secretary Richard Danzig criticized the force for being a "white-male preserve'' and suggested women be put on board the tight-quartered vessels. Now submariners are sounding the alarm against Pentagon plans to cut up seven Los Angeles-class attack submarines -- one of the most effective military weapons in the U.S. arsenal -- beginning in 2001. The Clinton administration decided in 1997 that to save money the submarine force would be cut back from 72 boats to 50 by 2001. However, the Joint Chiefs of Staff were recently sent a secret report on the Navy's dwindling number of submarines. The report, according to a naval insider, says the nation is at an "unacceptable risk'' as the number of attack boats drops near the required 50 mark. The report said the Navy needs a minimum of 55 attack submarines to counter the Russian nuclear threat and also deal with emerging sub forces in China, Iran, India and Pakistan. The desirable fleet strength is 68, says the report by a private consultant……. The immediate solution: Keep operating the seven Los Angeles-class submarines slated for destruction. For the longer term, the United States is going to have to start building more submarines, by some estimates as many as three a year. The new Virginia-class attack submarine will be procured at a one-sub rate. Another option under review is to convert four Trident nuclear missile submarines into cruise-missile shooters……. His friends inside the Navy are not the only ones rooting for Adm. Vernon Clark to be the next chief of naval operations. Some Air Force generals are too. Here's why: Adm. Clark, currently Atlantic Fleet commander, is considered one of the top prospects from the Navy to be the next Joint Chiefs of Staff chairman in two years. But, if he gets the CNO job next summer, the move would likely preclude him from becoming a chairman candidate since he would only have been in his new post about a year…… "

The New York Times 12/17/99 Marc Lacey "….Addressing a sympathetic audience of gay and lesbian backers of the Democratic Party, President Clinton said today that the way the military was implementing the "don't ask, don't tell" policy toward homosexuals in uniform could turn soldier against soldier and that he intended to push for changes in how the services put the policy into effect. "He told us what he's been telling us privately for two years -- that he doesn't like the policy but that it was the best he could get politically," said Elizabeth Birch, executive director of the Human Rights Campaign, a gay political group. "The president called it institutionalized hypocrisy and said it creates an atmosphere of secrecy that turns soldier upon soldier." ……"

European Stars and Stripes 1/3/00 Gregory Piatt "….As NATO evolves in the next decade, U.S. troops in Europe will focus on the eastern and southern parts of the continent, U.S. officials and analysts say. They say instead of the main concentration of U.S. troops based in Germany, they will be in Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey and maybe Poland. Others say the military will be based in those countries and in Germany to provide stability and guidance, but much of their mission will be to operate beyond NATO frontiers. "The U.S. will be doing things in Europe and will use Europe as a base," said Robert Hunter, the U.S. ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization from 1993 to 1997. "I wouldn't be surprised if you see more weight [troop concentration] in southeastern Europe."…."

New York Daily News 1/7/00 Timothy Burger "……Key veterans' groups came out yesterday against a proposal by the two Democratic presidential contenders that Pentagon brass who would serve under them would have to endorse military service by openly gay soldiers. "We would obviously be opposed in a big way to any litmus test," said Steve Van Buskirk, spokesman for the 1.9 million-member Veterans of Foreign Wars. "If you're going to have any test at all, it's going to be to their ability to lead and to be a straight shooter on matters affecting readiness," said Steve Thomas of the American Legion, which is 2.8 million strong. …." 1/7/00 Julie Foster "….Former Army Spc. Michael New, court-martialed in 1996 for refusing to obey an order to wear a United Nations uniform, will appear before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, the highest military tribunal in the land, on Feb. 4. Considered a hero by many, the media-shy New refused to don the U.N. uniform while stationed in Germany in 1995 during a peacekeeping mission. This hearing is yet another in a long line of court battles fought to reverse the bad conduct discharge the Army gave New in 1996. Given his past court battles, New's prospects for victory look grim. This is his second appeal in the military court system -- which New's father, Daniel, characterizes as "an intense adversarial relationship." …… "We brought a mountain of evidence that the U.N. uniform is not regulation," Daniel New said. But the Army maintains the issue before the court is simply whether or not a soldier can disobey an order. Since the scope of the allowed debate is so limited, New can no longer argue the real issue -- should an American soldier be subject to wearing foreign military uniforms and serving under foreign military officers as occurred with New's unit in Germany. New's officers told him that the president now has the authority to place Americans under the United Nations, according to Presidential Decision Directive 25, signed in 1994. While an executive summary of that directive exists, the document itself is classified. Supporters of New's position claim that President Clinton has, under PDD 25, "affected to render the military independent of and superior to the civil power" -- civil power being Congress, not the Commander in Chief. …."

New York Times 1/7/00 Steven Lee Myers "….When Clinton administration officials interviewed Gen. Charles C. Krulak for the job of commandant of the Marine Corps in 1995, he recalled today, no one asked for his views on any social issue facing the military. And there were certainly many brewing at the time, including women in combat and the integration of the sexes in boot camp. And so General Krulak said he was dismayed with the way the two Democratic candidates for president, Vice President Al Gore and former Senator Bill Bradley, had so strongly endorsed allowing homosexuals to serve openly in the military. Mr. Bradley said he would expect his appointees to the Joint Chiefs of Staff to carry out his policy. Mr. Gore went further to say it would be a "litmus test" for any appointee he selected. Presidents, General Krulak said, have historically selected nominees based on their experience and military expertise, not on their views on political issues -- particularly divisive social ones. To do otherwise, he said, "is in my opinion wrong." "It has nothing to do with the rightness or wrongness of gays in the military," said General Krulak, an opponent of allowing homosexuals to serve openly who retired as commandant last year. "It has everything to do with how a commander in chief goes about getting the best officers in the land." …."

Reuters 1/6/00 Deborah Charles "….President Clinton said on Thursday the next president will need Congress's consent to let homosexuals serve openly in the military, despite vows to overturn current policy by the Democrats seeking his job. ``I believe that the next president, if he wants to change the policy, will have to get the Congress to change the law,'' Clinton told reporters. Clinton spoke outside his new house in the New York City suburbs after he and first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton spent their first night there. During a Democratic presidential campaign debate on Wednesday night in New Hampshire, Vice President Al Gore (news - web sites) and former New Jersey Sen. Bill Bradley (news - web sites) both said they would seek to overturn the present ``don't-ask-don't-tell'' policy. Critics say the policy has led to an unintended increase in expulsions of gay and lesbian soldiers. Clinton in December acknowledged that the policy was not working as intended, after Mrs. Clinton, who is running for U.S. Senate seat from New York, called for its elimination….."

Orlando Sentinel 1/6/00 Charley Reese "…. There are a few things Americans who care about their country should be concerned about. Of course, they are not the things the politicians and news media are telling you to worry about. One is the decline of the U.S. armed forces. They are losing people right and left, primarily because those people are tired of being posted to various paradises such as Somalia and Haiti for senseless United Nations missions. They are having so much trouble recruiting that they are lowering the standards. At the same time, they have far too many women who, because of pregnancy or too many illegitimate children, are not deployable. The politicians in Washington are ruining the U.S. armed forces, and Americans had better stop those politicians….."

Inside The Pentagon 1/6/00 Keith Costa "….The State Department has refused to turn over to House Armed Services Committee member Walter Jones (R-NC) all the documents he requested on the department's voluntary anthrax immunization program for its overseas employees. The State Department responded to Jones in a Jan. 4 letter that briefly sketches the history of the program. However, the agency insisted it could not release the bulk of material Jones requested unless asked to do so in writing by a committee chairman. In an August 23, 1999, letter to Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, Jones said he was "baffled" that the State Department's immunization program is voluntary while the Defense Department's program is mandatory (Inside the Pentagon, Sept. 2, 1999, p1). …."

TIME 1/6/00 Tony Karon "….Is Al Gore's campaign shipping water that could sink it later on? Bill Bradley's challenge from the left was always going to force the Vice President to tilt the wheel in that direction, but Wednesday night's debate was a reminder that painting Gore as holier than Bradley in the eyes of the left wing of the Democratic Party involves taking positions that might haunt him in the presidential race. Gore, who remains the strong favorite despite Bradley's lead in New Hampshire, took a stronger stand than both his rival and the Clinton administration on the issue of gays in the military. He vowed that he wouldn't appoint any officer to the Joint Chiefs of Staff who didn't support the right of gays to serve openly in the armed forces….."

NYTimes 1/6/00 RL Berke "…. Vice President Al Gore and his Democratic opponent, Bill Bradley, said tonight that if they were elected president they would require their appointees to the Joint Chiefs of Staff to fully support allowing homosexuals to serve openly in the military. Although both candidates had previously opposed the Clinton administration's "don't ask, don't tell" policy their comments in the fourth Democratic debate of the primary season, here at the University of New Hampshire, were a strikingly forceful embrace of gay rights and were bound to come under attack by the Republican candidates……. Of the two, Mr. Gore was the more expansive, saying he wanted to make the same sweeping changes toward allowing homosexuals to serve openly in the military that President Harry S. Truman made toward racially integrating the armed forces….."

Washington Times 1/7/00 Bill Gertz Rowan Scarborough "…..We've had a bunch of queries about COO, the Army's sensitivity training program, ever since this column told of the service's top intelligence officer speaking to a group of hardened senior sergeants. Instead of focusing on future intelligence needs, the general lectured them on COO (Consideration of Others), much to the dismay of some of those present. What is COO? We procured a document on the subject distributed by the Army's Military District of Washington. COO's goal, the guidance states, is "increasing sensitivity in a diverse environment." ….. "Consideration of others is not just a concept to address sexual, racial or religious harassment -it covers the broad perspective of civility and encompasses harassment, discrimination, prejudice, insensitivity, offensive behavior, verbal abuse and basic thoughtlessness….."

Washington Times 1/14/2000 Bill Gertz and Rowan Scarborough "…. Tree huggers at the Pentagon are at it again. We reported several weeks ago how the Army ordered a massive program to replace the lead in millions of 5.56 mm bullets - those fired by standard issue M-16 rifles - with tungsten filler. Now the Army is expanding its politically correct ``Green Ammo'' program even further. Army Undersecretary Bernard Rostker directed the Army recently to consider filling all 120 mm tank rounds with tungsten instead of depleted uranium. Apparently, depleted uranium used in the tank-busting, armor-piercing shells is an environmental hazard, according to the Pentagon's environmental police. If the conversion is approved, however, there are serious drawbacks. The tungsten shells will have less range than those containing depleted uranium, thus nullifying a key advantage for U.S. ground forces. During the 1991 Persian Gulf war, depleted uranium tank shells gave U.S. forces a decisive advantage over Iraqi tanks. That advantage could be lost under the conversion plan for an environmentally safe battlefield. We're told by officials who oppose the idea that in addition to the decreased range, tungsten- filled tanks rounds also pose another national security risk, one we highlighted earlier: The United States has no reserves of the material and currently has to buy what it uses from China…." 1/21/2000 John Nowacki "….With Bill Clinton's push for hate crimes legislation and Al Gore's admitted pro-homosexual litmus test for the Joint Chiefs of Staff (which he now insists is not a litmus test, after all), homosexuality in the military promises to be once more on the front burner of American politics. But it isn't just here in the United States that the debate about mainstreaming homosexuality is being conducted. The United Kingdom ended its ban on homosexuals in the military last week, after the European Court of Human Rights overruled the British government, calling the ban a "grave interference in private lives." With that out of the way, the pro-homosexual interests in Britain are focused on their next move, the repeal of Section 28……. Section 28 of the Local Government Act was enacted when Margaret Thatcher was still Prime Minister. The law prohibits local authorities from intentionally promoting homosexuality or publishing material with the intention of promoting homosexuality……" 1/14/2000 Vince Gonzales "….CBS News Correspondent Vince Gonzales reports Bates, who is stationed at Dover Air Force Base in Delaware, was summoned before his commanding officer Friday and told he is the first U.S. military officer facing court-martial for refusing a vaccine designed to protect against the deadly biological warfare agent anthrax. Bates says he "never thought I'd be singled out for not following an order." Bates refused the shot because many of his comrades got sick after being vaccinated. "It wasn't a difficult decision at all because I feel like I have a higher order to follow," he explains, "and that is to stand up against things that are wrong." ….."

WorldNetDaily 1/17/2000 Scott Park Human Events "….A new study of more than 12,000 servicemen and women reveals that seven years of Clinton administration defense policies have driven down morale among personnel of all ranks. The findings, published in "American Military Culture in the 21st Century," which was released last week by the Washington, D.C.-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, indicate that U.S. soldiers, sailors and Marines are losing trust in their chain-of-command. Only 35 percent of servicemen surveyed agreed with the statement: "When my service's senior leaders say something, you can believe it's true." Soldiers in the ranks also conceded that they do not believe senior officers are being honest with the American people about the readiness of units for combat, the adequacy of resources, and the quality of recruits emerging from basic training. Any admiral or general who has the moral courage to talk openly about the significant, pervasive and dangerous trends that have developed in the armed forces during the Clinton years would likely see his career summarily ended or his advancement permanently blocked. The CSIS survey, accordingly, was conducted in strict confidentiality…..Referring to the survey, Elaine Donnelly of the Center for Military Readiness told Human Events she sees a causal connection between dissent in the ranks and top-down pressure to support dubious political decisions such as integrating women into combat units and allowing open homosexuals to serve…… No confidence in women in combat: The study found that only one-third of junior enlisted men believed women would pull their load in combat. Remarkably, 44 percent of low-ranking enlisted women agreed…."

WorldNetDaily 1/20/2000 Jon Dougherty "….Little that has gone wrong with the military since the Clinton administration took the helm has been its fault. Stupid, damaging and shortsighted PC policies have done more to destroy the U.S. military than any opposing army has in the past 40 years. Military traditions and time-tested doctrine mean nothing to the PC captains within the administration… Perhaps more despicable, however, is the top military brass' willingness to abide by these damaging policies. Their acquiescence to Clintonian feminization and homosexual policies, while scoring them political points in the White House, has done incredible harm to the force. If you doubt that, take a look at any services' current pitiful recruitment figures; with the exception of the Marine Corps, which still trains men and women separately, all services have been consistently reporting recruitment shortfalls….. That's no accident -- men, who are physically and statistically better suited for warfare and combat, don't want to serve with a bunch of pansies and women. That's just the way it is, and it is why senior noncoms and officers are getting out in droves….."

Dayton Daily News 1/14/2000 Timothy Gaffney "….The Air Force's years of research cutbacks drew blistering criticism Thursday by the service's biggest booster, the Air Force Association. A 30-page "special report," prepared by retired top Air Force generals, says the service has "shortchanged the nation's future military-technological edge" by reducing basic research in favor of short-term programs. The report says the Air Force, founded as a technology-based military power, has cut research spending so much during the past 10 years that it now trails both the Army and Navy……. It can take 20 years to develop new technology, the report says, but the Air Force is focusing more and more on short-term research tied to specific weapons programs, such as the proposed Space Based Laser and Discoverer II, a prototype for advanced spy satellites. The report says basic research gets the smallest slice of the Air Force's funding pie, about $210 million, down from $265 million in 1993. "Without a robust Air Force (research and development) program today, there will be no way to catch up 20 years from now. What's in the pipeline now is what our men will have to depend on to face threats not yet imagined," the report says….."

Washington Times 1/18/2000 Rowan Scarborough "…. They get detention for passing love notes in class, holding hands, kissing, giving foot massages, smiling suggestively and uttering sexually tinged language. An American high school? No. It's basic training in the new U.S. military. Hundreds of disciplinary reports collected by a congressional commission show that today's military drill instructors appear just as busy keeping the sexes apart as they do molding young people into obedient soldiers. The reports were reviewed by The Washington Times after the commission recently deposited the unpublicized reports at the National Archives……. "The reports show that basic training has become more of a summer camp than preparation for war," said Jim Renne, a legal counsel for the commission, which went out of business after submitting the report. "It reaffirms the overwhelming view of drill instructors that basic training has become primarily a baby-sitting exercise," said Mr. Renne, who opposes mixed-sex boot camp….. Henry Hamilton, a lawyer in South Carolina who defends personnel charged with sexual offenses, analyzed the Article 15 reports at the commission's request. He said he performed no statistical analysis, but discovered a general practice of not punishing female recruits who had consensual sex with supervisors. "Males were punished more often than females with whom they violated the gender policy," he said. "There were very few instances of females being punished, especially when they engaged in consensual sexual acts with drill sergeants. There was a disparate underdisciplining of females. This says that females aren't responsible. It says that all males are responsible."…."

New York Times 2/2/2000 Elizabeth Becker "....Every member of the armed forces, from four-star generals to privates, will undergo training by the end of the year to prevent anti-gay harassment, the Pentagon announced today in a sweeping admission that its "don't ask, don't tell, don't harass" policy is poorly understood in the ranks. In the wake of the murder of a gay private in Kentucky last July, Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen ordered each of the armed services to prepare training programs and asked the senior civilian and military leaders of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines to send letters to their commanders this month emphasizing that anti-gay threats and harassment will not be tolerated. .....The Pentagon said it had no immediate estimate of the cost of the additional training. P. J. Crowley, a Defense Department spokesman, said the expense would be measured in hours rather than dollars. ....."

Detroit News 1/31/2000 John Hanchette "....Researchers have been digging for almost nine years to discover what triggered the mystery symptoms known collectively as gulf war Illness, chronic afflictions complained of by about one-sixth of those who served in the 1991 war with Iraq. In a medical journal being published today, Memphis immunologist Pamela Asa and colleagues at the Tulane Medical School in New Orleans assert that squalene -- an experimental additive thought by some scientists to make for better absorption and immunity response when added to vaccines -- may have had a lot to do with it. Asa -- with Tulane's Robert Garry and Yan Cao -- have established a correlation between antibodies to squalene found in the blood and the presence of Gulf War Illness symptoms. When they looked at 144 Gulf War-era veterans, the researchers found squalene antibodies in 95 percent of the sick vets who had been deployed to the Persian Gulf -- and in 100 percent of ill Gulf War-period vets who had received vaccinations but never were deployed to the Middle East. .... In a large control group of blood donors, lupus patients, silicone breast implant recipients, and chronic fatigue syndrome sufferers, the researchers found no antibodies to squalene. Conclusion: Somehow, an experimental substance still unlicensed by the Food and Drug Administration for human vaccinations has gotten into the blood and bodies of sick Gulf War veterans....."

Omaha World-Herald 1/27/2000 "….Severe stress, physicians warn, can do major harm to a person's health. Stress can also harm an organization. A recent study indicated a problem in the way the U.S. armed services utilize their people. Stress is the unfortunate result. The report, prepared by the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C., concludes that "readiness and morale have slipped; recruiting and retention are problematic; and careers in the military have become less satisfying." Top U.S. military leaders, the report says, have "not yet adjusted to the reality that there are insufficient operating resources and personnel to match missions." It concludes, "for all hands and their families, it is a tough time to be in uniform."….."

Christian Science Monitor 1/28/2000 Elaine Grossman "…. If the military is a culture unto itself, the submarine represents another world altogether. Running silent and deep for months at a time, with manufactured air and sardine-cramped quarters, the boats can become emotional pressure cookers submerged in dark and icy waters. Now the Navy has been asked to add a potentially volatile new ingredient: women. A Pentagon commission recently proposed that submarine service be opened for the first time to female sailors. The move could broaden the recruiting pool for underwater duty, which like other branches of the armed services, faces a shortage of talented volunteers. And this could be one of the last gender barriers to fall in the Navy. But critics, including top Navy brass, say the initiative would raise costs and increase the rigors of one of the world's most challenging work environments. Women line up on both sides of the debate, with opposition surfacing in one group that, though quiet in public, carries considerable weight behind the scenes: wives of current submariners. "The majority of wives and family members do not want women on submarines," says Tami Calhoun of Groton, Conn., an opponent of gender integration on subs and director of the Submarine Wives Club, a support group……"

Severnside 1/28/2000 "…. PLA General Xiong Guangkai has left Washington. Here's a brief after action report:
1. This time he did NOT/NOT offer to nuke Los Angeles.
2. The press is turning over rocks all over Washington to find out which U. S. Senator or Congressperson he met in secret.
3. Sec. Cohen announced he would be inviting Chinese Defense Minister Chi Haotian to Washington. [With luck, this will happen just before the election. Chi is on the cover of 'Red Dragon Rising'.]
4. Sec. Cohen obliged Xiong by reaffirming the various anti-Taiwan policy statements-the 3 Communiques, the 3 'no's' and One China. We have no information on whether Cohen also knocked his head nine times on the floor. ….."

Washington Times 1/28/2000 Rowan Scarborough "….The Army has ordered mandatory homosexual sensitivity training for all soldiers in the aftermath of the murder of a soldier at Fort Campbell, Ky. The Pentagon is also issuing written surveys to military personnel on how their commands view homosexuals. The survey, for example, asks if service members have heard jokes or negative remarks about homosexuals. The training order and written questionnaire are part of the military's drive to rid the ranks of anti-homosexual actions and statements. Pfc. Barry Winchell, the Fort Campbell soldier, was killed in July by a barracks mate who thought Pfc. Winchell was homosexual. Pvt. Calvin N. Glover was court-martialed for the killing and sentenced to life in prison. The actions also come after first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton and President Clinton criticized his own policy on homosexuals -"don't ask, don't tell," which bars open homosexuality in the ranks. The survey and training is not sitting well with some armed forces members, who complain the Pentagon is promoting the homosexual agenda……"

Providence Journal-Bulletin 1/28/2000 Mackubin Thomas Owens "….The issue of homosexuals serving openly in the military is shaping up to be one of the most contentious issues in this year's presidential campaign. The tone of the debate was set in December, when President Clinton asserted during a radio interview that the current policy of "don't ask, don't tell," which has been in effect since 1993, was not working as he had intended. …… For example, in his Boson Globe column of Jan. 11, James Carroll writes that "today's soldiers and sailors reluctant to serve shoulder to shoulder with homosexuals are the progeny of racist and sexist soldiers and sailors who were told to get over it or get out." Although it is popular to equate opposition to permitting homosexuals to serve openly in the military today with opposition to racial integration of the services five decades ago, the similarities between the two cases are superficial. Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Colin Powell, who no doubt knows something about racial discrimination, made the proper distinction in a reply to former Rep. Pat Schroeder, D-Colo., when she argued that point. "Skin color is a benign nonbehavioral characteristic. Sexual orientation is perhaps the most profound of human behavioral characteristics. Comparison of the two is a convenient but invalid argument." ….. For this reason, General Powell stated in testimony before Congress in 1992 that it "would be prejudicial to good order and discipline to try to integrate [open homosexuals] into the current military structure." Congress agreed and subsequently reaffirmed the longstanding exclusion of open homosexuals from military service. This is an important fact that the Democratic candidates either don't understand or are ignoring for partisan political purposes.. ….."

Navy Times 1/31/2000 Gigdet Fuentes "….When the new amphibious assault ship Bonhomme Richard heads west Jan. 24 for its first deployment, more than two dozen female enlisted Marines will be aboard. The women will join about 326 female sailors in the ship's crew for a six-month Western Pacific deployment. The Bonhomme Richard, with a total crew of about 1,100, can accommodate up to 450 women in berthing compartments and staterooms. It hasn't been so easy for female Marines to deploy on the Navy's amphibious ships. The lack of female berthing -- or sufficient space to accommodate female Marines -- has forced women to miss out on the "Gator" ship deployments……."

Inside The Pentagon 1/27/2000 Elaine Grossman "…When a group of North Carolina academics concluded last fall that a cultural "gap" exists between elite military officers and the public they serve, few defense experts disagreed with their data. But over the past several months, a debate has percolated among civilian policymakers, active and reserve military officers, retired service members and expert observers over how to interpret the study's results…..But the Triangle Institute researchers express concern that military leaders think they should "insist" on any matters -- be it ROE, types of force used or exit strategy -- because these issues traditionally remain solely in the purview of civilian policy makers……. For UNC-Chapel Hill's Richard Kohn, one of the study's two principal investigators, the findings imply that in instances in which military officers believe they have a right to "insist," they would be willing to resign if they do not get their way. That "goes too far," Kohn said in a Jan. 18 interview……."

Philadelphia Inquirer 1/24/2000 Deroy Murdock "....Has the time come to ban heterosexuals from the armed forces? Evidence that straight GIs weaken America's defenses continues to accumulate. Sex between male and female soldiers disrupts numerous military installations. The Army Inspector General reported in July 1997 that leaders at one boot camp believe it is unrealistic to stop sex between coed recruits thanks to the chain of command's inability to provide adequate oversight in the barracks, given the high frequency of such incidents. Exasperated, the Army has tried a technical fix. According to the Washington Times' Rowan Scarborough, the Army has installed alarms and surveillance cameras to keep male and female enlistees in their respective quarters. That often fails. At Fort Bragg alone, the Army Times notes, about 200 unmarried, pregnant soldiers are on base at any given time. According to Penna Dexter of Concerned Women for America, the Navy now takes it for granted that 10 percent of women will be pregnant when they return from long cruises. In the first 13 months of America's deployment in Bosnia, 118 soldiers got pregnant and were shipped out. Expectant GIs move from bunks and barracks to cozier housing and lighter duties. Then they become single moms, with the attendant consequences......"

PR Newswire 2/13/00 "….The Pentagon is looking at the battle for the Chechan capital of Grozny -- which was long and bloody for Russian attackers and Chechen defenders -- as a preview of urban warfare of the future that the U.S. military is not prepared nor equipped for. ``I'm not so sure that we'd do a whole lot better than the Russians,'' one senior Pentagon official says in the current issue of Newsweek....,Instead of the high-tech, laser-guided munitions which worked in the gulf war, U.S. military planners say they need equipment such as handheld sensors to detect an enemy in the next room, and the sort of trolley that mechanics use to go under cars to rescue wounded comrades. In the last couple of weeks, a company of Marines has been ``fighting'' their way through the houses and office blocks of Fort Ord, Calif., an Army base abandoned in 1994. If the results mimic those at a similar exercise last spring, they won't be encouraging. In ``attacks'' on a naval hospital in Oakland, Calif., the Marines took casualty rates as high as 70 percent, reports National Security Correspondent John Barry in the February 21 issue of Newsweek (on newsstands Monday, February 14). In the past, the U.S. Army avoided cities because the cost of street-fighting casualties was just too steep, Barry reports. If cities couldn't be avoided, then the other option was to flatten them. Now, neither option exists….."

AP 2/12/00 Amy Forliti "…..At least a dozen Indiana Air National Guard pilots in Fort Wayne are barred from flying for refusing an anthrax vaccination required for an upcoming mission overseas, pilots say. Members of the 122nd Fighter Wing, which is scheduled to be sent to the Middle East in April, have until Sunday to begin the series of six shots. The vaccination program had been voluntary until now. "Everybody is worried about safety," said Capt. Bruce Everett, a commercial pilot barred from flying for the Guard in January for refusing the vaccine. "I don't know if it's unsafe. All I know is that there hasn't been enough research to prove that it is safe." The Pentagon has ordered all of its 2.4 million active and reserve personnel be inoculated against anthrax, a deadly germ that can be used in biological warfare. About 200 to 300 people have refused the vaccine so far, according to the Pentagon. Several men and women have been prosecuted, and many reservists have quit because of the shots. …."

American Spectator 2/11/00 R Emmett Tyrrell Jr "….There was that unpleasant ceremony in the White House East Room. The room was filled with military brass and veterans, rough fellows whose company brings agitation to this graduate of war protests and draft irregularities. Worse, he had to place a Medal of Honor around the neck of a hero from the Vietnam War, Mr. Alfred Rascon…….. When Rascon and his unit were ambushed 34 years ago in Long Khanh Province, Bill Clinton, the awesome student politician and frequent class president, was growing increasingly apprehensive about his chances with what was then a universal military draft. Mr. Rascon spent the next couple of years recovering from the wounds he suffered while treating his wounded and turning an abandoned machine gun on the enemy, wounds so grave that he received the last rites of the Roman Catholic Church. Meanwhile the smartest student politician in American history was anxiously plotting to escape the draft.. ….One of the most contemptible transgressions committed by the Clintons in public life is their willful falsification of the historical record with lies, evasions, and stupefying exaggerations. Most of Clinton's lies about his draft dodging have now probably been exposed. Yet he and his apologists have followed up these exposures with an even more contemptible lie, namely the lie that they resort to so often when caught red-handed, the lie that "everyone does it." To listen to them, every young man of draft age in the late 1960s worked as energetically as the President to avoid military service. Oh yes, and every American president was an adulterer. And it is the rarest of American presidents who did not fill his campaign coffers with money from foreign nationals and perhaps even extra-terrestrials. Truth be known it was only the rarest of young American men in the late 1960s who dodged the draft. ……"

World Net Daily 2/5/00 Dr Alan Keyes "….I believe we need to return to the ban on gays in the military. The present policy is unconscionable, and puts an intolerable burden on the military. It signals to people who are homosexual that they may enter the military with the full expectation that the practice of homosexuality will be winked at by military authorities. Under the current policy, it is quite reasonable to form the impression that homosexuality will not be looked upon as a violation. Meanwhile, the regulations that say it is a violation stay in place. So what are the people who have responsibility for enforcing those regulations supposed to do when they come across information that suggests violations are occurring? It is true even more in the military than in civic life that respect for the laws that define justice and right behavior is the most fundamental prerequisite for the well-being of the community. The "don't ask, don't tell" policy is a classic instance of the preferred Clinton assault against decency. He attacks by arranging things so that there will be a persistent, gnawing erosion of the well-built structures of human life. In this case, the real target is the never-ending struggle by military leaders to burnish in their charges the respect for military order that will ensure willing obedience under even the most daunting of circumstances. "Don't ask, don't tell" is Clinton's program of euthanasia for military discipline. For what is the inevitable result of such Clintonesque gray areas in a military chain of command? It gives rise to resentment, and to a corresponding lack of confidence on the part of military authorities in enforcing the regulations. And, of course, it gives rise to possibilities of abuse, where subjective judgments can be interposed in order to play favorites or pursue private vendettas. …."

Associated Press 2/6/00 Edith Lederer "…..The U.S. military is resuming high-level contacts with U.N. peacekeeping officials after years of strained relations over the debacle in Somalia and the U.S. failure to pay its U.N. debt. ``It is rebuilding a relationship which was severely strained and more or less dried up'' in recent years, U.S. Ambassador Richard Holbrooke said in an interview on Friday. ``We're trying to use Pentagon know-how to help the Department of Peacekeeping Operations in its planning effort. This is not an attempt to take over U.N. responsibilities,'' he said. ``Since American taxpayer dollars are involved, and at times even American lives are at risk, we want to help get it right.'' ……"

The Hill 2/2/00 David Silverberg "….. On Jan. 12, a brief essay appeared on the editorial page of The Wall Street Journal. Penned by former Marine Corps Commandant Charles Krulak, it was titled, "Don't Politicize the Joint Chiefs." Gen. Krulak knows whereof he speaks, being the father of an active-duty Marine and having served as a joint chief. He asserted that top military leaders must be free to offer the president whatever advice they deem appropriate based on their best judgment -- and that those serving in uniform "deserve a head of state who has the moral conrage to accept, even to demand, the best military advice the joint chiefs can provide -- regardless of how that advice might play politically." Furthermore, selection for top slots, he writes, "must be based on military experience, military expertise and leadership ability. It cannot be based on support or lack thereof for a current social or political position. As a nation we must never allow our elected leaders to subordinate an issue of national security for the sake of political gain." All this sounds like mom and apple pie, but what prompted Krulak to write was a remark by Vice President Al Gore that, not only would he lift the ban on homosexuals serving openly in the military, he would require his nominees to the Joint Chiefs of Staff to support the policy. In the face of criticism, Gore immediately backpedaled. It's difficult now to say where he stands -- or if he stands anywhere at all. But even suggesting a political litmus test for military leadership is like opening Pandora's box. Even if the lid is lifted just a little, all the demons can get out. …."

Associated Press 2/4/00 Brigitte Greenberg "…..A U.S. soldier's bad-conduct discharge for refusing to serve on a U.N. peacekeeping mission should be overturned because the jury was not allowed to decide whether President Clinton's order to deploy was legal, the soldier's lawyer argued Friday. Attorney Henry L. Hamilton, representing Army medic Michael New, told five judges of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces that Clinton's order to deploy troops to Macedonia in 1995 was illegal because he did not have congressional approval. ``Superiors may not compel subordinates to obey illegal orders,'' said Hamilton, a retired Army judge advocate general. ``The government must prove lawfulness. ... If it's not a legal order, there's no duty to obey it.'' Capt. Kelly Haywood, representing the government, argued that the order's legitimacy was never for the seven-member military jury to decide, and New had a duty to obey the commander in chief. ``The mission lives and dies by the soldier following an order,'' Haywood said. ….."

INSIGHT Magazine 2/4/00 Paul Rodriguez "….. A peer-reviewed article by Tulane University researchers confirming the presence of squalene in the blood of gulf-war veterans has spurred Congress to demand answers from the Pentagon. At least 10 senior members of Congress recently sent Defense Secretary William Cohen a stern letter about the Pentagon's failure to take seriously a newly discovered bio-marker that may help explain the mysterious illness known as gulf-war syndrome, or GWS. This latest escalation of tension between Congress and the Department of Defense, or DOD, follows news that the Department of Microbiology at the Tulane School of Medicine in New Orleans has published in the February issue of Experimental and Molecular Pathology a groundbreaking study on the discovery of exotic antibodies to a substance called squalene that appear only in troops of the gulf-war era - both those who served overseas and those who never left the United States. Immunologist Robert F. Garry, leader of the Tulane study group, and Tennessee microbiologist Pamela Asa reported in their peer-reviewed article that they found the squalene antibodies only in the blood of sick soldiers who had been given the full complement of immunizations (see "Breakthrough on Gulf War Illness," April 19, 1999). The speculation for more than two years has been that the troops were given an experimental immunization that contained an adjuvant with squalene. The DOD repeatedly denied this despite compelling circumstantial evidence to the contrary. …."

Foreign Policy Research Institute 2/4/00 Walter A McDougall "….Indeed, one of the central goals of the feminist movement is to establish a fully sexually integrated military, trained, fit, and ready to engage in combat. To the advocates of this cause, it is an outrage that the United States is not moving at a rapid enough pace in their direction; but the truth is that it has moved very swiftly indeed. The United States today is the only serious military power in history to contemplate thorough sexual integration of its armed forces. And thanks to an adamant feminist lobby, a conspiracy of silence in the officer corps, and the anodyne state of debate over the issue, the brave new world of female infantry, bomber pilots, submariners, and drill sergeants may lie just around the corner. ……. As former Secretary of the Navy James Webb attests, military institutions must be coercive, hierarchical, and self-sacrificial, and as such they depend on a rigid code of fairness with regard to conduct, performance, and deportment, promotion on merit, and egalitarian treatment that by its nature cannot be gender- neutral. For as soon as the sexes are mixed in close quarters, especially for prolonged and tense intervals, the jealousies, courtships, and favoritism that are bound to erupt must corrode fairness and discipline. Imagine, writes Webb, a ship at sea for a hundred days during which numerous crew members pair off for sex. That in itself spawns favoritism, duplicity, and pregnancies. But what of the crewmen who don't "score" with shipmates and must stifle their libido for months? "The inescapable feelings of resentment, competition, and anger that follow create a powder keg of emotions that cannot help but affect morale, discipline, and attention to duty." To military expert Edward Luttwak, the belief that mixing the sexes need not affect order and discipline is "a grotesque, puritanical hypocrisy. The Army can't do something that eluded the Franciscans. It can't run a mixed monastery." ….."

San Diego Union-Tribune 2/5/00 Brigitte Greenberg "….A U.S. soldier's bad-conduct discharge for refusing to serve on a U.N. peacekeeping mission should be overturned because the jury was not allowed to decide whether President Clinton's order to deploy was legal, the soldier's lawyer argued yesterday. Attorney Henry L. Hamilton, representing Army medic Michael New, told five judges of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces that Clinton's order to deploy troops to Macedonia in 1995 was illegal because he did not have congressional approval. "Superiors may not compel subordinates to obey illegal orders," said Hamilton, a retired Army judge advocate general. "The government must prove lawfulness. . . . If it's not a legal order, there's no duty to obey it." ……"

National Defense 2/2000 Harold Kennedy "……Special operations troops gain critical role in U.S. foreign policy U.S. special operations forces have a well-established role as the nation's unconventional fighters, who often tackle dangerous and sensitive combat assignments. Increasingly, however, they find themselves in peacekeeping roles. In recent months, for example, special operations personnel have:
* Assisted Australian troops in setting up a civil/military operation center for the international peacekeeping force in East Timor.
* Produced television programming and publications, including even comic books, to warn people throughout the war-torn Balkans about the dangers of land mines.
* Helped monitor ceasefire agreements ending a border war between Peru and Ecuador.
* Trained soldiers from seven African nations to serve, when needed, on peacekeeping forces on that strife-wracked continent.
* Flown 19 tons of disaster-relief supplies into Vietnam, helping an old enemy of the United States to recover from its worst flooding in a century.

Don't get the wrong idea. Special operations forces have not been given a makeover. They still perform plenty of the unconventional, combat-related assignments. Many of these assignments are secret-or "black"-operations. It is acknowledged, nevertheless, that special operations play a principal role in U.S. strategy to counter terrorist attacks. They also are deeply involved in U.S. efforts to counter the flow of cocaine from Colombia, Bolivia and Peru, through Central American and the Caribbean into the United States. ….."

World Net Daily 2/8/00 Col David Hackworth "….Texas cattleman Robert Shoaf must have thought the Russians were coming when artillery shells thumped down on his ranch one night last month. As his cattle property near King, Texas was pummeled with 11 rounds of artillery fire, the foundation of his house cracked and pictures shook off the walls. When the sun came up, his ranch looked like it had been through a night in Kosovo. Since the Cold War is at half-time and the U.S. Army's Fort Hood is but eight miles away, it didn't take a Texas Ranger to I.D. the perps. Fort Hood officials admit two 155mm artillery battalions were firing at the time that Shoaf and his family were bombarded. And "shrapnel consistent with 155mm high explosive ammunition" and fuses found on the ranch match the ammo the two artillery battalions were firing the night the incident occurred. Fortunately, there were no human casualties, nor did Shoaf lose any of his prized Texas longhorns to Fort Hood's not-so-friendly fire. A very embarrassed U.S. Army has suspended all artillery practice at Fort Hood until it finds out what happened -- which won't be hard. Mistakes like this shouldn't be made by combat-ready fighting units. Before these units slammed a live round in the breech, they had to be determined combat-ready. Leaders from firing section to battalion would've been certified to lock, load and pull that lanyard. ….."

Army Times 2/14/00 David Wood "….With an adrenalin-pumped war cry -- "Targets left front! On the way!" Lt. Ralph Mattison unleashed the fury of a 120 mm cannon, rocking his Abrams tank and drilling armor-piercing rounds through the black night toward practice targets two miles downrange. Ten thousand miles from home and four miles from the border of Iraq, Mattison and his tank crew from the 10th Cavalry Regiment of Fort Hood, Texas, are enforcing an ambitious and aggressive global strategy the United States has quietly assumed since the end of the Cold War. Part moral zeal, part power politics, this bold and costly strategy presses U.S. influence and American-style democracy into troubled corners of the world as an antidote to disorder. Countries armed with democratic ideals, U.S. policymakers assert, will be stable -- safe against extremist politics, terrorism, chaos, even the urge to build nuclear or biological weapons. "We are not the world's policemen," Defense Secretary William Cohen recently declared, "and we do not seek to fulfill that role." But, he added, "What we do seek is to promote stability and democracy wherever we can and in whatever capacity we can." America's military commitments, accordingly, have exploded in number and scope. Specific missions, such as the deployment of peacekeeping soldiers to the Balkans, have been hotly controversial and bitterly challenged by Congress and by the public. But the grand strategy itself, its costs and risks, have barely been recognized, let alone debated. …."

Hartford Courant 2/4/00 Thomas Williams "….Nine years after the Persian Gulf War, the Pentagon and other federal agencies have spent $121 million on research in one year alone, and still have not answered basic questions such as how many of the 136,000 disabled war veterans have undiagnosed sicknesses, a federal watchdog agency says. The U.S. General Accounting Office says the Defense Department spent $65.3 million in 1997-98, of the $121 million spent overall in research. The Defense Department has set aside another $65.4 million for studies this fiscal year. Despite all this spending, the GAO said, "Basic questions about causes [of illness], course of [their] development and treatments of gulf war veterans' illnesses remain unanswered." …."

Yahoo 2/19/00 AFP "….A US soldier charged with raping and murdering an 11-year-old girl in Kosovo boasted to a comrade that he had killed before, a witness said Friday. Staff Sergeant Frank Ronghi allegedly told a private who helped him bury the body in snow it was "easy to get away with something like this in a Third World country." "He knew because he'd done it before in the desert," Sergeant Christopher Rice, who was on duty on the night of the killing, told a pre-trial hearing at this huge US army base. Ronghi is charged with sexually assaulting and murdering the ethnic Albanian girl. ….."

Associated Press 2/16/00 "……The Air Force says it won't court-martial a major who questioned the safety of the military's anthrax vaccine and refused the mandatory injections. Maj. Sonnie Bates, a 14-year, decorated pilot, was believed to have been the highest-ranking Air Force officer on track to face a court-martial for refusing the anthrax vaccine. Instead, Bates has agreed to an administrative hearing by his commander at Dover Air Force Base that could result in sanctions ranging from a loss of pay to 30 days arrest. Under the agreement, there will be no conviction on his record, and the base commander could decide not to punish him. ……"

Insight On the News Magazine 2/16/0 "….The Department of Defense is considering adopting a new policy that would exempt some military personnel from participating in the mandatory anthrax-vaccine program. The proposal comes on the heels of widespread criticism from military personnel concerned about adverse reactions to the shots. Rather than risk potential side effects, at least 1,000 members of the military refused the shot. They are subject to court-martial and dishonorable discharge. Rep. Walter Jones, a North Carolina Republican and member of the House Armed Services Committee, applauded the recent decision. Jones has requested the Pentagon's inspector general to launch a probe into the decision to inoculate the troops with a vaccine administered by BioPort of Lansing, Mich. Last October, Jones asked the Pentagon to consider eliminating the anthrax-vaccine requirement for personnel leaving the service. ….."

Aviation Week & Space Technology 2/14/00 David Fulghum "…..At least one secret, new air-dropped weapon was used by the U.S. in attacks on Yugoslavia. Bomb tactics, employed apparently for the first time in combat by the stealthy F-117, dropped tactical munitions dispensers filled with fine, hair-like strings of electrically conductive material. These webs drifted from the sky to blanket outdoor electrical grids. The resulting electrical shorts tripped circuit breakers and temporarily shut down electrical power to the Yugoslav population in an attempt to increase civilian discomfort and, U.S. planners hoped, fan discontent with the war. Employees of the Electrical Power Authority of Serbia (EPS) cleaned up the sites after U.S. attacks and fished some weapons and submunitions out of ponds and rivers for inspection. The materials were then turned over to Russian representatives who took them to Moscow for microscopic and chemical analyses, according to William Arkin. He is a former U.S. Army intelligence officer who was funded by the Human Rights Watch to lead a team into Yugoslavia to conduct a post-war bomb damage assessment in Yugoslavia. Arkin conducted a similar survey of Iraqi targets after the 1991-92 Persian Gulf war……."

Marine Corps Times 2/28/00 C Mark Brinkley "….. With many of his Marines outside still kicking the Kosovar mud from their boots after a hard month's work, Col. Kenneth Glueck Jr. made a statement so perceptive that it likely added a fourth side to the much-discussed "three-block war." "If we would have stayed any longer, we probably would have had to have at least a company of MPs," the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit commander told Marine Commandant Gen. James L. Jones last July…….. Long lumped into the broad category of "peacekeeping," police work is becoming commonplace for units frequently tasked with operating in urban environments. Just as humanitarian missions have moved to the forefront during the past 20 years, policing is poised to become a significant portion of future assignments……."

New York Times 2/21/00 Steven Muers "…..Soldiers on this sprawling post in central Texas snap to salute when Maj. Gen. Rick J. Hillier strides by. He is, after all, deputy commander of the Army's Third Corps and its 57,000 troops. But there is something unusual about this lanky officer that gives soldiers pause. First there is his clipped accent, which sounds even stranger down here in Texas. And then there is his uniform, his forest-green beret and the two maple leaves he wears instead of a general's stars. General Hillier, second in charge of one of the Army's four corps, a senior officer overseeing the operations of three Army divisions, is a Canadian. "Some found it a little strange at first," he said as he oversaw a group of National Guard soldiers preparing to leave Fort Hood for Bosnia. "Now it doesn't seem to matter that I'm in a Canadian uniform. They just view me as part of the team." ….."

http:/ 2/19/00 "…….There are articles which to be accepted today must be written only by women or men who have not served in America's military. Unfortunately, being born a male, and having served decades ago as a navy frogman, I fit neither category. In spite of that horrendous drawback, the topic just seems too important to ignore simply because I lack the qualifications. I am speaking of commentary on the recommendations recently given by an eleven person panel that studied in-depth the integration of women into our armed forces. The panel, composed of six women and five men, conducted nearly two thousand interviews with active duty personnel at seventeen sites. Nancy Kassebaum Baker, a former senator and woman of uncompromising integrity, chaired it. The study arrived at several recommendations, of which perhaps the most controversial was the segregation of males and females through basic training, and housing them in separate barracks during that period. The panel's findings will be circulated to our senior military officers for their concurrence or opposition. If there is general agreement, they will be adopted and implemented. From what I have read of the panel's suggested changes, they all make sense, would improve the quality of basic training, and I believe they should be incorporated as standard procedure in our armed forces. Not surprisingly, some of the media have responded indignantly to the panel's conclusions. Titles of "About Face," and "Retrenchment," were applied to its findings. It seems to me the media are more concerned about their agenda of gender equalization in our armed forces than they are about insuring that America has a military capable of successfully defending the country….."

The Dallas Morning News 2/20/00 Steven Lee Myers "…..- - Greta M. Powell, a staff sergeant in the 49th Armored Division of the Texas National Guard, taught algebra at Sharpstown High School in Houston - until word came that she was going to Bosnia for nearly nine months. Then she had to fight to keep her job……. As the Pentagon relies more heavily on the 564,000 members of the National Guard and Reserves to support its military operations around the world, it is creating a backlash among civilian employers suddenly confronted with the loss of valuable employees - not just for a few days or weeks, but for months at a time……"

Reuters 2/17/00 "….. A congressional report on Thursday recommended the U.S. military suspend mandatory anthrax vaccine shots planned for all 2.4 million active and reserve troops. The Pentagon quickly rejected such a move. The report by Republicans on the House subcommittee on national security charged that the vaccine uses 1950s technology, was originally intended to protect people working with farm animals and had not been proven effective against airborne biological attack. It said the series of six shots over 18 months, which have been refused by 351 active and reserve troops despite the threat of military court trials, should be made voluntary until an updated vaccine is developed. ….."

Reuters 2/17/00 "….. NATO's military chief said on Thursday that U.S. and NATO troops were likely to remain in Bosnia and Kosovo as long as Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic retains power. U.S. Army Gen. Wesley Clark, supreme commander of NATO forces in Europe, told a U.S. House of Representatives panel that troops in the region could be reduced but probably never removed until Milosevic's regime is replaced. U.S. lawmakers have grown increasingly exasperated by the lengthy deployment in Kosovo and Bosnia, but Clark refused to put a time frame on any eventual troop withdrawals......."

Inside The Pentagon 2/17/00 Elaine Grossman "….. Four years ago, U.S. government officials preparing a massive initiative to immunize all military personnel against anthrax raised a number of fundamental questions about whether the existing vaccine -- as licensed by the Food and Drug Administration -- had been adequately tested for this use, according to U.S. government documents obtained by Inside the Pentagon. At issue was whether the anthrax vaccine could be used in ways the FDA-approved label did not clearly spell out. Specifically, U.S. officials questioned whether a vaccine originally intended for workers who come into skin contact with anthrax-infected animals could be given to millions of members of the U.S. military who might contract anthrax in a whole new way: delivered by a terrorist or rogue nation in aerosol form through a bomb or crude weapon……"

Christian Science Monitor 2/18/00 Dave Moniz "……For years, some of America's most influential experts and academics have suggested that the US military is drifting dangerously far to the right on a host of important social issues, creating a growing gap between the armed forces and the rest of the nation. Several have gone so far as to label it a crisis. Yet mounting evidence indicates that America's military leaders are more in tune with the rest of America than previously thought. While they may take strong conservative stands on homosexuality and the death penalty, military officers are in fact more inclined to favor handgun controls and abortion rights than the civilian population……"

Washington Times 2/18/00 Bill Gertz Rowan Scarborough "…..Gen. James Jones, the Marine Corps commandant, has sent a message to the fleet naming replacements for seven colonels who turned down command assignments. Some Marine officers say the high number shows the Corps is losing its allure among some senior officers. But Maj. Patrick Gibbons, a spokesman for Gen. Jones, maintains that the number of turn-downs went up from two last year because the commandant changed the assignment system. He explained the change:….."

USA Today 3/9/00 Andrea Stone "…..A small but growing number of military commanders are ignoring the Pentagon's "don't ask, don't tell" policy on homosexuals and quietly refusing to discharge openly gay troops, a report by the Servicemembers Legal Defense Network says. The advocacy group says it knows of 26 people who in the last two years admitted they were gay in order to escape harassment but were allowed to remain in the military, despite the 6-year-old policy that says those who "tell" must be discharged. In 1998, eight came out but were allowed, for often unclear reasons, to stay in. There were another 18 cases last year. Most were in the Navy. Ten of the people are still in uniform: five Army officers, one Navy officer and four enlisted sailors. As trends go, this one is barely perceptible - just 1% of the number of gay discharges in those two years. But it is significant. For at a time when the military is struggling to recruit and retain qualified people, it might indicate that some leaders will look the other way to retain an experienced person, even if he or she is gay. It also might indicate a growing tolerance in the military……"

Associated Press 3/9/00 David Briscoe "…..Anti-homosexual abuse in the armed services has more than doubled in the past year, despite the addition by the Pentagon of "don't harass" to its "don't ask, don't tell" policy, a lawyers group that defends gays in the military said today. The Servicemembers Legal Defense Network reported 968 incidents, including a murder, assaults and verbal gay-bashing. The group of lawyers, which annually has reported on military harassment against gays for six years, says the problem is worse than ever, with a record percentage of women discharged for being gay last year in what it called a spate of "lesbian baiting." A Pentagon spokesman said the services investigate all allegations of harassment and officials do not believe it has increased. While declining to comment specifically on a report officers have not yet seen, spokesman Bryan Whitman pointed out that discharges for homosexuality decreased last year by 10 percent after several years of increase. ……"We do not believe there is growing anti-gay harassment in the military," Whitman said. The military last year issued guidance to ensure that "everyone from the newest recruit to flag officers, understands the policy and the law," he said. …."

Hartford Courant 3/4/00 Thomas Williams "…… State Attorney General Richard Blumenthal, raising questions about potential liability to Connecticut, says he agrees with a congressional report calling for a suspension of the military's mandatory anthrax vaccination program. Blumenthal said it is not clear whether the state or federal government would be responsible for the health care of National Guard personnel if any became sick from taking the vaccination, as the guard is a state agency. Almost a year ago, two Connecticut Air National Guard pilots complained to state auditors about the anthrax vaccination program. They had resigned a couple of months earlier rather than take the vaccinations. ….."

Boston Herald 3/6/00 Doug Hanchett "…… U.S. Army and Navy reservists were on hand at Ft. Devens in Ayer yesterday to announce the formation of a joint unit assigned to protect Iceland. The Iceland Defense Force Joint Reserve Unit will be overseen by Rear Admiral David Architzel of the U.S. Navy, commander in charge of defense operations in the tiny North Atlantic country. "I'm looking forward to seeing what they can do," Architzel said of the new troops. "What I expect from them is that they have the energy that empowers them to come forward with innovative ideas in how best to use their talents and their time."….."

Washington Post 3/4/00 Roberto Suro "……In the next few months, every member of the armed forces, from private to general, is supposed to undergo instruction to stop harassment of gays in uniform. But the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines have prepared widely differing, sometimes contradictory and often perfunctory lessons. All hands in the Navy, for example, will see a slide show that begins with sailors working heroically together as wind-whipped waves crash around their ship. ..."


Marines Corps Times 3/6/00 Gordon Lubold "…..By the end of the second week of boot camp, when most recruits have adjusted to the regimented discipline and physical conditioning, Recruit Ronnie McGregor kept struggling. He didn't want to do the drills. He balked at cleaning his rifle. He hated running and PT. Instead, he was throwing his canteen against the wall in fits of anger. He was becoming a poison pill. Not so very long ago, the Corps would have tossed McGregor's butt out of boot camp in a DI minute. But not anymore. A tougher recruiting market and what some call good old-fashioned common sense -- and others consider a shift to a softer Marine Corps -- are driving the biggest sea change in recruit training since Gen. Charles C. Krulak introduced the Crucible in 1996. These days, drill instructors are expected to save malcontent recruits like McGregor. …."

Christian Science Monitor 2/28/00 Dave Moniz "….. As soldiers clapped with the enthusiasm of a "Wheel of Fortune" audience, the South Carolina National Guard last week unveiled its newest recruiting tool: A psychedelic Humvee. Resembling the pastel school bus once driven by actress Shirley Jones in the 1970s TV show "The Partridge Family," the customized recruiting vehicle is a four-wheeled testament to the military's recruiting challenges today. From the Army's announcement that it may sponsor a drag racer to each service's recruitment Hollywood celebs to promote the armed forces, the services are trying methods that might seem better suited to the world of MTV and infomercials. To some, the moves make sense in a world in which few recruiting methods seem to be reaching young Americans. To others, though, they smack of the desperate methods adopted and quickly dropped by recruiters after Vietnam……"

ArmyLINK News 3/22/00 Staff Sgt. Jack Siemieniec "…… Up to 120,000 of the Army Reserve's 205,000 soldiers could be called upon to support civilian authorities in the event of a terrorist incident, according to Reserve strategists who spend their time planning for the worst. Terrorist acts of recent years have focused fears on what has been described by defense officials as America's "soft underbelly" -- its hometown, civilian population. With mandates from Congress, local, state and federal agencies are arming and training themselves to counter those who would do America, and Americans, harm. The Army Reserve has special capabilities it can bring to bear, its officials said. Among its 2,000-plus units are chemical detection and reconnaissance companies, a myriad of medical and medical support organizations and a number of other groups with specialized functions which officials said counter the effects of weapons of mass destruction and other forms of terrorism. ……"

National Guard Magazine 3/00 Charles Cragin "…….. In a commencement address at the U.S. Naval Academy in May 1998, President Bill Clinton announced that we would do more to protect U.S. citizens against the growing threat of chemical and biological terrorism. As part of this effort, he reported that the Defense Department was forming 10 teams to support state and local authorities in the event of an incident involving weapons of mass destruction. The DOD recently expanded this program to 27 teams, now known as WMD Civil Support Teams. Despite the considerable attention the program has received, misconceptions about the nature and purpose of the teams abound. The most widespread misconceptions focus on what the teams are intended to do, under whose authority they will operate, and how and where they will normally function. ......... The teams were established to deploy rapidly to assist a local incident commander in determining the nature and extent of an attack or incident; provide expert technical advice on WMD response operations; and help identify and support the arrival of follow-on state and federal military response assets. Each team consists of 22 highly skilled, full-time members of the Army and Air National Guard. The first 10 teams have completed their individual and unit collective training. Each team has two large pieces of equipment: a mobile analytical laboratory for field analysis of chemical or biological agents; and a unified command suite that has the ability to provide communications interoperability among the various responders who may be on scene. The first 10 teams will be certified as fully mission-capable this spring, with the remaining 17 expected to come on line next year. ……… The teams are unique because of their federal-state relationship. They are federally resourced, federally trained, federally evaluated, and operate under federal doctrine. But they will perform their mission primarily under the command and control of the governors of the states in which they are located. They will perform their mission under the command of the governors of the states in which they are located. They will be, first and foremost, state assets. ......... "

National Guard Magazine 3/00 Charles Cragin "…….. Operationally, they fall under the state adjutant general and will be available to respond to an incident as part of a state response, well before federal response assets would be called upon to provide assistance. If a situation overwhelmed state and local response assets, the governor could request the president to issue a declaration of national disaster and provide federal assistance. At that point, the team would continue to support local officials in their state status, but would also assist in channeling additional federal assets in support of the local commander. It is essential to note that these teams are not connected with "counter-terrorism" activities. ......... If federalized, the civil support teams would fall under the operational command and control of the recently established Joint Task Force-Civil Support, which will respond to requests for assistance from the Federal Emergency Management Agency for the purposes of WMD consequence management. It will have robust planning and command-and-control capabilities, with the ability to mobilize a military task force, and reach-back capability to subject matter experts, labs, and medical support……."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 3/23/00 Bill Gertz "…… Vice President Al Gore will work to overturn the ban on homosexuals serving openly in the military if elected president, a Gore aide said yesterday. Leon Fuerth, Mr. Gore's national security adviser and political adviser to the presumed Democratic presidential nominee, also repeated the vice president's January "correction" that he will not require the next chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to hold pro-homosexual views. Military leaders support the current ban. Mr. Gore "believes there is a case to be made for honest and loyal American men and women who want to serve their country in a volunteer force to be able to do so without fear," Mr. Fuerth said in a breakfast meeting with defense writers. "He believes that the leadership of the military and the rank and file understand the justice of that proposition, even though they may have problems with it."......"

Air Force Times 3/20/00 Vince Crawley "….. It's the American dream -- a home to call your own. Unless, of course, you enlisted in the military. The Pentagon's reform of the housing-allowance system includes an effort to set a minimum standard for off-base living quarters for service members at each pay grade and dependent status. But those standards are an apartment, townhouse or duplex for all but the highest-ranking enlisted members. The minimum standards, which range from a one-bedroom apartment for an E-4 without dependents to a four-bedroom, single-family detached house for O-5s and above with dependents, are based on service members' average annual salaries, known in military parlance as regular military compensation. This is the total value of basic pay, housing and subsistence allowances, and the tax advantage military members enjoy because allowances are not taxed……"

London Times 3/27/00 Damian Whitworth "……THIS week a US Navy frigate will leave San Diego for the Gulf on a mission both routine and historic. Routine, because hunting down suspected Iraqi oil smugglers, boarding their vessels and ordering them into friendly ports is all in a day's work. Historic, because, for the first time the US Navy is sending a warship to sea with a woman in charge. Commander Kathleen McGrath, 47, is a symbol of the sea-change taking place in a service once notorious for its sexism. She will be in command of the USS Jarrett, a 900-tonne guided missile frigate, with a crew of 262. It is a remarkable achievement given that women have been allowed to serve on warships only since 1994. ….."

Newsday 3/25/00 AP "……Windows rattled and pets scattered as Navy jets dropped live bombs for a training exercise that was moved to the Florida Panhandle because of protests against training drills at a Puerto Rican island. Planes from the aircraft carrier USS George Washington dropped 62 tons of bombs on an Eglin Air Force Base test range Friday, the first and most intense day of live bombing during war games that continue through next Sunday. Tina Paroz, manager of a motel in the Seminole community south of the range, said her two dogs scampered into a corner when they heard the noise. ''It's loud and it's bothersome,'' she said. ''We just figure we have to live with it.'' ….."

reuters 3/25/00 "……. U.S. military authorities said Saturday they had charged a U.S. soldier in Kosovo for shooting himself deliberately in the leg and then pretending he had been attacked by a sniper. Specialist Buddie Deal of the Army's First Infantry Division faces charges of intentionally injuring himself to avoid service ``in a hostilefire payzone'' and of making false statements about the incident, a statement from U.S. forces said. The incident occurred at the Camp Monteith base in the eastern city of Gnjilane on February 11, the statement said. ..."

Washington Post 3/23/00 Rhomas Ricks "….. The Corps has decided that its mid-career officers could benefit from taking a year away from military life and working in a distinctly different area--an international bank, a dot-com startup, a refugee-aid charity or even a television newsroom. So, under a new program called the "Year Out," set to be unveiled within a few weeks, the Marine Corps plans to ship some of its most promising young officers off "to acquire those information age skills or those cultural skills that we need so much," according to an internal Marine Corps memorandum. ….."

San Jose Mercury 3/23/00 Alexander Cockburn "…….. A handful of military personnel from the 4th Psychological Operations Group (i.e. PSYOPs) based at Fort Bragg in North Carolina have until recently been working in CNN's headquarters in Atlanta. An enterprising Dutch journalist named Abe De Vries came up with this important story in mid-February, and he remains properly astounded that no mainstream news medium in the United States has evinced any interest in the story. I came across translations of De Vries' stories on the matter, after they had appeared in late February in Trouw, the foremost quality newspaper in Holland. De Vries later told me he'd originally come upon the story via an article in the French Intelligence newsletter (available on a pay-per-story basis on the Internet) Feb. 17, which described a military symposium in Arlington, Va., held at the beginning of that same month, discussing use of the press in military operations. ……."

AP 3/24/00 Robert Burns "……Anti-gay speech and harassment is widespread on U.S. military bases and many service members believe it is tolerated by their leaders, the Pentagon's inspector general reported today. ''Although the most frequent type of harassment identified was offensive speech, a small but significant percentage of respondents reported that more serious matters were involved,'' Defense Secretary William Cohen wrote in a memorandum sent today to the civilian and uniformed chiefs of each service. Frank Rush, the deputy undersecretary for planning, told a news conference that 80 percent of those surveyed on military bases and aboard U.S. Navy ships said they had heard offensive speech, derogatory names or offensive jokes aimed at homosexuals at least once over the past year. About 5 percent said they believed that such offensive behavior was tolerated by their unit comander or supervisor. The survey also found, Rush said, that 37 percent of those asked reported that they had witnessed, or been a target of, harassment for perceived homosexuality. Cohen spokesman Kenneth Bacon said there also was ''a disturbing amount'' of offensive graffiti, gestures and even violence directed at people perceived to be homosexual. ……"

Air Force Times 3/20/00 Patrick Eddington "…… As if the current controversial anthrax vaccine program was not bad enough, The Associated Press reported Feb. 28 that for years Pentagon officials concealed manufacturing flaws in chemical protective suits purchased in the late 1980s and early 1990s, which brought into question the effectiveness of the garments. Lawmakers on both sides of the aisle denounced the Defense Department's conduct; Pentagon spin doctors countered that troops were never at risk……. As early as September 1990, technicians at the Marine Corps Logistic Base in Albany, Ga., had concerns about the serviceability of chemical-protective suits -- known as OG-84s -- being sent to soldiers and Marines facing Saddam Hussein's chemically equipped Iraqi troops. In a "Maintenance Advisory Message" issued Sept. 25, 1990, the Albany logistics center noted, "Reports indicate that significant numbers of vapor barrier bags for chemical protective overgarments have pinholes or split seams. ...."

UPI 4/18/00 "……The Pentagon is considering changing the way it counts soldiers' income in order to cut the number of military personnel that are eligible for food stamps, Pentagon spokesman Ken Bacon said. As many as 3,800 families could be affected by the change. About 6,300 military families are on food stamps. Sixty percent of those live on a military base -- and that is the crux of the problem. Those soldiers have no out-of-pocket expenses for housing, but neither do they report their subsidized housing as income. This keeps their income low enough to qualify for food stamps. However, soldiers of the same rank, salary and family size who live off base may not be eligible for food stamps. They receive a monthly housing allowance -- covering 85 percent of their housing cost at best -- that is counted toward their income by the Agriculture Department, which oversees the food stamp program. This makes them ineligible for food stamps. ….."

Colorado Springs Gazette 4/17/00 Mary Boyle "…… As military retirees continue to bombard Congress with demands for the free medical care they say they were promised, chances of getting all they want appear dim. The problem is money. Government number crunchers recently concluded it would cost $9 billion a year - roughly 3 percent of the defense budget - to extend full medical benefits to military retirees and their families under the same program offered to federal employees. The price tag is causing some, including military supporters such as Rep. Joel Hefley, R-Colorado Springs, to shy away from such a proposal. "My concern is we just don't know where that money would come from," Hefley said………"

The Associated Press 4/18/00 "……Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig told an audience at the U.S. Naval Academy that the military should not be considered a testing ground for gay-rights issues. Responding to a question about gays in military service, Danzig said Monday night that American society "hasn't reached a consensus" on gay rights. "In the end, the military itself shouldn't be a driver of that, but a follower of the consensus of society," he said. "It is really much more an issue for society-at-large as it is for the military," he said. "The military isn't essentially a testing ground." ….."

US 4/17/00 "……. U.S. pilots may have been hampered by the political efforts of various NATO allies while waging an air war to oust Serb forces from Kosovo a year ago, said a new report. A classified Air Force report, according to, titled, "Air War Over Serbia," was written to help the service learn from the conflict, identifying "numerous successes and shortcomings of the U.S. role in the NATO effort," the news service said. A senior Air Force official, who was not named, described conclusions in the report that said U.S. Air Force planes were not always able to attack in poor weather "did not always have the equipment and procedures in place to use intelligence rapidly strike changing enemy positions," said. Furthermore, the official said U.S. forces could not be as potent as they wanted to be because politicians from NATO countries, some with different objectives in Kosovo, were able to limit how the war was being fought. ……"

The Straits times 4/16/00 "……British troops who served in the former Yugoslavia are planning to sue the Defence Ministry after suffering "Balkans War Syndrome" health problems, The Sunday Times reported here. Doctors link their symptoms to exposure to depleted uranium (DU) in anti-tank missiles used during last year's Kosovo conflict, the newspaper said. It said research had shown that the heavy metals caused health problems leading to cancer, neurological and immune-system defects and reproductive-system damage. Up to 10,500 Britons were sent to Kosovo to help in peacekeeping missions. ……"

Insight Magazine 4/3/00 Paul Rodriguez "……After months of what many in Congress and the General Accounting Office have dubbed stonewalling by the Defense Department, the Pentagon has now told Rep. Jack Metcalf that it will conduct a full scale review of a peer-reviewed research project by the prestigious Tulane School of Medicine involving the odd discovery of squalene antibodies in the bloodstream of sick Gulf War-era vets -- those who served in action and those who never left the United States during that conflict. In a late-March letter to Metcalf, Washington Republican, Dr. Sue Bailey from DOD's Health Affairs Office informed the congressman -- for the first time -- that DOD also will amend one of its web pages devoted to the Tulane study and place into context the results of this ground-breaking research by Dr. Robert Garry and Tennessee immunologist Dr. Pam Asa, who first raised the issue of squalene as being a possible cause of the malady known as Gulf War Illness. DOD had slammed the research -- even before it was peer reviewed earlier this year and, certainly since -- thus causing much anger among a number of bipartisan members of the House and Senate (see related articles on Insight's web page). Bailey, in a one-page letter to Metcalf, said the DOD web page would be corrected to give the researchers the benefit of doubt on their work pending further review by outside experts. ……"

New York Times 3/31/00 Steven Myers "…..The Army's highest-ranking woman, Lt. Gen. Claudia J. Kennedy, whose career is often cited as an example of the expanding opportunities for women in uniform, has filed a sexual harassment complaint against another Army general, accusing him of groping her in her office in 1996, Pentagon and government officials said today. General Kennedy complained informally to her superiors when the incident is alleged to have occurred in 1996, and filed a formal harassment complaint late last year..." 4/19/00 Lawrence Morahan ".......An exodus of young Army officers from the military comes as no surprise to military analysts who say the Clinton administration's emphasis on peacekeeping missions and the imposition of some social policies on service members are to blame for deep disenchantment in the ranks. "Not having trust in the leadership is the ultimate in the demoralization of the military," Elaine Donnelly, director of the Center for Military Readiness, told Donnelly commented on Pentagon figures that show officers in the ranks of captain and major are leaving the services at a rate of over 10 percent a year........." 5/4/00 "……The gay Arizona representative is determined to make the Army Reserve carry out its "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" proceeding against him. Arizona Representative Steve May (R-Phoenix) was hip-deep in the harried final days of the state legislative session and had just returned from training soldiers headed for Europe when he received a special delivery letter from the Army Reserve, asking him to resign his commission. The March 9 letter from Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel Colonel Harry B. Pearl notified May "that involuntary separation action has been initiated against you ... specifically because of homosexuality." As added encouragement the letter included a resignation letter ready for the gay lieutenant to sign -- all he would have to do to end the investigation that could lead to his discharge under the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy. ……"There is no honor in resignation," May said. …."

Dallas Morning News 5/4/00 Ed Timms "……There was a time when the Air Force couldn't get enough of Jennifer Gallegos. She was praised for her professionalism and maturity in performance reviews. One commanding officer described her as "the airman I count on during a crisis." She even was chosen to escort the secretary of the Air Force on a visit to her base. But what she hoped would be a career in the Air Force came to an abrupt end in 1998 when she refused to take the anthrax vaccine. Within three months, Ms. Gallegos, who had just been named "Outstanding Airman" for her squadron and her group, was demoted from senior airman to airman first class, reprimanded and kicked out of the Air Force. ……"

CNN.COM 5/4/00 "……A Pentagon civilian advisory panel has recommended that the Navy allow women to serve aboard submarines, one of the last areas of the military that remain the exclusive preserve of men. The recommendation is a landmark in the debate about the proper role of women in the military . The Navy argues there is too little room on submarines to accommodate women's privacy needs, although it has permitted women to serve aboard most combat ships -- including aircraft carriers -- since 1994. The only other areas off limits to women are front-line combat positions in the Army, such as tank and artillery crews. ….."

Canadian Press 5/5/00 "……A former air force sergeant who refused to take a vaccine against anthrax will not face a court martial, a military judge ruled Friday. The judge, Col. Guy Brais, ruled the vaccine was "unsafe and hazardous" based on the evidence he heard that related specifically to a batch made by Michigan Biologic Product Institute and provided to the Canadian Armed Forces. "The government . . . could never be justified to impose inoculation of soldiers with unsafe and dangerous vaccines," Brais said. ….."

Washington Times 5/5/00 Rowan Scarborough "……A Republican congressman Thursday proposed legislation to bar Navy women from serving on submarines unless Congress gives the OK. …… The amendment from Rep. Roscoe G. Bartlett of Maryland will be voted on Wednesday by the House Armed Services Committee. Mr. Bartlett wants to make the language part of the 2001 Defense Authorization Act, which puts military policy into federal law. Mr. Bartlett took the action after learning in Thursday's editions of The Washington Times that the Pentagon's civilian advisory panel on military women has recommended sexually integrating the all-male submarine force. The Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS) said the integration should start by putting female officers on Ohio-class ballistic-missile submarines. ……. The Navy officially opposes the change, although Navy Secretary Richard Danzig has prodded the service to consider a mixed-sex silent service. ….."

Chicago Tribune 4/19/00 John Diamond "……Never say the Pentagon can't turn on a dime. When a proposal to reduce the number of military families on food stamps by simply changing who is eligible got a rude reception Tuesday at a Pentagon news briefing, Defense Secretary William Cohen quickly weighed in. He announced later in the day, through his press office, a rule adjustment that will effectively allow more military families to qualify for food stamp benefits. He may have headed off a nasty fight in Congress. The head-spinning shift began Tuesday afternoon as spokesman Kenneth Bacon explained a proposal by the newly nominated Pentagon personnel chief to change the way income is calculated for military families who live on base. By counting their free housing as income, many would no longer fall within food stamp income limits………. Apparently Cohen caught some of the news conference on a closed-circuit television feed, and when his press aides met with him after the briefing, they got an earful. "He said, `Wait a minute, that's not what I want to do on this,'" said Adm. Craig Quigley, another Pentagon spokesman, paraphrasing Cohen's reaction……."

U.S. News and World Report 5/1/00 Richard Newman "…..Lyndon Johnson once boasted that during the Vietnam War, "I had more control over the generals than any other civilian President in history." But President Clinton had one advantage Johnson didn't: "POTUS slides." During the war against Yugoslavia last year, intelligence analysts produced viewgraphs exclusively for the President of the United States-POTUS, in administration speak. Each contained detailed information on targets NATO commanders wanted to bomb. There was a picture of the target and data on what kind of bomb would be used. Better yet, the slides estimated how much damage would be done to nearby buildings, and how many civilians and enemy troops would be killed. If the numbers looked good, Clinton gave a thumbs-up, and bombs would fly. Key European capitals had to agree, of course, but in the end many targets were deemed too risky and relegated to the "no-strike" list. A week into the war, Gen. Wesley Clark, NATO's top commander, was bristling. Politicians in Washington and Europe were refusing to attack targets in Belgrade, the Yugoslav capital. Command bunkers and other critical targets were ruled off-limits. Serb forces, meanwhile, were marauding through Kosovo. "Clark said, 'This is impossible,' " according to a NATO official involved in the process. "We need blanket [target] approval." The NATO chief implored his political bosses to approve more targets. He even launched warplanes toward unapproved targets, hoping to get an OK once he explained that the jets were already airborne. The ploy didn't work-not once. Only after about a month of bombing did the restrictions ease significantly, as the Serbs proved far tougher than expected. Futility. That's no way to fight a war-at least according to the lessons the American military learned in Southeast Asia a quarter century ago. ….."

CNN 5/17/00 Ian Christopher McCaleb "……President Bill Clinton on Wednesday outlined a full slate of security risks faced by the United States early in this century, urging the 2000 graduating class of the United States Coast Guard Academy to remain ever vigilant in the face of challenges on the seas, as well as in uncharted areas such as cyberspace. ……... "Globalization is tearing down barriers," Clinton told the dignitaries, ambassadors, military officers and government officials gathered to wish the 300-member graduating class well. "...And now, more than half of the world's people live in democracies for the first time in history, thanks in part to the explosive advance of information technology." "But the openness of borders and technology makes us vulnerable," he continued. "Technological advances are making the tools of destruction cheaper." As he has in many past speeches, the president said the importance of a "balanced security strategy," encompassing "military, diplomatic and economic elements," would be key to U.S. successes across the globe in the course of coming decades. ……"

The Associated Press 5/16/00 John Hughes "……Defense Secretary William Cohen should bring an "immediate halt" to the military's anthrax vaccination program, according to a letter signed by more than two-dozen House members to be released today. The letter written by Rep. Jack Metcalf, a Washington state Republican, points to several recent findings and criticisms about the program to inoculate all 2.4 million American military personnel against anthrax as protection against biological warfare. The letter concludes that the program "is a flawed policy that should be immediately stopped" until the military complies with the Feb. 17 recommendations of a House panel, which also was critical of the program….."

CBS News 5/15/00 Vince Gonzales "…….Even in peacetime, military life can be risky -- it goes with the territory. But regulations say U.S. troops must agree to be used as test subjects. And, as CBS News Correspondent Vince Gonzales reports in an exclusive investigation, thousands of U.S. sailors may have been unaware that they were exposed during secret germ-warfare experiments. When Robert Bates and the other crewmen on the USS Navarro were ordered to Hawaii in 1963 it seemed like a vacation. "It was basically an R&R cruise," says Bates. There was rest, relaxation and a mystery. "There were people with chemical suits on the ship with some kind of apparatus apparently monitoring what was going on," explained Bates. ……."

Enter Stage Right - A Journal of Modern Conservatism 5/15/00 Charles Bloomer "…..The true value of changes to military equipment, tactics, or personnel policies is the contribution that any change makes to combat effectiveness. The fundamental question is this: How does this change affect the warfighter's ability to carry out the mission? There are three answers possible: 1) The change will enhance combat effectiveness; 2) the change makes no difference, or 3) the change will have a negative impact. Logic would indicate that changes that enhance effectiveness should be considered and that changes that negatively impact combat effectiveness should be avoided. The prime consideration of the military should be to obtain and retain the most effective means of defending the country. That being the case, why is Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig considering assigning women to submarines? ….."

Washington Times (Inside The Ring Column) 5/12/00 Bill Gertz Rowan Scarborough "….. The Pentagon's civilian advisory committee on military women recently called on the Navy to begin sexually integrating submarines by putting female officers on missile boats. That's not all that's coveted by the 36-member Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services. (DACOWITS) Its draft report to the services lists makes other demands. Among them:
* Allow women to operate the Army's Multiple Launch Rocket System and to fly its special operations helicopters.
* Attract more women to the Marine Corps.
* Put more bunks for women on Navy ships. Women sailors complain they can't get assigned to combat ships for lack of female berthing.
* Do a better job of providing women's uniforms. Female troops complain of problems with "design, durability, fit, cost and availability."
* A review of each service's policy for discharging pregnant women and any information on education programs that discuss men's responsibility for pregnancies.
DACOWITS also complimented the Army for "its recent progress in promoting women into senior career-enhancing assignments." ……"

New York Times Book Review 5/7/00 Carol Gilligan "….. At a time when the pope is apologizing for the Crusades and the Inquisition, when globalization and pollution are rendering national boundaries obsolete and when a growing chorus of men and women is calling for the transformation of the military into a peacekeeping force so that the planet itself will make it, Stephanie Gutmann, a freelance writer, has written an impassioned defense of the warrior culture and the vision of masculinity it sustains. "The Kinder, Gentler Military" calls for an end to "a huge social experiment" in gender neutrality that has sought to mix an ethic of valor with "a new value system" that worships "sensitivity." Gutmann's issue is not women per se but the compromise of standards……."

Washington Times 5/30/00 Rowan Scarborough "……The Army is losing support for its far-reaching transformation plan from the people it needs most - the generals. An increasing number of the top officers are privately expressing disenchantment with the cost of developing a lighter, wheeled Army designed to reach trouble spots in days, not months, say service officers, congressional aides and retired soldiers. One aide who recently talked with a group of generals said he was stunned at the unanimity of opposition. "No one likes it," said this source, who declined to reveal the generals' names. The chief complaint: The Army is cutting billions of dollars from existing programs, and losing war-fighting capability, to bankroll the $74 billion transformation announced last October. Even with the cuts, the generals complain, there is no assurance the Army will generate enough money to cover the $20 billion cost of modernizing the existing force, much less build a new one for $74 billion over 10 years……."

Army Times 5/29/00 Sean Naylor "……Converting a conventional armor brigade to an interim medium-weight brigade requires a shift not only in doctrinal culture and equipment, but also in people. For many soldiers, it's a scary process. It's "like opening Pandora's box," according to Lt. Col. Dana Pittard, whose tank battalion is being converted into the Army's first Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Target Acquisition squadron. "It's going to change more than just this unit, or the Army's equipment," he said. "It's going to change our entire personnel culture, but I'm not so sure everybody wants that. Change is scary to a lot of folks." ….."

Savannah Morning News 5/21/00 Noelle Phillips "…….The soldiers are young. They're sons of factory workers, farmers and former soldiers. They come from across the country to serve in the U.S. Army at Fort Stewart. In less than four months, they'll be sent thousands of miles from home to enforce a peace agreement written in 1995 by some of the world's most powerful leaders. When it was written, many of these soldiers were still in high school, not paying attention to global politics. Soon, the soldiers will be responsible for carrying out that agreement. They'll patrol towns, roadways and borders, making sure people from different ethnic backgrounds get along. ……"

Washington Times 5/19/00 Bill Gertz and Rowan Scarborough "……Gen. Eric Shinseki, the Army chief of staff, has declared war on soldier suicides. "We have a serious problem with suicides in the Army," the four-star general said in a message to the troops. "The suicide rate increased in calendar year '98 and it appears to have increased once again in calendar year '99. In the first five days of January 2000, we have already had four suspected suicides." He adds, "Suicide prevention is commander/leader business. We must understand potential for suicides and increase awareness for recognizing individuals who are at risk or exhibiting self-destructive behavior. It is our responsibility to help our soldiers and civilians understand how to identify at-risk individuals, recognize warning signs, and know how to take direct action."….." 5/18/00 James Pinkerton "……..The press can indeed be difficult! They are just about all big-government liberals, of course, which means that they support just about everything the government does. But alas, not every last thing. There is one exception: The media hate the military. And so sometimes I have to step in. Because while the Pentagon is just one-seventh of the federal government today, it was not that long ago that the military accounted for half of all federal spending. Indeed, war is the single best big-government-builder of all time. But it is not just gratitude that keeps me from wanting to see the military get mauled; it is also the realization that I might need military intervention again some day. After all, in peacetime, ordinary people inevitably start to wonder why bureaucrats and tax collectors are harassing them. But in wartime, patriotism fogs over those ordinary concerns. …….."

WorldNetDaily 5/31/00 Jon Dougherty "…..They say if you repeat a lie often enough people will believe it. That is especially true of "official" lies because they are usually picked up, unquestionably, by establishment press sources that long ago sacrificed their roles as government watchdogs. So it was again, over the Memorial Day weekend, that the administration trotted out Defense Secretary William Cohen to lament about chronic poor military recruitment levels. Cohen said the reason was "The Good Economy" -- you know, the same one in which both parents have to work and which has seen the highest tax rates per capita since the immediate post World War II era, the one controlled by Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan, who ratchets up interest rates anytime U.S. economic growth surpasses a half percent per quarter. Cohen's assertion is lie -- or, at least, not the complete truth. …….. Military recruitment is "down" in all branches (with the usual exception of the Marine Corps) because of a number of factors endemic to the Clinton administration -- the least of which is "The Good Economy." …….. Young people are infinitely more selfish today than in decades past because there is no national drive to ignite interest in a military career and too much emphasis on immediate personal gratification. ……Furthermore, not only are you painted as an extremist if you claim to be "patriotic" but overall the youngest generation becoming eligible to serve isn't interested because nobody's selling them on the importance (and benefits to the nation) of military service. Thank the Clinton spin team for that, too. ……"

World Net Daily 5/31/00 Lew Rockwell Lawrence A. Starr "…… Over the past ten years or so an increasingly large number of tenured professionals in both the military and law enforcement communities have taken early retirement. So devastating has this unprecedented exit from the ranks been that the Air Force has offered significant financial bonuses to pilots in a vain effort to maintain its combat readiness. Similar situations are being experienced in other branches of the military. And although less noticeable because of its multiple and varied jurisdictions, law enforcement has experienced an even greater problem.….What is more important, and certainly more convincing, is the private commentary from these men themselves; who out of ear-shot of the ever present media, will in moments of candor disclose some very politically-incorrect facts. …….They reveal commands to provide logistical support to persons and Governments complicit in everything from genocide to international drug trafficking. At the same time these professionals wonder why our occupying troops remain barracked in over one hundred self-governing and mostly peaceful countries around the world. Here at home they recoil in dismay knowing that the actions of average America citizens are increasingly criminalized by aggrieved-group legislation. While simultaneously observing that the powerful heads of those same aggrieved-groups engage with impunity in multi-million dollar shake-down operations. There is therefore amongst such men a widespread feeling of betrayal. A sense that they are being forced to carry out policy that flies in the face of a lifetime of moral learning….."

Associated Press 5/31/00 Kim Curtis "…… In exchange for a four-year commitment to the Air Force, Dr. John Hensala got top-flight medical training at Northwestern University and Yale, unburdened by the costs of tuition and books. Then, seven months before the psychiatrist was to report for full-time military duty, he announced to his superiors that he is gay. He was promptly discharged and billed $70,000 for the cost of his education. …….. The military has made similar demands of dozens of other gays who have been ousted. But Hensala is challenging the demand for reimbursement in court, in what could be the first such lawsuit against the Pentagon. …… The Air Force said Hensala deliberately timed his announcement to get out of his military obligation. But Hensala, 35, said he did not know he was gay when he signed up. ….." 5/25/00 "……Gulf War veterans who returned sick from the conflict show signs of significant damage in three regions of the brain, a new study shows. Epidemiologist Robert Haley of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center said brain scans of veterans showed loss of cells or cellular function in the left and right basal ganglia and the brain stem. The basal ganglia are walnut-sized structures on either side of the brain stem, the connection between the brain and the spinal cord. All three structures are involved in memory, emotions and usually automatic processes such as balance and muscle control. Haley said the damage, similar to that seen in the early stages of Huntingdon's and Parkinson's disease, might have been caused by low-level exposure to the nerve gas sarin. The research is published in the June issue of the journal Radiology. ….."

San Francisco Chronicle 5/27/00 Jonathan Curiel "…..A group of San Francisco veterans has threatened to discontinue the annual Memorial Day parade and ceremony in the Presidio, saying they do not get enough money -- or respect -- from city officials. Wallace Levin, a 70-year-old Korean War veteran, said yesterday that Monday's commemoration will go on as planned, but he warned that organizers are fed up because city officials give them just $1,000 to pay for the programs, flowers and other items necessary to stage the event every year. ``For a city that has a $4 billion budget and a $113 million surplus, we get a lousy $1,000,'' said Levin. ``If this thing continues, if they don't give us money and support, I'm going to recommend we do away with the event.'' … "

The Associated Press 6/7/00 "…….A Pentagon investigation has prompted Air Force Academy officials to revamp the way the academy's honor code is enforced and evaluated. While wording of the code, "We will not lie, steal or cheat, nor tolerate anyone among us who does," will not change, the proposed reforms are still significant, said Joe Traficanti, a retired Air Force attorney. "This is a deep and expansive look into the current protocol surrounding the honor code," said Traficanti who helped update the procedures in 1992. The Pentagon began reviewing the code after Senior Cadet Juan Nieves was expelled for poor grades last year. He said his academic performance slipped because he was defending himself against a professor's accusations of honor code violations. ….."

JWR 5/26/00 Michelle Malkin "……. IN BATTLE, the only colors that should matter are the colors of the flag under which a soldier serves. In tribute, the same should hold true. Our draft-dodging, pander-happy president disagrees. Next month, President Clinton will hand out military awards based on dubious claims of racial discrimination. This preferential treatment based on race is an insult to all brave veterans. ......, Thanks to an aggressive campaign by prominent Japanese-Americans, 21 World War II veterans of Asian descent will receive "upgrades" of their Distinguished Service Crosses. All but 2 of the honorees are Japanese-American. With a wave of President Clinton's pen, their crosses - the nation's second highest military citation for "extraordinary heroism in action" -- will turn into Medals of Honor. The MOH is the highest award for life-risking acts "above and beyond the call of duty." No one questions the heroism of the Asian-American veterans who will benefit. But were new facts unearthed that warranted these belated upgrades? No. Instead, the racial grievance lobby made a reckless blanket assertion that the U.S. military was guilty of discrimination by association. ......"

AP Breaking via 6/8/00 Robert Burns "…….Thirty House members are urging Defense Secretary William Cohen to take action against the commanding general of Fort Campbell, Ky., where a gay private was bludgeoned to death by a fellow soldier last July. In a letter to Cohen on Wednesday, the lawmakers said that as base commander, Maj. Gen. Robert T. Clark "is responsible for tolerating anti-gay harassment on the post" prior to the murder of Pfc. Barry Winchell "and for doing little in the wake of the murder to stop this type of harassment." They did not specify what kind of action they believe should be taken against Clark, who also is commanding general of the 101st Airborne Division. ….."

World Net Daily 6/4/00 John Dougherty "….A bill that would prevent U.S. soldiers from having to serve foreign militaries or under foreign commanders during United Nations operations may be introduced as early as next week by an Idaho Republican seeking to curb U.S. involvement overseas. ….. Rep. Helen Chenoweth-Hage, R-Idaho, is planning to introduce the Citizen Soldier Protection Act of 2000, which would prevent the federal government from forcing American soldiers to wear insignia or other uniform items of foreign and U.N. militaries. The act would also prevent U.S. soldiers from forcibly serving under foreign commanders and would require the Pentagon to keep American forces under the guidance of U.S. military officers. ….."

Washington Times 6/5/00 "….. In his recent book, "The Battle of New Orleans," the historian Robert Remini observed rather despondently, "There was a time when the United States had heroes and reveled in them." Among the more liberal elements of the press, the professoriate and those others who are part of the opinion elite, there is a trend now to portray American fighting men as the opposite of heroes, even as guilty of awful episodes, indeed as war criminals. Or perhaps this is less a trend than a series of coincidences. ….The first of these contemporary episodes was CNN's "Tailwind" - the supposed revelation that a U.S. special operations group used poison gas in Vietnam. …...The next in this heroic eruption was the Associated Press' dramatic assertion that American soldiers in the devastating early weeks of the war in Korea killed possibly hundreds of refugees at No Gun Ri - under orders from commanders. The AP won a Pulitzer Prize, and the Pentagon launched a fresh investigation on the half-century old episode, which is still under way. Although it now has been revealed that one of the wire service's principal sources was not at the scene in July 1950 and had widely falsified his military records to include being awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and a battlefield commission, the AP says it's standing by its story....... That the media have aggressively done so suggests that the armed forces are becoming an increasingly exotic blossom in our cultural garden. Fewer and fewer of the young from America's privileged families any longer take time out from earning graduate degrees to enable them to reform society or from pursuing the glories of dot-com achievement to wear their nation's uniforms. That ignorance of military subculture, with its hard and special ethic, is dangerous and dishonors those who serve the nation, past and present......."

St. Louis Post-Dispatch 6/17/00 Harry Levins "…..Every green lieutenant quickly learns the two priorities of any military officer: First, accomplish your mission. Second, ensure the welfare of your soldiers. …… But three West Point professors - two majors and a retired colonel, all combat veterans - charge in a monograph that the welfare of the soldiers has, in fact, become the Army's principal mission. And they say the Army's mania for what they call "radical force protection" is corroding the institution's ethics and professionalism. ….."

Washington Post 6/12/00 Robert Suro "…..To the jumpmasters' shouts of "Go! Go! Go!," 22 Army Ranger captains launch themselves into the night. Their parachutes open, and they float toward the rain-softened ground, expecting a mock battle to rescue American hostages in a fictitious African country. Then the lights go on.......,, Instead of enemy troops, the first obstacle the elite young officers face in this training exercise is a bunch of television reporters who appear out of the bush and demand to know what U.S. special forces are doing in an African civil war…….. Rangers are fond of describing themselves as "the tip of the spear," the vanguard for invasions since D-Day. Being able to lead a charge is still an important qualification for a Ranger officer, but this exercise is aimed at developing new skills for a new military era…….With characteristic Ranger bravado, it is called the Mangoday Warrior Exercise, after Genghis Khan's legendary cavalrymen who trained beyond exhaustion and fought without fear. Once a year, captains from the 75th Ranger Regiment go with little sleep or food for five days of grueling marches and mock battles. But they have to contend with more than just snipers, hunger and confusion. At Mangoday (pronounced mongo-day), Rangers who hope to command soldiers in real battles must learn to cope with reporters, diplomats and political crises…….."

Yahoo 6/12/00 Robert Burns "……In hopes of rallying his troops to confront this sensitive issue, the Army chief of staff has issued an unusually public - and deliberately blunt - call for commanders to take the offensive. ``We have a serious problem with suicides,'' Gen. Eric K. Shinseki wrote in a message published in the latest issue of Soldiers, an Army magazine. The matter is urgent, he said. ``We must take better care of our people.'' Official statistics do not indicate any general increase in suicides for the military as a whole, although the Army says its suicide rate has gone up the past two years, to one of the highest levels since the 1970s. In the first five days of 2000, the Army had four suspected suicides, Shinseki said. ….."

Air Force Magazine 6/00 Otto Kreisher "….. Flights on military training ranges are running into flak from environmentalists, landowners, and outdoor enthusiasts. Military aircrews training for possible combat missions overseas are running into intense--and growing--flak right here at home. The Air Force particularly but also the Navy now face a barrage of lawsuits, public protests, and political pressure from environmentalists, landowners, and outdoor enthusiasts. These groups are mounting vigorous opposition to the kind of realistic tactical air training that the services consider essential to maintaining their combat edge. The opposition, which is aimed primarily at low-altitude flights and practice bombing missions, could cause the imposition of new restrictions on, or outright loss of, access to some of the military's most valuable training areas and ranges, particularly in the West……."

U.S. News & World Report 6/19/00 Paul Bedard "…. A Navy sting operation targeting alleged ecstasy peddling by sailors at Washington gay bars is being attacked as a ruse to get around the president's "don't ask, don't tell, don't harass" policy and boot homosexuals from the service. "It's a fishing expedition," says Michelle Benecke of the Servicemembers Legal Defense Network, which fights any military targeting of gays. Here's the deal: The Naval Criminal Investigative Service is probing drug use by sailors in Washington. Popular gay bars are commonly cased because it is in those joints that investigators believe sailors are trafficking in the drug, a major problem among local servicemen, says one prober. ….."

Litchfield County Times 6/8/00 T Colleen Morgan "….. NEW MILFORD, CT - Surveys asking middle-school students about their activities are needed these days, health officials say, because these young people are experimenting much earlier with alcohol, drugs and sex. Some psychology professionals said last week, however, that a few of the questions on the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, given to students in the sixth grade, eighth grade and high school last month, were inappropriate for the younger students. Some said they fear the questionnaire will cause more harm than good. The New Milford questionnaire, which asked nearly 2,000 students such questions as when they first had sex, if they ever considered suicide, and if they sniffed household products, was developed by a committee when it was determined that the state was not planning to administer a survey this year. The committee was made up of the middle-school and high-school health teachers, a parent, and assistant superintendent Tom Mulvihill……."

EtherZone 6/9/00 Samuel Blumenfeld "….. Is America still a free country? We like to think so. Yes, we can still get into a car and drive wherever we want. We can go to the mall and buy whatever we want. We can read whatever we want, and we can say whatever we want. But when it comes to education, suddenly we are confronted with compulsory school attendance laws, compulsory property taxes to pay for the government schools, compulsory testing, compulsory inoculations, forced busing, restrictions against prayer, forced sex ed, death ed, and drug ed. And now, every day four million children are forced to take Ritalin, a very powerful mind and mood-altering drug, if they want to attend public school. Yes, parents still have the freedom to send their children to private schools. And parents still have the freedom to homeschool, although this latter freedom has been challenged over the years by school authorities. However, through the efforts of the Home School Legal Defense Association, the right of parents to homeschool their children without interference from the state has been fortified by the setting of court precedents and rulings. However, the National Education Association is still determined to put homeschooling out of business through onerous regulation. ……."

Boston Globe 6/9/00 Doreen ludica Vigue "…… Newton Mayor David Cohen joined School Superintendent Jeff Young at a press conference yesterday to continue to defend a gay first-grade teacher who came out to his class last month. Cohen and Young appeared together in a show of support for Burr Elementary School teacher David Gaita, and said they believe Gaita acted appropriately when he told his class that he is gay. ''I support how he handled it and the reaction of the administration,'' said Cohen. ''I think Mr. Gaita answered the questions that were asked of him by his students with tact and discretion.'' As he discussed biographies and families during a May 17 class, Gaita's students wanted to know about his family. He told them that if he had a partner it would be a man. ……."

ABC News Online 6/8/00 "….. Call for sex education to include gay component The Australian Research Centre for Sex, Health and Society has backed a call for homosexuality to be included in sex education classes. The call came from the Centre for Adolescent Health, which says the change could address the high suicide rate of gay and lesbian students. The centre told a student welfare conference that the view that heterosexuality was normal and homosexuality something 'other' was prevalent within the school environment. ……."

World Magazine 6/17/00 David Aikman "…… A social worker with an agenda, sent out by a relative with a grudge, provokes a confrontation that continues to play out in the nightmares of children. How one California family stood up and protected their own rights-and the rights of scores of other homeschool families across the country …….. Vicky Taylor couldn't help a small giggle at Timothy's childlike, make-believe twist, but inside, her heart ached. Time had healed many wounds since February 1997, when a Los Angeles County social worker and two sheriff's deputies illegally coerced their way into the Taylor home. In October 1999, Mrs. Taylor and her husband Andrew transplanted their 4 homeschooled kids from the scene of their nightmare, an upscale L.A. suburb, to a 20-acre slice of Sacramento farmland. Just last month, the county paid the Taylors $70,000 to settle their lawsuit. That, and their new bucolic setting, served to put distance between the Taylors and "the incident," as they now refer to it. But the children's doll-play showed Mrs. Taylor that some memories are still as sharp as the day Kathleen O'Keefe, a social worker and a stranger, used state power to force the Taylors to allow their children to be questioned about sexual situations the kids had never even imagined. ……."

U.S. News & World Report 6/19/00 Betsy Streisand "…… LOS ANGELES-Pop quiz: Why was Colorado's fiery former Gov. Roy Romer, who headed the Democratic National Committee during the campaign finance mess, handed the top school job here last week? Was it his extensive political experience? His lack of experience as an educator? Or simply his willingness to take a job that Los Angeles could barely give away? The answer: all of the above. A few years ago, the choice might have seemed an odd one. But today, Romer, hastily appointed superintendent of the massive Los Angeles Unified School District, fits perfectly into the growing national trend of having outsiders take charge of big and troubled school districts. …." RED FLAGS OF TREASON – Foreign Contributions

AP 6/10/00 Pete Yost "…..From his office in the West Wing of the White House, Vice President Al Gore (news - web sites) picked up the phone late on a winter afternoon in 1996 and made four short calls to political donors. The take: $130,000. The damage: four years of questions about whether he broke the law. ……. A primary question is whether aggressive fund-raising tactics, including Gore's 40-plus phone calls from the White House, constituted an elaborate scheme to circumvent federal limits on presidential campaign spending. Attorney General Janet Reno sorted through conflicting advice from top advisers, career prosecutors and the FBI before refusing three times to seek an independent counsel to investigate Gore. ……….. FBI Director Louis Freeh and the chief of the Justice Department's campaign task force, Charles LaBella, suggested that to an unprecedented degree, the Clinton-Gore re-election effort made fund-raising appeals from places previously considered off limits: the White House, the Lincoln Bedroom, even Air Force One. Documents detail why Freeh and LaBella pushed for an independent counsel to investigate an array of allegations, while other Justice officials were more cautious. ….."

N.Y.Times 6/7/00 Steven Holmes "……Staff Sgt. Harry Feyer was parking cars and looking glum when the four platoons of Bravo Company, including his own, came marching toward him up a long grassy hill on their way to the winter graduation. ……..Striding beside them were his fellow drill sergeants, shoulders back, chests out, their full-dress uniforms a deep green backdrop for clusters of glinting medals and rainbows of ribbons, their brown Smokey Bear hats cocked aggressively low on their foreheads. Sergeant Feyer, six feet tall and lanky, might have been among them. Instead he stood apart in his mottled fatigues and dusty combat boots, directing traffic outside the dingy yellow gymnasium where the ceremony was to be held. It was a duty he had volunteered for. It was his one-man protest. ……… Sergeant Feyer was angry that he had been denied an award given to the top-performing drill sergeant at the end of each basic-training cycle, an award he felt he deserved. True, it didn't look like much -- just a cheap bronze-plated statue, a generic eight-inch-tall figure of a sergeant. But in the pressure cooker that is the United States Army, winning even a small award could help make the difference between promotion and stagnation, between a better life for his family and just scraping by. And he knew why he had lost out, or believed he knew: because he is white. No white drill sergeant had won the award since the company was founded in April 1998. Of the five given out, three had gone to blacks and one to a Hispanic. The one time a white sergeant was selected, he gave the trophy back when a group of black sergeants kicked up a fuss, saying he didn't deserve it. ......"

WorldNetDaily 6/6/00 Col David Hackworth "……Secretary of Defense William Cohen should be given a medal -- by America's enemies, that is -- for allowing our armed forces to drop to the lowest point of combat readiness and morale I've eyeballed since the first shots of the Korean War were fired almost 50 years ago. Now this so-called Republican, still flaunting his Clinton drag, is at it again -- assaulting every U.S. citizen's individual rights and basic freedom by not punishing a Privacy Act breach. ...... In 1998, two of Cohen's Defense Department assistants -- Kenneth H. Bacon and Clifford Bernath -- violated the Privacy Act by wrongfully giving "New Yorker" magazine writer Jane Mayer information from Linda Tripp's personnel file. Because of their unlawful actions, the world learned Tripp was busted as a teen-ager for larceny, a charge later reduced to loitering -- an arrest Tripp had chosen not to disclose. Cohen's own Pentagon inspector general concluded that Bacon and Bernath broke the law. The IG report says the harm to Tripp's privacy caused by the release of this information outweighed any public benefit. Cohen didn't fire these two creeps nor order that they be tried and, if found guilty, sent to the slammer just as Watergaters' Charles Colson and John Dean were when they played their dirty tricks. Cohen didn't even slap his culprits' wrists. Instead, he sent each a letter that expressed not the outrage that would have been appropriate, but "disappointment." No "FELON" stamped on their foreheads, as happened to Colson and Dean, effectively removing them forever from positions of public trust. No pink slip. No jail time. ……"

AP 9/14/00 David Briscoe "….. Several retired military commanders, including some nominated to top posts by President Clinton (news - web sites), plan to endorse Republican George W. Bush (news - web sites) for the presidency on Friday, according to the Bush campaign. They include just-retired Persian Gulf commander Gen. Anthony Zinni; Adm. Jay Johnson, who retired as head of the Navy this summer; Gen. Ronald R. Fogleman, who resigned as Air Force Chief in 1997; former Air Force chief Gen. Merrill McPeak; and former Marine Commandant Gen. Carl Mundy, the campaign said. The Pentagon, responding to reports of the political debut of some of its top former officers, said Thursday that recently retired personnel are free to endorse anyone they like in the presidential contest. ……… A survey in October of 3,000 leading military officers showed eight Republicans for every Democrat. About a fourth of those surveyed said they are independent or gave no preference in the mailed survey by the Triangle Institute for Security Studies. ….."

Wall Street Journal 9/14/00 Gen Colin Powell "…… Max Boot's Sept. 11 editorial-page commentary "Will Bush Bury 'Bodybag Syndrome'?" on a "no-casualties" strategy cites me and the so-called Powell Doctrine as the source of the no-casualty mind-set. Mr. Boot is wrong. I have always strived to minimize friendly casualties in any military operation. Only a mad man would do otherwise. But nothing in my writings or actions suggests a "no-casualties" approach. We launched Desert Storm when our sanctions policy did not produce results. We expected, and the American people were prepared to accept, thousands of casualties. Fortunately, that turned out not to be the result…….. We invaded Panama with knowledge that there would be casualties, and the number we sustained was close to the estimate I gave to President Bush and Secretary of Defense Cheney. Further, I recommended the use of Rangers in Somalia with full knowledge of the very dangerous nature of their mission…….. My philosophy remains what it has always been -- our troops deserve to know and understand what they are fighting for, and they need to be given the military resources and political support to prevail quickly and decisively. Such action will usually minimize casualties. Casualties occur in war, and soldiers know that is a risk they take when they put on the uniform. I also know from experience that it is a philosophy shared by Dick Cheney…….The no-casualty approach is not a military strategy. It is a political strategy used when a political judgment is made that the American people will not support the loss of their GIs for the goals being pursued……."

WASHINGTON TIMES 9/7/00 Dave Boyer "……Vice President Al Gore yesterday became the first major presidential candidate to skip the American Legion's national convention, drawing the ire of veterans and the group's national commander. ……"

Conservative News Service 8/31/00 Phyllis Schlafly, CNS Commentary "…… The Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services, a tax-funded civilian feminist lobby group that tries to set Pentagon policy, has been pushing for months to get women assigned to duty on submarines. Maybe the news of the Russian submarine tragedy will quiet the feminists a while, but they won't give up because feminists always push their sex-neutral agenda despite military readiness or even common sense. Women on subs is a terrible idea. The Navy's highest-ranking admirals are strongly opposed, but the powerful feminists in the Clinton Administration are trying to get their way by executive order…….."

The Times of London 9/3/00 Jonathon Carr-Brown and Martin Meissonnier "….. NEW evidence that Gulf war syndrome exists and was caused by radiation poisoning will be revealed today by a former American army colonel who was at the centre of his government's attempts to diagnose the illness. Dr Asaf Durakovic will tell a conference of eminent nuclear scientists in Paris that "tens of thousands" of British and American soldiers are dying from radiation from depleted uranium (DU) shells fired during the Gulf war. The findings will undermine the British and American governments' claims that Gulf war syndrome does not exist and intensify pressure from veterans on both sides of the Atlantic for compensation. Durakovic, who is professor of nuclear medicine at Georgetown University, Washington, and the former head of nuclear medicine at the US Army's veterans' affairs medical facility in Delaware, will tell the conference that he and his team of American and Canadian scientists have discovered life-threateningly high levels of DU in Gulf veterans 10 years after the desert war. ……"

WorldNetDaily 8/23/00 Geoff Metcalf "…… President Clinton reportedly plans to visit China and Vietnam before the end of his term, and, according to high-ranking Navy officers, the commander in chief will alter long-standing naval regulations to allow the American flag to fly below that of Vietnam when he sails into the communist nation's territorial waters on a U.S. Navy ship. Highly placed Navy sources who spoke on condition of anonymity believe this action on the president's part would further devastate already tenuous Navy morale. …….. As part of his swan song, Clinton reportedly intends to visit two ports aboard Naval vessels. Trip one takes him to the People's Republic of China, which has a regulation that no war ship of any country may enter its territorial waters flying a flag higher than that of the People's Republic of China. According to one Navy source, China and the U.S. have effected a compromise whereby both flags -- the U.S. and the PRC -- will be flown from U.S. naval vessels at the same height. But visceral outrage is resulting from a proposed change to Navy regulations that would result in the American flag being displayed subordinate to the flag of Vietnam. ……"

ABCNews / REUTERS 8/25/00 "……. The Navy said Friday it was investigating allegations of misconduct by military fliers at a Tailhook Association convention last week near Reno, Nevada, nine years after sexual abuse and debauchery at a similar gathering in Las Vegas battered the Navy"s reputation. The Navy said criminal investigators were looking into charges by a civilian couple that they were harassed at the Nugget Hotel outside Reno by a group who they believed to be delegates attending the convention of retired Navy and Marine Corps aviators. Navy officials said privately that the couple, who were not attending the convention, were allegedly subjected to bawdy comments as they tried to return to their room at the hotel in the town of Sparks during the Aug. 17-20 convention and that the woman was allegedly touched inappropriately. The man who complained to the Navy said the couple received an apology from a senior naval officer shortly after the alleged incident but that they were "less than satisfied" with that apology, according to a Navy spokeswoman. ……"

AP 8/29/00 "……..Nine teen-agers must watch the movie "Saving Private Ryan" and read "The Greatest Generation" after pleading guilty to vandalizing a veterans park. District Judge Charles Carver also ordered the nine to write 1,000-word essays due Dec. 7, the anniversary of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. …… Carver said he hoped the teens would learn about "the sacrifices of American soldiers in defense of your freedom." ……They could have received a maximum sentence of 180 days in jail. ……… More than $45,000 in damage was done to Golden Triangle Veterans Memorial Park during February, including the removal of plaques carrying the names of veterans who served during World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam and Desert Storm. ……. "

Lansing State Journal 7/26/00 A J Evenson "…… Three former state scientists said Friday they will share documents they possess detailing the method for making the military's anthrax vaccine with the Lansing company that wants them. A lawyer representing the employees said he doubts the materials - which include manuals for making the anthrax vaccine and original notes - would help BioPort Corp. solve its production problems regarding the vaccine. ......... BioPort requested the state of Michigan's help earlier this week to retrieve the documents, whose existence surfaced during a dispute between the state and its former employees. The employees, who worked for the vaccine labs before the state sold the facility to BioPort in 1998, want royalties for their work on the vaccine. ......, BioPort officials say the documents may help fill in some of the gaps that have kept it from getting U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for its new labs. The company is the only licensed manufacturer of the vaccine in the United States. ……"

Washington Times 10/4/00 Rowan Scarborough "…… George W. Bush has won the endorsements of a host of former top military commanders, moves that upset the same national media that applauded when ex-senior officers supported Bill Clinton's 1992 campaign. ……. The list of pro-Bush top brass includes two appointed by President Clinton to the Joint Chiefs of Staff and one he named as his top commander in the war-jittery Persian Gulf……. The national press has responded critically, raising the issue of a politicized military. All 27 endorsers now are in private life. In 1992, Mr. Clinton, in an apparent political first, organized the public endorsements of 21 retired admirals and generals, including Adm. William Crowe, who had served as Joint Chiefs chairman in the administration of Mr. Clinton's opponent, President Bush………"

American Legion Magazine 10/00 Caspar Weinberger "...... Years of neglect have left our military machine in a rut. The American Legion Magazine quite properly asks if our current U.S. military force is adequately prepared to defend U.S. interests. This is a critical question in which far too few people have an interest, especially in these days of economic prosperity and no immediate threats appearing to an indifferent public. Unfortunately, the answer to the question of whether our military is adequately prepared has to be "no." ......A number of things have gone wrong since the stunning victory we and our allies won in the Gulf War in 1991. The first and most serious is the loss of morale which has resulted in the failure of almost all of our services to attract enough people to fill recruiting goals. .......What is the difference between now and then? Primarily I think it is a failure of the leadership now. The Clinton administration never seems to understand the military, nor in many cases even to like it. As almost its first act, the Clinton administration began advocating reversal of years of careful handling of the issue of homosexuality in the armed forces. This had the effect of polarizing the military and resulted in one of the standard halfway compromises by which difficult issues are brushed under the rug. .......... That was a comparatively minor matter, but it did set the stage for a long list of actions which weakened the military and reverted to the dangerous days of neglect and lack of preparedness which were reversed at great expense in the 1980s. First among these was the drastic reduction in funding between fiscal 1990 and 1999. Active Army divisions were cut from 18 to 10; Navy carrier task forces were reduced from 15 to 11; Air Force active fighter wings went from 24 to 13; and Marine Corps active-duty strength dropped from 197,000 to 174,000. ........ But those figures tell only half the story. They do not report the major cuts in military procurement (we have had virtually a weapons procurement holiday for new weapons for the last three years), nor do they tell the story of the cuts in research and development funds. These are the funds that helped us develop over a period of years the highly specialized weapons such as those which helped us and our allies to win the Gulf War with little cost to ourselves. ......."

CBSNEWS 9/21/00 "…….Veterans have repeatedly tried to get information about the experiments, with no success. ……CBS News has learned that the names of servicemen who were sprayed with chemicals decades ago in U.S. military germ warfare tests will be turned over to the Department of Veterans Affairs...."

Washington Post 9/19/00 Richard Kohn "...... When senior retired military people endorse a presidential candidate--as some 85 of them, including five former service chiefs, are reportedly planning to do for the George W. Bush campaign--it marks a major step toward politicizing the American military. ......... For nearly all of its history, the officer corps shunned partisan politics in the belief that the confidence of the government and the trust of the American people required the armed forces to stand above the ugly struggle. ..... The change began in 1992, when retired Joint Chiefs Chairman William Crowe and a handful of other retired flag officers endorsed Bill Clinton, defusing his draft dodging as an issue. Before that election, for over two centuries, professional soldiers occasionally sought high office or in retirement assailed some policy--almost always in areas where they could claim experience or expertise. ....."

Los Angeles Daily News 9/18/00 AP "…..While military recruiters say they don't have trouble finding minorities to enlist, they find obstacles in persuading minorities to join elite units. The concerns are borne out in the statistics, with only 13 percent of the U.S. military's elite force made up of ethnic minorities. Of the 8,775 Army, Navy and Air Force special unit commandos, 1,180 are classified as ethnic minorities. "Perception is a very strong thing," Army Brig. Gen. Remo Butler told The San Diego Union-Tribune. "Perception is reality." …….. A belief held by some in minority communities is that racial discrimination runs rampant in elite units such as the Navy SEALs and Army Green Berets. Concerns about overseas assignments common in elite units conflicting with family obligations could also be a deterrent for some minorities. …….Butler added that whether racism exists within elite units, it is possibly the perception that minorities may not be as welcome that contributes to the lack of African-Americans and Latinos in the Special Forces. ……."

San Diego Union-Tribune 9/16/00 Clark Brooks "……. A new billboard in San Diego carries a message similar to one being trumpeted across the country: "Military Retirees Fought for Freedom, Now Congress Denies Earned Healthcare. Call Your Congressman." The billboard on Morena Boulevard, near the junction of Interstates 8 and 5, is sponsored by an informal group of retirees headed by a retired Air Force pilot, Col. Charlie Spicka of Oceanside. Spicka is over 65 now, so he no longer qualifies for the military's health care system called Tricare. He has been switched to Medicare and can use military hospitals and clinics only when space is available. ……. That's not how things were supposed to turn out, he said. In 1954, when Spicka began his 30 years in the Air Force, the standing promise of recruiters was that retirees would continue receiving health care for themselves and their families, just as they had while on active duty. ……"

Washington Post 10/11/00 Thomas Ricks "….. The Pentagon's policy of requiring service members to be immunized against anthrax is causing many more pilots to leave the National Guard and Air Force Reserve than the military has acknowledged, according to a report by the General Accounting Office. The GAO report, which is scheduled to be released today at a hearing of the House Government Reform Committee, says that unhappiness with the mandatory anthrax program is the top reason cited by pilots and other air crew members who have left the Guard and Reserve over the last two years. ……"

Bush - Cheney 2000! 10/11/00 "…….Rolling Thunder, a national veterans organization representing 5,000 members, has endorsed Governor Bush for President because of his commitment to veterans benefits, military retiree health care, and accounting for POWs. "Rolling Thunder is proud to support Governor Bush for president. His record in Texas proves he can and will honor America's veterans. He will also rebuild America's military for the next generation," said Artie Muller, President, Rolling Thunder. "

Daily Republican 10/9/00 "…..Last week, more than 90 distinguished veterans and military retirees, many of whom served in the Clinton-Gore years, came out in support of George W. Bush for President and formed the core of the Vice Chairmen for the Veterans for Bush movement. The former military men and women joined Co-Chairmen Sonny Montgomery and former Marine Corps Commandant Charles Krulak, USMC (ret) and thousands of other veterans across the nation who are working to elect the Texas Governor and bring "honor, dignity, and integrity to the office of the presidency," along with accountability, purpose, and security into national affairs. ………. The Gore camp wanted to put out the spin that, by exposing the shortcomings in the Clinton-Gore administration, the retired officers are going against the "tradition of a politically neutral officer corps providing professional advice to civilian leaders." The fallacy of this argument, as General Krulak pointed out in a September 21 letter to the Washington Post, is that the retired Generals, Admirals, and veterans are no longer part of the officer corps that serves under the Commander-in-Chief. They are now, in letter and spirit of the law of the land, civilians once more, albeit citizens with unique experiences and insights of considerable value to America……."

Associated Press 10/9/00 Linda Ashton "……Dick Cheney says Al Gore's unwillingness to acknowledge the military's problems with money, morale and readiness makes him unfit to become commander in chief. ``We've got the best military in the world today, but the trend's in the wrong direction,'' Cheney, the Republican vice presidential candidate and former defense secretary, said Monday. ``Either Al Gore doesn't know what's going on or he's choosing not to tell the truth. ``That's unacceptable in a man would be commander in chief,'' he added, campaigning in central Washington. ……Gore's campaign said the Democrat is committed to the military. ``We do have the best prepared military in the world, and Al Gore is committed to making sure that remains the case,'' said spokeswoman Kym Spell. ……"

Reuters 9/28/00 Charles Aldinger "…….The Pentagon said on Thursday it was investigating a report that an anthrax vaccination may have contributed to the death of a worker at a Michigan plant that could soon begin producing the vaccine for the U.S. military. ``Obviously, this is something that we take very seriously. We have set out to find more facts,'' Defense Department spokesman Ken Bacon told reporters in response to questions about a report in Thursday's Lansing State Journal. The newspaper said that Richard Dunn, 61, a worker at BioPort Corp. in Lansing, died in July, three months after receiving his 11th shot of vaccine designed to protect humans against the deadly biological warfare agent. ……"

Cato Institute 10/5/00 "…….Vice President Al Gore today intensified a foreign policy argument with George W. Bush that began during their debate on Tuesday. He argued that his vision of using the American military to build new democracies after peace is won has its roots in the Marshall Plan that rebuilt Western Europe after World War II, according to The New York Times. …. Gore suggested that Bush's argument that using the military in that role was endangering its essential function ignored the lessons of a postwar policy that he credited not only with saving a war-ravaged continent but also with building prosperity and, ultimately, reuniting Germany under democracy after the collapse of Communism. ……… In "'Isolationism' as the Denial of Intervention: What Foreign Policy Is and Isn't," Earl C. Ravenal argues that the tendency of both the Clinton administration and its Republican opponents to frame foreign policy as a compromise between "global policeman" and "isolationism" misses the point entirely. "They erroneously assume that, to one degree or another, the United States can impose its policy preferences around the world, with acceptable costs and risks," Ravenal writes. "Moreover, advocates of so-called selective engagement would end up endorsing almost all of Washington's current security obligations and recent military interventions, give or take a couple of strategically and budgetarily trivial cases such as Somalia and Haiti." …….. In "Bosnia Mission Weakens U.S. Military," Foreign Policy Analyst Gary Dempsey finds that the U.S. Army has been used in 29 significant overseas operations in the past decade, compared with 10 during the preceding 40 years. The strain of that pace has had a negative impact on readiness and morale. ......"

El Paso Times 9/29/00 John Omicinski "…….As a callow 1960s youth, President Clinton took pains to avoid military service, confessing in a revelatory letter his "loathing" of the armed forces and his empathy with those who refused to fight. Yet ironically, at middle age that same Clinton has sent soldiers, sailors, Marines and airmen into harm's way far more than any other U.S. president has since the Vietnam War. Between 1958 and January 1993, presidents from Dwight Eisenhower to George Bush sent troops abroad a total of 55 times. These included the enormous Vietnam deployment and small, rapid efforts such as the 1974 evacuation of U.S. citizens when Cyprus erupted into conflict. Under Clinton in fewer than eight years, U.S. troops have gone out 51 times, often into ethnic caldrons like Bosnia, or to pluck Americans to safety from civil wars in collapsing states like Guinea-Bissau, or to drop punishment bombs on terrorist states such as Sudan, Iraq and Afghanistan. In contrast, President Reagan - with a reputation as the last of the cold warriors - ordered 17 deployments, placing him a distant second to Clinton. ….."

Seapower 10/00 Otto Kreisher "……. The post-Cold War new world order is putting a severe strain on the famous "can-do" spirit of the Seabees. An increasing load of joint peacekeeping and humanitarian missions-on top of their usual support for Navy and Marine Corps operations, now coupled with reduced resources-has left the Navy's legendary construction force stretching to cover ever more assignments with fewer personnel and aging equipment……… "Our challenge in the face of dramatic worldwide changes, constrained fiscal resources, and changing organizational priorities is to be flexible, proactive, and creative in our thinking," says a Seabee brochure, "to ensure that Seabee reliability, quality, and cost-effectiveness always exceed customer expectations."…….."



Bad Command Decisions!

First and Only President to put US troops under UN command

Flip Flop Command decisions: Taiwan/China, Somalia, Haiti, Rwanda, Cuba, Bosnia

Failure of US in ICC UN negotiations negotiations cause concern because with U.S. troops deployed in hot spots around the world, Washington fears they could become targets of politically motivated charges.

Letting out secrets on nuclear weapons data improperly filed or stored by executive order - Washington Times Bill Gertz 7/31/98

Aviation Week 10/12/98 David Fulghum ".Senior military officials have been stripped of at least part of their informal but traditional oversight of target and weapons selection in recent attacks launched by the U.S. as well as those being planned against Yugoslavia, say distressed Pentagon-based staff members. One service chief, when asking for details of the raids on Afghanistan and Sudan, was told early in the process, "You don't have the need to know," according to a member of his staff. During the more recent planning for strikes against Yugoslavian targets, these same staff members have complained of a Pentagon atmosphere resembling that during the Vietnam War, when targets and weapons were picked more for political reasons than military effectiveness. They contend that decisions continue to be made without adequate representation by the service chiefs.."

Jewish World Review 10/26/98 Mona Charen ".IN A LARGE ROOM in the basement of the United States Capitol Building, a group of dissidents met last week. They do not fear for their lives, but they are anxious and frustrated nonetheless. It was a gathering sponsored by the Center for Military Readiness to discuss the utter folly of pretending that women are men...Air Force Col. Jim Green told the Express-News, "I'd say we're going into a situation that is four times worse than we've ever seen in the history of our modern Air Force." What has sapped the spirit of the military? Could it be unfair promotion of women at men's expense? Could it be a climate of political correctness in which a male officer risks his career for even noticing that women are consistently under-performing? Could it be resentment that men pick up the slack when women cannot do the "heavy lifting" of military life and then watch in frustration as women are promoted for public relations?."

USA Journal Online Jon E. Dougherty ".since Bill Clinton came to Washington and inherited the role of Commander-in-Chief, many men and women who don a uniform and pledge their lives to protect this country have just about had it with Clinton's PC military experiments..Trying to mainstream gays in the military, the increase in feminization of military regimens, double standards for men and women, and placing women in some combat and combat support roles have led to so much friction that some of our military leaders are breaking tradition and speaking out publicly against their leader...back in 1993, shortly after Clinton took office, some of the highest-ranking service generals began to speak their mind openly about the ignorance of the Clinton administration's most "political" decisions. The debacles in Somalia and Haiti, the never-ending missions in Bosnia, the irresponsible handling of Saddam Hussein, and - most recently - the purely political decision to bomb Afghanistan and Sudan without even consulting military personnel have all led to widespread dissent and a loss of confidence. Besides this foolish adventurism, toss in the equation of increased missions and decreased military budgets and you have a recipe for a military disaster..I hate it that this level of discontent has become so widespread within our military that now even Marines are disobeying their oaths of office to speak out. Even though I disagree with Maj. Sellers' methods, I hear his message and so should the rest of the country. The current state of affairs [no pun intended] in our military forces are a lot more serious than our politically correct military leaders are allowed to tell you."

WSJ 10/27/98 William Moore ".The U.S. military is having a hard time finding and keeping good men. Despite retention bonuses of $60,000 and more, this year the Air Force will again suffer an excessive loss of trained pilots. Naval aviation faces a similar situation.... You can't fool the troops; they know that the military as an institution is being eroded. The American military culture, established through two centuries of tradition, is under attack like it has never been before.. The word war has become almost unspeakable. Now it is heard most often in the context of "operations other than war." .. Military leaders, it seems, have been co-opted by social engineers whose agenda is to promote "equality" rather than to prepare forces for the next war..... The Army has discontinued Basic Combat Training for all new soldiers, replacing it with Initial Entry Training, with less-demanding physical standards so as to accommodate women.. No longer do the best-qualified officers necessarily get promoted. The Army's new Officer Personnel Management System, known as OPMS 21, probably removed the last vestige of that "discriminator.".. And graduation from a service academy no longer affords officers an advantage in appointment to the regular force..."

Investor's Business Daily 10/28/98 Brian Mitchell ".Since then, however, the rift between America's cultural and governmental elites on the one hand and the military rank and file on the other only deepened. Many of Flinn's supporters continue to criticize the military's moral standards as dangerously out of step with current American values. Last November, an assistant secretary of the Army, Sara Lister, was forced to resign after calling the Marines ''extremists.'' .A nonveteran, Ricks writes admiringly of the corps' training but says that graduates of boot camp come away with a jaundiced view of American society. At a recent seminar at the U.S. Naval Academy, Ricks was critical of the military, especially the Marine Corps. ''Every other Marine captain I meet seems to believe that American society is troubled, even collapsing,'' he said. Ricks complained of a ''puritanical swing'' in parts of the military and ''an open religiosity'' of those in uniform. He questioned the professionalism of today's officers, who have become politicized and partisan, in his view.."

USA Journal Online 10/29/98 Jon E. Dougherty ".The Clinton administration has never - not once - demonstrated that it has any clue what the military is really all about and what it's proper role should be. From the early years - when White House staff were caught stealing towels and personal effects from a U.S. aircraft carrier during an official visit - to the bungling of various military operations ranging from Bosnia to Haiti to Sudan to Afghanistan, Bill Clinton and his State Department have given the military far too much to do with the resources Congress has allocated. The result of all this over-deployment has been the mass exodus of experienced personnel, a degradation of overall force readiness in all branches of service, recruiting shortfalls, and worsening economic conditions for our soldiers, sailors and airmen. Clinton seems oblivious to these problems and I say that because he's done nothing to address the issues that created them.."

Wall Street Journal 11/02/98 Thomas E. Ricks Freepr report ".The story describes an incident last week in which the crew of a Blackhawk helicopter was accidently exposed to lasers from US ground troops. The exposure may have caused permanent damage to the eyesight of two crew members. The article also cites another possible laser incident. The article says, "Some U.S. soldiers in Bosnia were disturbed by the lack of timely disclosure". A military spokesman in Bosnia says "no information was released because there had been no media inquiries about the incident". The commander of U.S. forces in Bosnia said: "We didn't see this as newsworthy". "Also (the article says), the Pentagon may not have wanted to call attention to the continuing U. S. mission in Bosnia on the eve of national elections in the U. S." Hack Notes 12/98 Bill Seagraves in a letter to Senator McCain ".As I am sure you are aware Senator, this all started on February 3, 1998, when a Marine Prowler jet struck a gondola cable just north of the Aviano Airbase killing 20 people. An Aircraft Mishap Board ("AMB") was immediately convened by the Squadron (VMAQ-2) in accordance with Standard Operating Procedures ("SOP") and statements were taken from each of the aircrew. The AMB was ordered stopped by direction of President Clinton and a Command Investigation Board convened instead. Before the Command Investigation Board could even be put together, Clinton had ordered a Judge Advocate General ("JAG") Criminal Investigation Board be convened and sent immediately to Aviano Airbase, (Colonel Blickensderfer sworn statement in the second Article 32). The incident occurred on Tuesday and no one from the Marine Corps bothered to contact us until late the following Friday. By then we had already seen all of the bad news the Marine Corps had spun to the media to include the Hard Copy video of a low level flight that had occurred one year prior. Our sons were being chastised by the Commanding Officer, Ltcol. Muegge, for family members contacting the Commandant of the Marine Corps ("CMC") and Congressional Representatives on theirbehalf. Then, when the JAG Board did arrive in Aviano it was clear that the whole process was a witch hunt and guilty until proven innocent was the focus of their investigation. Colonel Carver, the Staff Judge Advocate ("SJA"), made it clear to the aircrews defense attorneys that the aircrew would receive Courts Martials. This occurred on arrival and before the investigation had ever gotten underway.."

Wall Street Journal 12/23/98 Lawrence Kaplan ".The first clue that Operation Desert Fox would pay tribute less to the military style of Erwin Rommel than Robert McNamara came when Defense Secretary William Cohen advised that the U.S. did not intend to target Iraqi chemical and biological weapons facilities. Rather, it would strike runways, air defense sites, radio towers--strike, that is, before Ramadan, and between 10 p.m. and 4 a.m. What the president had billed as a "strong, sustained series of air strikes" was, finally, to be neither strong nor sustained.The finely calibrated four-day bombing campaign would instead be what Mr. Clinton termed a "message to Saddam." And, indeed, in purpose, scope, and duration, the sporadic fusillade directed at Iraq neatly exemplified the president's tendency to employ strictly controlled violence as a means to deliver precision-guided messages. Discarding the Powell Doctrine of overwhelming force that not long ago dominated American thinking about military power, the Clinton team has, from the day it entered office, shown a clear preference for wielding military power neither to subdue nor even to punish, but to prod adversaries to see the error of their ways. Not surprisingly, then, the administration has revived terms like "signals" and "messages," presumed after Vietnam to have been eliminated from the glossary of military affairs..Even if Saddam were guided by purely rational deliberation, why would he fear an air campaign calculated to hurt things, not people? Especially when, if willing to sacrifice a building here, an airfield there, the Iraqi dictator might forever rid himself of UN weapons inspectors? The absence of any intent to link punishment to offense merely encourages America's adversaries to conclude they enjoy more room to maneuver than Oval Office speechifying would suggest--as in fact they do."

Wall Street Journal 1/5/99 James Webb ".It has now been almost three weeks since the otherworldly spectacle of a House impeachment debate taking place at the same time the politically threatened president rained down missiles and bombs on Iraq. Few who follow national-defense issues could restrain their cynicism as a parade of heretofore antimilitary legislators praised the reliability of our military forces and attempted to shame the Republicans for voting to impeach a busy commander-in-chief. But memories are short in Washington. January brings forth the budget from the administration to Congress. And these same legislators are unlikely to be as supportive of our men and women in uniform when it comes to appropriating funds for military spending..."

Wordlenetdaily Col David Hackworth 12/31/98 ".This latest disaster wasn't our troops fault. They deployed flawlessly and then executed a difficult high risk operation with precision and professionalism. The problem was that once again Clinton sent American warriors into danger on a flawed military operation that didn't have a prayer of accomplishing its mission. I don't give the top brass high marks either. They should have challenged the President's harebrained plan, told him it wouldn't accomplish zilch and that in the end things would only be worse. If Clinton then insisted on launching, the Chiefs should have done the right thing and resigned en masse. When was the last time a general or admiral resigned over principle?."

Fort Worth Star-Telegram 1/8/99 J.R. Labbe by Freeper Stand Watch Listen ".Pershing vowed that no American soldier would answer to a foreign commander. If the general were around today to witness the escalating problem of American military personnel trying to serve two masters -- their country and the United Nations -- it would blow the collar brass right off his uniform. The issue came into focus this week after the United States was accused of infiltrating CIA operatives into teams of U.N. Special Commission inspectors to gather intelligence about secret Iraqi weapons programs.."

Washington Post Dana Priest 1/30/99 Page A16 ".As support swells within the administration for sending U.S. troops to Kosovo, senior Pentagon officials expressed willingness yesterday to put them under foreign command in exchange for keeping American participation in the mission small.."

Global Intelligence Update 2/16/99 ".The decision by President Clinton to deploy U.S. forces in Kosovo if a peace agreement is reached in Paris, represents a further deepening of peacekeeping and operations other than war as suitable missions for U.S. armed forces. Deriving from older doctrines of collective security, peacekeeping missions deploy military forces in unanticipated ways. The purpose of a military force is to destroy other military forces. The use of military forces in peacekeeping has less to do with warfare than it has to do with using peacekeepers as hostages to guarantee the peace. The fact is that there is no such thing as a neutral intervention by a superpower and therefore all peacekeeping operations, such as those in Beirut and Somalia, can result in combat. Because the assumption is made that this is an operation other than war, the normal calculus of military power is ignored..Lurking behind the intervention in Somalia is a strange assumption made by U.S. policy makers, which is that no rational party would dare attack U.S. troops on a peacekeeping mission. This assumption is made in spite of the glaring and obvious exception, Beirut. The United States intervened in Beirut in the midst of the Lebanese Civil War and an Israeli invasion. .Somalia demonstrated that regardless of intentions, intervention in a civil war for whatever reason cannot be neutral. The very act of intervention is not only perceived to be, but objectively is, an intervention on behalf of someone. The mere presence of U.S. forces shifts the balance of forces. The result puts U.S. forces in jeopardy. Beirut gives us a sense of how much jeopardy U.S. forces can be in, but the death ofU.S. Army Rangers in Somalia is in itself a painful reminder.."

Associated Press 2/16/99 ".In a statement issued early Wednesday by the official Tanjug news agency, Milosevic said ``our negative stand on the presence of foreign troops is not only the attitude of the leadership, but also of all citizens of our country.'' The deployment of an international force is a take-it-or-leave-it deal proposed by the United States and backed by other powers at the conference outside Paris. As many as 30,000 NATO troops, including some 4,000 American soldiers, would be sent to Kosovo immediately to police the agreement...Advance troops could be in place in Kosovo in a matter of hours with 6,000 to 8,000 more troops quickly following, officials said. The first forces to arrive will probably be 2,200 U.S. Marines currently in the Mediterranean. Plans for the deployment of the main 28,000-man force are expected to be finished by the end of the week. Any American peacekeepers sent to Kosovo would remain until a system of self-rule is ``up and running'' and stability is restored, the Clinton administration said Tuesday. However, other administration officials said the aim is to get the job done within three years.."

The New York Post 3/28/99 Niles Lathem Joe Cunningham "…The loss of a Stealth fighter in Yugoslavia raises big questions about the sophistication of Serbian military technology and may spell disaster for U.S. air operations. It is unclear whether the F-117A jet - the most sophisticated in the American arsenal - crashed or was shot down - which would mean the U.S. has seriously underestimated Serb technology…. The fighter is equipped with a special radar-absorbing skin and contours that reduce radar reflections. These reduce the fighter's size on radar scopes to that of an insect. However, recent trade-press articles have indicated the existence of radar technology that can pick up Stealth fighters…If the Serbs do possess the kind of technology that can target and bring down a Stealth fighter, it means that the next wave of fighter pilots - who will fly much closer to the ground to target tanks and artillery - will be facing extreme peril. In addition, since this is the first time a Stealth fighter has gone down in enemy territory, it will give the Serbs the chance to further study its technology…."

Associated Press 4/1/99 "...Military officials worry that the lofty status gained by air power in the Persian Gulf War declines with each day that ethnic atrocities continue in Kosovo despite daily NATO airstrikes. Air Force officers and an active fraternity of retired air commanders bitterly blame the Clinton administration for returning to the incremental use of force that failed to bring Hanoi to heel in the Vietnam War. ``When you fly less than 50 bombing sorties per day for seven days, you're not serious about what you're doing,'' said retired Air Force Gen. Buster Glosson, one of the key planners of the Persian Gulf War air campaign. ``At best it's sporadic bombing.'' ..."

USA TODAY 3/15/99 Andrea Stone "…White women are leaving the military before the end of their first enlistment at a far greater rate than any other group, Defense Department statistics show. The numbers, obtained by USA TODAY, show that 43% of white women fail to complete their first enlistment because of physical problems, pregnancy, failure to adapt to the military or other reasons. By contrast, just a third of black women, black men and white men are discharged during their first enlistment. Slightly fewer Hispanics, 31% of women and 26% of men, don't complete their first term. The average enlistment is three years; enlistments vary from two to six years. Defense officials say they cannot explain the phenomenon, but they find it worrisome at a time when the all-volunteer military is having difficulty filling its ranks…."

Air Force Times 3/22/99 Robert Dorr Freeper Stand Watch Listen "…At the end of his speech, Defense Secretary William Cohen clenched a fist, raised his arm and let out the infantry soldier's spirited battle cry: "Hooah!" The Pentagon's top civilian leader clearly expected his audience to raise its voices to the rafters in response. But no one reacted. The military audience stared at the secretary. Some looked at their feet. Cohen, a brilliant man of enormous personal charm, had just missed his mark, as surely as a missile that overshoots its target and flies astray…."

Forbes 3/22/99 Caspar Weinberger Freeper Stand Watch Listen "…ONE OF THE ACHIEVEMENTS of which Ronald Reagan was proudest was the extraordinary turnaround in the morale of the Armed Forces. At the Senate confirmation hearings for my appointment as Secretary of Defense, I was asked many times if the Administration would favor reinstating the draft. Low morale had seriously reduced the number of voluntary enlistments, and many in the services were not willing to reenlist. We adamantly opposed reinstating the draft; it had rent the social fabric of the country during the Vietnam War.....our military effectiveness is on a par with that of the 1970s. We can no longer carry out the basic mission that both parties have long accepted as a benchmark: the ability to fight and win two regional wars simultaneously…."


Catholic World News 3/16/99 Freeper marshmallow "…A group representing homosexual members of the US armed forces said on Monday that harassment of homosexuals in the military more than doubled last year because of the Clinton administration's "don't ask, don't tell" policy…."


Wall Street Journal 3/15/99 John Yoo "…As this seems to be the season to renounce the misguided reforms of the 1970s, such as the independent-counsel law, it is an opportune time to hail the de facto end of another Watergate-era law--the War Powers Resolution. Although the 1973 law hasn't been repealed, the Clinton administration has acted as if it doesn't exist. The resolution mandates that the president can exercise his commander-in-chief powers only if there is a declaration of war, specific authorization from Congress, or a national emergency created by attack on American forces or territory. It requires the president to consult with Congress before introducing American forces into hostilities, to report a deployment within 48 hours, and to withdraw those troops within 60 days of the report…When it comes to the use of the American military, no president has a quicker trigger finger than Mr. Clinton. Since December 1995, some 20,000 American troops have implemented the peace accords in Bosnia. American planes and missiles attack Iraq on an almost daily basis, as well as enforce a no-fly zone. Last summer, Mr. Clinton used cruise missiles to bomb terrorist targets in Sudan and Afghanistan. In 1994, he ordered 16,000 troops into Haiti to enforce its transition to civilian government. In 1993, Mr. Clinton expanded the goals of the 28,000 American troops in Somalia, originally deployed by Mr. Bush for humanitarian reasons, but then withdrew them after the deaths of soldiers in combat. On Mr. Clinton's watch American troops have participated in U.N. peacekeeping missions in dangerous places such as Macedonia and Rwanda. These operations have cost taxpayers billions of dollars, not to mention lost lives--and not once did the Clinton administration go to Congress for permission…."

National Review 3/16/99 Ramesh Ponnuru, John Miller Kate Dwyer Freeper Marcellus "…the Commission on Military Training and Gender-Related Issues was stacked with feminists. In its report ... it predictably concludes that co-ed basic training should continue. To arrive at this conclusion it must ignore not only the Baker commission’s research but its own. One commissioner ... noted the "overwhelming consensus among trainers that something is seriously flawed in gender-integrated training." For instance, high injury and dropout rates for women trainees, sexual distractions, and physical double standards.... Al Kamen’s "In the Loop" column ... zinged Dan Quayle because, omigod, his website screws up a phone number.... The header: "1-800-POT-ATOE." Hilarious. No, this isn’t liberal bias. It’s just a cheap shot…."

Wall Street Journal 3/24/99 Stephanie Gutmann "… For the third time in two years, a government-sponsored panel has examined the effectiveness of "gender integrated training" in the U.S. military--the practice of mixing young men and women for boot camp in every service but the Marines. a time of crisis-level attrition and more missions than ever before (e.g., Kosovo), the military is stuck with a policy that makes the situation worse. The services are in the middle of a personnel shortage as bad as after the Vietnam War; last year every service but the Marines came up thousands short of recruitment goals, despite relaxed recruiting standards, a more generous GI Bill and snazzier ad campaigns. "There is something going on out there in the force we can't put our finger on," one Army officer was quoted as saying. What's going on is that sex integration in "initial entry training" has devastated morale and recruitment…."

Washington Post 3/28/99 Andrew Bacevich "…Despite its ostensible devotion to peace, the Clinton administration has made the use of force routine. Beginning with a cruise missile assault against Baghdad in June 1993 (the first of several all-but-forgotten pinprick attacks against Iraq), Clinton has fought (and lost) a sharp skirmish with Mohammed Farah Aideed in Somalia; occupied Haiti; bombed Bosnian Serbs who defied American efforts to broker a Balkan peace; placed U.S. troops at the forefront of a NATO-led incursion into Bosnia; inaugurated a highly publicized war on terror by obliterating a pharmaceutical factory in Sudan and a terrorist training camp in Afghanistan; threatened, postponed and then in December 1998 executed a "major" air campaign against Iraq, the prelude to a war of attrition that has continued ever since; threatened, postponed and now executed a large-scale bombing campaign to punish Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic for not signing the peace agreement proffered last month in Rambouillet, France. By almost any measure, this list of events (which omits confrontations with China and North Korea) constitutes a striking record of military activism in an era of relative peace….Among Republicans and Democrats alike, there are those who find much to applaud in the approach to using force revealed by Clinton's dual air campaigns: a chief executive eager to tap the robust powers of his office, pursuing an assertive foreign policy and willing to flex America's muscle by capitalizing on the high-tech arsenal that embodies the nation's strong suit. Those inclined toward such a view can take heart from the fact that the doomsayers were mostly wrong to predict that Clinton's earlier military adventures would end in disaster. Those failed predictions no doubt have contributed to the public perception, confirmed by recent polls, that the president is a master of statecraft. Maybe so. The rest of us are left wondering, however, when Clinton's luck--and America's--will run out…."

Capitol Hill Blue 3/31/99 Doug Thompson "…As military strategists concede the war in Kosovo may be unwinnable, the Pentagon is running low on its supply of cruise missiles. Retired Gen. Colin Powell joined the chorus of those who said the war can't be won in the air, telling a audience at Virginia Tech Tuesday the U.S. and NATO will have to use ground troops if they want to win. And the Pentagon is reluctantly admitting that things haven't gone as expected. "I think right now, it is difficult to say that we have prevented one act of brutality at this stage," Defense Department spokesman Kenneth Bacon told reporters Tuesday. In fact, military planners say that after six days of strikes, the bombing has, at best, inflicted only "minimal damage" on Yugoslavian military sites. And the US is running out of its primary weapon -- cruise missiles…."The US and NATO entered this conflict without a sound strategy and now they're paying for it," says retired Air Force General Matthew Higgins. "When you fight a war for political reasons, without a sound military plan, you end up with a conflict you can't win." At the Pentagon, military strategists admit privately they were pushed into the Kosovo campaign by a President eager to prove his manhood and divert attention away from the many scandals that have plagued his administration. "This is President Clinton's war," one high ranking officer says, "and we all know how much military experience the President has." …."

NY Post 4/1/99 Deborah Orin "...KOSOVO has sent an uneasy question rippling through Washington: whether President Clinton is up to the job of commander-in-chief at a time of war. "Here's the question: Is there something about this man and his experience that causes him to see the use of military power in a very narrow, almost one-dimensional view?" says military analyst Dan Goure. "It's almost like a kid's view - I got the bigger gun and I shot you, so you have to fall down. It lacks any sense of the complexity involved in the application of military power or the second-order consequences, like the fact that bombing hardens the will of your adversary."...He had U.S. ships turn tail in Haiti when a few thugs threatened from the wharf. Later, a Haiti invasion was averted when an 11th-hour mission, led by Colin Powell, won a deal for troops to enter peacefully....."

Washington Post 4/2/99 Charles Krauthammer "...Objective 1: "We act to protect thousands of innocent people in Kosovo from a mounting military offensive" (televised address, March 24). It is not just that the opposite has happened: savage ethnic cleansing, executions of Kosovar Albanian leaders, the forced expulsion of more than 100,000 Kosovars. That would merely imply gross presidential miscalculation. But the supreme allied commander of NATO, Gen. Wesley Clark, asserts that from the beginning "we never thought that through air power we could stop these killings on the ground." Question: "Did you tell President Clinton . . . there is no way we can stop that kind of thing with a bombing campaign alone?" Gen. Clark: "That's been said many times, and everybody understands that." And yet Clinton publicly ruled out ground troops, thus declaring that there would be nothing but an air campaign. So he starts a campaign to protect Kosovar civilians knowing all along, says NATO's top general, that "you can't stop paramilitaries going house to house with supersonic aircraft flying overhead and dropping bombs." ..."

Washington Post 4/2/99 Charles Krauthammer "...Objective 2: To keep the Kosovo conflict from blowing up and destabilizing the neighboring countries. "All around Kosovo, there are other small . . . countries that could be overwhelmed by a large new wave of refugees from Kosovo" (March 24 address, again). He meant Albania, Macedonia, and the Yugoslav republic of Montenegro -- every one of which is now overwhelmed by a large new wave of Kosovar refugees created since the start of Clinton's Balkan adventure. ....Every one of Kosovo's neighbors that Clinton was claiming to stabilize is being destabilized...."

Washington Post 4/2/99 Charles Krauthammer "...Objective 3: "We act to prevent a wider war; to defuse a powder keg in the heart of Europe that exploded twice before in this century with catastrophic results." Goodness. Where does this man get his history? World War II was not remotely caused by the Balkans. And World War I was caused not by clashing ethnics in the Balkans, but by the catastrophic decision of the Great Powers to intervene and choose sides among the contestants for Balkan power. Sound familiar?.... the fact remains that Clinton, intending to contain a minor civil war, has overnight internationalized it. ..."

Washington Post 4/2/99 Charles Krauthammer "...Objective 4: To preserve NATO. Well, NATO did rather well, thank you, for 50 years without launching any wars against sovereign states. The greatest threat to NATO right now is that the Serbia campaign will fail. The Clinton administration, ever seeking to do good, has staked NATO unity and credibility on its ability to pacify the Balkans, a task never accomplished in the century except by Marshal Tito. And he needed all the delicate machinery of a police state to do it. ...."

Defense Daily 4/2/99 Vago Muradian Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "The wreckage of the F-117 stealth fighter that crashed in Yugoslavia on Saturday should have been destroyed by either precision munitions or special operations forces to prevent potential foes from getting hold of parts of the sophisticated aircraft that could lead to the development of stealthy foreign systems, according to military officers and Pentagon officials....."I've have talked to a lot of people about why we didn't pour PGMs [precision-guided munitions] on it [the wreckage], but I haven't gotten any good answers because once you get the pilot out of there, you blow the thing to smithereens. The two reasons for that are that none of the parts are exploited, and second, you eliminate propaganda value to the enemy, which, as you can see by watching TV, they've made a lot of."..."

AFP 4/2/99 Freeper Brian Mosely "...Belgrade is prepared to give Russia remains of the US F-117 Stealth plane shot down in northern Serbia, Yugoslav Defense Minister Pavle Bulatovic told a visiting Russian parliamentary delegation, the state agency Tanjug reported...."

Columbia (SC) State 3/30/99 Dave Moniz Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...As American and NATO warplanes scream across Yugoslavia, some former commanders are reminded more of the ineffectual bombing of North Vietnam than the aerial paralysis that left Iraq smoldering in 1991. Instead of massive, unrelenting waves of jets destroying communications, power grids and the heart of Iraqi command centers, NATO allies are attacking Yugoslav targets incrementally, much like the Vietnam War....."This is an amateur operation," says John Warden, a retired Air Force colonel who helped design the bombing campaign against Iraq during the Gulf War. Warden characterizes the bombing of Yugoslavia as "pure Vietnam," a campaign orchestrated by an administration that hasn't learned the failed lessons of "gradualism" in using military force..."

Long Island Newsday 4/1/99 Adrian Peracchio Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...THE "C" WORD is getting bandied around while bombs are dropping in the Balkans. In the White House, at the Pentagon and in the council chambers of the NATO alliance in Brussels, they are talking about credibility. And about what it will take, in the face of the unraveling disaster in Kosovo, to defend the credibility of President Bill Clinton, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and, by extension, the credibility of the world's only superpower and the almighty Atlantic alliance......The only thing missing so far from the Balkan mess is serious mention of the "E" word -- escalation. We can only hope that if escalation does occur, it will have different results in the Balkans that in Southeast Asia. But don't count on that, either...."

STRATFOR's Global Intelligence Update 4/2/99 "...1715 GMT, 990402 - The American media is suddenly being filled with stories about how senior military officers originally opposed the Kosovo campaign but were overruled by the White House. Stories are appearing in sources from the Washington Post to Agence France Presse. The stories, clearly originating in the defense community, portray the White House as heedless of military warnings about the mission, including warnings that the air campaign cannot by itself achieve its goals. The importance of these articles is that they give a sense of the underlying mood in Washington. Fingers are already being pointed with the military making it very plain, very publicly that this campaign was generated by the civilian staff in the White House and not by them. This is partly a preemptive campaign to prevent the White House from accusing the military of letting them down. It is also an expression of genuine rage on the part of military leaders at having been forced to mount a campaign that they knew to be ineffective...."

The New York Times 4/4/99 Eric Schmitt "...Remember the Powell Doctrine? That was the strict and cautious set of standards espoused by Gen. Colin Powell when he was chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for determining where, when and how U.S. military force should be used. It held that the United States should intervene militarily only when the nation's vital interests were at stake, only with decisive force and only when there was a clear goal and a defined strategy for getting out. But after the 1991 Persian Gulf war, those tenets were discarded as Vietnam-era relics that raised barriers to military intervention too high to suit the realities of today's world. "What's the point of having this superb military that you've always been talking about if we can't use it?" Madeleine Albright, now secretary of state, demanded of Powell when she was the country's United Nations ambassador. So the Clinton administration embraced Albright's "Doability Doctrine" -- that the United States should use its military power in more flexible ways to achieve practical, if limited, goals. Successes in providing relief to Rwanda, mounting air strikes in Bosnia and restoring some semblance of democracy in Haiti helped bolster the new thinking. Until now...."

NewYork Post 4/4/99 Deborah Orin "...KOSOVO has sent an uneasy question rippling through Washington: whether President Clinton is up to the job of commander-in-chief at a time of war. "Here's the question: Is there something about this man and his experience that causes him to see the use of military power in a very narrow, almost one-dimensional view?" says military analyst Dan Goure. "It's almost like a kid's view - I got the bigger gun and I shot you, so you have to fall down. It lacks any sense of the complexity involved in the application of military power or the second-order consequences, like the fact that bombing hardens the will of your adversary." ....Clinton & Co. seem totally dumbfounded that Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic is just as thuggishly evil as their rhetoric claimed. Why are they so surprised? One day after the airstrikes began, Clinton was playing word games about what victory means - it went down from the "moral imperative" to save the Kosovars to just "degrading" Milosevic's war machine. And there was the president this week, out playing golf - he talked to world leaders between shots - at the very same moment U.S. pilots were flying over Yugoslavia. Did that send a message of firm purpose? Some analysts say the problem is that neither Clinton nor any of his closest national security advisers has any personal experience in war. Clinton's strategy as commander-in-chief has been to avoid using ground troops - thus avoiding the risk that critics could point to his own Vietnam draft-dodging and ask why he was sending others into the line of fire. For example: *Early on, he yanked U.S. troops out of Somalia after thugs dragged a soldier's body through a dusty street to humiliate America. *He had U.S. ships turn tail in Haiti when a few thugs threatened from the wharf. Later, a Haiti invasion was averted when an 11th-hour mission, led by Colin Powell, won a deal for troops to enter peacefully. *Clinton nixed airstrikes in Bosnia until he risked embarrassment, because then-Senate GOP leader Bob Dole and Democratic Sen. Joe Lieberman, horrified by Serbian atrocities, had enough votes to OK arms for Bosnia's Muslims even over a Clinton veto..... The bottom line: A sense that war can be conducted like a PAC-man computer game, where the other side can't retaliate and the video shows unmanned missiles striking targets with unerring accuracy....."

Washington Post 4/5/99 Bradley Graham"... In the weeks before NATO launched its air campaign against Yugoslavia, U.S. military chiefs expressed deep reservations about the Clinton administration's approach to Kosovo and warned that bombing alone likely would not achieve its political aims, according to sources familiar with their thinking. The Pentagon's senior four-star officers, meeting in closed-door sessions in the Pentagon's secure "tank" room, argued that the administration should use more economic sanctions and other non-military levers to compel Belgrade to make peace in the rebellious Serbian province before resorting to airstrikes. They also complained about what they saw as the lack of a long-term vision for the Balkans and questioned whether U.S. national interests there were strong enough to merit a military confrontation. "I think it's safe to say that I don't think anybody felt like there had been a compelling argument made that all of this was in our national interest," said one senior officer knowledgeable about the deliberations.... Ultimately, the chiefs agreed unanimously last month to go along with airstrikes, embracing the administration's view that U.S. leadership in NATO had to be preserved and that the looming humanitarian catastrophe in Kosovo had to be addressed, the sources said. But the earlier hesitations had been forwarded to President Clinton and his aides, and reports from the White House have said doubts from the military were weighed in the final decision to go to war....."

Washington Times Weekly Edition 4/5-11/99 Rowan Scarborough "…Senior Air Force and Navy officers are disappointed with the slow pace of NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, as the alliance for the second time announced on March 31 it was stepping up a campaign that so far has failed to achieve Western objectives.

A senior Air Force officer said in an interview that allied forces generated an average of 48 combat sorties a day in the first week, which is fewer than on the first day of the 1991 air war against Iraq. The officer told of Air Force officers in the European theater who say the campaign to date "is a disgrace." "Senior military officers think that the tempo is so disgustingly slow it makes us look inept," said this officer. Targets hit so far are insufficient to break the will of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. The officer said targeters must get broad approval for their target selections from NATO political bureaucrats in Brussels The U.S. Air Force officer said the bombing has primarily been assigned to the Air Force. Air Force pilots have flown 84 percent of sorties --defined as one combat flight -- while the allies account for 10 percent and the U.S. Navy the remaining 6 percent…."

USA Today 4/6/99 Mimi Hall Susan Page Freeper Stand Watch Listen "…And now the sniping isn't coming just from the sidelines. President Clinton's credibility as commander in chief is being undermined from within by military leaders who are making it known that they have deep reservations. Monday was Day 13 of Operation Allied Force, and when Clinton faced the cameras once again to defend his decision to use limited airstrikes, he presented a picture of a man very much alone as he copes with the most difficult and dangerous foreign policy crisis of his career....Monday's Washington Post reported that the Joint Chiefs of Staff had "expressed deep reservations about the Clinton administration's approach to Kosovo and warned that bombing alone likely would not achieve its political aims." In the weeks before the air attacks began, the military chiefs were said to have argued for tougher economic sanctions and questioned whether U.S. interests were really at stake…."

The Nation 4/19/99 Michael T. Klare "….President Clinton's decision to use military force against the Serbs was not simply a calculated response to Slobodan Milosevic's intransigence. A careful reading of recent Administration statements and Pentagon documents shows that the NATO bombing is part of a larger strategic vision. That vision has three basic components. The first is an increasingly pessimistic appraisal of the global security environment….. The second component is the assumption that as a global power with far-flung economic interests, the United States has a vested interest in maintaining international stability…..The third component is a conviction that to achieve global stability, the United States must maintain sufficient forces to conduct simultaneous military operations in widely separated areas of the world against multiple adversaries, and it must revise its existing security alliances--most of which, like NATO, are defensive in nature--so that they can better support US global expeditionary operations. Combined, these three propositions constitute a new strategic template for the US military establishment….. Less public, but no less significant, is the US effort to convert NATO from a defensive alliance in Western Europe into a regional police force governed by Washington. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright first unveiled this scheme this past December at a meeting of NATO foreign ministers in Brussels. Claiming that missile-armed "rogue states" pose as great a threat to Europe as the Warsaw Pact once did, Albright called on NATO to extend its operational zone into distant areas and to combat a wide range of emerging threats. "Common sense tells us," she said, "that it is sometimes better to deal with instability when it is still at arm's length than to wait until it is at our doorstep." …"

National Post 4/7/99 Peter Goodspeed "…Despite the protestations of Lloyd Axworthy, the Foreign Minister, and other NATO leaders that they could not foresee the massive ethnic cleansing of Kosovo, U.S. newspaper reports indicate NATO officials were warned weeks ahead of time that military action against Yugoslavia might well unleash a bloodbath. While the western alliance was still pondering its war plans last October and tentatively studying proposals for both an air and ground war against Yugoslavia, U.S. intelligence officials are said to have predicted the mass human exodus that has now occurred. Weeks before the NATO air campaign began, George Tenet, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, forecast that Serb-led Yugoslav forces might respond by accelerating their campaign of ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, the Washington Post reported. Quoting sources within the American administration, the newspaper says CIA officials repeatedly raised the possibility of an expanded Serbian ethnic-cleansing campaign if the West threatened Belgrade militarily. When Bill Clinton, the U.S. president, was presented with a military report last October that warned him a ground war in Yugoslavia would require as many as 200,000 NATO troops, an accompanying CIA study predicted two possible outcomes -- a stepped-up campaign of ethnic cleansing against Kosovo's ethnic Albanians, or a quick yielding by Yugoslavia once force was applied. Mr. Tenet apparently repeated the CIA's warnings in congressional hearings in early February. At the same time, The New York Times reports that "Pentagon planners . . . said they warned the administration publicly and privately that Mr. Milosevic was likely to strike out viciously against the Kosovo Albanians . . ." U.S. military leaders are said to have expressed deep reservations about the Clinton administration's approach to Kosovo and repeatedly warned the White House that if the Serbs did launch a final all-out assault on Kosovo's Albanians, air power alone would not be sufficient to stop it…."This outcome was guaranteed by the public announcements by President Clinton that ground troops would not be committed," he added…."

New York Times 4/13/99 Richard Haass "...Increasingly it seems that the Clinton Administration's foreign policy is intended to minimize risks rather than maximize results. The result is bad politics and bad policy. Take the debate about ground troops in Kosovo. After weeks of ruling out their use, the Clinton Administration is now sending mixed messages. On Sunday, Administration officials, including Gen. Henry Shelton, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, suggested that plans for ground troops exist and could be taken off the shelf at any time. Yesterday, Defense Secretary William Cohen said that the air attacks are increasingly effective, while reiterating General Shelton's comments about ground troops. What's going on here? It seems as if foreign policy is being driven by public opinion. News photos of suffering Albanian refugees have had an enormous impact on the American people; opinion polls indicate that about half of them now favor sending ground forces into Kosovo. But the Administration also seems to have no confidence that popular support would survive the first casualties. This is no way to make foreign policy -- or win a war. It is one thing to rule out ground troops because they are not needed. It is something else again to reject them out of fear that the American people will not back their use.... "

ABC NEWS 4/12/99 Freeper Rodger Schultz "...ABCNEWS has learned the Serbs may be benefiting from insider information. U.S. and NATO officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said they suspect a spy deep inside NATO is informing Yugoslav authorities before some air raids...."

Associated Press 4/13/99 Tom Cohen "...Serb infantry troops crossed into Albania Tuesday, exchanged fire with Albanian border police and seized control of a border village, Albania's interior minister said. The seized village was Kremica, which has come under Serb shelling over the past several days. There were no immediate reports on destruction or casualties...."

Associated Press 4/13/99 Robert Burns "...Why hasn't NATO hit harder? "The politicians are absolutely scared to death they will lose the political support, which was thin to begin with, if body bags start coming home," said retired Adm. Leighton Smith, who oversaw NATO's brief and successful 1995 air campaign in Bosnia, which led to the Dayton peace accords. He wasn't talking about sending ground troops; he was referring to more use of air power. Smith says pilots are trained to take great risks in combat but that U.S. and allied politicians put a higher priority on avoiding NATO casualties and minimizing "collateral damage," the military euphemism for civilian death and destruction. "We let (fear of) collateral damage outweigh the desire to kick this guy in the butt and get his attention," Smith said. The Pentagon also sees benefits in limiting Serb troop casualties...."

Drudge 4/9/99 Bill Gertz Freeper Thanatos "...The State Department is trying to get the Pentagon to pick up the millions of dollars in costs for helping the 1.3 million displaced Kosovar Albanians being forced from their homes and out of the country. The Pentagon is adamant: No. State officials say the refugees are covered by the Geneva Convention, but the Pentagon says the laws of war do not cover these refugees. State is organizing the scheduled flight of some 20,000 refugees from the Balkans to the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, aboard U.S. military and commercially chartered aircraft. State also tried to get the Pentagon to pick up the costs of Haitian refugees who fled that island and also were resettled for a time at Guantanamo. "Once again the State Department and Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright created a mess and they want the Pentagon to pick up the pieces," said one official...."

ROBERT NOVAK SUN-TIMES COLUMNIST 4/8/99 "... I received a call March 23 from a national security source who told me of secret U.S. intelligence that Serb forces were prepared to abduct American troops stationed in Macedonia. I could not confirm the tip, and besides, it seemed inconceivable that the U.S. military would permit this to happen. Wrong indeed. On March 31, three American soldiers were seized along the Macedonia-Kosovo border in an incident drenched with ambiguity and mystery. Sen. John Warner, the Republican chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, has departed from his steadfast support of the U.S.-NATO attacks on Yugoslavia to raise serious questions about what in the world the American troops were doing the day they were taken prisoner.

No answers have been given to Warner, but the most haunting question is unasked: Why was the intelligence report on the danger of abduction ignored? The chairman, a former secretary of the Navy and a stalwart friend of the military, did not ask simply because he did not know. The warning was not shared with him...."

Washington Times 4/23/99 Bill Gertz and Rowan Scarborough Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...The State Department wants the Pentagon to order more U.S. military personnel to take part in yet another peacekeeping operation, this one inside the unstable former Soviet Republic of Georgia, according to our informants...."

Chicago Tribune 4/22/99 Bob Kemper Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...EXCERPTS "Army Lt. Gen. William Odom had been examining President Clinton's attack plan for Yugoslavia and was blunt. "This is an irresponsible plan," he said. "As a professional military person, I could not approve it." Air Force Maj. Gen. George B. Harrison had his own doubts. "We can't predict how this is going to turn out," he said ominously, turning to a television camera, "but it really has some disturbing possibilities." Odom and Harrison are no longer active-duty generals, but they still command attention--on television as military analysts for CNN, MSNBC and other news operations. They are part of a battalion of retired military officers who once spent long hours in the War Room learning the intimate details of American military doctrine and who now share that knowledge with the world on non-stop news programs and talk shows. "..."

Washington Post 4/25/99 William M. Arkin Freeper Lonnie "...The Air Force is the main player in Operation Allied Force and provides most of the planes, but its role is decidedly passive. It is in reality an administrator of the air war, neither in charge of the target selection nor in control of the overall strategy. Those functions are retained by the North Atlantic Council--the decision-making body of NATO--and Gen. Wesley Clark, the U.S. Army officer who commands Operation Allied Force...."

Washington Times 4/30/99 Bill Gertz and Rowan Scarborough "...Military planners and regional commanders in chief (Cincs) are beginning to worry there may not be enough forces to handle new conflicts with Iraq or North Korea because of the war in the Balkans. The Pentagon is sending forces from the Persian Gulf and the Pacific to NATO. The drawdown has stretched the U.S. presence thin, according to a senior U.S. government national security official. "We are eroding our ability to deter a North Korean missile attack or invasion of the South, and we are lessening the pressure against Saddam,'' the official said. ..."The problem is that we used to be able to fight and win two regional conflicts, but under Clinton we have gone to one and a half and now one." The pinch is not limited to military forces. Intelligence resources also are stretched thin due to drawdowns of intelligence resources under the Clinton administration. Satellites that focus on the Middle East and the Pacific have been shifted to the Balkans, leaving bare spots in coverage of those parts of the world. Analysts also are being taken off other regions and put to work on Serbia...."

American Forces Press Service 4/30/99 Jim Garamone "...Up to 33,102 reserve component members can be called to active duty for Operation Allied Force under a presidential selected reserve call-up signed April 27 by President Clinton..... The services are also authorized to invoke Stop-Loss programs that would suspend service members' normal separation dates from active duty. The Air Force will invoke the Stop-Loss program; personnel most affected are pilots, air crews, aircraft maintenance personnel and those in other critical specialties. Air Force Maj. Gen. Susan Pamerleau, director of personnel forces management on the Air Staff, said the service invoked Stop-Loss as a matter of fairness because of the large number of reservists being called up. She said, however, that Stop-Loss will specifically target those in critical specialties needed for the operation...."

LA Times 4/30/99 Peter Gosselin "...WASHINGTON--The U.S. military, strained by continuing operations against Iraq as well as NATO's bombing campaign in Yugoslavia, is running low on some of the very weapons it needs to fight the wars of its choice. The nation's stockpile of cruise missiles--the most versatile of the current generation of "smart" weapons--is being depleted by the unexpectedly large number of attacks--and at a time when there are no production lines in operation. .... More recently, Navy officials have said they are replenishing supplies of a sea-launched version of the cruise missile--called the Tomahawk--by, among other things, refurbishing some 200 older missiles now in storage. "We need more than we have in order to be comfortable," said John Douglass, assistant Navy secretary for research and acquisitions until he left in September to become president of the Aerospace Industries Assn. "It's gradually dawning on all of us that the mean time between crises where we might want to use them is much shorter than anybody thought a few years ago." ...The Clinton administration has asked for $6 billion to pay for the current campaign, almost 10% of it for missiles. "We're short across the board in munitions, and this is the time to do something about it," said Rep. Duncan Hunter, (R-El Cajon), chairman of the House Armed Services subcommittee on procurement...."If there is anything we have learned in the last decade, it is that we cannot bomb indiscriminately because of the public backlash," said Loren Thompson, a defense analyst with the Lexington Institute, a Washington think tank. Most analysts estimate that 90% of the weapons used so far in the Yugoslav conflict have been precision-guided. "All of a sudden, the Air Force has got a new role," said Frank Robbins, director of precision strike systems at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida...." 4/29/99 Freeper henbane "2109 GMT, 990429 - Operation Allied Force has taken a toll on the U.S. Air Force's inventory of key precision munitions. Speaking at a reporter's breakfast, Air Force General Richard Hawley, head of the Air Combat Command, said that the munitions have been used up so fast that the air force is having trouble keeping them in stock. Hawley said that the air force has accelerated production of the satellite-guided Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM), carried by the B-2 stealth bomber, but it will be "touch and go" as to whether they run out before new ones are delivered next month. As well, he also noted that conventional air-launched cruise missiles (CALCM) also are in short supply and no new ones are scheduled to be delivered until September. Hawley, who is near retirement, also expressed the air force's uneasiness with the political constraints under which the air war is being fought, and concern that air power is being discredited by a strategy that has failed to use it to full advantage. "Clearly in our air force doctrine, air power works best when it's used decisively. Shock, mass are the way to achieve early results," he said. "Clearly because of the constraints in this operation we haven't seen that at this point. ..."

Insight 5/24/99 Jamie Dettmer Vol. 15, No. 19 "...How many American casualties would be acceptable, if President Clinton decides on a ground war in Yugoslavia? That's a question members of the House Armed Services Committee found themselves considering during a briefing the CIA gave them on the eve of the NATO summit. According to Langley, they should expect at least a 10 percent casualty rate -- in short, a loss of 10,000 to 15,000 soldiers, depending on American force strength in an allied army. The exact size of an American contribution to a possible NATO force is, of course, unclear at this stage. But most military experts -- and Clinton administration officials -- privately acknowledge that the overwhelming bulk of any force would have to come from the United States...While the military briefings are more public relations in nature, lawmakers are fully aware of the discontent sweeping the Pentagon. Some top Air Force generals are appalled at how the Clinton administration has seized on bombing as a panacea for overseas problems. They also are criticizing Army Gen. Wesley Clark, NATO's supreme commander. Like some lawmakers who recently visited Europe with Secretary of State William Cohen, they harbor fears that Clark is becoming "intemperate" in the face of pressure and are shocked at his gung-ho suggestion of bombing Russian tankers in the event they continue to transport fuel to Montenegrin ports....."

Wall Street Journal 5/4/99 M. Thomas Davis "...According to Pentagon doctrine, the operation in Kosovo meets the definition of a "small-scale contingency," one that U.S. forces should be able to handle while remaining ready for their primary mission of fighting two major theater wars "nearly simultaneously." These small wars, however, have disproportionately large implications for the military forces. In its latest moves, the military has activated more than 30,000 reservists and assigned 300 additional aircraft for the Kosovo operation, bringing the number of U.S. warplanes taking part in Allied Force to nearly 1,000. This is nearly half the number of aircraft used against Iraq in 1991, an astonishing figure considering that Belgrade's forces are approximately one-tenth the size of Baghdad's and occupy an operational area one-fourth as large. By these measures, American air forces are proportionately much more heavily committed against Slobodan Milosevic than they were against Saddam Hussein. And this does not account for those aircraft sill patrolling the contentious no-fly zones in northern and southern Iraq or the B-2 bombers flying 31-hour missions to the Balkans from their home base in Whitman, Mo...."

Washington Times 5/4/99 Bruce Fein Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...Presidential wars like the ongoing bombing of Yugoslavia are likely to escalate as the new millennium unfolds. What has changed from the past is the demise of the Soviet empire. During the Cold War, presidents were deterred from cavalier or ill-considered wars where the national security interests of the United States were trivial less by constitutional restraints than by fear of Soviet retaliation or countermeasures. It seems inconceivable, for instance, that President Clinton would have unleashed war against Slobodan Milosevic if the Soviet Union were still a superpower. Remember the submissiveness of the United States to its 1956 invasion of Hungary, its 1961 construction of the Berlin Wall, and its 1968 squelching of "Prague Spring." And the 1975 genocide in Cambodia graphically captured in "The Killing Fields" left the United States unmoved, although Pol Pot's human rights provocation was vastly greater than the human rights abuses President Clinton has invoked to justify his Yugoslav war....."

The Limbaugh Letter 5/99 "...Rush: All right. On Kosovo - tell me, is there anything that we've done right so far? Hackworth: In terms of military operations that my country has been engaged in, since the Republic was formed, we have never screwed one up bigger. There are nine principles of war, beginning with surprise, simplicity, mass maneuver and so on. We have succeeded in violating every one of them. So we're backing into the war in a typical Clinton way, with our butt first. We've just so badly exposed ourselves. We've telegraphed everything we're doing. Look at CNN, and you can see the number of aircraft that are going in. These are our intentions. We say we won't use ground troops, and we didn't pre-position them, which would have taken three or four months. So Serbia knows he can go and fight his battle on the ground, and so widely disperse his tactical formations, because he doesn't have to use them to defend in a tight array for a ground attack. He can spread them out. That negates the effectiveness of the air campaign. They can't find the tanks, they can't find the artillery pieces, because they're buried in the forest or buried in houses and so on. So far, Rush, we've succeeded in doing nothing right...."

Chicago Sun-Times 5/6/99 Bob Novak "...Who is responsible for an air offensive that is building anti-American anger across Europe without breaking the Serbian regime's will? The blame rests heavily on Gen. Wesley Clark, the NATO supreme commander. After 40 days, U.S.-dominated NATO air strikes no longer even pretend to aim solely at military targets. Pentagon sources admit that the attacks on the city center of Belgrade are intended to so demoralize ordinary citizens that they force President Slobodan Milosevic to yield. That has not yet happened, but diplomats believe the grave damage done to American prestige in Central and Eastern Europe will outlive this vicious little war. "The problem is Wes Clark making--at least approving--the bombing decisions," said one such diplomat, who then asked rhetorically: "How could they let a man with such a lack of judgment be [supreme allied commander of Europe]?" Through dealings with Yugoslavia that date back to 1994, Clark's propensity for mistakes has kept him in trouble while he continued moving up the chain of command thanks to a patron in the Oval Office. In the last month's American newspaper clippings, Clark emerges as the only heroic figure of a non-heroic war. Indeed, his resume is stirring: first in his class at West Point, Rhodes scholar, frequently wounded and highly decorated Vietnam combat veteran, White House fellow. He became a full general about as fast as possible in peacetime....Clark is the perfect model of a 1990s political four-star general. Clark's rapid promotions after Dayton --winning his fourth star to head the Panama-based Southern Command and then the jewel of his European post --were both opposed by the Pentagon brass. But Clark's fellow Arkansan in the White House named him anyway. The president and the general are collaborators in a failed strategy whose consequences cast a long shadow even if soon terminated by negotiation..."

The Sunday Times (London) 5/9/99 Stephen Grey, Matthew Campbell, and Hugh McManners "...YESTERDAY Nato admitted it had bombed the Chinese embassy in Belgrade after mistaking it for a Yugoslav government office. At least three people were killed in the attack, which threw diplomatic efforts to end the war into turmoil. Alliance officials said they had believed the building was Yugoslavia's federal directorate of supply and procurement, which organises weapons imports and exports. It was hit by three 1,000lb precision-guided freefall weapons, thought to have been dropped by a B2 stealth bomber. Last night Nato diplomats were looking to General Wesley Clark, the supreme allied commander who now has sole authority for selecting targets, to take responsibility. Allied intelligence agencies, including the CIA, were also facing severe criticism. "It is absolutely incredible not even to know where the embassy of such an important world power is situated," one diplomat said....The embassy, purpose-built for the Chinese in 1993, was hit during the heaviest bombardment of Belgrade in more than six weeks of bombing. Witnesses said two missiles struck the roof and one penetrated its side. Two journalists and a reporter's wife died. A fourth victim was reported missing. Chinese diplomats, some with bloodstained clothes, watched in tears as rescuers brought out 21 injured. ...."

Wash. Post 5/9/99 Steven Pearlstein "...Embarrassed and apologetic NATO officials today blamed an "intelligence failure" for causing Friday night's accidental bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade that left at least three dead and 20 wounded, and threatened to derail diplomatic efforts to end the military conflict in Yugoslavia. NATO said its laser-guided bombs were mistakenly aimed at the embassy because CIA officials gave military planners incorrect information about the target, which they believed was the Federal Directorate of Supply and Procurement, which the alliance described as a military facility. Military authorities said the two buildings are 150 to 200 yards apart and are similar in size and age. Four bombs hit the embassy and were dropped by one or more U.S. planes, according to Pentagon officials. In an unusual joint statement issued late Saturday, Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen and CIA Director George J. Tenet expressed regret about civilian deaths and said that "faulty information" led to the mistaken bombing...... Unlike earlier mishaps in the air war, when bombs strayed from their intended targets, officials said the Chinese Embassy was hit by four bombs that had been targeted on the new five-story building, in the belief that it was the Yugoslav military's weapons warehouse and procurement center. But throughout the day, alliance military spokesmen in Brussels and Washington could not provide details of how such a mix-up could have occurred. Officials declined repeated requests to produce a map showing where the embassy was in relation to the procurement center or even to estimate the distance between the two sites. Initial reports said missiles were used in the attack, but in fact they were laser-guided bombs...."

Washington Times 5/10/99 Rowan Scarborough "...The U.S. military's misgivings about the air-power-only war against Yugoslavia run deep into the officer corps, even down to some of the pilots dropping bombs in Operation Allied Force, according to active and retired officers. An American pilot flying missions from Italy recently sent an e-mail to a fellow pilot in Washington, complaining about how the war is being prosecuted and criticizing NATO leadership. The pilot in Washington shared a copy of the e-mail with The Washington Times on the condition the NATO aviator not be identified. "This has been a farce from the start," says the pilot's e-mail. "We have violated every principle of campaign air power I can think of." The pilot adds in the e-mail sent last weekend: "We are right to conduct military operations against Yugoslavia. The question that faced us was 'Can air power solve the crisis in Kosovo by bringing [Yugoslav President Slobodan] Milosevic to his knees?' Unfortunately, we will never know the answer due to the tragic misapplication of air power by politicians, which includes not only the national leaders in the NATO alliance but also NATO itself. . . ."I think overzealous air power advocates have, since Desert Storm, sold us as something we are not. Air power can do a lot of things. However, it can not change the mind of a dictator who has his people's tacit support. . . . It is not the USAF's fault that the air campaign is not going as well as Desert Storm. Hitting 5-8 targets a night, with sequential vice parallel operations is not the way to prosecute a campaign."..."

MSNBC 5/19/99 Norman Solomon From the perspective of a Cluster Bomb "...[Some legal scholars contend that the ongoing use of cluster bombs in the air war against Yugoslavia is a violation of protocols to the Geneva Conventions because those bombs are indiscriminate in their grisly impacts on civilians. The Pentagon acknowledges that U.S. cluster bombs are killing some civilians in Yugoslavia but claims that this does not violate international law because the intended targets are military.] A news article that I found in the May 8 edition of the San Francisco Chronicle reported that "the bombs struck next to the hospital complex and near the market, bringing death and destruction, peppering the streets of Serbia's third-largest city with shrapnel and littering the courtyards with yellow bomb casings." This was one of my few moments in the U.S. media limelight, so forgive me while I quote some more: "In a street leading from the market, dismembered bodies were strewn among carrots and other vegetables in pools of blood. A dead woman, her body covered with a sheet, was still clutching a shopping bag filled with carrots." I know, it's immodest to flaunt my press notices. But people don't get to see those sorts of news accounts very much in America! If the stories are reported at all, they're usually buried (ha ha) on back pages of newspapers and rarely even mentioned on the networks. ... BBC correspondent John Simpson has been reporting from Belgrade, and he did a rather brusque commentary that the Sunday Telegraph in London published a few days ago. "In Novi Sad and Nis, and several other places across Serbia and Kosovo where there are no foreign journalists, heavier bombing has brought more accidents," Simpson carped. He complained that cluster bombs "explode in the air and hurl shards of shrapnel over a wide radius." And he went on to say: "Used against human beings, cluster bombs are some of the most savage weapons of modern warfare." Cluster bombs like me could do without the overheated pejoratives, thank you. Fortunately, we hardly ever have to endure such indignities in the American press. But please don't forget the very real accomplishments that I can partially claim as my own. The next time you see a headline or hear a newscaster referring to the "air campaign," remember that my achievements are outrageously understated by such jargon. You see, I'm a 1,000-pound marvel, a cluster bomb with an ingenious design. When I go off, a couple of hundred "bomblets" shoot out in all directions, aided by little parachutes that look like inverted umbrellas. Those 'chutes slow down the descent of the bomblets and disperse them so they'll hit plenty of what my maker calls "soft targets." Before that happens, though, each bomblet breaks into about 300 pieces of jagged steel shrapnel. Sometimes, as a cluster bomb, I get a little jealous of the exaggerated notoriety that the news media confer on outfits like the National Rifle Association. They get credited with the proliferation of murder and mayhem. Well, they're rank amateurs! Piddling sidearms pushers! Compared to me, they're small-time retailers. I'm into wholesale. They don't know how to preserve, protect and defend the Grim Reaper as I do....."

The Hindu 5/20/99 C. V. Gopalakrishnan "....Even if so much concealment could not ensure the invulnerability of the Stealth bomber, it is an indication of both the fallibility of the elusiveness of the aircraft and the underestimated detection skills of the Yugoslav ground-based defence system. Having won its trophy, the defiant Yugoslavs were reported to have fanned out to the neighbourhood to protect the debris of the Stealth, presumably with hopes of being able to penetrate its technology. The much-bruited invisibility of the Stealth took another beating when the Yugoslav pilots of the MiG aircraft - of Soviet origin - engaged it in a dog fight, which could not have been possible had it been wholly invisible. If, as has been reported, the plane was finally brought down with a heat-seeking missile after it was chased over the Saga flatlands and was riddled with bullets, it reveals a great deal. Even if the plane had escaped radar detection over the Yugoslav airspace, this was rendered wholly futile by its vulnerability to heat- seeking missiles. This falsified the earlier claims that while the conventional planes could be homed in by heat-seeking missiles, the Stealth bomber could not be. It was believed that the mixing of the hot air with the cold in the Stealth left virtually no trace of its presence. This also seems to have gone wrong. The plane is reported to have plummeted to the ground as a ball of fire in a spectacular aerial display. There had indeed been considerable hesitation among many in the U.S. over the deployment of the Stealth aircraft for air raids over Yugoslavia. The U.S. Defence Secretary, Mr. William Cohen, is credited with the remark that sending B2, the advanced version of the Stealth into battle, would be like despatching a Rolls Royce to pick up groceries in a combat zone. A report in TheTimes (March 27) said that it has a "multitude of snags" including a radar system which could not distinguish mountain ranges from clouds. Its radar absorbing paint washed off in heavy rain. The wings developed holes and the ejection seats failed to work...."

NY Times 5/11/99 Walter Goodman "...Admiral Smith, who fought as a naval pilot in Vietnam, joined in developing a new military creed that Gen. Colin L. Powell and others in the Pentagon hoped would avoid Vietnam-like entanglements. Tonight's narrator sums it up: "The United States should never commit forces unless our vital interest is at stake, and then only with the clear intention of winning." Moreover, "the undertaking must have the support of the American people and Congress and even then force should always be the last resort." Such was the principle applied in driving Iraq out of Kuwait, but the Balkans proved more complicated. Former Vietnam doves, now in the Administration, were turned into hawks by the accounts of Serbian massacres in Bosnia and were dissatisfied with what they saw as Pentagon foot-dragging. Prominent among those whom the program calls "compassion warriors engaged in a kind of moral imperialism" was Holbrooke. He tells Peter J. Boyer, tonight's reporter, that when the bombing began in Bosnia, he was "a maximalist" who pressed for as much force as possible against Serbia and clashed repeatedly with Pentagon "minimalists, who wanted to do as little as possible." In particular, Holbrooke charges Admiral Smith with resisting his demands that Serbian war criminals be pursued and arrested. The admiral, who was later nudged into retirement, says that the mission was impractical, that "soldiers do not make good policemen." Regarding Holbrooke, he says, "He may be loud, and he may be arrogant, in fact he is both, but he's not always right, and he is not right about that." Although that dispute ended with Admiral Smith's departure, the issues it raised still resonate in Yugoslavia and in Washington. With the United States divided over the continued bombing of Serbia and the possibility of committing ground troops, Boyer sums up this revealing but unsettling hour: "So America finds itself having to fight a war with limited targets, with no ground troops, no overwhelming force. Without the military creed." ..."

New York Times 5/16/99 MICHAEL R. GORDON ERIC SCHMITT "...In a behind-the-scenes struggle over military strategy and tactics, the Pentagon is blocking a plan by the NATO commander, Gen. Wesley K. Clark, to send Apache helicopters into combat against Serbian troops, Pentagon and NATO officials say. ...."The issue is that Clark is being aggressive, and there is some resistance to doing what he wants to do," a senior American official said. ....Since General Clark first requested them 48 hours after NATO's air strikes began on March 24, the Apaches have been a particularly sensitive matter for the Clinton Administration, which has been reluctant to use combat troops in Kosovo. It took weeks for Washington to agree to General Clark's request to deploy the Apaches. Then it took weeks more to lug the men and supplies for the helicopters and the Army units that accompanied them to Albania. Further, Washington only agreed to send the Apaches and rockets on the condition that they not be used in combat without the formal approval of President Clinton. That approval, which Apache commanders expected by early May, has yet to take place, largely because top Pentagon officials have refused to recommend such a step to the White House, fearing the possible domestic and international consequences if the missions fail. Nor are the Apaches allowed to conduct "live fire" exercises without the Clinton Administration's consent. Such exercises, in which the helicopters fire their guns and missiles, are an essential prerequisite for employing them in combat. ..... But General Clark wants to conduct the "live fire" test by shooting at targets in Kosovo, and he still has not received permission to do so. Two of the helicopters have already crashed during training missions, killing two pilots....."The Army's concern is that this is a very dangerous mission," a Pentagon official said. "The avenues into Kosovo are limited, and the opportunity for shoulder-held weapons is very real. We have to really have all our act together. No one thinks the mission can't be done, but in an age when the American people believe we're in a zero-defects war, there's real apprehension we're going to bring solders back in body bags." ....Another Pentagon objection pertains to barrages of rockets and artillery that would precede the Apache attacks. While the rockets would be aimed at air defenses, there are no NATO ground troops in Kosovo to direct the fire, raising the prospect of civilian casualties....."

Defending America 5/18/99 David Hackworth "...David Gibbs and Kevin Reichert are dead. Their helicopter crashed on May 5 while on a training flight in the rugged mountains of northeast Albania. Both pilots were highly motivated and loved to fly the Army's most lethal killing machine, the Apache. One of the most dangerous soldiering jobs going. While Gibbs and Reichert are the first reported American dead from Clinton's conflict in Serbia, there surely will be more dead and wounded from their Task Force Hawk if this bad war bumbles on and cooler heads don't prevail...... So far, two birds have been lost to accidents. Aviation insiders say the mishaps might have been prevented had the crews been trained up to snuff at their home, base in Germany. But insufficient training funds cut back flying hours, and complaints of local civilians reduced night-flying exercises.....As seen on a small scale with the Apache pilots, the Army's slogan, WE FIGHT AS WE TRAIN is more spin than fact. Throughout today's military, few units are up to strength or have sufficient money to train. All are doing too much with too little because of Clinton's seven-year misuse and abuse of our forces..... An aviation battalion commander told me last week, "I have no faith in the uniformed senior leaders protecting us from the idiots in the White House." I do. The Pentagon "Four Stars" running things today were the lieutenants and captains in Vietnam. No way they've forgotten the mistakes the top brass made back then and how no one stood tall. They'll stand tall and keep asking: How can a few Army choppers make a difference when more than a thousand NATO aircraft haven't done the job in two months of bombing? ...Gen Clark is choosing instead to use the Apache solo in "Deep Strike" Missions, much as the Air Force uses planes. But the Apache won't be zipping along at 15,000 feet, it'll be flying "slow and low" against Serb grunts well supplied with hand-held, heat-seeking missiles -- the same type of missiles that ate up the Soviet gunship fleet in Afghanistan. Clark should know that the battlefield is not the place to experiment with new tactics. But, like Westmoreland in Vietnam, he's desperate to win and willing to gamble with his soldiers' lives. Unlike their Vietnam predecessors, the Four Stars of the Joint Chiefs of Staff must do their duty and ground the Apaches for now. The risk is not worth the potential gain. ...."

Freeper Molly Pitcher 5/20/99 on Rush with Bill Gertz "...He is good, and trying to answer Rush's question "Why?" He says a belief dominates the administration that the U.S. shouldn't be the dominant world power. Also mentions basic incompetence, and little interest in foreign policy. He says Clinton has NO interest in missile defense, altho they are proliferating worldwide. Clinton may SAY, tho, that he favors such a defense program, but we all know his words mean nothing. Gertz says the Chinese are very mad about the embassy bombing, believe it was deliberate, and have made none too subtle threats which seem to be ignored by media, etc. I think that the reason so much of the media is ignoring this "betrayal" is that it shares the same view as the Clinton administration: that U.S. security is not a vital interest, and everyone would be better off if other countries have nuclear capabilities, too...."

Defending America 5/25/99 David Hackworth "...Had President Clinton sat down with a group of veterans - veterans who had stormed the beaches of Normandy and Iwo Jima, stopped communist attacks onsnow-covered mountains in Korea, waded through the minefields of Vietnam and whipped Saddam in the Gulf - and asked their advice about jumping into a civil war in Yugoslavia, they'd have said, "Don't go there." And had heabided by their hard-won wisdom, America would not now be sinking in that quagmire or have kick-started another cold war with China and Russia. Unfortunately, President Clinton never calls upon our vets for advice about matters affecting the security of our country. Instead, he seeks counsel from advisors such as "It-will-be-a-short-war" Albright, "Just-give-us-a-little-more-time" Berger, and "We-are-prevailing" Cohen, an inner circle of dilettantes with a perfect record of fumbling badly in the life-and-death matters of war....."

5/28/99 UPI "...The Defense Department has placed an order with a medal-making company for 9,000 Purple Hearts, which are awarded to service members wounded or killed in action against an enemy. A spokeswoman from the Defense Logistics Agency tells the New York Post (Friday) the agency is "simply maintaining the quantity of supply."..." 5/28/99 Opinion: Irish Times Fintan O'Toole "...William J. Perry was the US deputy secretary of defence from March 1993 to February 1994, and then Bill Clinton's secretary of defence until his retirement in January 1997. Ashton Carter was assistant US secretary of defence for international security policy from 1993 to 1996. In other words, these two men are key architects of the new world order. They know what is going on at the very highest levels of political and military thinking. What they have to say about the NATO-led Partnership for Peace in a book just published in the US, Preventive Defence, deserves our attention. ...Perry and Carter are the brains behind PfP, and they can be assumed to know what it is about. This is what they have to say in their book: "The objective of a renewed Partnership for Peace should be to make the experience of partnership as close as possible, in practical military terms, to the experience of membership in NATO . . .PfP combined exercises and other military-to-military activities should advance from the partnership's early focus on peacekeeping and humanitarian operations to true combat operations. These are the activities that engage partner military personnel at their professional core." Peacekeeping and humanitarian operations, in other words, are merely the start of a much larger process. The long-term direction of that process is towards the effective abolition of a distinction between NATO and PfP. The soft, benign tasks of feeding the hungry, rescuing the afflicted and keeping the peace are a prelude to "true combat operations". The real action, the stuff that truly engages "partner military personnel at their professional core" is down the line. And when it comes, NATO will be in charge: "Any military operation requires what the military calls `unity of command', meaning that each level of command responds to one and only one superior, with no possibility of conflicting orders at a dangerous moment." ..."

New York Times 5/30/99 Steven Lee Myers and Eric Schmitt Freeper starlu "...The civilian at the top of the American military, Secretary of Defense William Cohen, rarely speaks directly to the commander running the war in the Balkans. Aides to the commander, Gen. Wesley Clark, derisively call the secretary "Senator Cohen," since he spends more time advising and cajoling his former colleagues in the Senate. The soldier at the top, Gen. Henry Shelton, is the general who speaks when spoken to. He is said to be unwilling -- or unable -- to air the Pentagon's misgivings about the war, though during a recent White House meeting he bluntly ended a discussion about sending ground troops into a "semi-permissive" situation in Kosovo without a peace agreement. "It's like being a little bit pregnant, sir," Shelton, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told President Clinton, according to an official familiar with the discussion...."

AFP 6/12/99 "...Fingers were pointed across the Atlantic by the British press Saturday, which blamed American vainglory for allowing NATO to be almost pipped to Pristina by the Russians. "Scramble for Kosovo" headlined the right-wing Times' editorial, which cautioned that "victory is too serious to be left to politicians" and went on to describe "the whole sorry performance." "By comparison, and despite more shelling of villages near the Albanian border, the accelerating Yugoslav withdrawal looked almost orderly," it wrote. US President Bill Clinton was squarely targeted for letting NATO to be caught napping, as the paper warned: "if it is not to be Bill Clinton's epitaph that he sacrificed the security of the Balkans to a media photo opportunity, this farce must end and the damage quickly undone." "NATO misses the bus" was how the right-wing Daily Telegraph described the episode, likened to a trivial version of the 1945 race between Anglo-American and Soviet forces for Berlin. "The United States bears the main responsibility," it said, adding: "there was no excuse for not having the marines ready to enter the province as soon as the Serbian withdrawal had begun." ....."

The New Australian No. 123, 14-20 6/99 Peter Zhang "...What has struck Beijing is not the fact that it was social democrats who ordered the attack on Serbia (the same people who never condemned a communist regime) but their lack of will revealed by their fear of suffering casualties. Many people have been deceived into thinking that because Clinton and Blair forced NATO into attacking Serbia this exhibited courage and determination on their part. Beijing sees it differently. Moreover, it was not impressed with the aerial bombardment. To be able to plaster from a short distance a small target like Serbia does nothing to intimidate Beijing. And as far as she is concerned, these are weapons she will soon command herself, including counter-measures.....I doubt if Americans will ever fully learn the dreadful role Clinton has played in fuelling and strengthening the PLA's ambitions. By selling it the key to America's military secrets and aiding the PLA in modernising it military it has brought closer the time when it can intimidate its neighbours. This is what most American observers have overlooked. To drive America out of most of the Pacific China does not have to threaten the nuclear destruction of American cities; she only has to apply subtle, and perhaps not so-subtle, threats against the rest of Asia. This is not so far fetched as many might think once one realises that Beijing seeks domination and not occupation....."

AP 6/1/99 Some harsh words about President Clinton from the man who commanded U-S troops in the Gulf War. Retired Army general Norman Schwarzkopf told an Australian motivational seminar today that President Clinton isn't a good leader. He said Clinton lacked the leadership to prevent military conflicts in Kosovo and Somalia. And he said Clinton's behavior in the Monica Lewinsky scandal is evidence of his bad character. U-S military involvement in Somalia's civil war began under Clinton's predecessor, George Bush..."

Original Sources 6/1/99 Mary Mostert "...Increasingly, Clinton and others compare his adventurism in Yugoslavia with Desert Storm. How DOES the current NATO bombing campain compare with Desert Storm? First, President George Bush had received the needed votes in Congress to allow him to go forward with the effort to evict Saddam Hussein from Kuwait. Clinton does not have that vote from Congress. He is now in total violation of the War Powers Act. Second, 38 days of bombing raids, prior to the ground war, were launched against the Iraqi Army in and around Kuwait in preparation for Desert Storm. We have completed 67 days of bombing of Yugoslavia. Third, after the 38-day air campaign, the ground offensive began in the desert which lasted 100 hours. Iraqi troops, tired, hungry and war-weary from six months of economic blockade and 38 days of bombing, surrendered by the thousands. In Yugoslavia, after 67 days, no ground offensive has begun in the mountainous, tree covered terrain of Yugoslavia....A fighting force of 500,000 was needed to re-take Kuwait - a conquest of the Iraqi army - not their homeland. The latest suggested figure for a ground attack force to take Yugoslavia by NATO is 90,000. Do you, or anyone else, really think we can subdue the Serbs with 90,000 ground soldiers - when after all the bombing, we KNOW that the Yugoslav Army is still mostly intact and they will die to the last man rather than surrender their homeland and the homeland of the Serbian Orthodox Church? This isn't the desert - and the Serbs know were all the caves in the mountains are - we don't. We are talking about fierce hand to hand combat between the Serbs, the best fighting force in Europe, and the feminized, don't-ask-don't-tell Army YOU, Bill Clinton, have created as your legacy...."

Defending America 6/1/99 David Hackworth "... A simple hundred page "white paper" on the situation in Yugoslavia would have told you that while that country had zilch to do with kicking off World War II, a fight with the Serbs would be a bigger mistake then dalliances with Monica in the Oval Office. It would have also told our constantly fumbling commander - in - chief that his NATO-inspired intervention would get him an "F" on his Y2K presidential report card and a lot of bad-mouthing by historians for years to come. Besides being the biggest military screw up since Gallipoli, the operation has made NATO look spastic and toothless and could well bring down that obsolete military bureaucracy. So far too, the war has cost the American taxpayers billions of bucks, while the cost of the study could have been quietly pulled out of Hillary's travel allowance by scratching just one Senate non-campaign trip to New York City. A "white paper" would have shown that: * The Serbs are a stubborn, gritty people to whom Kosovo -a province in their state of Serbia- is sacred ground not unlike Jerusalem is to the Jews or the Alamo is to Texans. Dirt they'd fight and die for even against NATO, the most powerful military coalition in world history. * The Russians have a tradition of marching to their Serbian brothers aid and will not take their being used as a NATO punching bag lightly. * Kosovo has been in a state of conflict since 1389. The rebel Kosovo Liberation Army has only heated up the civil war as this terrorist mob has become more and more violent. * Ethnic cleaning has been going on in the Balkans since before the Ottoman Empire invaded there. No world leader sounded off when the autonomous Albanian government of Kosovo ethnically cleansed more than 200,000 Serbs, Gypsies and others from Kosovo in the 1970s. Nor did the international community utter a word when more than 200,000 Serbs were ethnically cleansed by Croatia in 1995 with Clinton-authorized U.S. military assistance. An addendum on modern war would have noted that: * Never in history has a bombing campaign won a war without ground forces being assembled before the first bomb falls. * A bombing campaign unifies those being bombed and causes them to rally behind their leader even though many people - perhaps the majority - might have been opposed to him before the bombing began. * Bombing campaigns create massive refugee problems, aiding ethnic cleansing rather than relieving it. * Military operations must be about national security, have a clearly defined objective, an exit plan and the support of the nation. * Military coalitions -especially ones with 19 El Supremos like NATO- violate Unity of Command, a principle of war, and almost always screw up the soup...."

WASHINGTON TIMES 6/4/99 BILL GERTZ "... Word inside the Pentagon from the Army operations center is that Gen. Wesley Clark, the NATO commander, would like to launch a ground offensive in Kosovo on Sept. 1, if yesterday's promising peace developments fall through. The Army, however, doesn't see any way that the troops and equipment needed for such an offensive could be prepared in time. "No one has told Clark that the emperor has no clothes," said one Pentagon official...."

New Scientist 6/5/99 David Crockett Williams "....IN 1991 Doug Rokke went to the Middle East as a US army health physicist to clean up uranium left by the Gulf War. He helped decontaminate 23 armoured vehicles hit by shells in "friendly fire" incidents. Today he has difficulty breathing. His lungs are scarred and he has skin problems and kidney damage. Rokke, a major in the US Army Reserve's Medical Service Corps, has no doubt what made him ill--contact with radioactive metal.Three years after he worked in the Gulf, the US Department of Energy tested his urine. They found that the level of uranium in his sample was over 4000 times higher than the US safety limit of 0.1 micrograms per litre...."

AFP/Yahoo! 6/22/99 "...Praising NATO for its campaign in Kosovo, US President Bill Clinton said Tuesday that the alliance could intervene elsewhere in Europe or in Africa to fight repression. "In Africa or central Europe, we will not allow, only because of differences in ethnic background or religion or racism, people to be attacked. We will stop that," Clinton told US troops gathered at the Skopje airport. "We can do it now. We can do it tomorrow, if it is necessary, somewhere else," he said. Clinton earlier visited the Stenkovec camp where he got a rousing welcome from the refugees who chanted "Clinton, Clinton," or "USA, USA" or "NATO, NATO."..."

San Francisco Examiner 6/24/99 Paul Burgess "...At a news conference months ago, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Army Gen. Henry Shelton, was forced to acknowledge that the timing of last year's two U.S. military operations was "absolutely incredible." His incredulity is understandable. On Aug. 20, 1998, American cruise missiles struck Sudan and Afghanistan three days after President Clinton's televised "mea sorta culpa" regarding his deposition earlier that day. Though the administration initially charged the Sudanese pharmaceutical factory with being a chemical-weapons plant, it recently unfroze $24 million worth of the owner's American assets, quietly conceding that the plant had no military value whatsoever. Operation Desert Fox (Dec. 16, 1998) commenced with air and cruise-missile strikes against Iraq mere hours before the House was to begin its impeachment debate, delaying those proceedings by a day. The president ended the operation three days later, on the same day as the impeachment vote (ostensibly out of respect for the Islamic holiday of Ramadan, though he seemed to agonize very little about bombing Yugoslavia during Easter). Gen. Shelton's amazement can only be compounded by the timing of the current Kosovo operation. Though there are many foreign-policy experts who contend there was much more negotiating to be done, the air war commenced at the same time the White House was fighting to block the recently released Cox report revealing the staggering losses of American military technology to the Chinese...."

San Francisco Examiner 6/24/99 Paul Burgess "...For those convinced that "Wag the Dog" is just a Hollywood invention, I offer a hard-to-find report titled "An Investigation into the Magnitude of Foreign Contacts." This document, penned, not by any Hollywood producer, but by Federal Reserve economists (document No. RWP97-14), is essentially a scientific quantification of the "Wag the Dog" theory. The researchers employ a lengthy and complex mathematical model to illustrate the potential advantages of small-scale wars to presidents in distress. They offer the kind of sterile, arithmetical logic that thrills academics and terrifies soldiers. Some of their conclusions: "If the information content (about the leader, and for the consumption of the electorate) of small conflicts is substantial and their costs sufficiently small, our model points to the possibility of diversionary actions being welfare-enhancing (for the leader); only when (a diversionary war) can provide information favorable to an incumbent leader can the action be successful in its purpose; even though a diversionary war may have been avoidable and may force an unwarranted cost upon the electorate, it also reveals new information about the leader's abilities which the electorate may find beneficial." ...."

San Francisco Examiner 6/24/99 Paul Burgess "...The administration's military adventures have been starkly consistent with the report's findings since its release in late 1997 (at the same time Clinton's fortunes turned south with his Paula Jones deposition). The authors hold that the benefit a leader can receive from starting a war is directly related to the perceptions that war affects in the electorate - thus, Clinton's seeming tendency to profile his wars against his scandals. Further, the president has been meticulous about keeping American casualties low and conflicts confined, possibly to keep the risks-vs.-benefits equation in balance. Finally, and most disturbingly, he seems to wage war only when it stands to benefit him personally. War has been waged neither in Rwanda nor North Korea, and we cut and ran from Somalia - humanitarian and credibility concerns notwithstanding...." 6/25/99 John Dougherty "...For years defense experts and, in some cases, serving military commanders have been trying to warn Americans that the Clinton administration is decapitating U.S. nuclear weapons systems to the point where many are now non-existent. Simultaneously, with the help of a compliant mainstream press, Americans have been told that those concerns are unfounded because Russia and China are no enemies of this state, that they too are disarming as we are, and that no Russian or Chinese nuclear threats exist in the first place. Besides, Clinton apologists maintain, even if they were a threat, neither can match the "power, reach and technological superiority" of the United States. Maybe in 1988 after the Reagan years, but in terms of military technology that was a long time ago. And as hundreds of thousands of current and former military personnel will attest, a lot can happen -- or not happen -- in a decade. At this time our nuclear force is a shell of what it once was, which would be just peachy if the United States did not face any threats to our existence from potential enemies with similar or better nuclear capabilities. But America does face those threats, and the list of countries that could be aligned against us in the future is growing. Worse, the U.S. has either directly provided much of the necessary upgrading technology or, at a minimum, has -- via the taxpayers -- paid for upgrading the newest weapons systems. Hostile countries are now fielding those weapons and, if you care to, you can take a guess as to where they are being aimed. It's one thing to shut down a tank production line or scale back the number of B-2 bombers you plan to build. But in this day and age, it's quite a different (and more dangerous) thing to unilaterally rid yourself of nuclear weapons. But that is what the Clinton administration is doing....."

American Spectator (Web Site) 6/25/99 John Corry "...Betrayal: How the Clinton Administration Undermined American Security by Bill Gertz Regnery / 299 pages / $27.95 Distorting Defense: Network News and National Security by Stephen P. Aubin Praeger / 262 pages / $59.95 Reviewed by John Corry ....President Clinton's most important legacy will not be his serio-comic sex scandals, but his dead serious disarmament of the United States and his self-serving appeasement of powerful and determined enemies....The administration's policies have endangered not only the United States, but the peace and security of the entire world. And this grim prospect has come about, according to Gertz, primarily for two reasons. The administration, suspicious of the military to begin with, placed economic gains ahead of security needs. Meanwhile it put its faith in treaties, promises, and the supposed good intentions of others. Their words, not their deeds, were what counted, and realistic assessments of their potential military threats were ignored so as not to endanger "constructive engagements" and "strategic partnerships." Rather than penalizing China or Russia, say, for violating international agreements, the administration would amend the agreements. Rather than telling the public about the continuing arms buildups by China and Russia, it would pretend the buildups did not exist. Policy was tailored not for the real world, but for a world of the administration's own choosing. The White House demonstrated an unwillingness, or inability, to deal with difficult issues. Worse, it practiced outright deceit.....Distorting Defense: Network News and National Security, by Stephen P. Aubin, is a kind of companion book to Betrayal. Aubin, who holds a doctorate in national security affairs, analyzes television coverage of defense issues and finds it uninformed. One reason for this, he writes in his intelligent book, is that too often the White House, and not the Pentagon, provides the focus for coverage. Aubin also notes the ease with which the networks tend to label both persons and things as "conservative," "right-wing," or "hard-line," and their reluctance to call anyone "liberal" or "left wing." Aubin, though scrupulously nonpartisan, dryly notes that the "conservatives" are usually depicted as "bad guys." ...."

AP 7/22/99 Tampa Bay OnLine ".... The report by the House Appropriations Committee cites several examples in which the Pentagon failed to notify Congress about the redirecting of appropriated funds to projects not approved by Congress...... Asked about the report, Cohen told reporters at the Pentagon that it overstated the problem. He said the report ``comes as somewhat of a surprise to all of us in the Pentagon,'' considering that of the more than 5,000 military projects managed by the Pentagon, only six are cited as being problems. ``That is quite a significant statement in itself, that about 99.9 percent of the time we seem to be doing things right,'' Cohen said...."

New York Times Tim Weiner 7/22/99 "...Congress says in a new report that the Pentagon defied the law and the Constitution by spending hundreds of millions of dollars on military projects that lawmakers never approved, including a super-secret Air Force program. The Pentagon acknowledged some of the accusations Wednesday night, saying honest mistakes led to its failure to notify Congress about the way it was spending money..... "What do we have to do to make them understand what we mean when we say no?" Lewis asked. The Pentagon spokesman, Kenneth H. Bacon, said tonight that the failure to notify Congress about the military's redirecting of appropriated funds had taken place. "We work very hard to respond to the directives Congress gives us," Bacon said. "Do we get it right 100 percent of the time? Of course not." He acknowledged that the Air Force wrongfully started and financed a highly classified, still-secret project, known as a "black program," without informing Congress last year. The committee said that act was illegal. It also raises questions about civilian control of black programs, whose costs and nature are the most highly classified secrets in the Pentagon. Military officials refused to discuss any details of the black program. The committee's 313-page report says the Air Force tried to buy an $800 million military communications satellite without lawful authority, and illegally diverted from an unspecified program hundreds of millions of dollars to update its C-5 transport plane. It also says the Pentagon spent millions of dollars on a "Star Wars" missile defense program that was previously canceled by Congress..... "

The Washington Post 7/25/99 Vernon Loeb "…Because of a cupful of soil, the U.S. flattened this Sudanese factory. Now oneof the world's most respected labs, and some of Washington's most expensive lawyers,say Salah Idris wasn't making nerve gas for terrorists, just ibuprofen for headaches….. "Never before," former CIA official Milt Bearden would say months later, "has a single soil sample prompted an act of war against a sovereign state." …."He went to bed a major businessman--a millionaire hundreds of times over--and woke up a major terrorist," said his attorney, George R. Salem, a partner at the powerhouse Washington law firm of Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld. "He figured all the administration needed to be told was--'This is Salah Idris, a prominent Saudi businessman who owns the plant. You've made a serious mistake. Let's deal with this quietly.' But it became immediately clear that wasn't going to happen." ….Over at the White House, Clinton's national security adviser, Samuel R. "Sandy" Berger, was referring to the "so-called pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum, which we know with great certainty produces essentially the penultimate chemical to manufacture VX nerve gas." U.S. officials did not know at the time--by their own subsequent admissions--who owned the plant. They literally did not know whom they were dealing with….. "

New York Post 7/29/99 Editorial Board "...Clark committed the crime of honesty, and honesty just can't be tolerated in Clinton-land. As Michael Ignatieff details in this week's New Yorker, Clark was a man with a plan- a plan the administration and NATO were only willing to implement when it became clear they were on the verge of losing the war. From the first, Clark wanted to bomb the electrical grid and communications network that kept Slobodan Milosevic riding high. But it took from March to May for Clark to get the approval. When the strike was finally carried out, it spelled defeat for the Serbs. Clark won a war with his hands practically tied behind his back. He took the heat for the Clinton administration's dithering while arguing all the while for the right thing - a coordinated land and air attack...."

Stratfor 7/30/99 "...The first of the heads responsible for the Kosovo crisis rolled on July 27, when Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) General Wesley Clark was sacked. Clark was ordered to resign his post in April, three months before the end of his current term, to be replaced by Air Force General Joseph Ralston, Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS). Officially, Clark's term was shortened because otherwise Ralston, whose term as JCS vice chairman expires in February, would have been forced to retire. Instead, it is Clark who is being pensioned off, though Defense Secretary William Cohen reportedly recommended Clark be offered an ambassadorship..... General Clark was one of four top Clinton advisors most responsible for pushing the U.S. and NATO into a military confrontation over Kosovo. According to a number of reports that emerged during and after the war, Secretary of State Madeline Albright in January 1999 presented the plan under which NATO should threaten air strikes. She was backed up by Clark and by envoys Richard Holbrooke and Robert Gelbard, who argued that Milosevic would buckle under a day or two of bombing, if not merely the threat of air strikes. They, in turn, were backed by a sea of anonymous analysts in the U.S. intelligence agencies who, until the bombing began, repeatedly argued that Milosevic would quickly submit under air attacks. Skeptics included Cohen, Shelton, presidential advisor Sandy Berger, and presumably Ralston...."

Washington Times 8/11/99 "...U.S. military officials can be mighty accommodating when they want to be. Weeks after news broke that the nation's largest military base in Fort Hood, Texas, had opened its gates to a group of self-styled witches, Army officials continue to stand up for the organization's right to practice the religion of its choice. The witches recently treated a reporter from the Fort Worth Star-Telegram to a worship service, which he duly reported: " 'We are a circle within a circle with no beginning and never ending,' intoned 60 men, women and children encircling the blaze. 'Horned one, lover son, leaper ..."

Army Times 8/16/99 George Wilson "....The Washington heat wave must have addled the brains of our leaders. Otherwise, how can you explain these recent events? * European Commander Wesley Clark wins NATO's first war without losing anybody in combat but is told, "Don't let the door bruise your tail on the way out." * The House of Representatives thanks the Air Force for winning the air war and then says, "By the way, we decided to kill the plane you say you need to win the next war." * Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps leaders say they want to increase in size when they can't fill the slots they already have. * Congress busts through its own money ceilings for defense spending, but says it's not. * The secretary of state flies to Europe to discuss how much the United States will pay to repair the damage it did to the Balkans. American taxpayers must pay the factory that made the bomb, the pilot who dropped it and the crew that fills the hole. And the guy who inspired all the NATO bombing, Slobodan Milosevic, is still president of Yugoslavia with his army virtually intact...."

Aerospace Daily 8/17/99 "…Operation Allied Force may have taught NATO's European allies more than they wanted to know about U.S. capability and their own dependence on it in time of war, according to several Pentagon and European officials. Two opposing reviews of the 78-day air campaign against Yugoslavia are shaping on either side of the Atlantic. The lessons learned were considered at an Air Force Association meeting yesterday in Arlington, Va. The Pentagon and U.S. Air Force say officially that the undeclared war was a success. In the words of former AF Chief of Staff Gen. Michael J. Dugan (USAF-Ret.), the campaign "speaks volumes of the success in interoperability, training and people." The Air Force Association said "Aerospace forces conducted a near-flawless operation...a truly remarkable achievement." But some say the U.S.-led air forces came dangerously close to losing. "NATO would have collapsed if [Serb Leader Slobodan] Milosevic hadn't expelled the Albanians," said Dr. Edward N. Luttwak, senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Luttwak said Germany and Italy could have used their veto power to stop the bombing until escaping Albanians overwhelmed neighboring nations with sheer numbers and horrific stories. "The campaign failed to use the full power of air power - shock and devastating effect...", said retired Air Vice-Marshal R.A. "Tony" Mason, former secretary of the Royal Air Force. "There were too few aircraft going after too few targets for too long."…"

The Washington Time 8/17/99 Bill Gertz "…The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff has turned down a U.S. commander's request to use a new missile-defense radar to monitor North Korea's upcoming Taepo Dong missile launch, Pentagon officials said. Gen. Henry H. Shelton, the chairman, decided on Friday to reject an appeal from the commander of the U.S. Space Command in Colorado because of costs and because using the radar now might slow its development. The radar system is known as the Theater High Altitude Area Defense, or THAAD. A senior defense official, speaking on the condition that he not be identified by name, said Gen. Shelton's decision was based on his view that the $3 million to $5 million cost of sending the radar to Japan outweighed the benefits. "By and large, you don't get enough benefit to justify the costs," the defense official said. But some military officials said monitoring the Taepo Dong with the powerful THAAD radar, which can track missiles over long distances, would have been an important test against a "real world threat." The monitoring also could have tested the radar's capability of providing early warning of a missile launch against the United States and provided valuable field training for the Army units that will eventually be deployed with the completed THAAD system, the officials said. Critics said the Pentagon bowed to pressure from Clinton administration arms-control officials who opposed sending the radar because it might upset the Russians. A new round of strategic arms talks is set to begin today in Moscow….."


WorldNetDaily 8/18/99 "…Those unhappy with General Shelton's refusal to try out the THAAD radar say his real reason isn't the money involved but the politics. Monitoring the North Koreans could offend the Russians just as U.S-Russia strategic arms talks begin this week in Moscow. One angry official told Gertz "It is pathetic that Gen. Shelton's first impulse is to wring his hands over some convoluted -- and unfounded -- arms-control concern, instead of embracing this innovative proposal that can do nothing but enhance the nation's security. ... This administration has enough political hacks willing to sacrifice national security to their political concerns." "Someone needs to be an advocate for our security interests," the official added, "it's clear that Gen. Shelton is not up to that task." …."

Defense Information And Electronics Report 8/27/99 "…The retirement of the Air Force's EF-111 Raven radar jamming aircraft was, in retrospect, a poorly-thought out decision made even more apparent by the strains put on the electronic warfare community during Operation Allied Force. Experts said this week the Defense Department must now "clean up the mess" created by the Raven's retirement, which has left the Navy EA-6B Prowler as the only dedicated jamming platform for Air Force, Navy and Marine air combat missions. The demise of the EF-111 was brought on by a planning and budget process that had "nobody at the table" to argue for jamming capability, according to retired Gen. Michael Dugan, former Air Force chief of staff. Dugan spoke Aug. 16 at a Washington, DC, forum sponsored by the Air Force Association. "We made a serious misstep," when deciding to retire the EF-111, Dugan said, a decision process that he conceded occurred on his watch….."

WorldNetDaily 9/1/99 Joseph Farah "...Joseph de Courcy, editor of the well-respected journal Intelligence Digest reports this week: "While NATO congratulates itself on bombing the Serbs into submission, Israel's Mossad and other Middle Eastern intelligence sources have discovered that Kosovo was one humiliation too many for Russia. Now Moscow has agreed to back Saddam's secret plan of revenge. With this all-important Russian backing, Saddam is joining with hated Iran and Syria to launch one final war against Israel. Amazingly, Saddam will allow Iranian troops to cross Iraqi territory to join the attack on Israel. And to keep America from interfering, Moscow has given Osama bin Laden and other terrorists the means to attack American population centers with weapons of mass destruction. The threat is real ... and the implications terrifying. ..." These are not the rantings of some self-proclaimed geo-strategic analyst. Joseph de Courcy is one of the most well-respected intelligence journalists in the world…… There is almost no chance America will be weaker militarily than it is right now during the remainder of the Clinton administration. We've hit rock bottom -- deliberately, because of the conscious policies of a president who is un-American to the core and who would sell out the memory of his own dead mother if he thought there were an opportunity for even momentary political gain……Yeah, if there were ever an opportunity to surprise the U.S. when its defenses are down, this is it. Not since Pearl Harbor has America been less prepared for existing threats…."

USA TODAY 9/1/99 James Freeman "…"Well, I think there's an important principle here that I hope will be now upheld in the future -- and not just by the United States, not just by NATO, but also by the leading countries of the world, through the United Nations. And that is that while there may well be a great deal of ethnic and religious conflict in the world -- some of it might break out into wars -- that whether within or beyond the borders of a country, if the world community has the power to stop it, we ought to stop genocide and ethnic cleansing. People ought -- innocent civilians ought not to be subject to slaughter because of their religious or ethnic or racial or tribal heritage. That is what we did, but took too long in doing, in Bosnia. That is what we did, and are doing, in Kosovo. That is, frankly, what we failed to do in Rwanda, where so many died so quickly -- and what I hope very much we'll be able to do in Africa, if it ever happens there again." This is an amazing statement for several reasons. The first is that he doesn't even mention how his doctrine relates to our national defense, which is of course his constitutional duty and the reason we give him a military to command. It's also an amazing statement when you consider the burden he has just placed upon our brave soldiers - whose budget has been cut by roughly 40% in real terms since 1985. With fewer resources, the Pentagon is being asked to accept more responsibilities. Something has to give…"

Baltimore Sun 8/30/99 Greg Schneider "…Russia apparently cannot afford to launch several new satellites for monitoring U.S. nuclear missile strikes, so the Congressional Budget Office has explored a truly strange gesture of post-Cold War goodwill: Have the United States pay to put six of the satellites in orbit -- "enough to give Russia 24-hour coverage of U.S. missile fields," according to a CBO letter obtained by The Sun. The Aug. 24 letter to Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle, a South Dakota Democrat, weighs the pros and cons of such an action, which would seem to be an odd twist on generations of East-West mistrust….Russia's system, though, is so "seriously degraded [that it] poses risks to both countries," the Congressional Budget Office said. In 1995, the launch of a research rocket off the coast of Norway caused Russia's early warning system to go on alert for nuclear attack. Such a situation could trigger a Russian nuclear launch before the false alarm was detected….."

The Washington Times 9/3/99 Bill Gertz Rowan Scarborough "… Puerto Rican opposition to a live-ammo bombing range on Vieques Island has escalated beyond vocal protests. People are encroaching on the U.S. Navy training site and stealing unexploded ordnance, and the Clinton Justice Department will not prosecute them. The bombing range is a hot political issue in the U.S. territory. The White House ordered the Pentagon to examine whether to close the Vieques site despite Navy arguments that it is essential for training pilots before they deploy on aircraft carriers. The White House order has raised suspicions President Clinton's motive is to help Hillary Rodham Clinton's campaign for a soon to be vacant U.S. Senate seat from New York. New York City has this country's largest concentration of Puerto Ricans - about 900,000. …."

U.S. News & World Report 9/20/99 Richard Newman "....There were plenty of bomb craters, sure enough. But investigators "saw nothing," according to a NATO official, "that would indicate that kind of devastation"-such as scattered personal effects. "Unless Hazel came in with her broom and cleaned things up," he insists, "nothing serious was destroyed in the area." .... NATO and Pentagon officials are reluctantly beginning to apply that conclusion to the entire campaign against Serbian forces on the ground. That strategy was championed by NATO's top commander, Gen. Wesley Clark, even though it tied up most of NATO's jets for several weeks of the war and was opposed at the time by Clark's top air-power expert. "The campaign against mobile targets was a near failure," declares one NATO official. While some dismiss such sour post-mortems as irrelevant bean counting, the issue is already a focal point of NATO and Pentagon "after-action" reviews meant to determine what worked in Kosovo and what didn't. The final results, due out in coming weeks, will shape how the Pentagon fights future wars and even which weapons earn scarce defense dollars. Many military analysts, meanwhile, now think that Russia's withdrawal of support for Yugoslavia along with attacks on the power grid, transportation system, and other "strategic" targets-which only intensified late in the 78-day war-are ultimately what defeated Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic. It may never be clear whether NATO could have won the war more quickly. But emerging insights suggest that, at the very least, NATO planned poorly for Operation Allied Force and sputtered along for weeks in a kind of trial-and-error mode......But Clark's dictates about how to employ air power soon produced a schism between him and Lt. Gen. Michael Short, NATO's top air commander. A week after the first bombs dropped, Clark began insisting that NATO go all out after Yugoslav forces in Kosovo, who were expelling and murdering civilians with virtual impunity. Short maintained that such an approach was unlikely to succeed and argued that the priority should be obliterating Yugoslavia's air defense system. That would permit broad attacks on infrastructure and "leadership" targets-if NATO political leaders approved. Clark prevailed, and soon nearly all of NATO's pilots-except for those flying stealthy F-117s and B-2s, which were sent against infrastructure targets elsewhere in Yugoslavia-were squinting through the ubiquitous clouds trying to make out tanks 15,000 feet below. Clark had his staff compile bar charts assessing the combat effectiveness of ground units in Kosovo-a dubious proposition with no friendly forces on the ground to gather intelligence.....The approach infuriated adherents of Air Force doctrine, which calls for the use of overwhelming force against a full spectrum of targets from the very outset of a campaign. One general complained that "rather than fight this war as a four-star theater commander, [Clark] is fighting it as an Army company commander in Vietnam."...."

Proceedings 9/99 Admiral Archie Clemins, US Navy ".... It is understandable that when the Berlin Wall came down in 1989 we felt an overwhelming sense of relief. The Cold War was over. We had won-and after 40 years, we were ready and eager to let down our guard. Unfortunately, we knowingly ignored the threat of future conflict and the potential for increased "peacetime" requirements. Our armed stalemate with the Soviet Union-an ideological conflict that divided the world simply into "us" and "them"-was really but a brief anomaly in the history of international conflict. Most animosities were contained temporarily by the mere threat of superpower involvement and escalation; without it, old rivalries and conflicts were free to reemerge. Once again, we are seeing a rising surge of nationalism in Russia, in Yugoslavia, in Africa, and elsewhere. We witness conflicts over borders and between different ethnic and religious groups. On the evening news, we hear about genocide, terrorism, ethnic cleansing, and the displacement of tens of thousands of refugees. There still are ancient animosities that lie just beneath the surface, waiting for a spark to set them off-as graphically demonstrated in Rwanda, Sudan, Iraq, and Iran, and Kosovo. Such conflicts always have occurred, but they are more visible in our interdependent, multimedia world, and they are more difficult to ignore. Our military's mission has evolved-from containment of the Soviet Union to enhancing security, promoting prosperity, and enlarging democracy. This new mission opens for us a slew of new engagements. As the world becomes more interdependent, our interests are interwoven with the interests of our allies and foes alike. International economic prosperity is contingent on international peace and stability. Thus we are engaged far and wide-and with fewer forces to bear the load, we are feeling the strain....."

Newsletter 10/12/99 David Hackworth "....They have villas in Europe and Asia and magnificent residences in the USA. They have private jets, servants, aides, chauffeur driven limos and helicopters galore. Nope, they're not rock or movie stars -- they're public servants who run our Armed Forces. Our top brass have become American royalty, fat cats in boots and helmets that live high at the expense of the taxpayers and the grunts they command. Take the general in charge of our Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs who recently blew $268,010 on remodeling the kitchen in his modest 10,660-square-foot government-issued dwelling. He used readiness dollars earmarked for spare parts and combat gear to sharpen our fly boys' and girls' chances of making it in the friendly flack-filled skies of places like Serbia. His restaurant-sized kitchen includes three sinks, two refrigerators, two ovens and two dishwashers, including a commercial model with a 90-second cycle. ...."

Inside The Pentagon 10/28/99 Elaine Grossman "….Researchers at Duke University have found that the United States is more likely to use its military abroad when fewer veterans of the armed services hold public office in Congress or the president's Cabinet. In a study being presented this week at a conference in Chicago, Duke's Peter Feaver and Christopher Gelpi established through 175 years of historical analysis -- as well as recent survey data -- that the presence of more veterans in national public policy positions results in significantly greater caution in the use of military force. "The presence of veterans in the political elite has a profound effect on the use of force in American policy," according to the study, entitled "Civilian Hawks and Military Doves: The Civil-Military Gap and the American Use of Force 1816-1992." …."

Washington Post 10/27/99 Lloyd Grove "….Did the U.S. Navy spend $25,000 in taxpayer money to teach Scientology to its civilian employees? "It inadvertently did," says Roger Helbig, a retired Navy purchasing manager who lives in Richmond, Calif. Helbig, 52, has filed a complaint with the Navy's Inspector General over "team-building" management training courses offered in the past year at a now-defunct Navy outfit called the SSPORTS Environmental Detachment in Vallejo, Calif. Helbig, a civilian, attended one of the classes taught by Sonoma, Calif., consultant Edward E. Morler, and says they borrowed heavily from the Church of Scientology. For instance, Morler's course handouts describe a scale used to measure "Characteristics Related to Emotional Levels"; Helbig says it is "nearly identical" to Scientology's "Tone Scale," pointing out that, among other similarities, both Morler's scale and the "Tone Scale" give "enthusiasm" a 4.0 and "apathy" a .05….."

Fort Worth Star-Telegram 3/8/00 John Donnelly "…..Although a Pentagon agency warned the Army and the Air Force in early February not to use potentially flawed chemical suits, the services didn't pass the message on to the field until weeks later -- the day after the problem was made public, military officials say. Even now it is unclear how widely the message has spread among U.S. forces deployed worldwide. On Feb. 3, the Defense Logistics Agency told all the military services' logistics offices not to use suits from two suspect lots in any real emergency...."

BBC World Service 3/9/00 "……A BBC documentary has revealed the depths of tension within the Nato command during the Kosovo campaign. The programme Moral Combat: Nato At War, to be screened on Sunday, exposes the gulf that developed between the politicians organising the campaign, and the military commanders trying to run it. General Mike Short, the US Air Force officer who led the air campaign over Kosovo, tells the programme he almost resigned because of political interference. "I thought, I just can't. I can't do this anymore. I don't believe that we're doing this right." And he repeats complaints that European politicians prevented him conducting a "classic air campaign", in which pilots could attack major targets such as key bridges and ministry buildings, during the first stages of the conflict…….. He tells the programme: "I don't think most of our civilian leadership understands air power and how it should be employed. "Their exposure to it has been [through] films of the Gulf War, which looked very much like a video game. ……."

San Diego Union-Tribune 3/20/00 Stephen Green "…….It's known among defense devotees as the "Last Supper" -- a gathering of the leaders of America's military-industrial complex for an invitation-only dinner at the Pentagon. On that spring evening in 1993, then-Deputy Defense Secretary William J. Perry had bad news for executives of the nation's largest military contractors. Their big money-making days during the Cold War were over. Today, the "Last Supper" prophesy has come true in the form of a shrinking military-industrial base -- a phenomenon defense officials say could have profound consequences for national security. Fewer firms serving the Pentagon means diminished competition and less incentive to develop the kind of cutting-edge combat technologies that have helped make the United States the world's dominant military power. "The industrial base is like a nonuniformed branch of the military. Without it, the uniformed branches can become impotent," said Lawrence F. Skibbie, president of the National Defense Industrial Association. The association represents some 900 military contractors -- from aerospace giants to widget makers...."War fighters need high quality, innovative and affordable products, so you need a robust and competitive industry," said Jeffrey P. Bialos, deputy undersecretary of defense for industrial affairs……"



United Press International. 5/5/00 Pamela Hess "…….A U.S. program to help defang the old, largely defunct Soviet biological weapons program could actually be keeping it alive to threaten the United States in the future, according to a new study from the General Accounting Office. The Clinton Administration is asking Congress for $220 million -- a 10-fold increase over the last five years -- to address the threat between 2000 and 2004. About half of it would be awarded to underpaid Russian scientists to do legitimate work in the civilian sector. That program includes $36 million to fund collaborative research with Russian institutes on dangerous pathogens, an attempt to improve U.S. defenses against biological weapons, according to the GAO. …….. The GAO warns, however, that same program may actually be increasing the risk to the United States by furthering Russia's biological research in biological weapons and keeping scientists' skill levels high. Further, without proper oversight, the funds or research may be diverted into a new offensive weapons program. ……."

Richmond Times-Dispatch 4/30/00 Ross Mackenzie "….Suppose a nation's military were under ideological attack and -- to phrase it gently -- in disarray. Suppose that nation's principal technological adversaries (a) were the world's primary exporters of nuclear and missile technology and (b) were solidifying their military ties as never before. Further suppose (c) our nation were in danger of losing its supremacy in space and (d) our nation's private-sector military-related companies were hemorrhaging their intellectual capital. Suppose finally that with nuclear-missile capability proliferating to countries large and small (with our nation's regime easing the transfer of weapons technology to certain of those countries), (e) there were in-place treaties preventing the construction of a missile-defense system and (f) "a resurgent nuclear disarmament movement" (The New York Times) were agitating against construction of a missile-defense system -- saying smugly it would be too expensive and wouldn't work. THAT IS THE circumstance in which the U.S. finds itself today. ….."

CNN 6/7/00 Jamie McIntyre "…..A U.S. Air Force memo, uncovered in a Pentagon investigation of civilian deaths during the Korean War, seems to indicate that U.S. Army commanders called in airstrikes against groups of civilian refugees because of fears they harbored North Korean troops. The memo, dated July 25, 1950, and signed by then-Air Force Col. Turner Rogers, has been obtained by CNN. The memo questions the policy of strafing civilians and recommends against further strikes upon groups of civilians "unless they are definitely known to contain North Korean soldiers or commit hostile acts." But the memo does offer evidence that U.S. Air Force planes were ordered to strafe large groups of civilians, who could have been refugees fleeing the fighting. ….."




CIC Sleeping with the Enemy?

Joint Military exercises with China "...exchanges of military officers at junior and senior levels, as well as possible small-scale joint exercises in areas such as sea rescue and anti-piracy..." 7/6/99 BBC News

McCurry "... told a press briefing that this development is part of the efforts to establish a US-China strategic partnership. McCurry believed closer military-to-military contact "has the benefit of reducing tensions, and helping people understand better what the military strategies of both sides are." 7/9/98 Xihua News

Freeper spiker 11/19/98 reports ".Who ever thought the Viet Cong battle flag would ever fly in the United States? It is proudly flying at equal height along side Old Glory at the Ford Motor Company World Headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan. The reason for this insult on American soil is two fold. First the Ford Motor Company will be opening a plant in Vietnam next year so they want to reward the current Vietnam leadership for allowing them to do business in that communist country. Secondly, the Ford Motor Company is currently being managed by someone other than an American citizen. The Ford Motor Company has changed from the days of supporting the war effort during WW II. This company is only interested in profit. Vietnam veterans employed by the Ford Motor Company have been threatened with their jobs if the flag is touched. The Ford Motor Company has obviously forgotten about the employees who were on military leave to protect democracy during the conflict in Vietnam. They have also forgotten about the children of Ford Motor Company employees who are still missing in action. The Ford Motor company in its desire to please a communist country, does not care about the American citizens who drive by the FMC Headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan. The company does not care about anyone or any ideal.."

Joe L. Jordan, Executive Director National Vietnam P.O.W. Strike Force 12/8/98 ".NETWORK EVENING NEWS last night showed a classroom full of Hanoi gooks at the FBI Academy at Langley, Virginia.. The secret police agents now at Langley and living in luxury digs AT US TAXPAYER EXPENSE include former prison guards at the notorious "Hanoi Hilton" who participated in the beatings and torture of US POW/MIAs during interrogation. Can you imagine what the Jews would say if in the aftermath of WWII, the FBI was training SS and Gestapo agents at taxpayer expense? How can this be any different? Why is congress fixated only on the Lewinsky angle of impeachment hearings when Clinton is doing this treason behind everybody's back? ."

Whom Have We Elected? - The New American 1/22/93 William F. Jasper Freeper Rodger Schultz ".Father Richard McSorley, a radical Jesuit priest and professor from Georgetown University -- and one of Bill Clinton's anti-war comrades. Father McSorley's "testimony" comes in the form of his book, Peace Eyes, published in 1977. It is an account of his anti-war activities and travels in the U.S. and Europe. "When I got off the train in Oslo, Norway," Peace Eyes begins, "I met Bill Clinton of Georgetown University. He asked if he could go with me visiting peace people. We visited the Oslo Peace Institute and talked with conscientious objectors, with peace groups, and with university students." On November 15, 1969, I participated in the British moratorium against the Vietnam War in front of the U.S. Embassy at Grosvenor Square in London," Fr. McSorley recorded. He described the demonstrations: The activities in London supporting the second stage of the moratorium and the March of Death in Washington were initiated by Group 68 (Americans in Britain). This group had the support of British peace organizations, including the Committee on Nuclear Disarmament, the British Peace Council, and the International Committee for Disarmament and Peace .... The next day I joined with about 500 other people for the interdenominational service. Most of them were young, and many of them were Americans. As I was waiting for the ceremony to begin, Bill Clinton of Georgetown, then studying as a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford, came up and welcomed me. He was one of the organizers [emphasis added]. The British Peace Council, with which "organizer" Clinton was involved, is the British branch of the World Peace Council, a Soviet-front directed by the KGB. These demonstrations were not merely "anti-wary they were anti-American, pro-Vietcong, pro-Hanoi. and pro-Ho Chi Minh. They were used as propaganda by the communist and liberal media to undermine American morale.."

The New Australian 3/1-7/99 James Henry "…The Chinese military is extremely nationalistic in the worst possible way. There is no doubt that China now sees Asia and the Pacific region as its special sphere of influence, an interest threatened by a powerful American presence, despite Clinton's military expenditure cuts. (She has virtually annexed the Spratly Islands, without a peep from Clinton.) All of this is common knowledge in the intelligence community. For example, Al Santoli, an analyst at the American Foreign Policy Council, has gone public with it. Clinton has even been briefed on the Chinese military's ambitions and nationalistic fervor - and a fat lot of good it did. As one insider sighed: "He doesn't seem to care." And this is why he allowed so much advanced technology with powerful military applications to casually pass into Chinese hands. Imagine the tragic consequences for Britain if Chamberlain* had allowed its radar technology to be sold to Nazi Germany so he could fatten his political war-chest. And yet, that is exactly what Clinton has done. Despite China's aggressive behavior, the Pentagon has been ordered to strengthen contacts with the PLA. This is one helluva a one-way street and is guaranteed to significantly improve the PLA's battlefield tactics and refine its use of technology. And what will Americans get out of it? Don't even think about it. But this has all happened before…."

Global Intelligence Update 2/28/99 Red Alert Summary "…The Tuesday deadline for an agreement over Kosovo came and went as had the prior Saturday deadline. Serbia wasn't bombed and the Serbs didn't agree to let NATO peacekeepers into Kosovo. Indeed, by the weekend, Serb forces were digging in along Kosovo's borders with Macedonia (where peacekeepers would have been coming from), planting minefields, and surrounding predominantly Albanian towns. The March 15th date for a resumption of talks is, of course, a mere fig leaf. U.S. aircraft were already being rotated back to the United States. There were a host of reasons for the stand down…And of course, it was increasingly clear that attacking Serbia would have meant a serious and possibly irreparable breach with the Russians. The latter was the most important reason for declaring victory and going home. The most important event in the world this week was not the fact that the U.S. threw in the towel on Kosovo, but the extraordinary explosion that took place between the United States and China. We have been chronicling deteriorating U.S.- China relations for quite a while now, but this week's explosion between the two countries on the eve of a visit to China by Madeleine Albright was startling in its intensity. Triggered by the release of a State Department report criticizing China's human rights record, it was clear that U.S. policy makers knew the explosion was coming. Given that they knew that a breach in U.S.-China relations was in the works, they also clearly understood that a simultaneous breach with Russia was strategically unthinkable. This was one of the reasons they backed off on Kosovo. China and Russia are close enough to each other now without the U.S. deliberately driving them into each other's arms…."

Washington Post 2/28/99 Editorial "…When the Clinton administration defended its policy of engagement with China, it painted a bleak picture of the alternative. If the United States did not seek warmer relations with China, it warned, that Asian giant was more likely to become hostile. Democratization and human rights would suffer. China would not cooperate with the United States in trouble spots around the world. Well, President Clinton went to China to promote his "strategic partnership," and look what we have: a massive Chinese military buildup threatening Taiwan, according to a Pentagon report last week. A Chinese veto of a United Nations peacekeeping operation that had helped stabilize a key country in the Balkans, also last week. China intimidating Southeast Asian countries in the Spratly Islands; threatening the rule of law in Hong Kong; undermining U.S. efforts to obtain access to a suspect North Korean construction site; and, according to the Washington Times, actually cooperating with North Korea on its space program. While that last allegation remains unconfirmed, there's no doubt about Chinese threats to undermine U.S. efforts to stem missile proliferation, since the threats were communicated by a senior Chinese official. And then there's human rights…."

The New Australian 3/1-7/99 James Henry "…The Chinese military is extremely nationalistic in the worst possible way. There is no doubt that China now sees Asia and the Pacific region as its special sphere of influence, an interest threatened by a powerful American presence, despite Clinton's military expenditure cuts. (She has virtually annexed the Spratly Islands, without a peep from Clinton.) All of this is common knowledge in the intelligence community. For example, Al Santoli, an analyst at the American Foreign Policy Council, has gone public with it. Clinton has even been briefed on the Chinese military's ambitions and nationalistic fervor - and a fat lot of good it did. As one insider sighed: "He doesn't seem to care." And this is why he allowed so much advanced technology with powerful military applications to casually pass into Chinese hands. Imagine the tragic consequences for Britain if Chamberlain* had allowed its radar technology to be sold to Nazi Germany so he could fatten his political war-chest. And yet, that is exactly what Clinton has done. Despite China's aggressive behavior, the Pentagon has been ordered to strengthen contacts with the PLA. This is one helluva a one-way street and is guaranteed to significantly improve the PLA's battlefield tactics and refine its use of technology. And what will Americans get out of it? Don't even think about it. But this has all happened before…."

Global Intelligence Update 2/28/99 Red Alert Summary "…The Tuesday deadline for an agreement over Kosovo came and went as had the prior Saturday deadline. Serbia wasn't bombed and the Serbs didn't agree to let NATO peacekeepers into Kosovo. Indeed, by the weekend, Serb forces were digging in along Kosovo's borders with Macedonia (where peacekeepers would have been coming from), planting minefields, and surrounding predominantly Albanian towns. The March 15th date for a resumption of talks is, of course, a mere fig leaf. U.S. aircraft were already being rotated back to the United States. There were a host of reasons for the stand down…And of course, it was increasingly clear that attacking Serbia would have meant a serious and possibly irreparable breach with the Russians. The latter was the most important reason for declaring victory and going home. The most important event in the world this week was not the fact that the U.S. threw in the towel on Kosovo, but the extraordinary explosion that took place between the United States and China. We have been chronicling deteriorating U.S.- China relations for quite a while now, but this week's explosion between the two countries on the eve of a visit to China by Madeleine Albright was startling in its intensity. Triggered by the release of a State Department report criticizing China's human rights record, it was clear that U.S. policy makers knew the explosion was coming. Given that they knew that a breach in U.S.-China relations was in the works, they also clearly understood that a simultaneous breach with Russia was strategically unthinkable. This was one of the reasons they backed off on Kosovo. China and Russia are close enough to each other now without the U.S. deliberately driving them into each other's arms…."

Washington Post 2/28/99 Editorial "…When the Clinton administration defended its policy of engagement with China, it painted a bleak picture of the alternative. If the United States did not seek warmer relations with China, it warned, that Asian giant was more likely to become hostile. Democratization and human rights would suffer. China would not cooperate with the United States in trouble spots around the world. Well, President Clinton went to China to promote his "strategic partnership," and look what we have: a massive Chinese military buildup threatening Taiwan, according to a Pentagon report last week. A Chinese veto of a United Nations peacekeeping operation that had helped stabilize a key country in the Balkans, also last week. China intimidating Southeast Asian countries in the Spratly Islands; threatening the rule of law in Hong Kong; undermining U.S. efforts to obtain access to a suspect North Korean construction site; and, according to the Washington Times, actually cooperating with North Korea on its space program. While that last allegation remains unconfirmed, there's no doubt about Chinese threats to undermine U.S. efforts to stem missile proliferation, since the threats were communicated by a senior Chinese official. And then there's human rights…."

World Net Daily 3/9/99 Charles Smith "…Saddam Hussein and General Ding Henggao can thank Perry and Hambrecht. China did not have the technology nor the money to field advanced missile command networks. William Perry supplied the technology and William Hambrecht supplied the money. Today, the Chinese Army re-exports U.S. technology directly to the sworn enemy of America and profits from it…. COSTIND General Ding and his wife, Madam-General Nie, also made money on the Hua Mei project. There were profits enough to share. Perry, Lewis and even Mr. Hambrecht all made money on the Hua Mei export….The exported "civilian" technology now threatens the lives of Americans in the skies of Iraq and every nation around the globe. The secure line that now carries orders from Chinese generals to thermonuclear tipped missiles started with a pay-off to American officials. The direct line from pay-off, to export, to weapon of war goes through William Perry and his millionaire buddy, William Hambrecht…."

Chinese Embassy 6/2/98 "…The realization of the visit by the Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission and Minister of National Defense, General Chi Haotian in December 1996 brought the China-U.S. military relationship back on the track of sound development…. We attach great importance to the development of the relations between our two militaries and have noticed with gratification that through our joint efforts the relations between our two militaries have further developed in every field since December 1996. Firstly, the leaders of our two militaries have frequently exchanged visits, maintaining continuous and high-level contacts….. Secondly, a series of consultative mechanism between our two militaries have been established such as the regularized defense consultations between our senior defense officials and the consultations on the military maritime safety…. Thirdly, the functional exchanges between our two militaries have been rather active. Both sides have agreed to carry out exchanges in the fields of military training, logistics, military academies, military history and justice. Besides, both sides have agreed to share information and discuss issues related to their respective experiences in the areas of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. Fourthly, the two militaries have agreed to enhance international cooperation in the military field…."

The New Republic 3/29/99 Editors "….the crisis for the administration's policy of "engagement" with China has only just begun. Two questions cry out for rigorous investigation and forthright answers. Should the White House have acted more swiftly when it first heard warnings from an Energy Department official that China was conducting nuclear espionage in this country--and did it drag its feet in order to prevent the espionage case from upsetting its China-friendly policy? And even more fundamentally: Why did this administration ever imagine that a genuine "partnership" with China was possible in the first place? On both counts, the man with the most explaining to do is national security adviser Sandy Berger, the de facto architect of America's foreign policy. Berger's view of the world tells him that the way to get powerful but contrary countries such as China to respect American interests is to enmesh them in a web of international law and multilateral organizations. His summum bonum is Chinese membership in the World Trade Organization. Yet China is not the state Berger imagines it to be. China is problematic for American interests and repugnant to American values. Morally, a "partnership" with the regime in Beijing must be unacceptable. (Judge them by their allies in Asia: the Khmer Rouge, North Korea, and Burma's brutal regime.) But it must also be viewed skeptically on strategic grounds. China is not a potential force for stability, but rather a proven force for disruption. It is a rising regional power with irredentist claims on Taiwan, the Spratley Islands, and border areas abutting both Vietnam and India…." 3/25/99 Joel Skousen "...In November 1997, President Clinton signed a top-secret Presidential Decision Directive (PDD-60) directing U.S. military commanders to abandon the time-honored nuclear deterrence of "launch on warning."... But the most ominous evidence is found in defectors from Russia who tell the same story: Russia is cheating on all aspects of disarmament, and is siphoning off billions in Western aid money to modernize and deploy top-of-the-line new weapons systems aimed at taking down the U.S. military in one huge, decapitating nuclear strike. Contrast this with the Clinton administration's response. Incredibly, while still paying lip service to nuclear deterrence, Assistant Secretary of Defense Edward L. Warner III went before the Congress on March 31, 1998, and bragged about the litany of unilateral disarmament this administration has forced upon the U.S. military: Warner noted the "success" the Clinton administration has had in recent years, which has: Eliminated our entire inventory of ground-launched non-strategic nuclear weapons (nuclear artillery and Lance surface-to-surface missiles). Removed all nonstrategic nuclear weapons on a day-to-day basis from surface ships, attack submarines, and land-based naval aircraft bases. Removed our strategic bombers from alert. Stood down the Minuteman II ICBMs scheduled for deactivation under Start I. Terminated the mobile Peacekeeper and mobile small ICBM programs. Terminated the SCRAM-II nuclear short-range attack missile. In January 1992, the second Presidential Nuclear Initiative took further steps which included: Limiting B-2 production to 20 bombers. Canceling the entire small ICBM program. Ceasing production of W-88 Trident SLBM (submarine-launched missile) warheads. Halting purchases of advanced cruise missiles. Stopping new production of Peacekeeper missiles (our biggest MIRV-warhead ICBM). "As a result of these significant changes, the U.S. nuclear stockpile has decreased by more than 50 percent," Warner enthused. All of this has been done without any meaningful disarmament by the Russians...." 3/25/99 Joel Skousen "...The Clinton administration would counter this charge by citing the "successful" dismantling of 3,300 strategic nuclear warheads by Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus, and the destruction of their 252 ICBMs and related silos -- all paid for with U.S. taxpayer funds to the tune of $300 million per year. But the real story is otherwise. Yes, Americans paid for the dismantling of these systems -- the oldest and most out-of-date in the Soviet inventory. They were scheduled for replacement anyway, so the U.S. taxpayer ended up saving the Russians over a billion dollars, allowing them to use this and other Western aid to develop and build new systems, coming on line right now. But that isn't all. What the administration doesn't say is that they allowed the Russians to reclaim all the nuclear warheads, and paid them to recycle the usable material into new, updated warheads. We didn't diminish the threat at all. We only helped them to transform it into something more dangerous. Thus, the Russians still maintain a more than 3-to-1 advantage over the United States in both throw-weight and nuclear delivery vehicles. That disparity is widening dramatically with the Clinton administration's unilateral disarmament while at the same time encouraging the Russians to proceed not only with the deployment of 500 new Topol-M missiles (which are mobile-launched and therefore difficult to target), but to put three MIRVed warheads on each missile instead of the treaty limit of one warhead -- for a total deployment of 1,500 warheads.......Now let's take a close look at this presumed "increased deterrence" the Clinton Department of Defense is promising. The administration claims its brand of deterrence is still based on the "mutual assured destruction" (MAD) concept -- a truly appropriate acronym. This is the presumption that, since both sides have an overwhelming capability to destroy each other, that no sane leadership would engage in nuclear war. Let's examine this closely. MAD could only stand as a viable assumption if: Both sides had sufficient weapons and delivery vehicles to inflict total devastation. Neither side had an effective anti-ballistic-missile system. Neither side had electronic jamming capability on its incoming ICBMs. Neither side had hardened shelters protecting its population and leadership. These assumptions clearly do not exist today: First, we barely have enough nuclear warheads to take out the Russian arsenal as presently constituted if we used them all at once (which no sane military commander could afford to do, leaving him with no reserves). Russia, on the other hand, has enough to devastate our entire strategic forces and still retain 60 percent of her weapons in reserve, for a prolonged conflict. Second, we have no ABM system to protect against ICBMs at all. Our dumbed-down and slowed-down Patriots are theater weapons (built to conform to the flawed ABM Treaty) and can barely catch slow, low-flying Scud missiles, let alone ICBMs that coming screaming in from space at 6 to 12 kilometers per second. The Russians have (in violation of the same ABM Treaty) a nationwide system of ABMs tied to phased-array radars and satellite guidance systems. Third, we have no electronic jamming on our missiles to help them penetrate the Russian ABM system, and the Russians claim their newest Topol-M missiles do have such a capability. Whether or not this claim is a bluff is immaterial. The fact is, they are building new, high-tech missiles and our technology is 10 years old and stagnant. We are not developing or building anything new. This aspect can only worsen as time goes on. Fourth, our civilian population is totally unprotected, while a large portion of the Russian cities have public fallout shelter facilities. New bunkers are being constructed for the Russian leadership despite the economic hardships the people suffer. This should tell us something about Russian leadership intentions. Is this Mutually Assured Destruction? Hardly. It equates to United States Assured Destruction! In every category of deterrence, we are disarming and stagnant, and the Russians are building and deploying. There is, in fact, only one type of deterrence that is capable of somewhat balancing the scales: the nuclear response doctrine of Launch on Warning...."

Washington Weekly 5/2/99 RICKI MAGNUSSEN AND MARVIN LEE "...QUESTION: What is your opinion of the revelation that apparently all U.S. nuclear weapons data was lost to China through the "Legacy codes" on the Clinton administration's watch? TIMPERLAKE: I believe it. It's accurate, it's factual, it's real, everything. It was a very clever operation. We don't know what we don't know! If we are not talking the nuclear stuff, I mean we are doing military to military, you know it's the small stuff that also hurts you. It's letting them watch logistics, it's letting the PRC having access to how air operations are run, it's letting the PRC go into our test range and into anti submarine warfare training facilities in San Diego. They see all of this. So not only is the nuclear equation in jeopardy but the conventional weaponry and the conventional tactics are being exposed to PRC in a very open and dangerous way as well. There is going to be a terrible historical accounting and those who have compromised and trimmed their sails to the prevailing wind should be held accountable…."

Washington Post 2/15/98 John Pomfret "..."They call us a technological paper tiger," quipped one U.S. Army officer. "Good equipment, but no stomach for a fight." Pentagon officials say the views expressed by some visiting officers are reinforced in recent Chinese military publications, which have argued that the United States is a declining power; that while China is a weaker power, weaker powers can often defeat superior powers; that the United States didn't win the Persian Gulf War, Saddam Hussein lost it; and that China is poised to leapfrog the United States in the race for a technologically advanced army. Chinese military analysts also believe that the United States is trying to subvert China and contain its power..... The report, "Dangerous Chinese Misperceptions: the Implications for Department of Defense," makes specific mention of Pentagon concerns that China's belief in the weakness of the United States and other U.S. trained or equipped forces could contribute to a decision to attack Taiwan, an island nation of 21 million people which Beijing claims as its own...... Since 1993, for example, Chen Xiaogong, a senior colonel in charge of the America desk for China's military intelligence, has pushed the idea that the United States aims to contain China. He spent a year at the Atlantic Council here. Chen Xulong, the director of the American studies division of a think-tank linked to the Ministry of State Security, has argued that the U.S. containment strategy won't work. He received his doctorate from George Washington University. As such, the report intimated that increased contact with China's military was not having the desired effect....... U.S. concern about a simmering hostility toward the United States prompted the Clinton administration to resume military contacts with Beijing in 1993, according to William J. Perry, then secretary of defense, who was the catalyst for the move. Perry traveled to Beijing in 1994 and was expecting a return visit from China's defense minister, Gen. Chi Haotian....We realized that things, if not attended to, could go quickly and seriously wrong," Perry said. So by mid-1996, the Pentagon had redoubled its efforts to improve ties with China's army, planning visits as a way of teaching Chinese officers about American goals and power. Exchanges also began between American nuclear weapons scientists and their Chinese counterparts. ...Over the last few months, Chinese have been escorted to Fort Hood, Tex., and flown over a mile-long formation of M1A1 Abrams tanks to impress them. Chinese officers have been flown to an aircraft carrier to underscore the financial and logistical difficulties of embarking on and maintaining a "blue water" navy. U.S. officials say they are more eager than the Chinese to improve the relationship. The Chinese have yet to agree to allow exchange visits between the commanders of the U.S. and Chinese strategic forces. And they have reacted coolly to a U.S. request to conduct joint exercises with Chinese troops to prepare for human disasters...... Congress eliminated an important component of U.S.-China military exchanges in July 1996, cutting funding for the U.S.-China Joint Defense Conversion Commission, which had been established to help China's defense industry convert its military factories to civilian production..... "




NEWSMAX.COM 5/21/00 "…..The United States agreed, for the first time since the explosion of the first atomic weapon in 1945, to totally eliminate its nuclear arsenal. The sweeping U.S. policy was made Saturday when the U.S. agreed with all other members of the U.N. Security Council to the worldwide elimination of nuclear weapons. The agreement had the full backing of the Clinton administration, and was endorsed by all five admitted nuclear powers -- the United States, Russia, Britain, France and China. ……. No date or schedule for the disarmament plans have been set. But the Clinton administration has committed the U.S. to the new agreement, a continuation of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. ……. Other protocols will require the U.S. to: --make full disclosure of the nation's nuclear arsenal.
--begin lowering the ``the operational status'' of weapons.
--destroy nuclear warheads by first extracting plutonium and uranium from them.
--agree to another treaty prohibiting the making of fissile materials for weapons.
. …….During the past eight years almost the entire U.S. tactical nuclear stockpile - which was estimated at approximately 10,000 weapons - has been destroyed. ……The administration has sought to greatly reduce the U.S. strategic nuclear stockpile, currently with 6000 warheads, to a modest 1500 warheads. …….Such moves have met with some resistance from the Pentagon. Previous Clinton administration directives, according to some critics, have increased U.S. vulnerability to a Russian nuclear strike. …..One Clinton directive ended the U.S. policy of "launch on warning" to one of "launch on destruction" - the U.S. can only launch a retaliatory strike against Russia or China if it confirms nuclear detonations on American soil. …..Other Clinton administration proposals have called for welding shut the missile hatch doors on nuclear submarines, and the removal of computer programs from land-based silos to locations 150 miles from the missile sites. ……"

AP 5/19/00 "…..An apparent clerical error sent a supply clerk with the 82nd Airborne Division out the door of an airplane on his first parachute jump without any formal training. Army Spc. Jeff Lewis, who landed unhurt, said he was just doing what a good soldier is supposed to do -- following orders. Lewis, 23, made the jump Feb. 22 at Fort Bragg. ……."The Army said I was airborne-qualified," Lewis said Thursday. "I wasn't going to question it. I had a job to do, and I had to believe in what I was doing." ……"


Military Action on U.S. Ground

Freeper newsman 11/30/98 report on Rush Limbaugh Show Call-in to Tony Snow ".A few minutes ago, Tony Snow talked to a Marine who voiced some misgivings about president Clinton. Toward the end of their conversation, the caller asked Snow if he had heard about the long list of questions that the commander-in-chief had his underlings ask the young Marines at his base (which he named but I didn't get). But I became much more alert when the Marine, at the close of the interview, asked and got Tony's permission to read to him the last question. This is the gist of that question: Under certain circumstances, would you be willing to fire upon American citizens? (Note: This is not a direct, verbatim quote.)."Follow-up on above from 7/26/98 Freeper Bob Evans from The Resister Combat Arms Survey This questionnaire is to gather data concerning the attitudes of combat trained personnel with regards to nontraditional missions. All of your responses are confidential..Part II. Attitudes Do you feel that U.S. Combat troops should be used within the United States for any of the following missions? 8. Drug enforcement.15. National emergency police force.16. Advisors to S.W.A.T. units, the FBI or the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (B.A.T.F.). Do you feel that U.S. combat troops under U.S. command should be used in other countries for and of the following United Nations missions?.Do you feel that U.S. combat troops should be used in other countries, under command of non-U.S. officers appointed by the United Nations for any of the following missions?.30. Police action (e.g. Korea, Vietnam, but serving under non-U.S. officers).. 35. U.S. combat troops should participate in U.N. missions under United Nations command and control.39. I feel the President of the United States has the authority to pass his responsibilities as Commander-in-Chief to the U.N. Secretary General..40. I feel there is no conflict between my oath of office and serving as a U.N. soldier...45. I would swear to the following code:"I am a United Nations fighting person. I serve in the forces which maintain world peace and every nation's way of life. I am prepared to give my life in their defense.". 46. The U.S. government declares a ban on the possession, sale, transportation, and transfer of all non-sporting firearms. A thirty (30) day amnesty period is permitted for these firearms to be turned over the local authorities. At the end of this period, a number of citizen groups refuse to turn over their firearms. Consider the following statement: I would fire upon U.S. citizens who refuse or resist confiscation of firearms banned by the U.S. government. Our civilian readers maybe wondering why the Combat Arms Survey was circulated so heavily within the Department of the Navy. The reason is simple; the Navy is not subject to USC Title 10 Posse Comitatus prohibitions against using federal military forces for domestic law enforcement. This includes the US Marine Corps. Just thought you would like to know."

Federal Computer Week 12/7/98 Daniel Verton ".The Marine Corps is gearing up for a high-tech military experiment designed to prepare Marines to fight in what some experts are calling the battlefields of the future -- the world's urban areas. Dubbed Urban Warrior, the Marine Corps' advanced warfighting experiment will take place in March throughout the streets, sewers and buildings of San Francisco. Marine Corps officials met in San Diego last month with their Navy counterparts to iron out details of the experiment, which will focus on developing technology to help Marines fight battles in a dense urban landscape.." 2/10/99 David M. Bresnahan ".Local residents [Kingsville, Texas] are distraught over a near disaster during a secret Army training exercise. Local officials claim they were sworn to secrecy. Getting factual information about what happened is next to impossible. Reports from residents told of low flying, unmarked helicopters and soldiers dropping down from ropes in the center of the town after dark Monday night. WorldNetDaily was told that the police station burned and a commercial building was severely damaged. The assistant police chief confirmed what no one else would admit. "The United States Army Special Operations Command was conducting a training exercise in our area," admitted Arthur Rogers when the police chief was unavailable for comment. He refused further details. That was more than Mayor Phil Esquivel would disclose. He said he was sworn to secrecy for national security reasons. His answers were evasive and without detail.."

WorldNet Daily 2/11/99 David M. Bresnahan "..The long internal struggle in the island country of Cortina has resulted in two new republics, Cortina and Acadia. A multi-national force has been called in to establish peace. That's the made up scenario for a massive military training exercise now taking place over a 200 mile radius of Fort Polk, Louisiana. It will conclude Feb. 17, according to a public affairs spokesman. Over 5,000 strong, forces from the Army, Navy, Marines, and foreign military united to take part in the training exercise which began on Feb. 6. The peace enforcement training is being conducted by the Joint Readiness Training Center.."

WorldNetDaily 2/16/99 David M. Bresnahan ".Gov. George W. Bush, R-Texas, says it is not his job to get involved in the concerns over Army Night Stalkers using live ammunition in a civilian area of his state. The Army Special Operations Command at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, has confirmed Operation Last Dance began in Kingsville Feb. 8 and has been continuing in other small towns near Corpus Christi... Eight black helicopters roared into town, with one nearly crashing as it hit the top of a telephone pole and started a fire near a residence. The soldiers on board staged a mock raid on two empty buildings, using real explosives and live ammunition in machine guns. The two-hour gun battle has residents and some officials furious -- and some scared to death by what they heard and saw. Police Chief Felipe Garza and Mayor Phil Esquivel were the only city officials in Kingsville involved in approving the military training exercise. At least one other Texas Mayor turned the military away for a similar request and accused them of offering a bribe. Both Garza and Esquivel have refused to provide details, insisting that they were sworn to secrecy by the Army... Kingsville is not the only place to experience Operation Last Dance. Other Texas communities are also witnessing similar events.Tomas Sanchez, emergency management coordinator for the Federal Emergency Management Agency is not pleased about what happened in his town. Yesterday he met with county commissioners in a special session to brief them on his own investigation..."I can tell you specifically. In my humble opinion, based on my background, the scenario if I were creating this ops plan," he described. He gave his belief as to the scenario the Night Stalkers were working under. "Martial law has been declared through presidential powers and war powers act, and some citizens have refused to give up their weapons. They have taken over two of the buildings in Kingsville. The police cannot handle it. So you call these guys in. They show up and they zap everybody, take all the weapons, and let the local P.D. clean it up," he said. "In urban warfare, the militarization of the police, this thing got out of order. The citizens did not comply with executive order so and so. They refused to give up their weapons," he re-emphasized. Sanchez and other military experts questioned by WorldNetDaily all pointed to Presidential Decision Directive 25 as the document being used to authorize the military to participate in domestic police action. PDD 25 is classified as Top Secret, and even Sen. Orrin Hatch was unable to obtain a copy as chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Only a brief summary is available to the public. Sanchez and others believe the 1878 Posse Comitatus Act has been eliminated by PDD 25. The posse comitatus act forbids the use of the military as a domestic police force... "

Lowell Sun 3/4/99 John Wolfson Freeper wulf "…Four Navy Black Hawk helicopters thundered just hundreds of feet above the LaLacheur Park parking lot last night, churning up a torrent of dust before crossing the Merrimack River and dropping off about 30 elite Navy SEALs at the entrance to the Lawrence Mills…."

WorldNet Daily 3/4/99 David Bresnahan "…The Federal Emergency Management Agency has issued plans which include the use of the military as a domestic police force in the event of Y2K civil disturbances. The plan also provides for the movement of large numbers of people into shelters in the event of a disaster associated with Y2K computer failures. The FEMA plan of action for the Y2K crisis is outlined in the report "Contingency and Consequence Management Planning for Year 2000 Conversion: A Guide for State and Local Emergency Managers." The plan was recently made available to local governments throughout the country…."

Inside The Pentagon 3/11/99 Freeper Stand Watch Listen "…The Pentagon plans to establish a joint task force that will coordinate its efforts in support of federal agencies tasked with responding to a domestic weapons of mass destruction attack, Deputy Defense Secretary John Hamre told the Senate Armed Services Committee this week. ....The Clinton administration designated DOJ last year as the lead for the new multi-agency National Domestic Preparedness Office, which will coordinate federal, state and local efforts to prevent or manage the damage from domestic terrorism (Inside the Pentagon, Dec. 24, 1998, p1).............Hamre cited three main priorities shaping the task force structure that will be recommended to Cohen and Clinton.<P. The first has to do with sensitivities over using the military in a law enforcement role, and the way that could infringe on civil liberties…."

Washington Times (Page C6) 6/7/99 AP Freeper Goldi-Lox "...Marines are scheduled for military "Scenarios" in the city of Richmond by the 22nd [Marine division]. "The purpose: to teach Marines how to fight in urban environments." ..."

USMC 6/28/99 U.S. Navy Department "...A U.S Marine from the 1st Battalion, 5th Marines runs for cover during the urban combat phase of Operation Urban Warrior March 16 in Oakland, Calif. The three-phased operation tested Marines' ability to provide humanitarian assistance in an urban environment, respond to threats of chemical and biological weapons, and restore order after a state of civil unrest. ..."

WorldNetDaily 7/23/99 Jon Dougherty "...Under the auspices of combating illegal drugs, guarding borders and preventing terrorism, new provisions in the House and Senate Defense Appropriations Bills seek to increase the use of the U.S. military in domestic law enforcement. According to sources, the bill would end the requirement for local law agencies to reimburse the federal government for any local use of military equipment, as well as enable the Department of Defense to deploy military troops in cases of anticipated or actual terrorist attacks..... Kopel said the precedent for government's current fixation on more dramatic use of the military as law enforcement personnel has its roots in Waco, Texas. There, in 1993, some 83 members of a religious group known as the Branch Davidians and their leader, David Koresh, died when a fire engulfed their community, allegedly because armored military vehicles ignited kerosene lanterns when making a forced entry. ...If passed the measure would allow military personnel to assist the Border Patrol in curbing illegal immigration by "preventing entry into the U.S." The bill also gives the military the authority to prevent entry of "drug traffickers and terrorists," and would allow military inspections of "cargo, vehicles, and aircraft at points of entry into the U.S." Gregory Nojeim, Legislative Counsel for the Washington, D.C., chapter of the ACLU, said the sum total of the new military roles in civilian law enforcement would eventually destroy "what was left of" the Posse Comitatus Act. "These provisions ... will blow a hole in Posse Comitatus large enough to drive a thousand tanks onto our city streets," he told WorldNetDaily...."

World Net Daily 7/23/99 Jon Dougherty "…Under the auspices of combating illegal drugs, guarding borders and preventing terrorism, new provisions in the House and Senate Defense Appropriations Bills seek to increase the use of the U.S. military in domestic law enforcement. According to sources, the bill would end the requirement for local law agencies to reimburse the federal government for any local use of military equipment, as well as enable the Department of Defense to deploy military troops in cases of anticipated or actual terrorist attacks….. For example, one provision would remove the requirement for local law enforcement agencies to reimburse the DOD for use of military resources, at the discretion of the Secretary of Defense. "That is currently the main practical check on the use of military equipment by local police," Kopel told WorldNetDaily. He added that he is worried about an overall growth in the federal government's "tendency to militarize local police officers." …"

Washington Post 7/26/99 William Cohen "…The United States now faces something of a superpower paradox. Our supremacy in the conventional arena is prompting adversaries to seek unconventional, asymmetric means to strike our Achilles' heel. At least 25 countries, including Iraq and North Korea, now have -- or are in the process of acquiring and developing -- weapons of mass destruction. Of particular concern is the possible persistence in some foreign military arsenals of smallpox, the horrific infectious virus that decimated entire nations down the ages and against which the global population is currently defenseless. Also looming is the chance that these terror weapons will find their way into the hands of individuals and independent groups -- fanatical terrorists and religious zealots beyond our borders, brooding loners and self-proclaimed apocalyptic prophets at home. This is not hyperbole. It is reality. Indeed, past may be prologue….What would that day look like? A biological agent would sink into the respiratory and nervous systems of the afflicted. The speed and scope of modern air travel could carry this highly contagious virus across hemispheres in hours. Indeed, the invisible contagion would be neither geographically nor numerically limited, infecting unsuspecting thousands -- with many, in turn, communicating the virus to whomever they touch. The march of the contagion could accelerate astoundingly, with doctors offering little relief. Hospitals would become warehouses for the dead and the dying. A plague more monstrous than anything we have experienced could spread with all the irrevocability of ink on tissue paper. Ancient scourges would quickly become modern nightmares… As part of a federal interagency effort launched last year by President Clinton and led by the National Security Council, the Defense Department is doing its part to prepare the nation for the catastrophic consequences of an attack that unleashes these horrific weapons…. First, any military assistance in the wake of a domestic attack must be in support of the appropriate federal civilian authority -- either the Department of Justice or the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Second, an unequivocal and unambiguous chain of responsibility, authority and accountability for that support must exist. Third, military assistance should not come at the expense of our primary mission -- fighting and winning our nation's wars… Fourth, our military response efforts will be grounded primarily in the National Guard and Reserve…. Special National Guard teams are being positioned around the nation to advise and assist communities upon request. Finally, we must not and trample on American lives and liberties in the name of preserving them. Fears about the military's role in domestic affairs are unfounded, as evidenced by a long history of reasonable and successful military support to communities ravaged by natural disasters, such as fire and flood…."

Jane's Defence Weekly 9/8/99 "....The US Army is to open a new $15 million facility that will be the first US military centre to provide heavy armour units with urban combat training. ...." 9/20/99 Rep Traficant "....A House-Senate conference agreement on the defense bill includes a provision directing the Pentagon to develop a plan on how the military can better assist law enforcement agencies in interdicting drugs along the border and stopping terrorists from entering the United States. The provision represents a modification of an amendment authored by U.S. Rep. James A. Traficant, Jr. (D-Ohio) that was attached to the House-passed version of the bill last June. The Traficant amendment authorized the use of U.S. troops to assist civilian law enforcement in patrolling the border. "Narcotics is still the number one problem in America," said Traficant, a former drug counselor and sheriff. "You can have all the counseling programs in the world and a million cops on the street, but unless we get serious about stopping drugs from pouring over the border, America will never win the war on drugs." ....."

Wall Street Journal 10/12/99 Thomas Ricks "...The machine-gunners of Charlie Company, the 1st Battalion of the 6th Marines, emerge from a street littered with rubble, torn barbed wire and empty brass shell casings. Black smoke swirls behind them. Their uniforms are torn, and rivulets of sweat drip through the grime on their tired faces. They have been hurling themselves through windows and hauling two big machine guns up stairs and over the rooftops of a Marine urban-warfare training site in the coastal pine forests of Camp Lejeune, N.C. "This is a totally different story from coming out of the woods and fighting," says Lance Cpl. Joshua Peterson. Adds Cpl. Timmy Belcher: "It's a lot more physically demanding." As the world becomes ever more urbanized, it also may be the future of warfare, and that's bad news for the U.S. Much of the Pentagon's state-of-the-art weapons arsenal was designed to slug it out with the Soviets on the open plains of Central Europe, not in cities. But while the Defense Department has been slow to embrace new weaponry that would be useful in many post-Cold War arenas, urban warfare is one area that is getting lots of innovative attention that has produced some useful new technologies. The problem is, there may be no high-tech way to avoid the terrifying casualty rates endemic to taking a city block-by-block, building-by-building. "We didn't come up with any silver bullets," says Col. Gary Anderson, who is chief of staff of a Marine Corps attempt to modernize the military's approach to urban warfare....."

WorldNetDaily 10/13/99 Jon Dougherty ".... Critics are denouncing recent congressional changes to the Posse Comitatus Act that will allow a broader use of U.S. military forces in a domestic law enforcement role including a new unit for deployment in assisting civilian officers during a terrorist attack. The new command, established Oct. 7 in Norfolk, Va., will be called the U.S. Joint Forces Command, and replaces the former U.S. Atlantic Command. At a ceremony commemorating the new unit, Defense Secretary William Cohen told participants the American people shouldn't fear the potential of seeing U.S. military forces on the streets of U.S. cities. The military must "deal with the threats we are most likely to face," Cohen told reporters, downplaying concerns about troops operating on home soil. "The American people should not be concerned about it. They should welcome it." The new command is designed to prepare U.S. troops to fight abroad or to respond if terrorists strike with nuclear, chemical or biological weapons. In opposing the measure, critics cite the 1878 Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits federal troops from participating in domestic law enforcement activities under most circumstances. With the concern over domestic terrorism rising since the World Trade Center bombing and numerous incidences of cyber-attacks on U.S. defense and financial institutions, the Clinton administration has begun to relax some of those restrictions......"

Chuck Baldwin 10/15/99 ".....A recent World Net Daily report chronicled the creation of a brand new US military command. It is called the US Joint Forces Command and is headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia. It takes the place of the former US Atlantic Command. Normally, this kind of event would be considered benign. This time, I'm not so sure. With the assistance of Republicans in congress, changes have been made to the Posse Comitatus Act that will "allow a broader use of US military forces in a domestic law enforcement role...." This new command will oversee this new domestic role of our US military forces. ...... Somehow, I cannot imagine Sam Adams and the boys welcoming a decision by the federal government to use military forces against civilians. Nor do I believe the American people today should welcome such a decision. The Founding Fathers knew well the proclivity of government to become tyrannical. It is the nature of the beast. Washington said, "Government is not reason; it is not eloquence; it is force! Like fire, it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master." ...."

CNN 10/7/99 Jamie McIntyre ".....Changes in the Pentagon's command structure designed to give the military a supporting role in responding to domestic terrorist attacks or natural disasters is raising alarm among some civil libertarians. In Norfolk, Virginia, on Thursday, top military leaders, and their civilian superiors, unveiled a retooled U.S. Joint Forces Command, formerly the U.S. Atlantic Command...... Pentagon officials say the idea behind the change is to give a president options short of martial law to deal with domestic crises. "The reason that you want the Defense Department working now with the FBI, with the Justice Department, with FEMA is so we know how we will work when the time comes and we don't have to resort to extreme measures nobody wants in this country," said Deputy Defense Secretary John Hamre...."

Hernando Today 10/16/99 "...County Sheriff's officers are bracing for an invasion of the county airport. U.S. Army Rangers have announced plans to seize the airport next weekend. Residents have been asked to avoid the area, especially at night, as troops and their vehicles will be using night vision equipment and no lights. Some 100 rangers from Fort Benning, Ga.., are scheduled to take part in the assault, with helicopters and parachutes. According to Lt. Joseph Paez of the sheriff's office, deputies will restrict access to the airport area and members of the sheriff's SWAT team will defend the facility........ Master Sergeant John Burns, a liaison officer for the Third Ranger Battalion explained that the Hernando County Airport was chosen for this operation because "it provides us the opportunity to closely replicate an enemy-held airfield." ...."

Insight Magazine 10/17/99 Kelly Patricia O'Meara ".... Training exercises known as Military Operations in Urban Terrain, or MOUT, have been carried out in dozens of cities throughout the United States. Residents of Charlotte, N.C., Pittsburgh, Houston and Chicago are among those who have been awakened in the dead of night by hundreds of military troops rappelling from helicopters hovering at treetop level, firing automatic weapons and exploding flash-bang and smoke grenades. . . . . Col. Bill Darley, a spokesman for DOD, tells Insight that "these exercises are not law-enforcement missions. They're secret combat activities for very explicit purposes such as scenarios involving recovery of a weapon of mass destruction, incidents of terrorism and hostage rescue. The activities would be approximating the same situation as in a foreign country. We conduct these large-scale exercises in the Southern states as make-believe foreign countries. Charlotte, N.C., for example, could be Paris, Munich or any other built-up urban area outside the United States." . . . . Darley continues, "What we're talking about is close-quarter combat. People engaged in shooting at each other. It's war gaming in the same way that troops prep for war gaming overseas. It's just easier to arrange the activities here than overseas. We arrange these exercises well in advance with the local officials, police and fire departments, and we do our best to go door-to-door notifying residents that there will be loud noises and so on."

Insight Magazine 10/17/99 Kelly Patricia O'Meara "..... . . . Steven Barry, a 24-year veteran of Army Special Forces, is well-acquainted with urban-warfare training and not surprised by the secrecy surrounding it. "The official story put out by the Army is that they're running out of training areas. For the last couple of years they've been looking for old run-down buildings in cities for training. They never inform the public about what they're doing and, contrary to what is said, the gunfire residents are hearing is real. Delta Force doesn't train with blanks. They rely on bullet traps set up weeks ahead of time to avoid outside penetration of the gunfire. The reason the exercises are secret is because it's Delta Force. They operate outside the hierarchy of command and get their orders from the top. They've been called the president's army for a long time, and they don't move without his blessing." ....."

Insight Magazine 10/17/99 Kelly Patricia O'Meara "....Adding to concern about military troops becoming active in civilian law enforcement is a 1994 survey that is very big among Internet conspiracy theorists. The poll asked 300 troops at the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Training Center, Twenty-Nine Palms, Calif., "if they would fire upon U.S. citizens who refuse or resist confiscation of firearms banned by the U.S. government." While the majority responded they "strongly disagreed," the author of the thesis and designer of the survey questions, Lt. Cmdr. Guy Cunningham, was surprised that 26 percent of those surveyed indicated they indeed would fire upon their fellow citizens. This is being taken as another sign that attitudes are changing and that the mission of the U.S. military forces has become blurred. ....."

World Net Daily 10/20/99 Jon Dougherty ".... Units from the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit, based at Camp Pendleton, Calif., have "landed" in parts of Arizona to conduct urban assault training and to familiarize troops with a "realistic urban combat environment," a Marine spokesman told WorldNetDaily. However, residents are being asked not to consider the armed presence of hundreds of troops an "invasion" or preparation for the implementation of particular government policies. Rather, he said, the exercises -- underway through today -- are merely part of a continuing series of urban training drills designed to familiarize Marines and other U.S. troops with urban combat conditions....."

WORLD AFFAIRS BRIEF 10/28/99 Joel Skousen "….This week, the USMC was conducting small scale urban assault training exercises in various parts of Arizona, including the Phoenix area. After the huge backlash caused by Delta Force live fire exercises in Corpus Christi, Texas, the Marine Corps was ready with pat answers to predictable questions--none of which make sense to the savvy observer. While admitting that the Marines had half a dozen static urban training centers, Marine Corps spokesman Abraham defended the Marines' need to train in more realistic "live" environments similar to what they would face "abroad." But even more troubling was the role the FBI was playing. Again, the USMC spokesman discounted any sinister reason for the FBI presence, "the FBI was acting merely as a liaison between the Marine Corps and local law enforcement officials. This is a Marine Corps training exercise," he said, "At no time has the FBI assumed operational control over it." ….."

Christian Science Monitor 11/18/99 "….To prepare for potential wars in cities, the Marines stage a mock battle in downtown Columbia, S.C., attracting onlookers and protesters. A swarm of massive transport helicopters descended from clear blue skies, disgorging a group of rifle-toting marines, some by fast rope. From a nearby parking garage, commanders and a few curious spectators watched the exercise unfold on an abandoned prison ground. The 400 marines from Camp Lejeune, N.C., are entrenched in this sleepy Southern capital for two weeks - to practice war….." 12/2/99 "….The military mission, according to the Pentagon, is to "provide support" to the FBI, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), U.S. Secret Service and other government agencies responsible for security there. The military specialists are in place largely to provide expertise and assist in coordinating a federal response in the event of a terrorist attack during such a high-profile event. According to Defense Department documents obtained by CNN, 131 U.S. Army, 27 U.S. Air Force, and eight U.S. Navy personnel were sent to Seattle to perform roles from ordnance disposal to standing by for possible chemical or biological attack by terrorist groups. Four special forces troops from the Joint Special Operations Task Force were deployed to Seattle to be on hand to advise FBI "crisis support" agents in the event of a catastrophic terrorist event involving chemical or biological weapons or hostage taking. Two of the four special operations experts have since left the city, according to an informed Pentagon official who spoke on the condition that he not be named. …..Fifty-five military Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) teams, along with 25 explosive-detecting dogs and their handlers, were sent. The soldiers are "operating in civilian attire -- keeping a low presence," the Defense Department documents say….."

Worldnetdaily 2/17/00 Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr. "….. A couple of years ago, the Clinton administration and its media echo chamber whipped up a national hysteria about private militias. These men were said to be masquerading as protective forces when they were probably plotting terrorist attacks, or, much worse, fomenting hatred of the government….. During the same period of time, it turns out, the federal government was systematically amassing its own armed militia force, staffed not by unfunded volunteer gun enthusiasts but by trained killers paid out of lavish public funds. Don't be afraid of them, and forget the lessons of Waco, because these Marines, Army Rangers, and Green Berets may soon be coming to your hometown to "protect" you against scary things like poison gas, radioactive material, and mass hysteria. We've got soldiers stationed in a hundred countries, the implied rationale goes, so isn't it about time they were stationed in active duty right here? Talk about bringing the troops home. These men in black, on direct orders from Washington, have been engaged in surprise military exercises in various parts of the country -- not rural areas where the dangerous private militias are said to lurk -- but in cities and towns where local officials are too intimidated to object. The Pentagon sees this as its new domestic initiative……"

N Y TIMES website 2/14/00 C J Chivers "…..For the United States military, the 22-member team is part of a newly formed counterterrorism capability, a cadre of full-time specialists created to help local police departments and firefighters after a chemical, biological or radioactive attack. …..The Pentagon is forming 27 of these groups, called Weapons of Mass Destruction Civilian Support Teams, which fall under the command of the state National Guards and are assigned to zones established by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Their missions are to assess the scope and severity of a terrorist attack by sampling suspected germs, chemicals or radioactive material, and then to advise civilian agencies on how to deal with it. The team training in Latham, stationed at Stratton Air National Guard Base in Scotia, N.Y., and assigned to cover New York, New Jersey, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands, begins its final Department of Defense evaluation exercises Tuesday at Fort Drum. It is expected to be on call by April, along with nine of the other teams around the nation. The remaining teams are scheduled to be on duty by the spring of 2001….."

The Arizona Republic 3/23/00 Pat Kossan "……. The Marines are landing in downtown Phoenix. But some of the city's homeless may not be saluting. They may be running for cover. Phoenix police and advocates for the homeless Wednesday sought to block tonight's Marine Corps training exercise, set to drop troops from helicopters into a downtown neighborhood. Their concern: The realistic training planned for 9th Avenue and Madison Street might trigger trauma symptoms in homeless military veterans. ….."

WorldNetDaily 8/16/00 David M. Bresnahan "......The Marines have 150 secret helicopter landing sites prepared for two weeks of exercises in civilian areas throughout the Atlanta area -- but they say the public won't notice them. Operation TRUEX, Training in an Urban Environment Exercise, is now in full operation as the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit conducts training -- but the details remain a secret. Operation TRUEX involves about 400 Marines and sailors who are preparing for deployment to the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean region in November. The training and scheduled deployment are part of the normal rotation of troops in and out of various parts of the world, according to a Marine spokesman. Operation TRUEX began Monday and will continue for two weeks. ......"



Bad Decisions on Key Positions

Daryl Jones for Air Force secretary (SEC probe on $90,000 fee from $200 million Dade County aviation bond deal.)

Wall Street Journal 11/6/98 ".Back when Bill Clinton was not inhaling at Oxford, the future commander in chief wrote a letter to an ROTC officer in Arkansas making clear his "loathing" for the U.S. military. A generation later the situation has apparently reversed itself, if we are to go by an article in last month's NavyTimes by Marine Corps Maj. Shane Sellers referring to Mr. Clinton as "an adulterous liar" and "criminal."..Marine brass have had to crack down on e-mail from officers calling for Mr. Clinton's impeachment. Even more notorious was the comment about a year ago from Mr. Clinton's assistant secretary for the army, Sara Lister, who was forced to resign after accusing the Corps of being extremists."..With respect to Maj. Sellers, it is always worth reminding our officers that, however much they may dislike the person of the president, he remains their commander in chief and as such deserving of the respect that goes with the office. But it is no contradiction for the rest of us to note that while Mr. Clinton outranks all those who take the oath of service to their nation, even the lowest buck private who remains faithful to that oath will always outclass him."

AP 6/2/99 "...President Clinton said Wednesday he would nominate F. Whitten Peters to be secretary of the Air Force. Peters, the current acting secretary, was named under secretary in November 1997...The administration's original choice for the post, attorney Charles Curtis, a former Energy Department official, withdrew his name in April over concern that his confirmation would focus on the issue of lax security at the nation's nuclear weapons labs.... Before serving as a senior executive with the federal government, Mr. Peters was a litigation partner at the Washington, D.C. law firm of Williams & Connolly, where he specialized in complex civil and criminal litigation, including the defense of government contract fraud, antitrust, tax and security cases..."

Right Magazine 8/6/99 Diane Alden "...In a July 26th op-ed for the Washington Post, Secretary of Defense William Cohen said we live in a "grave New World.".... Secretary of Defense posted this op-ed with the likely intent of advising people that if there were a terrorist attack that the military would intervene. But the tendency towards using the military as a police force has already begun. In the Balkans, Haiti, and elsewhere, the U.S. army of occupation invariably functions as a police force. In some cases, it also performs as a "meals on wheels with guns." Recent history indicates that the U.S. military has been used on occasion, to bolster federal and local police agencies. In the case of Waco, the Army provided the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms with support under the operational control of Joint Task Force 6. A request was made by the Justice Department for the Army's special operation forces to accompany BATF agents storming the Branch Davidian Compound. Had it been acted upon by the military, the siege at Waco would have been an even worse fiasco of government over-reaction, than was the case. Using the military against U.S. civilians usually creates a backlash - affecting it for decades. The two most notorious cases are Kent State and the use of the army against the bonus marchers after World War I..... "

Right Magazine 8/6/99 Diane Alden "...The Posse Comitatus Act is presumed to be the bulwark against using the military as a police force; but it has been eroded since the 80s due in no small part to the "war on drugs." According to a government source, the black helicopters everyone talks about seeing are part of the National Guard's marijuana eradication program. These flights over rural America are as a result of congressional amendments to Posse Comitatus, which created these exceptions. Other exceptions to the Act include the statutory authority of the President to use federal troops to quell domestic violence.... On the surface the excuse for using the military in emergency situations appears benign. Being prepared for chemical or biological attacks by terrorists, foreign or domestic may be the height of common sense. Cities have used the National Guard to quell disturbances the police can't handle. Ordinarily citizens trust the government in such circumstances, because military involvement comes from a need at the state or local level....No longer does the federal government merely arm the U.S. Marshall's service, the Secret Service, the FBI, the Border Patrol, DEA, BATF and the military. Today the IRS, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, EPA, the Forest Service and even the Small Business Administration are carrying firearms. In the deadly incidents of over-reaction at Ruby Ridge and Waco, hardly a flak-jacketed bureaucrat paid any meaningful price..... "

Right Magazine 8/6/99 Diane Alden "...Early one morning in July of 1997, two men went to work at the Clearwater County flood control center in rural northwest Idaho. Immediately they were accosted by six heavily armed federal agents carrying 9 mm Glock sidearms and wearing flak jackets. The agents hauled away 40 banker boxes of county records relating to the 1996 flood recovery work. The basis for the search warrant was kept secret. Local officials wondered why they weren't simply issued a subpoena for the records. Eventually, the Justice Department closed the investigation for lack of evidence. The aftermath of the Clearwater incident left residents wondering why the federal government had sent a swat team to their community when an accountant would have been sufficient. The answer to that question may be found in the growing trend towards militarization of the federal bureaucracy. For instance, the Clearwater commando raid was not conducted by the FBI but by the Federal Emergency Management Agency Office (FEMA). In a more civil time, the agency would have sent auditors to investigate allegations of financial mismanagement...."


Clinton Attitude toward the military!

Draft History WJC to Col Eugene Holmes 12/3/69 "...loathing the military..." 12/8/98 G Gordon Liddy ".When the veterans were coming back, these people felt sufficiently emboldened that they would actually spit on these veterans. Well, with the exception of Bill Clinton, most of these people are now ashamed of themselves for the way that they behaved. Bill Clinton, of course, isn't. He loathes, absolutely hates the military. There was an incident in the White House not long ago where two military guys, they were EOD specialists, who were in civilian clothes because the White House hates it when anyone wears a uniform in there, but they are there because the Secret Service needs them. If the Secret Service thinks they've got a problem, these guys are there to risk their lives for the President. The President was coming out of a bathroom one time and he spotted them. (You can spot them by their haircut. The military always have a neat hair cut.) He walked over and he said `My God, I hate you people.' And then he walked by. I mean this is how he still feels about the military.."

FoxNews 12/19/98 ".The military service of presidents from World War II to now. FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT: None. Assistant Navy secretary, a civilian post, before and during World War I. HARRY TRUMAN: Combat captain who led field artillery battery in campaigns during World War I. DWIGHT EISENHOWER: The war hero-turned-president was Supreme Allied Commander in the victory over Germany and five-star Army general. Before his presidency, a career-long soldier who graduated from West Point. JOHN KENNEDY: A Navy lieutenant assigned to a Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron, Kennedy was commanding the PT-109 when it was rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri while on patrol off the Solomon Islands in August 1943. He returned to the United States at the end of the year for treatment of wartime disabilities. LYNDON JOHNSON: A member of Congress and the Naval Reserve, Johnson asked to be called to active duty after Pearl Harbor attack. Said to have been first U.S. representative to don a uniform. Received Silver Star for gallantry under fire, after a patrol bomber he was in was crippled by Japanese bullets. RICHARD NIXON: Joined Navy in 1942 as lieutenant and went to South Pacific as ground officer for Combat Air Transport Command. GERALD FORD: Served on the aircraft carrier Monterey, engaged in almost all major Pacific battles in closing phases of World War II. Earned 10 battle stars. JIMMY CARTER: Graduated from U.S. Naval Academy in 1946, Carter served in Navy until 1953, on battleships, in submarine service and as a senior officer in precommissioning crew of Sea Wolf, the second nuclear submarine. RONALD REAGAN: Called to active Army duty in 1942, Reagan was disqualified from combat duty because he was nearsighted; he made Air Force training films. GEORGE BUSH: One of the youngest Navy pilots at the time, Bush was assigned to the aircraft carrier San Jacinto as a member of a torpedo bomber squadron. His Avenger was shot down in September 1944 as he was on his way to bomb a radio tower on Chichi Jima island. He parachuted into the sea, was rescued by a submarine and returned to the carrier two months later. BILL CLINTON: None.."

Congressional Quarterly Weekly 1/5/99 ".The disclosure of Clinton's affair with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky and his attempts to conceal it have provoked unusual public criticism of the president by some in uniform, in some ways a reflection of the difficult relationship Clinton has had with the armed forces he tried so hard to stay out of during the Vietnam War. On Dec. 5, for instance, the Marine Corps effectively ended the career of a major in the reserves who in a newspaper commentary had called Clinton "a lying draft dodger" and "a moral coward" who has "always had contempt for the American military." The case is one of several in which officers have at least come close to violating a provision of military law barring use of "contemptuous speech" in referring to the president or certain other high government officials. (Code, p. 26) Some conservatives say these incidents are evidence that Clinton's personal conduct is undermining the armed services he leads as commander in chief. Though many officers say they are able to separate Clinton's personal life from his official role, the scandal highlights a stark contrast between the services' rigid norms of conduct and broader society's more flexible standards. "It's frustrating that, since we put 'integrity' so high, the polls are suggesting this is no big thing," a senior Army officer mused. "Something that is so fundamental to the military is being soundly rejected by the American people." There is a growing gap between military and civilian life that worries some top military officers and defense analysts. More than a quarter-century after the end of the draft in 1973, relatively few Americans have any military experience, or know any relatives or role models such as teachers who have been in uniform. Those who set defense policy have little direct experience. Neither Clinton, Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, National Security Adviser Samuel R. Berger nor Defense Secretary Williams S. Cohen has been in uniform. Only Vice President Al Gore, who was an Army journalist in Vietnam, has served in the military. The proportion of members of Congress with military service has dropped from more than 75 percent in 1971 to less than 34 percent in the incoming 106th..."

Dallas Morning News 2/24/99 William Murchison Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...Defense Secretary William Cohen, sensing the emergence of a national problem, has begun praising the ideal of military service. The armed services are lagging in their quest to fill enlistment quotas. Seasoned regulars are dropping out for private-sector jobs.........It shows in that we regard the military as just another federal civil service job. It shows in that we deliberately misunderstand the purpose of training men to kill: which purpose is to let them kill in defense of their and our country. Americans' present take on the military is essentially pacifistic...."

Houston Chronicle 4/11/99 Douglas MacKinnon "...What if you gave a war and despised the very military you asked to carry out your mission? That is now the problem facing President Clinton and his administration. Past comments and actions come back to haunt them.... Military personnel in every branch openly wonder how a president who once mocked their very existence can now ask them to put their lives at risk. And why? An Army colonel asked me, "Why does a president who dodged the draft and once stated that he loathed the military now ask us to fight and possibly die thousands of miles away? Why does a president who avoided service in Vietnam now use the same rationale for Kosovo as President Johnson did for Southeast Asia? ....Many political appointees in the Clinton administration (including a number at the Pentagon and in positions of power over the military) have openly stated their disgust for the military, its code of conduct and way of life. It is fair for men and women in uniform to ask if those who would send them to die have the proper respect and understanding for the job they perform. It is right for those who serve to point at past Clinton mistakes and ask if he has learned his lesson. The colonel I spoke with mentioned Mogadishu, Somalia and the 18 elite American soldiers who were not only killed, but also stripped, disfigured and dragged through the streets as macabre trophies. In his mind, he said, this happened because "Clinton and the secretary of defense didn't send in the armor requested by the commanders on the scene." How many people today remember that Secretary of Defense Les Aspin had to resign because of that tragedy? ....Are those in uniform wrong to question the motives of the president when he bombs a pharmaceutical factory in Sudan at the same time Monica Lewinsky is scheduled to testify? Are those in uniform wrong to question the motives of the president when he bombs Iraq during his impeachment trial? Many in the military now want to know why Clinton is using them in the war over Kosovo. Is it to prevent the genocide that his military commanders and intelligence experts warned him couldn't be stopped with an air campaign -- or, is it instead to try to manufacture a page in history for the legacy of Bill Clinton? Our men and women in uniform deserve an honest answer...."

National Review 5/3/99 Mark Helprin "...President Clinton refused to study war and held all things military in contempt. He arrived in the Oval Office purposely ignorant of the most important challenge of any presidency, a tremendously difficult subject that can baffle the greatest statesmen. Even among generals only a small minority have war in their bones; the rest are bureaucrats. Seldom has a president been so preternaturally unprepared, and seldom has his unpreparedness shone so brightly In his promiscuity he has extended, to the Ukraine, guarantees of which it is hard to judge which is greater, their dangerousness or their meaninglessness. And in his confusion he has established the principle of directing our shrinking military capacity always to where it is needed least, as in nation-building in Mogadishu, the counting of endangered animals, or the destruction of African pharmaceutical factories. He accomplished the groundwork fur the present failure by simultaneously reducing NATO's military capacity to approximately 40 percent of what he had inherited, while expanding its geographical range and its roster of missions, and changing its orientation from that of a barely manageable defensive alliance to a proactive instrument of gargantuan size and spread. For half a century the brilliance of NATO has been its massive power held in reserve for essential application-but no longer. This may seem a heartless pronouncement in the face of hundreds of thousands of refugees driven front Kosovo, of mass executions, and of old people and babies dying of exposure in the inhospitable seventies of early spring, hut none of it would have happened absent American support for ethnic Albanian separatism....We made this war. Without our intervention the Serbs would not have felt the need to visit their atrocities upon the Albanians, and they would not have...."

AP 4/27/00 Michael Sniffen "…… Next month, Cabinet secretaries, top state and local officials and emergency units from Denver and Portsmouth, N.H., will conduct the largest-ever field test of the nation's ability to respond to a terrorist attack with chemical or biological weapons. Driven by recent violent attacks here and abroad, Congress ordered the test and appropriated $3.5 million last year to pay for it. The test will take place during 10 days in May, federal officials announced Thursday. …… Called ``Topoff'' because of the involvement of top officials, the exercise will have the active participation of Attorney General Janet Reno, Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala and Federal Emergency Management Agency Director James Lee Witt. ......" 4/24/00 Lisa Hoffman Scripps Howard News Service "……..In an unprecedented exercise next month, a phalanx of the U.S. government's top officials will engage in a massive field test of the nation's preparedness to respond to a terrorist attack within its borders. Sometime during 10 still-secret days in May, seven Cabinet leaders will receive a chilling, though mock, alert that unknown terrorists have unleashed chemical or biological weapons simultaneously on two cities _ Denver and Portsmouth, N.H. …….Attorney General Janet Reno; the secretaries of defense, energy, transportation, agriculture, and health and human services; and the head of the Environmental Protection Agency will have to drop whatever they are doing and preside over the federal government's emergency response to such a dreaded mass attack. ...... Called "Operation TopOff" _ for "top officials" _ the field exercise will involve thousands of participants including the governors of the two states, the National Guard and hundreds of state and local emergency and medical personnel. The directors of the FBI and the Federal Emergency Management Agency also will play a lead role. ……."



Outrage toward the Commander in Chief

Somalia Incident/Deaths - father of Ranger awarded CMH refused his hand and said "You are not fit to command"

Washington Times John McCaslin quotes Gen. Paul W. Tibbets Jr "I don't think I could even salute the man," Gen. Tibbets replied. "If you're going to command troops, you have to have the respect of those troops, and respect is gained through leadership."

Defending America 9/23/98 Col. David Hackworth "Within our Armed Forces, Bill Clinton is as popular as a 25-mile hike in a snowstorm, a visit to the medics to retake all shots or a tour of desert duty in Saudi Arabia at Christmas time. Contrary to the majority of their civilian counterparts, many of those in uniform don't trust Clinton or think he's fit to be their commander in chief.

A Ranger leader: "He got a Monica while he was conning (Congressman H.L. "Sonny") Callahan on the phone about why our guys should be deployed to the killing fields of Bosnia! Gimme a break. He doesn't care about us. He's the same joker that got my unit shot up in Somalia and wrote it off by calling my dead pals "Unfortunate Casualties," ."

Wall Street Journal Ronald Shafer 9/25/98 ".Angry Reaction: James McDonough, a former Army colonel in Bosnia who is now in the White House drug czar's office, writes a newspaper letter blasting Clinton for allegedly having sex with Lewinsky while talking on the phone about Bosnia. McDonough calls that "callous indifference" and "reckless disregard" for American troops.."

The Review @ 11/12/98 Jon Dougherty ".I believe in keeping civilian politicians in charge of our armed forces but I also think the criteria to become Commander-in-Chief could stand some tuning up. Having said that, any day that Bill Clinton remains president of the United States is not a good day for the military. And yesterday was a particularly bad one for the services because several things happened at once which illustrated the irony, folly, and disgust of having Clinton as the titular head of our nation's military forces. First of all it was Veteran's Day, which is usually a sad day for our nation's war heroes and veterans anyway.. President Clinton just had to show up [again] at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, place his ceremonial wreath, and then wax patriotic about how these brave souls really are the true heroes of this country. He doesn't for one minute believe what he's saying [he didn't even write it] nor does he have any idea what the concepts he's explaining really mean. He tells us what most thinking people already know - that our Veterans are pretty swell folks -- but considering Clinton's own "military record," it is an outright insult to have him show up at any military remembrance or celebration because he has no moral right to be there. Granted, other presidents never served either, but he is the only one who went out of his way to lie like a coward to keep from having to go - only to end up in charge of the military some 30 years later. If that isn't depressing irony.."

Washington Times 10/16/98 "The Marine Corps is considering whether to punish a major for publicly calling President Clinton an "adulterous liar" and "criminal" who should be impeached for trying to cover up his affair with Monica Lewinsky. Col. Stu Wagner, a Marine Corps spokesman, said senior Marine officers have examined an article written by Marine Maj. Shane Sellers but had not decided whether the statements in it merit administrative or legal action.."

11/10/98 Daniel J. Rabil ".The American military is subject to civilian control, and we deeply believe in that principle. We also believe, as affirmed in the Nuremberg Trials, that servicemen are not bound to obey illegal orders. But what about orders given by a known criminal? Should we trust in the integrity of directives given by a president who violates the same basic oath we take? Should we be asked to follow a morally defective leader with a demonstrated disregard for his troops? The answer is no, for implicit in the voluntary oath that all servicemen take is the promise that they will receive honorable civilian leadership. Bill Clinton has violated that covenant. It is therefore Congress' duty to remove him from office."

The Washington Times 11/11/98 Rowan Scarborough ".A reserve Marine Corps officer is under investigation for advocating the impeachment of President Clinton in an article in The Washington Times on Monday. Maj. Gen. David Mize, commander of Marine Forces Reserve in New Orleans, has appointed a colonel to conduct a preliminary inquiry into reserve Maj. Daniel J. Rabil. In a Times op-ed column, Maj. Rabil called for the president's removal. He labeled Mr. Clinton a "lying draft dodger" and "moral coward" who has "always had contempt for the American military." Maj. Paula Buckley, Gen. Mize's spokeswoman, said the investigating officer will determine whether Maj. Rabil violated Article 88 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). The code prohibits officers from making disparaging remarks about certain public officials, including their commander in chief."

Providence Journal 12/4/98 Theodore Gatchel ".DURING the 30 years I spent on active duty, I served on numerous courts-martial and investigative boards. None of those proceedings ever involved Article 88 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, the provision in military law that prohibits commissioned officers from using "contemptuous language" toward specific government officials, most notably the president of the United States. Thinking back, I would have been astounded if any of my contemporaries would have felt driven to put such language in print, as have several officers recently. That is not to say that the officers I served with had a high regard for most politicians. They didn't.."

Washington Times 12/7/98 Rowan Scarborough ".The Marine Corps effectively has ended the career of a reserve officer for strongly criticizing President Clinton's sexual misconduct and calling for his removal from office in a Nov. 9 op-ed article in The Washington Times. Maj. Daniel Rabil on Saturday evening appeared before his commanding general for disciplinary action. He was told he is being transferred to non-drill reserve status and is having a letter of caution put in his personnel file. The actions by Maj. Gen. David Mize, commander of Marine Forces Reserve in New Orleans, effectively end the officer's 11-year career because he has no chance of promotion. Maj. Rabil, 34, who wrote the article while a civilian, said in an interview he is considering resignation. "The only regret is it was perceived by the Marine Corps leadership as damaging to the Marine Corps. That wasn't my intent," he said. "I don't think it was perceived by mainstream Americans as extreme based on the letters and phone calls for support I received." ."

Washington Post 1/3/99 Andrew Bacevich ".In the ranks of the military, the impeachment crisis has evoked scattered grumbling, an echo of the civil-military tensions with which the Clinton era began. In truth, most American soldiers don't much like their commander in chief. In their eyes he remains the "draft dodger" whose efforts to avoid service in Vietnam were plainly dishonorable. In contrast to the ethic of selflessness, self-discipline and honor to which they aspire, the president's recklessly self-indulgent personal life and his weaseling efforts to avoid responsibility for his actions cannot be anything but offensive. Then there is the question of double standards. Beginning with the notorious Navy Tailhook convention of 1991 and continuing through the pending matter of retired Army Maj. Gen. David Hale, charged with having had extramarital affairs, the services have been shaken by a series of high-profile cases involving sexual misconduct by senior commissioned and noncommissioned officers. The outcome in almost every instance so far has been the end of a career. Although bearing only passing resemblance to "the Lewinsky matter," these cases have convinced some in the military that, if only as a matter of fairness, the commander in chief should suffer the same consequences.."

New York Post 1/8/99 Steve Dunleavy ".I am standing between Constitution Avenue and N.W. Henry Bacon Drive. Before me on a long, painful black chiseled wall are the names of 58,214 humans who bought it in Vietnam. Gargantuan in length, ghastly in waste, but gorgeous in the simple, but supreme sacrifice for others. Pete Bushey of Great Kills, Staten Island was with his girlfriend Mary Anne Clifford. They were looking for the name of John Geary who was, as Pete said, "a friend of my father." I wanted to know what he thought about was happening in the Senate between the boy scouts and the hustler. Quietly, but politely, almost at a whisper he said: "I don't think we should mention that man's name when we are here before this wall." Pete is an EMS worker dedicated to saving lives. He will save more lives and destroy none. .."

New York Post 1/8/99 Steve Dunleavy ".Stephen Long of Laurel, Md., was looking for the name Thomas Edward Jones under the slab at W29. "We have just come from Arlington Cemetery and I don't know how that man can make a speech from there," Long said. His aunt, Carole Wilhelm of Springfield, Va., jumped in: "I will be a little bit more indelicate. I don't even know how he has the guts to talk in Arlington or around this Mall." Carole wanted to talk about Thomas Edward Jones, a helicopter lieutenant who died in a mystery field in 1969 making sure the guys and gals like you and me could live without tyranny. "He never saw his baby. His son, also called Thomas, was in his mother's arms at the memorial service. He is 30 today, but never saw his father. That man they are talking about in the Senate, he has no guts."

New York Times 3/11/99 Steven Lee Myers Freeper Stand Watch Listen "…While the numbers are small, the resisters can upset the readiness of their units, particularly with National Guard and reserve units, whose members can resign more easily than their counterparts on active duty. In January, nine A-10 pilots with the Connecticut Air National Guard -- a quarter of their squadron -- quit rather than take the vaccine. At Travis Air Force Base, where Bettendorf last served, 11 of 40 reserve pilots in the 79th Air Refueling Squadron have refused to take the vaccination, leaving the unt woefully shorthanded only weeks before heading to the Persian Gulf. Bettendorf, 25, joined the Air Force after high school in Arizona, expecting to make a career of it. But when he heard he would have to take the vaccine, he began scouring the Internet and the base library for information, compiling notes in two three-ring binders…."


3/9/99 Janet Parshall's Janet Parshall’s 3/9/99 Freeper vitolins "…QUOTE…Listen to this! The Pentagon is sponsoring a call-in health advice line that promotes homosexuality, even though homosexual conduct is forbidden in the military. Here are some actual quotes from the 1-800 advice line: "Homosexuality is considered normal," "Studies show that homosexual partners raise children just as well as anyone," "Many young people may experiment with same-sex relationships." The phone line also repeats the completely discredited claim that homosexuals comprise about 10 percent of the population. The advice line comes from Tricare, a health care organization run by the Department of Defense for active duty personnel and their families. Regulations against homosexual behavior are in the military, and they're there to protect the health and morale of our troops. Health service information for the military should underscore, not undercut, these regulations…."

WorldNetDaily 3/29/99 Geoff Metcalf Freeper Newskeeper "…...the disagreement between the military and the White House got SO heated that Cohen warned the Joint Chiefs to "keep their troops in line on this one." Remember: this administration has a history of ignoring the advice of military and intelligence experts, preferring to listen to appointees who won't let facts get in the way of their blowing smoke up the skirts of their patrons. Capital Hill Blue reported "The tension here is incredible," says one military source. "We have officers who talk privately of defying orders, but no one is willing to risk their career to stand up to the president of the United States. It just isn't done." …."

Mike Reagan's Hot Topics 1999 Buffalo Six "….SUMMARY: While we were all asleep listening to scintillating tales of gropings and trouser droppings by our fearless leader, our sharp as a cue-ball "National Media" failed to notice the mass resignation of two dozen General officers. The Japanese have a phrase for this sort of thing; roughly translated it means "Killing it with silence." ….I had a very interesting ride on a company (UAL) DC10 yesterday into Chicago. The F/E was a retired USAF BG - '61 USAFA (with his ring on), Vietnam Thuds (shot-down once) and one of the original Viper guys at Hill. He said that in 1997 twenty-four (24) Generals retired early (all on July 7th 1997) in mass protest over the conditions in the military (due to the administration's policies). They had fought in vain to correct PC, ops tempo, deployments everywhere, readiness and pay, so they ALL went to Sec Cohen's office and resigned. Cohen and the White House told them that they knew what they were up to and they would not let them get the publicity they desired. He said they were threatened with courts martial and their non-disclosure statement (the form we all sign saying we won't discuss classified stuff after we're out) was changed to include a requirement that they not discuss their resignations or face punishment and loss of retirement benefits…."

Capitol Hill Blue 4/3/99 Doug Thompson "..."It was ill conceived, poorly executed and fatally flawed," says Arnold Crittendon, a retired intelligence analyst. "The boys at the Pentagon tell me that the amateurs at the White House rammed this thing down their throats and they are choking on it." The "amateurs" at the White House include a President who evaded military service and a bunch of limp-wristed dilettantes who think conflict is a fight with their significant other. Ask any military professional at the Pentagon about what they think of the "boys at the White House" and you will probably get either a look of disdain or despair, following by a string of invectives. They won't say it publicly. Military men and women know that public criticism of the Commander-in-Chief, even one who is a draft dodger and coward, is a quick end to a career, but privately many admit they hate the man. "He's a despicable, whore-mongering bastard," one Air Force colonel admitted over coffee the other day. "The very sight of him turns my stomach." .....But memos and the UCMJ can't stop a professional soldier from puking his or her guts out at the thought of serving under a draft dodger or from quitting when he or she can't take it any longer. The U.S. military has lost more qualified personnel in the six years of tyranny under Bill Clinton than at any time in modern history. Those who haven't lost their jobs through his numerous military cutbacks have resigned their commissions out of disgust or opted for early retirement. ...."

Capitol Hill Blue 4/6/99 Doug Thompson "…Presidential spokesman Joe Lockhart lied to reporters Monday when he said the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Pentagon unanimously supported President Clinton in his war against Kosovo, senior Pentagon officials said. "He lied. There's no other way to say it," said one Pentagon official. "They caught him in an outright lie. The Joint Chiefs did not agree with the President on his decision to pursue an limited air campaign in Kosovo. They counseled against it and they continue to counsel against it." President Clinton, pressed by reporters, downplayed the disagreements between himself and his top military advisors, but did not deny reports that his decision to go ahead with air strikes against Yugoslavia ran counter to the recommendations of the Joint Chiefs. "First, let me say that one of the jobs that the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs have is to report to me faithfully the view of the Chiefs, the Service Chiefs, the members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. And they have performed that faithfully, so that when there is a difference of opinion, when there is even a nuance, they have let me know that, as far as I know, in every important matter. Ultimately, after all, I am responsible for all these decisions, and must bear the burden of them, regardless," Clinton said. However, when reporters asked Lockhart "So you're saying that there was unanimous support within not just the national security team, but within the Joint Chiefs?", Lockhart answered "yes," then went on to claim the "unanimous support" was "for the option that we are pursuing." "A flat out lie," said one Senior Pentagon officer Monday night. "The opposition against the President's program is real and it is continuing."…Intelligence analysts Sander Owen says anger among career military officers is growing. "The military has never liked this President," Owen said. "Now the dislike is turning into outright hatred. They see him as a genuine threat to the national security." …"

4/16/99 Freeper beethoven from an email concerning the 24 generals resignation on 7/7/97 "...He watched the AF times and said the retirements were announced slowly, over several months, and only four or so of the positions were refilled. This mass protest was led by LtGen Dale Thompson, USAF, now retired...."

The Weekly Standard 4/26/99 Tod Lindberg Freeper alissa ". . .probably with the draft-dodging during the Vietnam war, then the decades of lies on that subject, continuing through gays-in-the-military and Mogadishe, not omitting Haiti and phony photo-ops at Normandy, on to Monica's services during phone conversations with congressmen about sending troops to Bosnia, proceeding to dog-wagging in Sudan and Afghanistan, all while North Korea festers, Saddam sneers, China spies, readiness deteriorates, and generals get cashiered for conduct far less discreet than their commander in chief's - culminating at last in an ill-conceived Balkan war during which the world's foremost authority on talking your way out of a jam has been unfailingly incoherent. Bill Clinton is, in this view, the White House occupant least qualified to be commander in chief in the history of the Republic." 4/29/99 Freeper henbane "2109 GMT, 990429 - Operation Allied Force has taken a toll on the U.S. Air Force's inventory of key precision munitions. Speaking at a reporter's breakfast, Air Force General Richard Hawley, head of the Air Combat Command, said that the munitions have been used up so fast that the air force is having trouble keeping them in stock. Hawley said that the air force has accelerated production of the satellite-guided Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM), carried by the B-2 stealth bomber, but it will be "touch and go" as to whether they run out before new ones are delivered next month. As well, he also noted that conventional air-launched cruise missiles (CALCM) also are in short supply and no new ones are scheduled to be delivered until September. Hawley, who is near retirement, also expressed the air force's uneasiness with the political constraints under which the air war is being fought, and concern that air power is being discredited by a strategy that has failed to use it to full advantage. "Clearly in our air force doctrine, air power works best when it's used decisively. Shock, mass are the way to achieve early results," he said. "Clearly because of the constraints in this operation we haven't seen that at this point. ..."

Capitol Hill Blue (The Rant) 5/3/99 DOUG THOMPSON "...As "Commander in Chief" (a title which makes anyone who wears a uniform sick), Clinton abandoned three American soldiers when they were captured in the opening days of his Kosovo war. Senior military officials urged sending in elite teams from the Special Operations Command. Clinton said no. Instead, he continued to try and pound Yugoslavia into submission with an air campaign that military professionals told him wouldn't work. So it took Jesse Jackson to get them out. Jesse Jackson for God's sake..... Clinton's willingness to abandon the three soldiers increased the growing animosity between the military pros at the Pentagon and the coward they most answer to in the White House. Career military officers hate Clinton's guts (as they should). They hate the fact that he refused to serve his country as a young man. They hate the fact that he has commited this country to a war with a stragtegy that can't possibly succeed. And they hate him because he abandoned three men in uniform....."

AP 5/6/99 "...The nation's largest veterans organization has urged President Clinton to immediately withdraw U.S. troops from the Balkans. ``We believe the best thing we can do to support our troops, to protect our troops, is to bring them home,'' said Harold L. ``Butch'' Miller, national commander of The American Legion. ``We believe we are getting into a bad situation in Kosovo.''.... The Legion would permit U.S. involvement if Congress passes a resolution supporting the NATO action; U.S. troops are led only by U.S. commanders; the president explains why the action is ``in our vital national interests;'' and guidelines for the campaign, including an exit strategy, are established...."

Arizona Republic 5/9/99 Steve Wilson Freeper Stand Watch Listen "...A compelling letter arrived last week, one not meant for a journalist's eyes. It was sent by a member of one of our country's elite military units, who is stationed in the Balkans, to a relative in Arizona, who passed it on to me. The soldier believes that our air attack against Serbia is illegal, immoral and illogical. He didn't know his letter would be given to a columnist, however, and publicizing it could have the unhappy consequence of a court-martial. So I won't quote him. But since my Army service ended 29 years ago, I'll violate no regulations by quoting myself. His views and mine happen to run parallel...."

The Washington Times 5/31/99 Valerie Richardson "....Mr. Clinton is slated to speak at the U.S. Air Force Academy commencement here Wednesday, just as he did in 1995. University officials say they're pleased by his repeat performance, but some locals say it's an honor they would gladly forgo. "The people here don't think he should come anywhere close to the academy," said Crystal Barnett, a bartender at a local American Legion post. "There's articles in the paper every day about how he shouldn't be doing it - it should be some old retired general or somebody who served his country." The sources of the outrage are many, but some retirees say they are particularly upset by the Monica Lewinsky sex scandal. The president had an affair with Miss Lewinsky, then lied about it, offenses that could result in a court-martial for military officers. "The talk around here is that he's just a big dang liar," said Don Jacobson, who served four years in the Air Force. "He doesn't deserve to be commander in chief. And he's been impeached. There are people in the service who are practically in jail for doing what he did."..."

Arizona Republic 6/9/99 Jim Gahar "... Infringing on any of these rights [Bill of Rights] makes the infringer a "domestic enemy of the Constitution," and there are literally millions of Americans who have sworn a sacred oath to defend the Constitution (note that -- not the government, but the Constitution) of the United States from "all enemies, both foreign and domestic." More than a million of them are currently in uniform, and pretty much despise their commander in chief as a liar, philanderer and military bungler...."


Clinton Subordinates Held to a Higher Code of Conduct!

WJC Helicopter Pilot Released for Sexual Misconduct

Adultery is a crime under military law if it hurts ''good order or discipline'' within the ranks or brings discredit to the armed services." - Investor's Business Daily 7/27/98 Editorial

Sen Dan Coats Washington Post 8/27/98 ". The sharp contrast between the admission made by the president, the commander in chief, and the military men and women he commands is deeply disturbing.."

Boston Globe 11/27/98 Louise Palmer ".The House Judiciary Committee plans to call retired military officers to testify about the potentially damaging effect of President Clinton's behavior on the military code of conduct and the Pentagon's ability to prosecute soldiers. The hearing Tuesday, which will include testimony from judges as well as people convicted of perjury, is intended to explore the issue of ''double standards'' as the panel tries to make the case that failure to punish the president for his actions in attempting to cover up an affair with former intern Monica S. Lewinsky could subvert the legal system, according to spokesmen for Republicans on the committee. Interviews with high-ranking former military officers indicate that while a united front may be presented by the panel's witnesses Tuesday, opinion is deeply divided about whether the impeachment inquiry against Clinton has affected his standing as commander in chief or the morale of the troops. Former officers are also divided about whether the case has had any impact on the military's ability to enforce a code of conduct. Members of the military are bound by a rigid code of conduct and a system of courts-martial that is separate from civilian law. Defenders of the system say its rigidity is designed to keep and maintain a high level of trust and order in the context of life-and-death decisions."

Investors Business Daily 11/12/98 Brian Mitchell ".It isn't every day that military officers risk their pensions to declare publicly that their commander in chief is a loser. But two Marine Corps majors have dared to do just that. In a recent issue of Navy Times, Maj. Shane Sellers called President Clinton an ''adulterous liar,'' prompting the Defense Department to remind all service members that they are forbidden from using ''contemptuous words'' about the president. That warning didn't stop Marine Corps Reserve Maj. Daniel Rabil, however. In a guest column in the Nov. 9 Washington Times, Rabil called Clinton a ''lying draft dodger'' and ''hypocrite- in-chief.'' ''I therefore risk my commission, as our generals will not, to urge'' Clinton's impeachment, he wrote. Rabil's column is the tip of an iceberg of discontent. Many more service members are fed up with the dishonesty they see not just in their commander in chief, but also in their civilian and military superiors in the Pentagon. As U.S. military activity in Iraq and the Balkans picks up, this discontent in the ranks is particularly worrisome. The credibility of the top brass has taken several beatings in recent months. The worst occurred when the Joint Chiefs of Staff finally admitted to the Senate on Sept. 29 what press reports had indicated for months: The services are facing severe readiness problems caused by overwork and underfunding. In February, the Joint Chiefs had told Congress there was no cause for alarm. The services were ''fundamentally healthy'' and ''fully capable'' of accomplishing all their missions. They could even fight two wars at once, as required by the National Military Strategy. Seven months later, after the discovery of an unexpected budget surplus, the chiefs' concern for readiness compelled them to asked the president and Congress for more money. The sudden turnaround irked Republican legislators who have pushed for higher defense funding against administration resistance. Sen. Bob Smith, R-N.H., pronounced the chiefs ''AWOL from the debate.'' ''We were always accused of giving more or providing more to the Pentagon than the generals and admirals asked for,'' Smith said. ''That's tough to defend out there politically.'' Defense Secretary William Cohen later tried to take the heat off the chiefs by claiming they were just following his orders. That's just the problem, say the administration's critics. ''They're following orders, and their orders are to come here and lie to Congress,'' said Rep. Roscoe Bartlett, R-Md., at a recent conference in Washington on the Pentagon's problems, sponsored by the Center for Military Readiness.."

New York Times 12/1/98 Steven Lee Meyers ".Gen. Charles Krulak, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, had just finished a long speech on "moral courage" at the Naval War College in Newport, R.I.,when the inevitable question arose. What are the nation's military officers supposed to think, a young officer in the audience asked, when the commander in chief has acknowledged behavior -- an "inappropriate relationship" with a subordinate -- that would in all likelihood ruin their careers? Krulak's answer boiled down to this: The same Uniform Code of Military Justice that prohibits adultery, fraternization and lying about either also prohibits officers from using "contemptuous words" against the president. And every man and woman in uniform swears an oath to that effect, even if it means giving up the right to speak freely. "You either obey your oath," he said, "or you have the courage to resign."."

CNN 12/8/98 ".The U.S. Army proceeded with charges Thursday stemming from a sex scandal that could lead to the first-ever court-martial of a retired Army general. Maj. Gen. David Hale faces 17 charges of lying, conduct unbecoming an officer and obstruction of justice. He is accused of making false statements to Army officials and investigators and conducting improper relationships with the wives of several subordinate officers. The charges are being forwarded to the military equivalent of a civilian grand jury. An Article 32 hearing will be held to determine if the evidence against Hale is strong enough to warrant a criminal prosecution, or whether he should be punished administratively. The charges against Hale include six counts of "making false official statements," nine counts of "conduct unbecoming an officer" and two counts of obstruction of justice. If the case goes to a military trial, Hale would become the first retired Army general to be court-martialed. If convicted, Hale could face a prison term. If punished administratively, he could lose pension benefits.."

Deseret News 12/15/98 John Robinson ".One drama was being played out in front of TV cameras to a worldwide audience with the White House serving as a backdrop. The other was going along mostly unnoticed in Chandler, Ariz. The president, with a somber look, stood in front of the cameras in the Rose Garden on Friday and again, in carefully crafted terms, said he was sorry for misleading the American people about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky and would be willing to accept a rebuke and censure from Congress. Then he walked away. How that played in Peoria and elsewhere became evident by two questions shouted at his quickly departing back: "Did you lie under oath?" and "Will you resign if impeached?" The media, not to mention the nation, have heard and seen this song and dance too many times from a man who will apparently go to any length - with the possible exception of telling the truth - to rescue his presidency. A week earlier, thousands of miles away from 1600 Pennsylvania Ave., a major in the Marine Corps Reserves received a phone call. Daniel J. Rabil was told to leave Chandler and report to New Orleans the next day. He was about to be disciplined for an article he wrote a month ago that appeared in the Washington Times under the headline: "Please, impeach my commander in chief.".His concluding phrase may have irritated those superiors sitting in judgment of him: "I therefore risk my commission, as our generals will not, to urge this of Congress: Remove this stain from our White House." Rabil was told by Maj. Gen. David Mize, the commander of the Marine Reserves, that had he been on active duty he would have been court-martialed.."

Washington Times 12/15/98 Thomas Moorer ".The House Judiciary Committee approved four articles of impeachment in the light of what the New York Times has described as "the corrosive effects on the military's code of honor of having a commander in chief who has admitted misleading the nation" (Impeachment Panel Sets Hearing On the "Consequences of Perjury," Nov. 24, 1998). The president, by his own poor choices, created a crisis of constitutional proportion within the same Armed Forces he is duty-bound to lead. It is now up to Congress to solve this crisis by holding the president accountable. When I had the honor to serve as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the early 1970s, I was the senior uniformed member of the United States Armed Forces. As such, like every other commissioned officer, I served "during the pleasure of the president." Like every other officer, I also swore to "support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies foreign and domestic," and to "bear true faith and allegiance to the same.... So help me God." The subject matter of the hearings aptly described a critical problem within the Armed Forces that many civilians do not fully appreciate. The president is the commander in chief. Although he does not wear a military uniform, he is a military leader. In this regard, I have urged the committee to address two fundamental issues of military leadership: honor and accountability. Within the leadership of the United States Armed Forces, these virtues are indispensable. Without them, soldiers, sailors, airmen, Marines and civilians die unnecessarily..."

The Drudge Report 12/28/98 ".The SEATTLE POST-INTELLIGENCER is preparing to report in Tuesday editions that a veteran Marine sergeant at Whidbey Island (Wash.) Naval Air Station, who was named the base's outstanding Marine of the year for 1996, faces a general court-martial on charges he had sexual relations with a 14-year-old family friend! SPI reporter Ed Offley breaks exclusive details of the story involving Sgt. Kenneth Poppy, 28, who has been charged under four counts of the Uniform Code of Military Justice after a five-month investigation by the Naval Criminal Investigative Service and Marine officials.."

CNN 1/16/99 Freeper Tim Goodenough reports Sen. Warner ".EVANS: Mr. Chairman, now that you're running the Armed Services Committee this is a pertinent, particularly for you: Would the acquittal of the president, in the face of the allegations of perjury and obstruction of justice, have any effect on military regulations involving kicking officers out of the military service, or enlisted men, for perjury/obstruction of justice? WARNER: Rollie, it will be a precedent. And I tell -- and I've talked to many -- this case troubles the military, perhaps more than any segment of our society. And I will also tell you that the Congress in the next 10 years, excuse me, the next two years -- under your first question -- will have to exercise to its absolute full responsibility reviews of all foreign policy and national security decisions, because that president, if he's to remain, will be an injured president. And the Congress has to live up to its co-equal responsibilities in reviewing each of those decisions as it relates to security and foreign policy. EVANS: Should the Senate take that into consideration, sir, as it reaches a conclusion? WARNER: This senator will take that into consideration.."

Washington Times Inside Cover 6/4/99 John Wheeler "... Wes Clark ranked first in our class. He left a Rhodes Scholarship at Oxford to lead troops in Vietnam. Badly wounded, he recalls wondering if he would ever meet his newborn son. He now commands NATO..... But if things were bad in 1965, they are worse in 1999. We live in a culture of lies. Bill Clinton is a perjurer. On policy matters since 1992 he has lied to so many members of Congress that few rely on his word. The military is saddled with teaching soldiers the core value of truthfulness which the president, like Tommy's audience in 1965, cannot possibly understand. ..... Wes Clark's job will be easier, fewer people will be killed on the battlefield and the families of soldiers will suffer less if Washington's policymakers make even a modest effort to practice the truthfulness held dear by America's troops in the field.... The honor code encompasses all aspects of a cadet's life, extending beyond the professional and academic realms into the personal realm..... An individual's nonverbal communications that create an impression or convey a message to someone else in lieu of an oral or written statement must be truthful. Equivocation is the intentional use of vague, misleading or ambiguous language. Equivocation is a subset of lying. Cadets are expected to exercise tact in social situations. Social tact is designed to spare the feelings of others. However, the cadet must not gain an advantage in exercising social tact. Three rules of thumb: (1) Does this action attempt to deceive anyone or allow anyone to be deceived? (2) Does this action gain or allow the gain of a privilege or advantage to which I or someone else would not otherwise be entitled? (3) Would I be satisfied with this outcome. if I were on the receiving end of this action?..."

Air Force Times 8/23/99 Nick Adde "…Despite the objections of retirees and veterans, Congress is requiring that just two uniformed service members be present at military funerals. The groups wanted lawmakers to stick to a plan -- passed one year ago -- calling for three-member funeral details. The new provision, included in the 2000 defense authorization bill, requires that both members of the honor guard come from either the active or reserve components of a uniformed service, with at least one representing the service of the deceased veteran or retiree. Under the previous measure, the three-member honor guards could have come from the armed services or veterans' organizations. The new bill also sets minimum standards of service at funerals. It requires uniformed honor guards to fold a U.S. flag and present it to the family of the deceased service member. The military also would provide a high-quality recording of "taps" if a bugler isn't available….."

USA Today 8/17/99 Craig Wilson "…One thousand die every day, more than 30,000 a month. Most will be gone by the year 2008. The 6.3 million remaining World War II veterans quickly are vanishing from the American landscape. They are our fathers and grandfathers and great-grandfathers. They also are our mothers, grandmothers and great-grandmothers. For the most part, they grew up in the Depression, went off to war to fight for freedom over fascism and returned home to build a better life for their young families. Most Americans would agree they are the rock upon which present-day America is built. "It is, I believe, the greatest generation any society has ever produced," NBC anchorman Tom Brokaw says in describing the men and women whose stories fill the pages of his best-selling book, The Greatest Generation. "They faced great odds and a late start, but they did not protest. They succeeded on every front. They won the war; they saved the world." …."The war made me even more loyal and patriotic," says Don Bush, who served in the Navy. "And when I see that flag flying, I still want to cry. It makes me feel bad when I don't see that same amount of patriotism and respect anymore." …."We're losing our basic fiber. We saluted the flag. Now the Supreme Court says it's OK to burn the flag. American history is no longer required in school. The list goes on and on." …."

San Francisco Chronicle 8/17/99 Debra Saunders "…THERE IS a big problem with the military's new anti-gay harassment guidelines, announced last week, to stop physical and verbal abuse against homosexuals in the military. The guidelines are seen as a response to the beating death last month of Army Pfc. Barry Winchell. He allegedly was beaten because he was gay. The problem is President Clinton's 1994 ``don't ask, don't tell'' policy, that was supposed to put an end to recruiters' and commanding officers' questions about sexual orientation, but also allows the military to discharge soldiers who say they are gay or engage in homosexual activity. The new guidelines mandate instruction during recruitment training and periodically thereafter, that would drill into the troops the news that harassment of homosexuals in the military is forbidden. The guidelines also call for special training for judges, lawyers and commanding officers who administer the ``don't ask, don't tell'' policy. So, what are military brass supposed to say? ``We can fire soldiers for being gay, but you recruits can't taunt them?'' Or: ``Calling people names is verboten, because it's insensitive, but we can take away people's livelihoods because they're gay or lesbian, and that's not harassment?'' …"

Air Force News Service 8/19/99 AFN "…The proposed pay raise, pay table reform and changes to the retirement system will have a positive influence on military retention rates, but officials are still concerned about the effects of operations tempo, said Vice Adm. Patricia A. Tracey. Tracey, deputy assistant secretary of defense for military personnel policy, also said the Department of Defense must better understand how members' concerns about their families may be causing mid-level officers and noncommissioned officers to leave the services. DOD must do more to address these quality-of-life issues, she said….. Optempo remains a problem. Optempo is the pace of operations experienced by units, especially in terms of deployments and training. Since the end of the Cold War, more U.S. service members have been deploying to hotspots around the world. Tracey said the services are looking at ways to make military life "more predictable." She said the Navy and Marine Corps have for years deployed crews and ships on a set cycle. She cited the Air Force's expeditionary aerospace force concept as a promising step toward making Air Force life more predictable. The Army, too, is looking at deployment rates and how to ensure no unit is overstressed. Some personnel tempo problems result from the turbulence created by downsizing and consolidation, she said. Perstempo refers to the degree of turbulence or turnover in individual jobs, how hard and how long individuals work and how frequently they are being deployed. Optempo generally drives perstempo, but so does how well a unit is manned…."

Kansas City Star 8/16/99 Robert Ulin "…I noted with interest the appointment of Gen. Joseph Ralston, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to become the next Supreme Allied Commander, Europe. He will be the second Air Force general in history to hold this position. The first was Gen. Lauris Norstad (1956-1962). All other leaders since the post was established in 1951 have been Army generals. The Air Force has been waiting since the end of World War II to prove that air power alone can win wars. It made a strong argument during World War II that the strategic bombing campaign against Germany shortened the war and ultimately led to Allied victory. The strategic bombing survey conducted after the war debunked that myth. With the advent of precision guided munitions, air power has become a decisive instrument of warfare. Witness the air campaign over Iraq during the Gulf War and the air campaign over Serbia. In the end, however, it's the soldier who must go in on the ground and secure victory - as in the Gulf War - or stabilize the situation on the ground - as in the war against Serbia…."

Philadelphia Inquirer 8/19/99 Gary Blied "…On May 7, I retired from my duties as a pilot in the U.S. Air Force Reserves with the rank of major after 22 years of service. It broke my heart to leave. I'm only 41 and could have served my country for years more. I miss the service, the camaraderie, the mission and the pride that I had in serving our country. What decided me on leaving was the controversy surrounding the anthrax vaccine.

In 1997, Secretary of Defense William Cohen ordered that all troops receive the vaccine by 2005. Since then, controversy has arisen concerning the safety of the vaccine. Make no mistake. Anthrax is a clear and present danger to both the armed forces and the civilian population of the United States. The Department of Defense is correct in trying to find protection for the troops against this lethal biological weapon…. In this case, however, more and more people are becoming convinced that an inadequately studied, dated and unproven vaccine may not be the answer. Out of 300,000 service members inoculated, about 100 have reported severe reactions similar to those reported by veterans with Gulf War syndrome. The Pentagon only has acknowledged short-term side effects. About 200 military personnel have refused the vaccinations…."

Army Times 8/23/99 Nick Adde "…A retiree group's court battle to prove the government reneged on a promise of free health care for life has been dealt a crippling defeat. In a six-page unanimous opinion issued Aug. 9, a panel of three judges with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in Washington, D.C., ruled that nothing in recruiting literature or service manuals ever guaranteed retirees or their dependents permanent, unlimited access to military hospitals and clinics. The 16 plaintiffs, known as the Coalition of Retired Military Veterans, sought $10,000 per person in damages for unlawful "seizure of property," which they said occurred when the Defense Department created Tricare, its managed-care system, in 1995. Had they prevailed, the courtroom doors would have opened to all other retirees who could show they were in similar straits. ….. That is because older retirees become ineligible for Tricare once they reach age 65 and become eligible for Medicare. They can still get free care if space is available at military hospitals and clinics. But those appointments are increasingly hard to get -- virtually impossible in some locales…..During their appeal, heard in December 1998, attorney Michael J. Kator argued that the government promised -- in regulations, guide books and recruitment pitches -- free lifetime care for anyone who agreed to serve a full career in uniform. The access ended only when Congress decided to stop paying for it, Kator said. Government lawyers countered that free health care was always "permissive and conditional," and that any increase in health care benefits for retirees would have to come from Congress….. Friedman cited numerous military regulations that gave hospital commanders and the services' surgeons general wide discretion in the allocation of health-care resources for retirees. And although the retirees' claimed service manuals clearly stated their right to lifetime medical benefits, they were only valid when they were "in effect," Friedman wrote. Those guarantees do not necessarily apply today. …."

Army Times 8/23/99 Jim Tice "…The Army's affirmative action promotion policies have taken another hit in federal court with four field-grade officers challenging the legality of "equal opportunity" instructions used by basic-branch colonels and lieutenant colonels boards over the past decade. The officers, three regulars and one reservist, variously were passed over by active component Army Competitive Category and reserve component Army Promotion List boards that met from 1992 to 1999. Lt. Cols. Robert Siegert, Michael Ashe, Jay Jupiter and Maj. James Waldeck, claim in a suit filed Aug. 11 with the U.S. District Court in Washington that portions of instructions used by the boards violated their equal protection and due process rights under the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution…."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 8/17/99 Rowan Scarborough "…A majority of military recruit trainers see adultery or fraternization as a "significant threat" to operational readiness, according to a survey by a special congressional commission. In the most extensive polling ever of male and female trainers, most said the Defense Department should continue its legal prohibitions against extramarital affairs and personal relationships between seniors and subordinates. "The overwhelming opinion of recruit trainers . . . was that these behaviors can wreak havoc and harm unit cohesion, soldier morale and military readiness," said the report from the Congressional Commission on Military Training and Gender-Related Issues….. About 43 percent of trainers of both sexes said fraternization or adultery in today's military "pose a significant threat to operational readiness," according to the report. Another 16 percent of men and 10 percent of women said one of the offenses -- but not the other --presents a threat. Only about 25 percent of those questioned saw no harm to readiness…."

Washington Post 10/19/99 David Brown "....The use of the drug pyridostigmine bromide (PB) by 250,000 soldiers during the Persian Gulf War "cannot be ruled out" as a cause of lingering illnesses in some veterans, according to a new report prepared for the Defense Department. Numerous hypotheses of how the drug--which was given to protect against the nerve gas soman--might produce lingering symptoms years after exposure are "scientifically viable," wrote the author. ..." 10/19/99 Carl Limbacher "...Nearly 200 members of the armed forces have defied military orders to receive an anthrax vaccine, has learned. The numbers may appear small to an outsider. To military observers they are huge for the salute-and-shoot GI's that make up the U.S. Armed Forces. The rebellion against anthrax is shaping up to be the most significant military unrest in modern times...."

Fox News-AP 10/19/99 Robert Burns ".....The Pentagon raised the possibility Tuesday that a nerve gas antidote taken by as many as 250,000 U.S. troops in the 1991 Persian Gulf War may be a cause of the mysterious Gulf War syndrome that has left thousands of veterans with unexplained maladies. In presenting the results of an extensive review of existing scientific studies of the antidote, known as pyridostigmine bromide, or PB, Pentagon officials said they cannot rule out the possibility of a link. On the other hand, they said much more study is needed before they can reach a firm conclusion. ...."

Fayetteville (N.C.) Observer-Times 10/21/99 Henry Cuningham "... Fort Bragg soldiers can expect ''more of the same'' as far as foreign peacekeeping deployments, the commander said on Wednesday. ''For the foreseeable future, we're going to be in Bosnia,'' said Lt. Gen. Buck Kernan, commander of Fort Bragg and the 18th Airborne Corps. ''We're going to be in Kosovo, we're going to be in the Sinai, we're probably going to be in Kuwait,'' Kernan said. ''And in the not-too-distant future, we may well see ourselves on the Golan Heights.'' ...."

Norfolk Virginian-Pilot 10/21/99 Elizabeth Simpson "....Children whose Navy mothers go off to sea are more likely to experience deep feelings of sadness and anxiety before and during deployments than children whose mothers draw shore duty, a study released today finds. Michelle Kelley, an associate professor of psychology at Old Dominion University, compared the children of 75 Navy mothers who were deployed with those of 52 Navy mothers who had shore duty from the summer of 1996 through the summer of 1998. Her study showed that about 12 percent of the children of mothers who were deployed showed signs of sadness and anxiety that reached ``clinical'' levels -- meaning they warranted close monitoring or professional help -- compared with less than 5 percent of children whose mothers had shore duty....."

San Francisco Examiner 10/21/99 ".... New evidence points to a protector pill given to U.S. troops as the possible cause of Gulf war syndrome among veterans New analysis of long-available scientific literature points to a nerve-gas antidote as the possible cause of Gulf war syndrome in thousands of Americans who served in that military operation. The suspect drug is pyridostigmine bromide, which was given experimentally to about 300,000 members of our armed forces to guard against a feared Iraqi attack with lethal soman nerve gas. ....."

A letter sent to US News & World Report 10/4/99 ....The first article appeared in the 4 Oct edition of US News & World Report. The next letter is a reply to this professor from an AWACS controller currently assigned to AF Rome Labs in NY....US News & World Report, 4 Oct 99; Letters (reprint) "...The education associated with ROTC is a contradiction to the academic freedom enjoyed at university campuses; military training on college campuses, in fact, makes a mockery of education. Far from taking a global view of learning, ROTC encourages narrow patriotism and a philosophy of any means (killing people and polluting environments) to the end. The institutionalized mistreatment of gays and lesbians in the military and sexual harassment of women are par for the course ..... Professor of Social Work ..... Iowa" and "....It is a shame you felt obliged to comment on something you apparently know so little about. I wonder if in your extensive research in "Social Work" you ever encountered someone who's actually served in the armed forces? The answer goes without saying. Allow me to be your first. It troubles me that you must be reminded that the academic freedom you enjoy and cherish so dearly was purchased with the precious lives and blood of many a noble soldier on wretched battlefields here and abroad over the past 223 years. Do you honestly believe freedom of any sort comes without tremendous cost? Are you so willfully naive to think you'd enjoy the same license if you were a professor in China, Iran, North Korea, or the Sudan? ..... My exhortation to you is to get out of the rarified air in your office, walk over to your ROTC detachment in Lang Hall and interact with the men and women in uniform and those aspiring to wear it. Perhaps then you will wake up from your slumber of conscious ignorance, join the ranks of the enlightened, and offer a prayer of thanksgiving to God for the freedoms you take for granted and those who sacrifice daily on your behalf to secure it. In Service To You, Capt Jonathan Clough....."

Insight Magazine 10/22/99 Timothy Maier ".....Executive Order 13139 is requiring military personnel to receive experimental vaccines not approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Courts-martial are pending. . . . . EO13139, titled "Improving Health Protection of Military Personnel Participating in Particular Military Operations," caught Congress off guard as it directed the Pentagon to disregard the authority of the Food and Drug Administration, or FDA. The order authorized use of experimental vaccines -- those not approved by the FDA and therefore illegal -- to be administered to members of the armed forces without informed consent.. . . . Some congressmen saw this as an attack by the president on the House Government Reform subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs and International Relations, where testimony indicated the Pentagon had violated the FDA's procedures on how to administer the anthrax vaccine. Those hearings -- as well as others held by the full House Committee on Government Reform -- had put the FDA on the spot for letting the Pentagon disregard sensible FDA regulations...." 7/7/00 Johnny Chung "…… Trisha later sent me another e-mail which touched my heart. ……… "Several days ago, my husband's father passed away," she wrote. "He was 87-years-old and was a WWII Marine. ... The funeral was (June 28). It was a wonderful full Marine Corps honors funeral complete with the Marine Corps anthem during the service with a Marine honor guard at the gravesite. "After the playing of 'Taps' and the folding of the flag, a Marine presented the flag to my sister-in-law. He said some beautiful words, but honestly, Johnny, I am sorry to say that I actually cringed inside. I say this because his first words were, 'On behalf of the President of the United States. ...' "Isn't it a rotten shame that we have to feel these emotions regarding our president? My father-in-law fought proudly and bravely in the South Pacific and told us of so many horrors he lived through. This president, who is a proven draft-dodger, isn't fit to touch that beautiful Marine Corps dress-blue uniform my father-in-law was buried wearing!" ...... A military burial is the highest honor that can be bestowed upon our dead, and I believe Trisha's family agrees. After all, American soldiers, including Trisha's father-in-law, fought to preserve freedom for this country. How many of us, when we listen to "God Bless America," have tears in our eyes? ……I had a tear in my eye this year on the Fourth of July when I heard "God Bless America" played. It made me feel so proud to be an American. It made me feel so proud to think of those American soldiers who fought to preserve the freedom of this, the greatest nation. But it breaks my heart to hear that a soldier's family member cringed at the name of the president -- the military's top commander and the leader of our country. …..Mr. President, look at what you have done to this country. Integrity and honesty is so important to Americans, and you just simply don't have it. It's come to the point that the mere mention of your name insults the memory of a veteran soldier. …….

ABCNEWS 6/30/00 Barbara Starr "….ABCNEWS has learned that the Pentagon may be forced to temporarily suspend its highly controversial program to inoculate all military personnel against the deadly anthrax biological warfare agent. A final decision could come as soon as next Friday, when Defense Secretary William Cohen is scheduled to be presented with the latest set of problems with the vaccination program……..The problem is simple. The Pentagon is running out of usable doses, and the Michigan production plant under construction that is supposed to be making new vaccine is so far behind schedule it cannot make new doses until January at the earliest……."

THE WASHINGTON TIMES 7/3/00 Rowan Scarborough "…….The Air Force chief of staff has ordered a high-level review of the racial climate inside the chaplain corps in the aftermath of a furor over whether the No. 2 chaplain made a racially offensive remark. An Air Force inspector general concluded Brig. Gen. Lorraine Potter's remarks were not "wrongfully" discriminatory, an Air Force inspector general concluded. The incident involved an office meeting last fall during which Gen. Potter discussed the qualifications of black chaplains for advancement……. Several black chaplains have challenged the findings and charge that there is a general pattern in the corps of denying top jobs to black chaplains. In response, Gen. Michael Ryan, Air Force chief of staff, has ordered his assistant vice chief of staff to conduct a "climate assessment."……."

Honolulu Advertiser 6/28/00 Oliver Lee "…….But with the collapse of the U.S.S.R. in late 1991, the "Evil Empire" was no more. The American people heaved a big sigh of relief, and most of them reverted to America's traditional isolationism, which goes as far back as George Washington. …..This isolationism was rooted in the geographic reality of America's separateness from the Old World, its consequent security from foreign invasions, and therefore the sense that foreign quarrels are basically of little concern to the United States. This sense was only temporarily overridden during two world wars when the American people were energized to fight expansionist powers, not so much because Americans feared for their national survival as because of their moral revulsion against the barbarous acts of the aggressors. …….After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the American people were still willing to accept their government's definition of what's right and wrong in other countries, but were unwilling to pay the price in blood for getting involved……"

Army Times 7/3/00 "……You'd think Pentagon officials would learn a thing or two from mistakes. Apparently not. The release this week -- by Congress, not defense officials -- of a Pentagon report on gas masks used to protect our troops in the event of a chemical or biological attack clearly shows that top defense officials knew much more than they were letting on just three months ago when they insisted U.S. troops were never in danger from defective chemical suits manufactured by a company the Pentagon knew was using shoddy workmanship. ……In fact, the problems went far beyond the suits manufactured by Isratex, and the danger to U.S. troops of defective chemical-biological gear was far worse than most people thought. Back on Feb. 25, the Defense Department inspector general released a report saying that for nearly four years, the Defense Department issued potentially defective chemical protective suits made by a company that it suspected of fraud and poor workmanship. Defense officials immediately circled the wagons and insisted the report vastly overstated the danger to troops. ……"

Jane's Defence Weekly 6/28/00 Bryan Bender "…….Senior US Navy (USN) officials are concerned that the recent focus on naval operations close to shore could threaten the service's ability to fight on the high seas, a scenario that is less likely in the post-Cold War era but still remains a possibility. Rear Adm Malcolm Fages, USN director of submarine warfare, told a Naval Submarine League audience that the growing need for naval forces to operate in the littorals does not mean "blue water" operations should get short shrift in fleet modernisation plans. "It is necessary to focus on blue water and the littorals", he said. "The enemy is not going to give us a bye" on the open seas. ……."

AP 6/25/00 Manuel Ernesto Rivera "…..Protesters claimed victory after the U.S. Navy did not begin a planned bombing exercise on Vieques island - the largest since a fatal accident prompted a yearlong occupation of the target range. ''This is one more triumph in the fight against the Navy,'' activist Hector Pesquera said at a meeting of about 200 protesters Saturday near the Navy facility, Camp Garcia. The Navy had earlier said it would begin its exercise ''approximately Saturday'' - but by Saturday evening it had failed to materialize. Some protesters invaded the range late Saturday night, but the Navy said all 41 were arrested by dawn Sunday. ……"

Washington Times 6/22/00 Capt John P Prisley, USN (ret) As a life member of the Navy League and a retired submariner who had command of a submarine and a submarine division (seven submarines), I feel qualified to comment on Sheila McNeill's letter ("Tax money should not be used to modify submarines for women," June 12)……..I agree with her that there is no place for women on submarines based on the issues of combat effectiveness, privacy, unit cohesiveness and cost. I cannot, however, agree with her statement that women are capable of performing every job on a submarine. There are still some physically demanding jobs - such as torpedo loading and handling, diesel engine maintenance and auxiliary machinery maintenance - that would tax the average female body....... Moreover, the psychology of living in such close quarters for prolonged periods of time (60 days to 70 days) would significantly stress the average woman……. I would further raise the moral issue of forcing the close association of young men and women in the living and working spaces of a submarine. Such ill-advised cohabitation could result in sexual promiscuity, pregnancies and moral problems not only with crew members, but especially with those crew members' families back home………The Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services has proved itself to be a home for radical feminism with a single goal in mind - to feminize our armed forces, regardless of operational and combat performance issues…….The sooner this group permanently disbands and Congress gets more truthful information (as opposed to politically correct party lines) from our senior military leaders the better. Congress and the American public have been misled ……"


New York 7/30/00 Steven Myers "…….Republicans in Congress have long chided their Democratic colleagues for ignoring shortfalls in the defense budgets, but the Pentagon's decision to send a display of some of the military's latest hardware to the Republican National Convention gave the Democrats a golden opportunity to turn the tables. Two Democratic congressmen sharply criticized the Pentagon's decision to send an array of weapons and other equipment to the former Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for a three-day exhibition that begins today, saying the money would be better spent on repairs or benefits for service members and their families. Despite the Pentagon's policy barring the military from involvement in partisan political activities, Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen approved a request to ship the weapons -- at taxpayers' expense -- to the shipyard, where about 100 Republican members of Congress are staying during the convention. ........."While I recognize that the department has attempted to make sure that its activities in Philadelphia will not be interpreted as associating the department with any partisan political causes, issues or activities, this will be, frankly, a difficult distinction for many people to make," Mr. Skelton wrote. "There is no event in American politics more partisan than a national political convention."

WorldNetDaily 7/31/00 Geoff Metcalf "…….. Tom DeWeese recently wrote, "On October 1, 2000, the Department of Justice, under Janet Reno is scheduled to take control of military forces here in the United States of America." I warned about this in my April 10 column, "Reno's raiders" ……. DeWeese noted, "The Assembly will bring together the largest gathering of world leaders ever to meet under one roof. Their goal is to change the way governments operate. The U.N. will be established as the central operating entity. All governments will be redesigned to operate through the U.N. Independent sovereign states will essentially cease to exist. They will instead become 'partners' in global governance." That is their plan, and they are working the plan; however, there will be resistance. ......"

Washington Post 7/22/00 Thomas Ricks "…..The Pentagon yesterday issued an eagerly awaited report criticizing the military's implementation of its policy on gays and vowed to roll out a massive training program aimed at reducing the level of anti-gay harassment in the armed services. As part of the new effort, military leaders will be instructed explicitly that they should never ask about a person's sexual orientation, no matter what the circumstance. "The question, 'Are you homosexual?' is never in order. ..."

Navy Times 7/20/00 Christopher Munsey "….. Starting this fall, Navy recruits will learn the basics of firing weapons with live ammunition as part of boot camp at Recruit Training Command in Great Lakes, Ill. For almost three years, since concerns about lead contamination closed the base's old firearms range, recruits have used a modified M-16 rifle equipped with a laser --not live ammunition -- to train with firearms. ….." 7/17/00 Dara Akiko Williams AP "……A Bahraini princess who used forged military documents to flee her country and marry a U.S. Marine must face charges of illegally entering the United States, a judge said Monday. Immigration judge Ignacio Fernandez refused to dismiss the charges, a ruling that prevents the princess, 19-year-old Meriam Al Khalifa, from applying for permanent residency in the United States without seeking political asylum...."

David Hackworth 7/11/00 "……In 1992, American warriors were sent to Somalia to feed the poor. A few months later, "Wild Bill" Clinton took charge and changed the rules of the game from feeding to fighting. By 1993, American policy had become "shoot first, ask questions later." Folks around the globe are wondering: Has the United States returned to its Wild West past where trouble was too often resolved from the mean end of a gun or a rope? The world has plenty of reasons to ask. Since our aborted Somalian misadventure, U.S. bombs were dropped in Bosnia and Croatia and continue nonstop over what's become our permanent bombing range, Iraq. Then there was the futile "peaceful" invasion of Haiti, followed by the 1994, near-nuclear high-noon in Korea. I was at ground zero there at the time and almost witnessed my first atomic fireball. No wonder the two Korean presidents are as much into unification as squirrels are into acorns -- togetherness beats glowing for 250,000 years. And, of course, there's the aspirin factory in Sudan that missiles disappeared by mistake. And the Afghan camp built to train CIA-sponsored Freedom Fighters that went up in smoke -- from missiles that missed their intended terrorist target, Osama bin Laden. For a former peacenik, "Wild Bill" has slapped a powerful lot of leather during the past eight years. …" 7/20/00 "…….The American military is increasingly afraid not to give females the benefit of the doubt in sexual-harassment cases, some observers are charging. According to a Wednesday story in the Washington Times, military experts and retired officers are saying that "a male charged with sexual harassment must prove his innocence or face discipline." To back that up, the Times reports:
• An official Army health guide issued to commanders states that sexual harassment complaints by women against men are usually true.
• A legal counsel to a 1999 congressional commission on issues of sex and the military, Jim Renne, said: "In a practical sense, it seems to me that men are guilty until proven innocent, and it was definitely a career-wrecker just to have an accusation leveled against them.
"The military spends far too much precious resources and time on sexual-harassment prevention when they ignore the underlying policy mistake.
"This may be politically incorrect, but it's true: Men and woman are very different biologically, mentally and emotionally. Mixing them in military units may be workable with considerable effort but not optimal."
• Two unidentified senior retired officers said the current "zero tolerance" climate causes commanders to fear that unless they initiate a full-blown investigation they could find their careers ruined by accusations that they are soft on harassment or insensitive to a woman's complaint. ……"

WORLD TRIBUNE.COM 8/2/00 Christopher Holton "...... I've heard Republicans complaining about Colin Powell's stand on affirmative action and abortion. Some Republicans ask why Powell is in the GOP at all with those views? Here's the answer: IT'S NATIONAL SECURITY, STUPID!!! Many Republicans complained about Senator John McCain's emphasis on campaign finance and his perceived leftward lean during the primaries. Some Republicans asked: "How can he be a Republican and hold those views?" Here's the answer: ........ IT'S NATIONAL SECURITY, STUPID!!! ...... General Powell and Senator McCain have been to war for America. They have travelled around the world. They know that the "end of the Cold War" is not all it's cracked up to be. They know that there are many threats out there. They know that the US military has been decimated under the Democrats. They know that the morale of our fighting men and women has never been lower. They have seen first-hand the contempt that the current administration has for those who have devoted their lives to wearing the uniform of the USA. ....."

Telegraph/U.K. 8/3/00 David Frum "……WOULD you feel comfortable at a Republican convention? Here's a simple test: Read the following lyrics. If these words stir you, well then: welcome to the party of Lincoln. If they make you cringe, you are culturally a Democrat, or worse:
"If tomorrow all the things were gone I'd worked for all my life,
And I had to start again with just my children and my wife.
I'd thank my lucky stars to be livin' here today,
'cause the flag still stands for freedom and they can't take that away.
And I'm proud to be an American where at least I know I'm free.
And I won't forget the men who died, who gave that right to me.
And I'd gladly stand up next to you and defend her still today.
'Cause there ain't no doubt I love this land: God bless the USA!"
God Bless the USA, written and sung by Lee Greenwood, a country music star, was published in time for Ronald Reagan to seize on it as the unofficial hymn of the 1984 convention, and its distinctive tones have lilted through every convention since. ………. The troops in the Gulf adopted it as their anthem during the war with Iraq, and Mr Greenwood belted it out immediately after Dick Cheney accepted the Republican vice-presidential nomination. It is often said that Bill Clinton has remade the Democratic party. Up to a point, that claim is true. But in one important - maybe even crucial - way the claim is false. The Republican party remains today, as it has been since 1968, the unrivalled party of American patriotism. Indeed, the charge that Bill Clinton has been an unworthy custodian of the national interest has echoed much more resoundingly in Philadelphia than complaints either about his personal misconduct or his contemptuous attitude toward law. ……." 8/4/00 Lawrence Morahan "…..Angry at what it sees as inaction and broken promises on retirement and health care benefits, a national military veterans organization is putting up billboards in Texas and New Mexico discouraging people from enlisting in the military. The billboards feature the familiar portrait of Uncle Sam pointing grimly at motorists and passersby, but instead of the familiar "I want YOU for the US Army," the caption reads: "I lied to you about veteran's benefits." …….. "Thinking about a career in the military?" the billboards ask. "Think again."….."

Stars and Stripes 7/19/00 David Eberhart "…….SAN ANTONIO-Defense Secretary William S. Cohen wants to know why the National Veterans Organization (NVO) has put up highway billboards in Texas blasting this message: "Thinking about a military career? Think again! The government does not honor its promises to veterans!" "It seems that our billboard graphic is turning up as a screensaver on Department of Defense computers all over the world," said NVO director Doug McArthur after a phone call late last week from Col. Curtis Taylor in Cohen's office………"


DRUDGEREPORT 10/18/00 "……. The United States State Department believes the "17 or so dead sailors" on the U.S.S. Cole "does not compare to the 100+ Palestinians who have died in recent weeks" in Mideast violence, a stunning government memo reveals. ……. The Clinton/Gore Administration disapproved a VOICE OF AMERICA broadcast condemning the attack on the Cole. A memo from the Executive Secretariat Staff at the State Department stated: ...... "The Department of State does not clear on the referenced VOA editorial. "This editorial will reach an audience that is caught up in the violence in Israel and the Occupied Territories. The 17 or so dead sailors does not compare to the 100+ Palestinians who have died in recent weeks where we have remained silent. The people that hear this will not see the separation we are trying to make and relate it directly to the violence. "Either VOA adds something in there to take the edge off and mention the Palestinians or we should kill this editorial until the violence has calmed for a while. "S/CT [Secy. for counterterrorism] concurred with this. If you have questions concerning this editorial, please contact NEA/P (unintelligible) ……FROM: Swadia Sarkis, Interagency Coordinator TO: Voice of America (VOA), Office of Policy RE: VOA Editorial: Terrorism Will Fail OCTOBER 16, 2000 ….."

The Weekly Standard 10/18/00 "….. Clinton State Department Rejects Voice of America Editorial Condemning Terrorist Attack on the USS Cole . . . . . . "The 17 or so dead [American] sailers does not compare to the 100+ Palestinians who have died in recent weeks," the State Department complains. ...... Astonishingly, the Clinton administration now believes it is too "edgy" for the U.S. government to broadcast a warning to those who kill American sailors. ……… Here is the text of the memo objecting to the VOA editorial: "The Department of State does not clear on the referenced VOA editorial."

"This editorial will reach an audience that is caught up in the violence in Israel and the Occupied Territories. The 17 or so dead sailers [sic] does not compare to the 100+ Palestinians who have died in recent weeks where we have remained silent. The people that hear this will not see the separation we are trying to make and relate it directly to the violence."

"Either VOA adds something in there to take the edge off and mention the Palestinians or we should kill the editorial until the violence has calmed for a while."

Here is the text of the rejected Voice of America editorial.

On October 12th, the USS Cole was the target of a terrorist bomb in Yemen. Seven U.S. sailors are reported dead, ten others are missing, and more than three dozen were injured. "We will find out who was responsible and hold them accountable," said President Bill Clinton. "If their intention was to deter us from our mission of promoting peace and security in the Middle East," he added, "they will fail utterly."

The Cole, a guided missile destroyer, was preparing to refuel its gas turbine engines in the Yemeni port of Aden when a small boat, believed to have been manned by terrorists, pulled alongside the ship and exploded. The U.S. is conducting an intensive investigation into the attack.

In recent years, the U.S. has spared no effort to track down terrorists from the far corners of the world and bring them to justice. This includes those responsible for the savage 1993 World Trade Center bombing and the man who murdered two people that same year in an attack outside the headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency near Washington, D.C. In June 1998, the U.S. arrested Mohammed Rashid for the 1982 bombing of a Pan American airline flight from Tokyo to Honolulu that killed one passenger and wounded fifteen others.

Of the seventeen Al-Qaida terrorists responsible for the 1998 bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, in which more than two hundred men, women, and children were killed and thousands were wounded, nine have been apprehended. The U.S. will not rest until the eight remaining fugitive terrorists, including Osama bin Ladin, have been brought to account.

The U.S. has been a major target of international terrorists for many years. Despite their threats and violence, U.S. policy remains unchanged. The U.S. will make no concessions to terrorists. The U.S. will bring to justice those who attack its citizens and interests. The U.S. will hold state sponsors of terrorism fully accountable. The price of opposing international terrorism is high, but the U.S. will continue to pay it. Not to do so would be both immoral and dangerous.

Fox News Channel 10/19/00 George Gedda AP "……As the State Department describes it, an unfortunate ''glitch'' was responsible for a department memo that sought to reject a proposed Voice of America editorial on grounds that it might offend Palestinian listeners. In the end, the State Department approved the editorial, which denounced the apparent terrorist attack on the USS Cole last week in Yemen that claimed the lives of 17 American sailors. ……. But the department's disavowal of the memo came only after it became a news media item. …The memo, dated Monday, noted that the attack on the Cole took place at a time of prolonged violence between Israelis and Palestinians in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Israel itself. It also coincided with an intense administration effort to restore calm to the Middle East. ''This editorial will reach an audience that is caught up in the violence in Israel and the Occupied Territories. The 17 or so dead sailors does not compare to the 100+ Palestinians who have died in recent weeks where we have remained silent,'' the memo said. ''The people that hear this will not see the separation we are trying to make and relate it directly to the violence.'' ……… The memo, titled ''Message/Instructions,'' suggested that the editorial include a reference to dead Palestinians as a means of taking ''the edge off,'' or kill the editorial until calm is restored. There was no ambiguity in the memo's first paragraph: ''The Department of State does not clear on the referenced VOA editorial.'' …….. The memo was leaked to William Kristol, chairman of Project for the New American Century, a conservative group. He discussed the memo shortly after 6 p.m. Tuesday in an appearance on Fox Television News. At 11:21 p.m., the State Department sent a fax to VOA stating that the editorial was cleared for broadcast. By 11:30 a.m. Wednesday, the editorial was made available in all 53 languages in which VOA broadcasts, an agency official said. ……In a statement, Kristol said of the memo, ''At what level was this extraordinary decision made? Do Secretary of State Albright, Vice President Gore and President Clinton agree with the action taken by their own State Department?'' But State Department spokesman Richard Boucher issued a statement calling the memo ''wrong.'' He said the memo ''in no way reflects the views of the secretary of state, the department, or the bureau of Near Eastern affairs. It was not vetted or approved through appropriate channels.'' …….

U.S. State Department 10/18/00 Richard Boucher "……. The memorandum sent by the Department of State to the Voice of America on October 16 was wrong. The memorandum in no way reflects the views of the Secretary of State, the Department, or the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs. It was not vetted or approved through appropriate channels. The Voice of America text entitled "Terrorism Will Fail" has, in fact, been cleared by the Department of State as an editorial expressing the policies of the United States Government. …………."

American Legion 10/18/00 "……American military veterans have indicated that the positions of presidential candidate George W. Bush most closely represent their own views, according to an online poll conducted by The American Legion. The poll shows an overwhelming majority of participants, nearly 90 percent, favor Gov. Bush over Vice President Al Gore in matters of direct concern to veterans and active duty service people. Veterans from all over the world have had an opportunity to vote at since the first week of September, when the survey was announced. …."

The Washington Post 10/17/00 Robert Suro "….. All U.S. Army soldiers - including the clerks and the cooks and not just Special Forces commandos and Rangers - will get to wear berets under a morale-building moved to be announced by the Army command today. In a speech set to be delivered this afternoon, Gen. Eric K. Shinseki, the Army chief of staff, will tell an Army convention that this "symbol of excellence" once reserved for members of elite units will be made available to all soldiers as "a signal to the young that we are moving, we are changing……"

New York Post 10/13/00 "……. For anyone still in the dark about the Middle East, yesterday's events provided a cold dash of reality. As violence raged in Israel, enemies of the West brought their war to Yemen, where they bombed an American naval vessel, USS Cole - killing several of the ship's crew, injuring dozens of others and ending their own lives in the process. The sailors aboard that ship reacted bravely and admirably as they struggled to minimize casualties, contain damage and save the Cole. ……Certainly, the assault would fit nicely into the decades-old tactical patterns of the militant fundamentalists of the Islamic world: During the past 30 years, the West - and Americans, Jews and Israelis, first and foremost - have been bombed, shot, kidnapped and tortured in this brutal holy war. ……" 10/16/00 Michael Savage "….. Did more hare-brained Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood thinking in the Clinton regime blow a hole in the USS Cole? Did Secretary of Hate, Mad Halfbright's desire for diplomacy take precedence over security? Was National Security Adviser, the lawyer Sandy Berger, more interested in "deals" than in security? ……."In terms of the policy of engagement with Yemen or any other country in the Middle East, I think it's very important to realize that these decisions are not made by just the Defense Department. They are government-wide policies," said Pentagon spokesmouth Ken Bacon. ……Admiral Vern Clark, the chief of naval operations, said refueling in treacherous Yemen was "at the heart of the motivation of the unified commander as they are improving our relations in that part of the world." We now know that "improved relations" means letting a U.S. warship be bombed without retaliating, in the new diverse Navy. ….."

Stars & Stripes 10/14/00 Steve Liewer "…… If some Middle East terrorists want to pick a fight with the U.S. Navy, there are plenty of sailors and Marines in the Western Pacific who are ready. Just ask Marine Cpl. Steve Stewart, 21, on temporary assignment at Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan. "This is World War III," he said. "I'll give it another month. We'll be going back there. I think we have to go back there and show them not to mess with the United States." "I want some payback," added Petty Officer 3rd class Dion Eisman, 21, who works in the ordnance section at Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan. "They killed people." ….." 10/16/00 "……The Yemeni president has accepted that it was a terrorist act that killed 17 US sailors in the port of Aden, US Defence Secretary William Cohen has said. Speaking on television Mr Cohen said President Ali Abdullah Saleh now believes Thursday's explosion was deliberate. …… The sailors, ranging in age from 19 to 35, were killed when a small boat exploded alongside the destroyer USS Cole. ….. Thirty-three wounded sailors returned home on Sunday from a military base in Germany. Some on stretchers, they received a hero's welcome at the ship's home port of Norfolk, Virginia. ….. Six of the most seriously injured crew members are still at the US military hospital in Ramstein, Germany, and the bodies of five of the victims were flown to the US on Sunday. ……"

Washington Times 12/7/00 Rowan Scarborough "….. The carrier USS Kitty Hawk took 40 minutes to launch its first plane after its commander ordered a response to approaching Russian warplanes that buzzed directly over the carrier's conning tower, Navy sources say. Their account contradicts an official version of the Oct. 17 incident in the Sea of Japan and a subsequent Russian flyover while the Kitty Hawk's crew underwent training in international waters near Russia…….. Pentagon spokesman Kenneth Bacon on Nov. 30 quoted the Navy as telling him, "In both cases, the planes were acquired by the battle group's radar at a considerable distance, and in both cases, interceptors were put into the air and the planes maintained a suitable distance away from the Kitty Hawk."……But two Navy sources say that in the first incident, the Russian planes, an Su-27 Flanker and Su-24 Fencer, flew directly over the Kitty Hawk's tower. One source said they swooped to 200 feet; another Navy official said "several hundred feet."….. From the moment the commander ordered planes launched, it took 40 minutes to scramble aircraft...."

Fayetteville (NC) Observer 12/6/00 J S Newton "…..The Department of Defense's leading official on Gulf War illness said Tuesday that more than 100,000 U.S. service members may have been exposed to "extremely low levels" of chemical warfare agents during the war. Defense officials said the exposure should not cause any adverse health consequences, although they said they are not certain. ......"

Fayetteville (NC) Observer 12/3/00 J S Newton "…… Ranger veterans may take it up in Congress, while active-duty soldiers keep a lid on. A number of Ranger veteran organizations say they are considering asking Congress for hearings to reverse the Army's decision on service-wide use of the black beret. The move would be designed to circumvent Gen. Eric Shinseki, who came up with the idea to make the black beret mandatory headgear for all U.S. soldiers by June 14. Shinseki is the four-star chief of staff for the Army. He announced Oct. 17 his intention to give soldiers the new look…." 11/30/00 Jim Barnett "…..Citing short supplies rather than safety concerns, the Defense Department announced Thursday military personnel outside of southwest Asia will not receive shots of the controversial Anthrax vaccine. "The reason we're focusing on Southwest Asia is, we know that the Iraqis...(have) weaponized anthrax," Pentagon spokesman Ken Bacon said. "It is a clear and present threat." .."

UPI 11/30/00 "…..Yemen has completed its investigation into the Oct. 12 bombing of the U.S. destroyer in Aden that killed 17 sailors and wounded dozens more, according to the weekly Yemeni "September 26" newspaper on Thursday……. The Army-run newspaper quoted an informed source as saying that the investigation was complete and proved that six people were implicated in the bombing…….. The source said the suspects and the bombing case were to be referred to the General Prosecution in the coming days. He said Yemeni security services would continue the investigation and follow-up the case in coordination with the General Prosecution……"

Hack's Column 11/23/00 David H. Hackworth (Colonel U.S. Army Ret'd) "…….In early November, a Pentagon general whispered in my ear, "SecDef William Cohen is spending 250,000 defense bucks to throw a farewell party for himself at the Beverly Hilton on the 30th." …… The general, who asked that his name not be used in fear of being shot at dawn, was outraged. "Why should U.S. taxpayers shell out for the SecDef's job search?" …… The word on Cohen was hardly a shocker, just more of the same. But at least there are still top brass around who haven't sold their souls to the company store. …..The Hilton staff quickly confirmed the general was on target -- Pentagon plastic was covering 17 rooms at $400 a night for five nights. Another "deep throat" told me Cohen was indeed throwing the party, "personally orchestrated in minute detail by Mrs. Cohen," who apparently really digs Hollywood. ….."

Newsmax 11/21/00 "…… No president in the history of the union has logged more travel miles and spent more money doing it than Bill Clinton. And Clinton's trip to Vietnam last week, with its $65 million price tag, was no exception. ……. Now a retired military source tells that the president's Vietnam junket cost more than just taxpayer dollars. In fact, he says, Clinton's Hanoi holiday may have actually tied up so many military aircraft that it effected defense readiness in Korea. The ex-Marine shared a recent e-mail from an active duty soldier in the Korean theater: ……… "The figures below are shocking in their sheer numbers and cost alone. However, when juxtaposed against the impact on operational readiness for our Division (we're not the only force affected) I think you'll understand my deep-seated concerns." The active duty Marine enumerated some of the military resources commandeered to ferry Clinton around Vietnam. They include: Twenty-six C-5 transport aircraft, thirty-three C-17 aircraft, four C-141s, ten KC-10s and one C-130. ……."

Washington Times 10/13/00 Rowan Scarborough "….. Military officers are privately questioning the decision to schedule a stop for the USS Cole at a fueling port in Yemen, a known safe haven for Arab terrorists for whom suicide bombings are trademarks. …… "I think it's buffoonery that a U.S. warship is refueling in Yemen while things are coming apart in Jerusalem," said a Marine Corps officer in Washington who has deployed to the Persian Gulf. "The place is a snake pit. I can't believe we are sending U.S. warships there, especially when there is so much unrest in the region."…….. A senior retired Navy officer said, "As the force has been stretched too thin, it requires commanders to change some operational behavior, not always to the advantage of the United States Navy."……."

AFP via Irish Times 10/13/00 "…..The USS Cole is a four-year-old ship equipped with the US navy's most advanced radar and computerised air defence system. The Virginia-based ship was on its way to the Gulf as part a naval battle group led by the aircraft carrier, USS George Washington. It made what was supposed to be a routine four- or five-hour stop in the port of Aden to refuel before traveling on to Bahrain. The Cole had been scheduled to take part in a maritime interdiction operation in the Gulf aimed at enforcing UN sanctions against Iraq. The Arleigh Burke-class destroyer is one of the most sophisticated warships in the US fleet. ……It is equipped with a computerised Aegis air defence system and phased array radars that enable it to track and target 100 targets simultaneously. It also is armed with Tomahawk cruise missiles for strikes over long distances. ….."

ROBERT BURNS 10/12/00 AP "……An apparent terrorist bomb tore into a U.S. Navy destroyer Thursday, killing at least five Americans and leaving 12 missing, the Defense Department said. Authorities said the explosion was triggered by a small boat that had pulled alongside the ship as it was docked in the Arabian Peninsula. …….President Clinton said the attack on the USS Cole, one of the world's most advanced warships, appeared to be an act of terrorism. ''We will find out who was responsible and hold them accountable,'' he pledged. He dispatched to Yemen investigative teams from the FBI, the State Department and the Pentagon. ……"

AHMAD AL-HAJ 10/12/00 AP "……Ahmed Mohammed al-Naderi was sitting at his desk in the port-side hotel he manages when the building shook from a powerful explosion that shattered windows along the Red Sea coast. The explosion was just offshore, ripping a gaping hole in the 9,100-ton Navy destroyer USS Cole and killing at least five American sailors. The blast ''was so loud I thought it was from inside the hotel,'' al-Naderi said. …….. The attack came amid anti-U.S. fervor in the region sparked by two weeks of Israeli-Palestinian clashes. There was no immediate claim of responsibility. ….."

YOWSA 11/2/00 Marshall Masters "……. Domestic issues aside, the reason for our endorsement of George Bush for President is based solely on the issues of the pressing need for a coherent foreign policy and a renewed commitment to a strong US military. The reason for this endorsement became clear last Friday, when Russia opened the hatches on their ICBM silos in what was clearly a show of pre-launch readiness according to reliable sources. Worse yet, Washington insiders were befuddled and frightened last Friday because there was no apparent reason for the action, other than the missile silo hatches had been left open long enough to be detected during a US spy satellite flyby. Simply put, WWIII could have begun last Friday, and we wouldn't have known why. …….. In recent days, the attack on the Destroyer Cole in Yemen cost the lives of 17 American sailors and was the direct result of the Clinton/Gore administrations policy of downsizing the military. As part of that downsizing policy, the Clinton/Gore administration mothballed most of the Navy's oilers. Had these ships been on the line, the Cole's fuel bunkers could have been safely replenished at sea, thereby eliminating the need to refuel in a in country that provides a safe haven for the world's most dangerous terrorists. But the downsizing has involved much more than the mothballing of sorely needed oilers. …….. Al Gore has boasted that the Federal Government has been downsized but when one looks at the actual numbers, the vast majority of the reduction was within the Department of Defense. The morale of the armed services is at a dangerous low, as the hemorrhage of competent field commanders and senior pilots continues at an alarming rate. ……"

AP 11/5/00 "…….Making a final pitch in voter-rich California, Dick Cheney campaigned Sunday with retired Gen. Colin Powell in an area steeped in military ties, and both promised that a White House led by Republican George W. Bush will repair U.S. troop strength. ``We're getting down to the point where it's going to be absolutely essential to get all your friends and neighbors to the polls,'' the Republican vice presidential candidate said in this San Diego suburb. ``If you'll help us next Tuesday, we are going to carry California and win this election.'' ……Powell said Republicans will win because ``Governor Bush and Secretary Cheney have made a commitment ... that they are going to do whatever is necessary to make sure that they (U.S. troops) stay No. 1.'' ….."

News Max 11/1/00 "….. In 1992 when the Clinton-Gore administration took office, the U.S. had won the Cold War and had made friends with its former enemy Russia - and we had just won the Gulf War. ….. The U.S. was the world's sole superpower and was respected all across the globe by friends and enemies alike. Today, after eight years of bumbling and near-treasonous activities by the Clinton-Gore administration, America's foreign policy is in shambles, neither friends nor enemies respect us, and our armed forces are in a state of disarray. ……. Illustrating the decline of America on the world stage, Insight magazine's J. Michael Waller recalls, "It was a sure sign that U.S. power and prestige have diminished when, at the Kosovo peace talks, the Albanian delegation mistook the U.S. secretary of state for a cleaning lady." "The incident is a metaphor for what critics call the squandering of U.S. superpower status since Bill Clinton and Al Gore were elected eight years ago," Waller writes. ……. In one of the most cogent analyses of the Clinton-Gore handling of foreign policy, Waller paints a frightening picture of the world's most powerful nation being slowly drained of its prestige, its strength and its ability to play a leading role on the world stage. "To all but the most partisan observers, the Clinton administration has wasted most of the historic opportunities bequeathed to it at the end of the Cold War," writes Waller. …."Gone are the days when the U.S. president can stride confidently to any podium anywhere in the world and command the respect of ally and adversary alike." …… Waller lays the blame for this sorry pageant at the feet of the world's most self-indulgent leader, bent on using America's power to protect himself from the consequences of his shocking personal immorality and public corruption. ….."

APB 10/31/00 "….. The Yemeni investigation into the bombing of the USS Cole is focusing on four men believed to be the main plotters and continuing to explore possible links to Muslim militants in Yemen, sources close to the investigation said today. But at the same time, Yemeni authorities are denying U.S. agents direct access to crucial evidence in the case, officials say. The revelations came as the United States pressed Yemen to allow U.S. agents a greater role in the investigation into the possible terrorist attack on the U.S. warship refueling in Aden's harbor. The Oct. 12 attack killed 17 U.S. sailors and injured 39 others. ….. Yemeni officials have insisted they are leading the probe and do not want the United States to have the kind of high-profile role it played in the investigation in Kenya and Tanzania following the 1998 bombings of its embassies there. ……"

Colorado Springs Gazette 11/1/00 John Diedrich "….. Clinton signs bill granting lifetime health-care benefits Military retirees have won their long-fought battle to get lifetime military health-care benefits. President Clinton on Monday signed the $310 billion defense bill, which guarantees health benefits for 20-year career retirees and their dependents, 65 and older, and a prescription drug benefit for them. Previously, retirees 65 and older were cut out of the military HMO-style system, called Tricare, and sent to Medicare unless a base hospital had space for them. And they didn't receive prescription drug benefits from the military…… The new benefits affect 1.4 million Medicare-eligible military retirees and family members nationwide, including an estimated 13,300 retirees and their dependents in El Paso County……"

SALAH NASRAWI 11/1/00 AP "….. JA'AR, Yemen (AP) -- The run-down building was once the town's movie house, showing Western and Arab films to audiences coming from nearby villages in the former Marxist republic of South Yemen. Several years ago, a towering minaret was added and Quranic verses were painted on its whitewashed facade. Ja'ar's movie house is now a mosque where Muslim radicals preach sermons calling for establishing an Islamic state. For years Ja'ar, 50 miles northeast of Aden, has been a stronghold of Yemen's most militant Islamic groups -- groups under a spotlight following the Oct. 12 attack on the USS Cole as it sat in Aden's port. The Cole bombing killed 17 servicemen and wounded 35 others. …….. Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh has confirmed that some members of the group Islamic Jihad have been detained for questioning in connection with the assault on Cole. ….. While radical groups have been forced to abandon their military camps in the rugged mountains surrounding Ja'ar, their members are still active in Ja'ar, delivering speeches and sermons peppered with anti-American rhetoric. …."

UPI 11/1/00 "......Three days before the USS Cole's ill-fated refueling stop in Yemen, a detailed schedule of the warship's planned visit was faxed to at least two civilian harbor offices in Aden where it potentially became known to dozens of dockworkers and, possibly, the terrorists who later set off the deadly bomb that blew a hole in the vessel......... The Los Angeles Times said Wednesday that the facsimile, sent as a matter of routine by the U.S. Embassy in Yemen, listed the time that the Cole was to arrive to take on fuel and have its bilges pumped and trash hauled away......"

New York Post 12/30/00 ".... Will it be deja vu all over again for Donald Rumsfeld, President-elect George W. Bush's pick to run the Pentagon? When Rumsfeld ran the Pentagon for Gerald Ford, America's armed services were reeling from the Vietnam experience - and things were to get worse before they got better. ... Indeed, the post-Vietnam decline reached its nadir at Desert One, Jimmy Carter's disastrous 1980 attempt to rescue the Iranian hostages. It took Ronald Reagan two full terms to repair all the damage. .....This time around, the circumstances are different - but the disaffection in the ranks is real enough. The fact that only 22 percent of the Navy's first-enlistment sailors sign up for a second tour speaks loudly to the profound morale crisis extant after two terms of Bill Clinton. ....."

WorldNetDaily 12/30/00 Jon Dougherty ".....A San Antonio, Texas-based attorney has proposed forming a coalition of interested parties to address military-voter disenfranchisement in the wake of a class-action lawsuit filed on behalf of service members who did not get to vote Nov. 7. According to Philip E. Jones, "we are organizing a meeting of all interested moderate, conservative and veterans organizations March 17-18" in San Antonio, "for the purpose of consolidating our efforts by forming a coalition of organizations" to address -- among other things -- why some military members did not receive absentee ballots in time for the 2000 election. .... Jones said the new coalition will have the organizational model of the U.S. Congress, in that each individual organization choosing to participate "will be authorized one seat in our Patriot's Senate," no matter how large or small the group. ....."

The Dallas Morning News 12/31/00 James Risen NY Times ".....When Donald Rumsfeld began his first tour of duty as secretary of defense in November 1975, the Vietnam War had just been lost and the U.S. military was at perhaps its lowest ebb since World War II. At 43, Mr. Rumsfeld was the youngest defense secretary in history, but he had just 14 months to make his mark on military policy before the end of the Ford administration. ...... Named Thursday as President-elect George W. Bush's choice for secretary of defense, Mr. Rumsfeld, if confirmed, will oversee a military that includes many soldiers who were not even born when he first ran the Pentagon. He will be one of the oldest to serve in the position. ...... Not only have the threats to the United States changed markedly since he was first appointed by President Gerald Ford, but the military's place in society has been transformed, posing new political challenges that were not on the Pentagon's radar screen Mr. Rumsfeld's first time around. ......." 1/1/01 Carl Limbacher ".....When former senator Dan Coats met alone with President-elect George W. Bush in a Washington hotel room early last week to discuss Coats being secretary of Defense, the Indiana conservative made clear that he wanted to roll back what he calls the "social experimentation" within the military, Newsweek reports in the latest issue. ....."

NJ 12/22/00 Ahmed Al-Haj AP ".....Yemen is likely to put at least two more people on trial for the bombing of the USS Cole, bringing the number of accused to eight, Western diplomats say. The two are believed to belong to the militant group Jihad, which includes many Arabs who fought Soviet troops in Afghanistan during the 1980s, the diplomats told The Associated Press on Thursday on condition of anonymity....."

Washington Times 12/19/00 Rowan Scarborough ".....A bill to allow voting booths on U.S. military bases has died in Congress after Republican backers were told that Democratic senators would object to a quick floor vote in the waning days of the 106th Congress.........Aides for Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott, Mississippi Republican, wanted to negotiate the bill's passage on Thursday and Friday as the chamber finished up work on the 2001 budget and then quit for the year.......But aides were told that while Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle, South Dakota Democrat, would support the bill, there were some unnamed Democrats who would protest what is called "unanimous consent" to the bill's passage......."

Stars and Stripes Letters to the editor 12/15/00 Col Richard F Ballard "......The secretary of defense has directed the Department of Defense inspector general to conduct an audit of the absentee ballot process as it affected Department of Defense employees, spouses and contractors performing work for DOD in the recent general election. It is anticipated that the results will be reported to the new administration with recommendations to ensure that the absentee ballot process supports the needs of DOD-connected citizens whose employment circumstances dictate that they must vote by absentee ballot...."

NY TIMES 12/9/00 Steven Lee Myers "…..A Navy inquiry has found that the captain and crew of the American destroyer Cole failed to follow strict security procedures before a skiff packed with explosives attacked it in Yemen in October, killing 17 sailors, senior officials said today. The inquiry, which is still being reviewed by the Navy's senior admirals, has painted a critical picture of security aboard the Cole as it pulled into the port of Aden in the hours before the attack, cataloging a series of lapses, according to officials who have been briefed on the findings. …."

San Antonio Express-News 12/6/00 Austin Bay "…… The military absentee ballot fiasco in Florida may yet serve a positive purpose: focusing national attention on morale and leadership issues troubling America's armed forces. The unusual public reaction by servicemen and women to Al Gore's "how-to-dump-their-b... fax reveals a reservoir of military frustration and anger and serves as an insight into the human factors that affect military readiness. Budget and bombs tend to shape the media image of defense. America spends too much or too little for defense. Either the Pentagon brass is buying cutting-edge combat technology, or the blithering idiots are procuring useless gizmos...."

Navy Times 11/6/00 David Brown Vince Crawley "..... With investigators and the media daily turning up new details of the attack on the destroyer Cole, Congress is bearing down on military leadership for answers about whether ship and harbor officials followed official anti-terrorism guidelines. Since terrorists steered a bomb-laden boat into the warship on Oct. 12, killing 17 sailors, Navy leaders have insisted little could have been done to prevent the tragedy in the Port of Aden, Yemen. ....... Leaders initially said the attack boat blended in with official harbor craft helping tie the Cole to buoys as the ship prepared to refuel at a mid-harbor platform at 12:15 p.m. But eight days following the explosion, the Navy revised its attack time line after Navy Times quoted a source associated with the port who said the ship was fully moored for nearly an hour and was taking on fuel when the attack occurred at 11:18 a.m. ....."

Toogood Reports 11/2/00 Col Hackworth ".....Next week, We the People will hire a new president. In January, the president-elect will take command of a military force that's on its knees in the center of the world ring, bloodied and dispirited....... For the past eight years, our military has been under siege. Our $300 billion-a-year force that's filled with fine, patriotic men and women has been abused, ridden hard and put away wet. It has lost its direction and desperately needs a game plan for 2001 and beyond. Its structure and gear -- Cold War obsolete -- must be reorganized, modernized, revitalized and otherwise made good-to-go to win 21st-century contests ranging from terrorist hits to standing toe-to-toe with whatever new superpower rumbles down the block.......Both contenders say they'll send dump trucks filled with freshly minted $1,000 bills to the Pentagon the minute they lift their hand from the inauguration Bible. But it's not money that's needed. It's good-old-fashioned, hands-on, follow-me, set-the-example, die-for-your-troops senior leadership with the vision, integrity and moral courage to put America and its troops first....."

Reuters 10/31/00 "..... KUWAIT (Reuters) - Thousands of U.S. military troops in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait were ordered to upgrade already strict protection measures because of continued threats and regional tension, the U.S. Embassy said Tuesday. ....... ``Late yesterday, October 30, all U.S. military units present in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were ordered, based on continued threats and tensions in the region, to adopt additional force protection measures,'' said a U.S. embassy warden's message obtained by Reuters. ....."

The Virginia Pilot 10/28/00 Stephen Harriman "...... NORFOLK -- Practice is past. Drills are done. Certification is complete. America's newest aircraft carrier, the Harry S. Truman, and its battle group is ready for its maiden deployment to the Mideast maelstrom, ready to begin paying dividends on its $4.5 billion construction price tag, ready to follow its motto -- ``Give 'em hell, Harry'' -- if it should come to that. And it could very well come to that in the wake of the suicide bombing of the destroyer Cole on Oct. 12. ......... Retaliation time for the United States could come when the Truman battle group is on station as the sword point of the U.S. presence in a region of unrest.

The bulk of the battle group -- 10 fighting ships, a nine-squadron air wing of more than 80 planes, and two auxiliary ships -- is scheduled to depart Nov. 28 for a six-month deployment to the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf. ......"

Stars an Stripes 10/30/00 Donna Abu-Nasr ".....Sailors aboard the USS Cole stood at attention as the national anthem played and the battered destroyer glided out of Aden port Sunday, towed by tugboats to a Norwegian heavy-lift ship that will take it home to repair the gaping hole in its side. For the sailors, the departure meant leaving behind the harbor where 17 shipmates were killed and 39 were injured on Oct. 12 in what officials believe was a suicide bombing attack. ....... The departure of the Cole is a relief for ordinary Yemenis. There has been widespread anger at the United States here for what many Yemenis believe is U.S. bias toward Israel in its confrontations with the Palestinians. Also, tight security in the harbor had made it difficult for Yemeni fishermen to work in the weeks since the bombing. ....."

CNN 10/31/00 Jamie McIntyre "…..Concerns about a possible terrorist threat in the Suez Canal have prompted a ban on U.S. Navy vessels using the waterway, a decision that will extend the USS Cole's journey back to the United States. U.S. Navy ships have avoided the artificial waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea since October 12 on orders from Vice Adm. Charles Moore, head of the U.S. 5th Fleet, Pentagon sources said. ….."

Bush - Cheney 2000! 10/26/00 "……. Before I begin, I want to note the presence of some distinguished guests. We all know that the presidency is the highest office in the land - but there is an even greater distinction that our country bestows: and that is the Congressional Medal of Honor. It is the "highest award for valor in action against an enemy force." Only 151 living Americans hold the Medal of Honor. When you meet one of them, remember the moment - because you have just met one of the bravest men in your country's history. Three are here today. May I ask them to please stand and be recognized. From the first day of this campaign, I have talked about the goal of a responsibility era. …… And even before that, it was my concern as a governor. For too long, our culture has sent the message, "If it feels good, do it. If you've got a problem, blame somebody else." Each of us must understand we are responsible for the choices we make in life. …….Usually, in the political season, you hear promises. From my opponent, you have heard eight years of them. The responsibility era is not merely a set of political promises - it is a set of challenges, for the American people and their government. It is not something a president can do alone. It is something we must do together. ……"

AFR News 10/26/00 Fred Jackson & Jody Brown "……. Senator John McCain has connected the terrorist attack on the USS Cole with the way the Clinton-Gore Administration has handled foreign policy. Up to now, Republican Presidential candidate George W. Bush has refused to criticize the White House over the Cole incident, fearing the Democrats might charge him with trying to make political hay out of the tragedy. But McCain is not running for President, and he obviously feels freer to make the connection……. Yesterday, while campaigning for Bush in Florida, McCain drew a line from the terrorist attack to the White House. He says the tragedy that befell the brave young Americans aboard the Cole proves we still live in a very dangerous world. "We need a steady hand on the tiller," McCain said. "We need a commander-in-chief that men and women in the military will look up [to] and respect, who will restore their readiness and their prestige. And that, my friends, is Governor George W. Bush, I promise you."……"

WorldNetDaily.con 10/27/00 ".....The Army chief of staff's surprise announcement last week to issue black berets to every soldier has become the brunt of jokes. The most repeated has something to do Monica Lewinsky, immortalized in a videotape greeting President Clinton at the White House, beret askew. But underneath the humor runs deep resentment by special operations, airborne soldiers and Rangers, who until now were the only Army beret wearers. ..... Gen. Eric Shinseki's decision is especially galling to Rangers, whose black beret signifies a storied history of infiltrating enemy lines. ....Complaints were so prevalent at Fort Bragg, N.C., last week that the word was passed down the chain of command for commandos and paratroopers to stop talking to reporters. Still, the gripes keep coming. ......"

USA Today 10/26/00 "...... I was sad to see that USA TODAY supports continued U.S. peacekeeping in the Balkans (''Bush takes unwise step away from peacekeeping,'' Our View, U.S. and Europe debate, Tuesday). Does the newspaper have any idea what U.S. soldiers do over there on a day-to-day basis? Does the paper know what peacekeeping entails? ....... I served in the Bosnian Stabilization Force for seven months last winter as an Army captain. For the most part, American soldiers serve as nothing more than international babysitters in Bosnia. We visit local politicians, police and officials. We ask what steps they are taking in the rebuilding process. ..... Most of these locals are horribly corrupt. They lie and try to manipulate us for personal favors. We realize this, but cannot do anything at the soldier level to stop it. We are forbidden from doing most humanitarian assistance for fear of losing our neutral status.......The former warring factions pose no real threat. Sometimes we set up checkpoints to control traffic or break up roadblocks set by local citizens. We try to make the local police do their jobs, but often we are used as riot police not because we are trained for it, but because we are better armed than local police. .....For the most part, American soldiers do nothing but sit in our base camps and play video games and sports, trying to occupy the huge quantities of free time and boredom. .....We cannot train or practice war-fighting and, as a result, our skills seriously erode. We proved this when we returned home and needed an eight-month retraining period before we could be certified as combat ready for war. When you consider the units getting ready to deploy to the Balkans -- those there and those that have just returned and are retraining -- almost 20% of the Army's combat power is committed to Kosovo and Bosnia. And people wonder why soldiers are leaving the service? Jeff LeRoy, Loveland, Ohio....."

Washington Times 10/30/00 Rowan Scarborough ".......The 1.4 million members of the armed forces are expected to vote in large numbers in the Nov. 7 presidential election, and indications are a majority will vote for Republican George W. Bush...... A recent study by two Duke University professors found 64 percent of officers describing themselves as Republicans and just 8 percent as Democrats. Interviews with officers show they like the Texas governor's pledge to "rebuild the military," believe President Clinton has sent them on too many overseas missions while cutting the budget, and are leery of Democrat Al Gore's promise to open the ranks to avowed homosexuals.......... Military bases in the United States and abroad encourage registration and absentee voting. At Fort Bragg, N.C., home to 41,000 airborne and special operations troops, the voter assistance office has handed out 130,000 registration forms for soldiers and spouses, a 3,000 increase compared with 1996. At Fort Benning, Ga., the site of infantry training, 65 percent of soldiers have registered to vote, compared with 51 percent four years ago, a base spokesman said......."

The New York Times 10/30/00 John F Burns "…..With battle ensign flying, crew on deck saluting and cheering and sound system booming songs ranging from "The Star-Spangled Banner" to an irreverent hit by the Detroit rapper Kid Rock, the patched-up destroyer Cole limped away from Aden harbor today with a show of unbowed pride as it cleared the moorings where 17 sailors were killed in a suicide bombing attack. ......... Almost 17 days after the guided missile destroyer entered Aden for a refueling stop that turned into one of the most violent and humiliating moments in the Navy's peacetime history, the Cole was hitched to four yellow-nosed Yemeni tugs and moved out of the Gulf of Aden, where the harbor tugs handed it over to a deep- sea Navy tug, the Catawba. ….. At first light on Monday, about 25 miles out, the Navy will begin the 36- hour task, itself risky and unprecedented, of raising the 8,600-ton ship onto the deck of a chartered Norwegian salvage ship for the five-week, 6,000-mile voyage home…….But the Navy, which says it intends to return the ship to service despite the costly task of rebuilding a mangled engine room and messhalls, as well as possible keel damage that will only be fully assessed in an American drydock, sent out an unmistakable message with the perky way in which it sent one of its most sophisticated warships out of the harbor. ......"

The Associated Press 10/25/00 Robert Burns "......The Pentagon's top intelligence expert on terrorist threats in the Persian Gulf region resigned the day after the USS Cole was attacked in Yemen, members of the Senate Armed Services Committee said Wednesday. Sen. Pat Roberts, R-Kan., said the official quit in protest of what he believed was an unjustified lack of attention by his Pentagon superiors to terrorist threat warnings he had provided before the Oct. 12 attack on the warship. ....... The actual threat warnings this official provided, and the official's name, have not been made public. ........ Roberts said the official resigned from the DIA's Office of Counterterrorism Analysis on Oct. 13. He said the official's resignation letter refers to an intelligence assessment in June that apparently predicted a terrorist attack in the Gulf. ..... "He indicates his analysis could have played a critical role in DIA's ability to predict and warn of a potential terrorist attack against U.S. interests, and goes further to say he is very troubled by the many indicators contained in the analysis that suggests two or three other major acts of terrorism could potentially occur in the coming weeks or months," Roberts said. ......Roberts said he wanted to know whether the official's reference to a potential for additional acts of terrorism in coming weeks played a role in the decision last weekend to put U.S. forces in Bahrain and Qatar on high alert. ......U.S. military officials have said there were no intelligence warnings of specific terrorist threats against American targets in Yemen at the time of the attack on the Cole, which killed 17 sailors and injured 39. ......"

AP 10/23/00 Robert Burns "..... American forces in Turkey and two small Persian Gulf states have been placed on a heightened state of alert because of new indications of terrorist threats in the region, a senior defense official said Monday. The official, who discussed the matter on condition of anonymity, described the move as precautionary. ''The reason it was done was the receipt of specific threats against U.S. forces in those areas, but from sources whose credibility is unknown,'' the official said. The heightened state of alert is for U.S. troops in Bahrain, Qatar and the Incirlik air base in southern Turkey, the official said, adding that the move was made over the weekend. ..... The Incirlik air base in Turkey is headquarters for the U.S. and British air patrols that are enforcing a ''no fly'' zone over northern Iraq. There is only a limited U.S. military presence in Qatar, with a small number of Air Force personnel stationed there. The United States also has an embassy in Qatar. Defense Secretary William Cohen said in response to the attack on the Cole that U.S. forces would not retreat from the region, whose oil supplies are vital to the American economy. Besides Turkey, Bahrain and Qatar, the United States maintains forces in several other areas of the Persian Gulf, including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Oman. ......"

World Tribune 10/23/00 "......The United States intends to establish a military base at the entrance to the Red Sea. Arab diplomatic sources said the Pentagon has been quietly negotiating with Yemen to build a military base at Bab Al-Mandeb. The base would comprise thousands of troops, aircraft carriers and warplanes. The sources said the discussions have been proceeding for more than a year but were accelerated in the wake of the bombing of the USS Cole earlier this month...."

CNS Commentary from the Free Congress Foundation 10/19/00 Notra Trulock "....... Talk about adding insult to injury. On the very day that America mourns the untimely deaths of 17 of its finest young men and women killed in the USS Cole tragedy, our own State Department dismisses these deaths as somehow less important than the deaths of Palestinians in the on-going Middle East conflict. Any and all deaths are tragic, but now the State Department has taken "moral equivalence" to a new low....... Needless to say, public disclosure of this memo has sent the State Department into orbit. In a public release, State says the memorandum "was wrong." (They got that right) But they then go on to claim that it does not reflect the views of State functionaries that signed off on it. Further, they claim it was not "vetted or approved through appropriate channels." Really. The memo clearly shows that State's Near East Bureau and Counterterrorism office concurred and the memo came out of Secretary Albright's Executive Secretariat Staff. Now they also claim the editorial has been "cleared."........ A bureaucratic snafu? Maybe, but the suspicion must remain that the reasons stated for "nonconcurrence" represents the true feelings of the State Department "cookie pushers." No wonder the morale of our military is suffering; our diplomats don't seem to value their sacrifices -- even their ultimate sacrifice -- all that much. ......."

Washington Times 10/20/00 Rowan Scarborough "…..A former Persian Gulf commander yesterday took full responsibility for ordering the USS Cole and other ships to refuel in terrorist-infiltrated Yemen but said it was the job of Yemeni authorities to protect the destroyer……… "The force protection in the port is the responsibility of the Yemeni government," retired Marine Gen. Anthony Zinni said under questioning by the Senate Armed Services Committee. He was not asked to provide further details. "The refueling of that ship in Aden was my decision. I want to be clear. I pass that buck on to nobody," said Gen. Zinni, former head of the U.S. Central Command (CentCom), which oversees U.S. Gulf forces……… He also said the Navy does not have sufficient at-sea refuelers to gas up all ships that patrol the dangerous region. He said a Navy admiral told him that 10 years ago, all ships in the region refilled at sea. But staying at sea, he said, would isolate the fleet and hinder chances for improved diplomatic relations. The Navy fleet has shrunk from more than 500 ships in 1990 to 316 today. They are nourished by 21 oilers, down from 32 a decade ago…….Gen. Zinni delivered a lengthy explanation of his decision-making process in the mid-1990s. After surveying several ports, he said, he surmised Aden was the least dangerous. He also said Aden carries the benefit of being strategically located where U.S. warships pass through the Red Sea on trips to and from the Persian Gulf. The Cole was the 27th ship to refuel at a station in the Aden harbor near, but not at, the piers. The Pentagon has suspended further refuelings……."

State Department Daily Press Briefing 10/18/00 Philip Reeker "……..
QUESTION: And this specific memo, if it wasn't cleared, how did it get on official State Department stationery with people's phone numbers?
MR. REEKER: Right, I was just getting to that. VOA sends the proposed editorials by fax to the State Department's Executive Secretariat, which is the body, the organizational structure, which processes paper like this. And then the Executive Secretariat seeks views of the appropriate offices and bureaus within the Department in order to go through the clearance process, which a lot of you are very familiar with, and then conveys that back to the Voice of America. The same Executive Secretariat conveys messages to other US Government entities, whether it is the National Security Council or the Department of Defense. That's the process by which paper is moved and official things are moved back and forth. ………….This process obviously, in this case, had a glitch. There was wrong information put into text, into a memo which was sent then to the Executive Secretariat and transmitted to the Voice of America without, as Ambassador Boucher's statement says, without being vetted or approved through the appropriate channel. And that went to Voice of America and obviously, as we have said, was wrong and does not reflect US Government policy in any way. ………….So once we became aware of this error, we in fact went back and checked. And the editorial in question was cleared and VOA was notified of that yesterday.
QUESTION: Late last night, after this already came out?
MR. REEKER: Right, once we became aware of this, when it "came out," as you describe it, and went back to look at it. I even looked at the editorial and it is perfectly -- a perfect reflection of US policy. It was an editorial discussing terrorism, and particularly in the wake of the tragedy surrounding the USS Cole. And so VOA was notified that, indeed, that editorial is fully cleared. You would have to check with VOA on what their plan is for the editorial and use of that text on that. And obviously we put out the statement to very clearly note that that memo that was sent out and then was leaked was clearly wrong and does not reflect US policy.
QUESTION: It says on the bottom of the memo that the Secretariat and a counter-terrorism staff concurred with that assessment and that if there are any questions to call the NEA Bureau, which indicates that the NEA Bureau had at least been apprised of that assessment.
MR. REEKER: Well, again, as you know very well, Elise, "bureau" is a broad description of a segment of the Department of State, and there are a lot of people that work in bureaus……….I just want to point out very clearly to everybody that this mistake, this wrong information -- which we're very straightforward about this -- simply is wrong and does not reflect US policy or the thinking of the Secretary, the Department or the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs. It should not at all be identified with the person on the memo. That's an administrative function to simply pass the information on.
QUESTION: Can I just follow up on that?
QUESTION: So, basically, you're saying that that was the view of a particular State Department employee, or a group of State Department employees --
MR. REEKER: I'm not at all suggesting that that was even anybody's view. I'm suggesting that that was information and language that was put out there in the process that somebody wanted to suggest could be a view of people that may or may not hear an editorial, simply in a process of looking at this editorial and saying, "What might people think of this?" There is a long process there. ……….What obviously was missed was the appropriate level of vetting which would say, yeah, okay, you're making some comments about what may be views held by someone around the world or an interpretation; these are not US views; these do not reflect US policy. And that is what was missed. This went into that memo and was transmitted through this administrative process, and unfortunately led to this misunderstanding. …………But, once again, the memo that people have seen was wrong. It does not reflect US policy. It does not reflect the views of the Secretary, of the Department, or of the Bureau of Near East Affairs. I have discussed this with officials at the highest level of the Bureau and throughout the Department. It was not vetted, it was not done through the appropriate channels, and it was wrong. ……..
QUESTION: What is mystifying is that someone could have written something so at odds with official policy.
MR. REEKER: I think often, just as you and I or many of us discuss things, in terms of tossing out alternative views that don't reflect personal views, but that reflect the devil's advocate position perhaps, I think that kind of discussion goes on all the time……….."